Cleo Anastassopoulou

Cleo Anastassopoulou
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | uoa · Faculty of Medicine

MSc & DIC, PhD

About

143
Publications
9,363
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Introduction
Cleo Anastassopoulou works at the Laboratory of Microbiology of the University of Athens Medical School. Cleo does research in Virology and Infectious Diseases, focusing on SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 at present. One of our current projects is 'Modeling and forecasting of COVID-19'. Other projects have various points of focus, such as viral transmission, human genetic factors that influence disease severity, and the development of innovative diagnostics.
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (143)
Article
Full-text available
We have investigated the mechanism of resistance of a HIV type 1 (HIV-1) R5 primary isolate, D1/85.16, to the small molecule CCR5 inhibitor, vicriviroc (VVC). Unlike other viruses resistant to this class of compound, D1/85.16 lacks sequence changes in the V3 region of the gp120 surface glycoprotein. Inspection of env sequences from D1/85.16 compare...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we describe the genetic pathways taken by a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) isolate, D101.12, to become resistant to the small molecule CCR5 inhibitor, vicriviroc (VCV), in vitro. Resistant D101.12 variants contained at least one substitution in the gp120 V3 region (H308P), plus one of two patterns of gp41 sequence changes involvi...
Article
Full-text available
We developed an agent-based model to investigate the epidemic dynamics of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia and Sierra Leone from May 27 to December 21, 2014. The dynamics of the agent-based simulator evolve on small-world transmission networks of sizes equal to the population of each country, with adjustable densities to account for the effects...
Article
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The concentration of T-cell receptor-rearrangement excision DNA circles (TREC) in peripheral-blood T cells is a marker of recent thymic emigrant alphabeta T cells. We studied the predictive ability of measurements of TREC for clinical outcome in HIV-1-infected individuals. We measured TREC in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells with a real-time PCR...
Article
Full-text available
There are several forms of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) DNA in peripheral blood T cells and lymph nodes in untreated HIV-1-infected individuals and in patients whose plasma HIV-1 RNA levels are suppressed by long-term combination antiretroviral therapy. However, it remains to be established whether the concentration of HIV-1 DNA in c...
Article
Human herpesviruses (HHVs) have been implicated as possible risk factors in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathogenesis. Persistent lifelong HHVs infections may directly or indirectly contribute to the generation of AD hallmarks: amyloid beta (Aβ) plaques, neurofibrillary tangles composed of hyperphosphorylated tau proteins, and synaptic loss. The presen...
Article
Objectives: The novel mRNA vaccines proved to be safe and effective in averting severe COVID-19. Vaccine-related complications recorded by pharmacovigilance systems, such as "EudraVigilance" in Europe and "VAERS" in the United States (US), rarely include myocarditis and pericarditis. Given the novelty of the platform and the increasing global-scal...
Article
Background: Data on the rate and severity of SARS-CoV-2 reinfections in real-world settings are scarce and the effects of vaccine boosters on reinfection risk are unknown. Methods: In a population-level observational study, registered SARS-CoV-2 laboratory-confirmed Vojvodina residents, between March 6, 2020 and October 31, 2021, were followed f...
Article
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This study aimed to examine the associations with epidemiological, behavioral and clinical parameters of IgG antibody responses against the spike protein of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) after immunization with two doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine in a cohort of healthcare workers (HCWs, n = 439) in Greece. We used a mix...
Article
Background Complications following COVID-19 vaccination, particularly with mRNA vaccines, rarely include myocarditis and pericarditis. This work principally aimed at defining a realistic temporal relationship between vaccination and myocarditis/pericarditis development. Methods All relevant cases reported from week 52/2020 through week 41/2021 in...
Article
Full-text available
Several vaccines against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were developed and made available in a record time, just over a year after the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) [...].
Article
Background We studied the third COVID-19 pandemic wave in Athens metropolitan area (3,738,901 inhabitants) through two seroepidemiological surveys. Methods Persons presenting in 12 healthcare facilities across Athens in March and June 2021 were studied (764 and 901, respectively). IgG antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 spike protein were measured by a...
Article
We retrieved data on 8,940 anaphylaxis cases post-COVID-19 vaccination from the US Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System and the European EudraVigilance from week 52/2020 through week 31/2021 and compared them with those of other vaccines. Overall, 837,830,000 COVID-19 vaccine doses were delivered in the US and Europe during the study period, for...
Article
Background COVID-19 vaccines were efficacious and safe in clinical trials. We report nine events of acute pericarditis (AP) in eight patients following COVID-19 vaccination with BNT162b2 (6/9), AZD1222 (2/9) and mRNA-1273 (1/9). Methods All patients were referred for AP temporally linked with COVID-19 vaccination. Chest pain was the most common cl...
Article
Contamination of surfaces has been implicated in transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). We tested by real-time PCR for SARS-CoV-2 contamination environmental samples from three hospitals during the peak of the third pandemic wave. Overall, 19 of 463 (4.1%) samples tested positive: 12 of 173 (6.9%) samples from...
Article
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Our study based on current state-of-the-art molecular epidemiology methods suggests that virus screening and public health measures after the lifting of travel restrictions prevented SARS-CoV-2 onward transmission from imported cases during summer 2020 in Greece. These findings provide important data on the efficacy of targeted public health measur...
Article
An opinion on the coronaviruses' evolution paradoxes, the continuing adaptation of the SARS-CoV-2 in humans following the zoonotic transmission, and clues into escape routes from host immune responses.
Article
