Clive E Sabel

Clive E Sabel
Aarhus University | AU · Department of Environmental Science

PhD Lancaster University

About

133
Publications
82,416
Reads
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Introduction
I'm the director of the BERTHA Big Data Centre for Environment and Health. The over-arching theme of my work is working with individual level data. This can mean working with point-pattern data (often residential location) to reveal epidemiological relationships to environmental exposures; building whole life-course exposures to social and environmental sources to, for example, understand wellbeing in urban areas; or data mining ‘Big Data’ such as twitter feeds for spatial-temporal trends .
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - present
University of Bristol
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 2009 - present
University of Exeter
January 2007 - July 2009
Imperial College London

Publications

Publications (133)
Article
Full-text available
Research has found that sexual minority individuals are more likely to experience health inequalities and have higher rates of substance use compared with their heterosexual counterparts. This association between sexuality and health outcomes is increasingly being explored using quantitative methodologies within the context of public health, psycho...
Article
Background Urban-rural differences in schizophrenia risk have been widely evidenced across Western countries. However, explanation of these differences is lacking. We aimed to identify contextual risk factors for schizophrenia that explain urban-rural differences in schizophrenia risk. Methods Utilizing Danish population-based registers, we partit...
Article
Full-text available
There is limited knowledge on the effect of contextual and environmental factors on the risk of anaemia, as well as the spatial distribution of anaemia in the Sub-Saharan Africa region. In this study, we used multi-country data from the Demographic & Health survey (DHS) with 270,011 observations and PM2.5 data from NASA, applied to the spatial risk...
Article
Ambient PM2.5 (fine particulate matter) pollution in China has been greatly reduced in recent years, especially since the implementation of the Clean Air Action in 2013. The analysis of variations in the pollution-related health burden and its driving factors has important implications for policy makers in terms of further improving the health bene...
Article
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The ever-growing development of sensor technology brings new opportunities to investigate impacts of the outdoor environment on human health at the individual level. However, there is limited literature on the use of multiple personalized sensors in urban environments. This review paper focuses on examining how multiple personalized sensors have be...
Article
Natural environments have been associated with mental health benefits, but globally access to these benefits is threatened by urban development and densification. However, it remains unclear how natural environments relate to mental health and how consistent the association is across populations. Here we use a life-course approach with a population...
Article
Agricultural plastic greenhouse (PG) production can extend the growing season of crops to satisfy domestic consumption in China. Workers in PGs have potential higher phthalate exposure risks than the general population as phthalate accumulation has been observed in greenhouse soil, air, and crops. To date, biomonitoring tests of phthalates for the...
Article
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Being overweight and obesity are emerging public health issues in sub-Saharan Africa. Currently, there is limited knowledge on the temporal trend of the effect of socioeconomic factors and air quality on being overweight or obesity. Using data from the Ugandan Demographic and Health Survey and NASA’s Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDA...
Chapter
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This chapter explores how the Internet of Things and the utilization of cutting-edge information technology are shaping global research and discourse on the health and wellbeing of urban populations. The chapter begins with a review of smart cities and health and then delves into the types of data available to researchers. The chapter then discusse...
Article
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The strongest epidemiological clue that the environment at the population level has a significant impact on the risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) is the well-established, and in many instances, increasing latitudinal gradient of prevalence, incidence and mortality globally, with prevalence increasing by up to 10-fold between the equator an...
Article
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has asked unprecedented questions of governments around the world. Policy responses have disrupted usual patterns of movement in society, locally and globally, with resultant impacts on national economies and human wellbeing. These interventions have primarily centred on enforcing lockdowns and introducing social d...
Preprint
The research explores the spatial patterns of four types of benefits residents in Copenhagen and Roskilde municipalities in Denmark derive from visiting their favourite places. It also examines the association between socioeconomic factors and the likelihood of enjoying favourite places due to restorative, physical activity, socialising and cultura...
Article
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Despite much attention in the literature, knowledge about the dynamics surrounding urban densification and urban greening is still in dire need for architects, urban planners and scientists that strive to design, develop, and regenerate sustainable and resilient urban environments. Here, we investigate countrywide patterns of changes in residential...
Article
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Free access for 50 days: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1bnBl7qzSr7Gv Landsat imagery is an unparalleled freely available data source that allows reconstructing land-cover and land-use change, including urban form. This paper addresses the challenge of using Landsat data, particularly its 30 m spatial resolution, for monitoring three-dimensional u...
Article
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In this study, we examine the concepts of spatial dependence and spatial heterogeneity in the effect of macro-level and micro-level factors on stunting among children aged under five in Uganda. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 3624 Ugandan children aged under five, using data from the 2016 Ugandan Demographic and Health Survey. Multilevel...
Preprint
Full-text available
Monitoring long-term landslide activity is important for risk assessment and land management. Despite the widespread use of open-access 30m Landsat imagery, their utility for landslide detection is often limited when separating landslides from other anthropogenic disturbances. Here, we produce landslide maps retrospectively from 1998 to 2017 for la...
Preprint
Full-text available
Landsat imagery is an unparalleled freely available data source that allows reconstructing horizontal and vertical urban form. This paper addresses the challenge of using Landsat data, particularly its 30m spatial resolution, for monitoring three-dimensional urban densification. We compare temporal and spatial transferability of an adapted DeepLab...
Article
Objectives: In our study, we examine how geographic region of residence may predict childhood malnutrition, expressed as stunting, wasting and underweight, among children under the age of 5 years in Uganda. Methods: Using data from the 2016 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey, we performed an incremental multivariate multilevel mixed-effect mod...
Article
In this study, we examine the association between social frailty and depression among older adults in Ghana over time. We employed longitudinal data analysis to examine the association between social frailty, socioeconomic status and depression using data from the WHO-SAGE survey. Our descriptive and cross-tabulation analyses show that the prevalen...
Article
Natural environments have been associated with mental health benefits worldwide. However, how different elements and types of natural environments associate with mental health is still largely unknown. In this study, we perform a detailed analysis on a large, nation-wide data set of mental health records (908 553 individuals) for Denmark combined w...
Article
Childhood exposure to green space has previously been associated with lower risk of developing schizophrenia later in life. It is unclear whether this association is mediated by genetic liability or whether the 2 risk factors work additively. Here, we investigate possible gene-environment associations with the hazard ratio (HR) of schizophrenia by...
Article
Evidence from existing studies suggests social capital has mixed effects on depression and other common mental disorders. There is little knowledge of the possible association between social capital and depression among the growing older population in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigates the effect of cognitive social capital (trust and sens...
Article
Globally, it is estimated that about 30% of ever-partnered women have experienced some form of intimate partner violence (IPV)—physical assault, sexual assault, or emotional abuse. The prevalence of IPV in sub-Saharan Africa is considerably higher than the global estimate. In Ghana, it is estimated that 24% of women have experienced physical and/or...
Chapter
Climate change vulnerabilities are key environmental and social determinants of health, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where public health and other infrastructure are not yet geared towards counteracting the potential impacts of changing climates. Health-related climate change adaptation research for sub-Saharan Africa is limited and existing...
Article
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Importance Schizophrenia is a highly heritable psychiatric disorder, and recent studies have suggested that exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) during childhood is associated with an elevated risk of subsequently developing schizophrenia. However, it is not known whether the increased risk associated with NO2 exposure is owing to a greater genetic l...
Article
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Introduction: Recent research focused on the interaction between land cover and the development of allergic and respiratory disease has provided conflicting results and the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In particular, green space, which confers an overall positive impact on general health, may be significantly contributing to adv...
Article
Traditional exposure studies provide valuable insights for epidemiology, toxicology, and risk assessment. Throughout their lives, individuals are exposed to thousands of stressors in the environment which are not static, but influenced by environmental, temporal, spatial, and even socio-demographic factors. Existing exposure studies have usually fo...
Article
With frequent severe haze and smog episodes in Chinese cities, an increasing number of studies have focused on estimating the impact of fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 )on public health. However, the current use of national and provincial demographic data might mask regional differences and lead to inaccurate estimations of pollution-related health...
Article
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The International Initiative on Spatial Lifecourse Epidemiology (ISLE) convened its first International Symposium on Lifecourse Epidemiology and Spatial Science at the Lorentz Center in Leiden, Netherlands, 16-20 July 2018. Its aim was to further an emerging transdisciplinary field: Spatial Lifecourse Epidemiology. This field draws from a broad per...
Article
Assessments of the development of geography as a discipline, and studies of sub-disciplinary development within geography, have generally focussed on the subject matter under study. Consideration has concentrated on topics, theories, methods and paradigm shifts identified by analyses of published literature. There has been rather less interest in t...
Conference Paper
Traditionally in air pollution epidemiology, only the air pollution at the address location is considered in assessment of air pollution exposure. Such static approach does not take into account time-activity patterns of individuals, and may lead to a bias in exposure assessments. The present study demonstrates how consideration of time-activity-ba...
Article
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The 2009 pandemic influenza virus caused the majority of the influenza A virus infections in China in 2009. It arrived in several Chinese cities from imported cases and then spread as people travelled domestically by all means of transportation, among which road traffic was the most commonly used for daily commuting. Spatial variation in socioecono...
Article
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The United Nations has called on all nations to take immediate actions to fight noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), which have become an increasingly significant burden to public health systems around the world. NCDs tend to be more common in developed countries but are also becoming of growing concern in low- and middle-income countries. Earth observ...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring long-term landslide activity is of importance for risk assessment and land management. Daytime airborne drones or very high-resolution optical satellites are often used to create landslide maps. However, such imagery comes at a high cost, making long-term risk analysis cost-prohibitive. Despite the widespread use of open-access 30 m Land...
Article
Exposure to ambient ozone (O3) is a risk factor for public health and causes damage to vegetation, including agricultural crops. In this study, we performed a comprehensive estimate of the spatial distribution of premature deaths and main crop yield losses attributed to ambient O3, across China in 2014, by applying the Global Burden of Diseases app...
Article
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Investigating biologically plausible mechanisms for the embodiment of context is a key thoroughfare for progressing health geographies of place. Expanding knowledge of bio-processes such as epigenetics is providing a platform for appreciating the dynamic embedding of social relations in bodies over the lifecourse, and so to tracing the development...
Article
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Epidemic diffusion is a space–time process, and showing time-series disease maps is a common way to demonstrate an epidemic progression in time and space. Previous studies used time-series maps to demonstrate the animation of diffusion process. Epidemic diffusion patterns were determined subjectively by visual inspection, however. There currently a...
Article
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A diffusion process can be considered as the movement of linked events through space and time. Therefore, space-time locations of events are key to identify any diffusion process. However, previous clustering analysis methods have focused only on space-time proximity characteristics, neglecting the temporal lag of the movement of events. We argue t...
Article
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Research has suggested that children who move home report poorer mental health than those who remain residentially stable. However, many previous studies have been based on cross sectional data and have failed to consider major life events as confounders. This study uses longitudinal data from ALSPAC, a UK population based birth cohort study, and e...
Article
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Implementation of greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement strategies often ends up as the responsibility of municipal action rather than national policies. Impacts of local GHG reduction measures were investigated in the EU FP7 funded project Urban Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China and Europe (URGENCHE). Kuopio in Finland was one of the case st...
Article
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Background There is a growing understanding of the role played by ‘neighbourhood’ in influencing health status. Various neighbourhood characteristics—such as socioeconomic environment, availability of amenities, and social cohesion, may be combined—and this could contribute to rising health inequalities. This study aims to combine a data-driven app...
Article
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Climate change mitigation policies aim to reduce climate change through reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions whereas adaption policies seek to enable humans to live in a world with increasingly variable and more extreme climatic conditions. It is increasingly realised that enacting such policies will have unintended implications for public healt...
Chapter
The modeling of the spread and incidence of disease has been of longstanding interest to health geographers and epidemiologists. For a number of decades these concerns have been increasingly pursued through quantitative methods. Diffusion studies often focus on the modeling of transmission rates and the spatial spread of infectious disease in order...
Article
Background and objectives: We investigated the demographic, social and clinical characteristics associated with employment status and income for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) in New Zealand (NZ). Methods: The NZ National MS Prevalence study included all persons resident in NZ on census day 2006 diagnosed with MS (96.7% coverage). Factors a...
Article
With rapid economic growth, China has witnessed increasingly frequent and severe haze and smog episodes over the past decade, posing serious health impacts to the Chinese population, especially those in densely populated city clusters. Quantification of the spatial and temporal variation of health impacts attributable to ambient fine particulate ma...
Article
Background A large literature exists suggesting that amongst adolescents a greater number of transitions through housing and neighbourhood environments (residential mobility) leads to increased participation in risky health behaviours such as cannabis use. However, previous research has failed to adequately account for underlying selection differen...
Poster
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Over the past 35 years the gap in health inequalities has widened, despite substantial and sustained policy interventions (Mackenbach et al 2015). Continued and extended interest by researchers, policy makers, and wider society, one important domain of influence – work – is often neglected. This is surprising as previous work has demonstrated that...
Article
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Post-print version available at http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/96995/. This paper: (a) finds rankings of who are the best formula 1 (F1) drivers of all time, conditional on team performance; (b) quantifies how much teams and drivers matter; and (c) quantifies how team and driver effects vary over time and under different racing conditions. The fini...
Article
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Research into health disparities has long recognized the importance of residential mobility as a crucial factor in determining health outcomes. However, a lack of connectivity between the health and mobility literatures has led to a stagnation of theory and application on the health side, which lacks the detail and temporal perspectives now seen as...
Article
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A large literature exists suggesting that residential mobility leads to increased participation in risky health behaviours such as cannabis use amongst youth. However, much of this work fails to account for the impact that underlying differences between mobile and non-mobile youth have on this relationship. In this study we utilise multilevel model...
Article
As public expectations for health rise, health measurements broaden from a focus on death, disease, and disability to wellbeing. However, wellbeing hasn't been incorporated into the framework of climate change policy decision-making in Chinese cities. Based on survey data (n = 763) from Suzhou, this study used Generalized Estimation Equation approa...
Article
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Background Climate change is a global threat to health and wellbeing. Here we provide findings of an international research project investigating the health and wellbeing impacts of policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in urban environments. Methods Five European and two Chinese city authorities and partner academic organisations formed the...