Several highly effective vaccines are available just over a year since the emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the etiologic agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). COVID-19 has claimed more than two million lives globally and over 450,000 in the United States. Two of the leading vaccines, which have pro...
Article
Full-text available
Serological methods serve as a direct or indirect means of pathogen infection diagnosis in plant and animal species, including humans. Dot-ELISA (DE) is an inexpensive and sensitive, solid-state version of the microplate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, with a broad range of applications in epidemiology. Yet, its applicability is limited by uncer...
Article
Herein, we are critically examining the chain of events and discussing previously unrecognized factors that led to the ‘perfect COVID-19 storm’ in northern Italy during the first epidemic wave in spring 2020. SARS-CoV-2 was circulating uncontrollably at least for five weeks before the adoption of containment measures, and the role of exponential gr...
Article
Full-text available
we analyze the cascade of events since the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Greece, with emphasis on the crisis' management so as to preserve the functionality of the national health system, which remains vulnerable due to the financial recession of the previous decade and chronic shortcomings . We compare and contra...
Preprint
Molecular epidemiology has provided an additive value to traditional public health tools by identifying SARS-CoV-2 clusters, or providing evidence that clusters based on virus sequences and contact tracing are highly concordant. Our aim was to infer the levels of virus importation and to estimate the impact of public health measures related to trav...
Preprint
Full-text available
Herein, we provide estimations for the effective reproduction number $R_e$ for the greater metropolitan area of Athens, Greece during the first wave of the pandemic (February 26-May 15, 2020). For our calculations, we implemented, in a comparative approach, the two most widely used methods for the estimation of $R_e$, that by Wallinga and Teunis an...
Article
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Italy became the second epicenter of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic after China, surpassing by far China’s death toll. The disease swept through Lombardy, which remained in lockdown for about two months, starting from the 8th of March. As of that day, the isolation measures taken in Lombardy were extended to the entire count...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The emergence of the novel coronavirus in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in December 2019 marked the synchronization of the world to a peculiar clock that is counting infected cases and deaths instead of hours and minutes. The pandemic, highly transmissible severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has indeed caused co...
Article
Full-text available
The reopening of schools in the fall entails risks given the controversies in pediatric COVID-19 pathogenesis and the ambiguous role of children in transmission.
Article
Modern microbiology and drug development are in a watershed moment with the advent of electroceuticals. In addition to genomics, electrical impulses in an organism are believed to contribute to tissue and cellular plasticity. Hence, electroceuticals or bioelectronics offers the promise to identify innovative approaches to treat human diseases. Howe...
Article
Full-text available
Since the first suspected case of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) on December 1st, 2019, in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, a total of 40,235 confirmed cases and 909 deaths have been reported in China up to February 10, 2020, evoking fear locally and internationally. Here, based on the publicly available epidemiological data for Hubei, China from...
Preprint
Full-text available
Serological methods serve as a direct or indirect means of pathogen infection diagnosis in plant and animal species, including humans. Dot-ELISA (DE) is an inexpensive and sensitive, solid-state version of the microplate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, with a broad range of applications in epidemiology. Yet, its applicability is limited by uncer...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since the first suspected cluster of cases of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) on December 1st, 2019, in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, a total of 195,892 confirmed infected cases, 80,840 recovered and 7,865 deaths have been reported worldwide up to March 16, 2020. After China, Italy is currently at the forefront of the combat against the epidemi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since the first suspected case of novel coronavirus (2019 nCoV) infected pneumonia (NCIP) on December 1st, 2019, in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, a total of 40,235 confirmed cases and 909 deaths have been reported in China up to February 10, 2020, evoking fear locally and internationally. Here, based on the publicly available epidemiological data (...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the intrinsic nature of the interactions of the viral components of the microbiome that collectively form “the virome” and its differences from other microbiomatic entities. To tackle this profoundly complex problem and analyze the host–virus interactome, we applied a cutting-edge exploratory approach, network analysis. Cont...
Article
Full-text available
To assess the current hepatitis A virus (HAV) endemicity in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia, we examined the seroprevalence and susceptibility profiles of the general population. A serum bank of 3466 residual samples, collected in 2015-16 as per the specifications of the European Sero-Epidemiology Network 2 project (ESEN2), was tested...
Article
Aim: To investigate the role of SDH2 in Candida albicans filamentation and virulence. Materials & methods: Caenorhabditis elegans and mouse candidiasis models were used to assess the virulence of a sdh2Δ/Δ mutant. Various hypha-inducing media were used to evaluate the hyphal development of C. albicans. DCFH-DA was used to measure intracellular R...
Article
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The present cross-sectional serosurvey constitutes the first effort to describe the varicella zoster virus (VZV) seroepidemiology in Serbia. An age-stratified serum bank of 3570 residual samples collected between 2015 and 2016 in each of the seven districts of the Vojvodina Province was tested for IgG anti-VZV antibodies with an enzyme immunoassay....
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed at establishing baseline key epidemiological parameters for varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection in Vojvodina, Serbia, with the ultimate goal to quantify the VZV transmission potential in the population. Seroprevalence data generated during the first large cross-sectional VZV serosurvey were modelled, using a two-tiered modelling...
Data
The Serbian 2015–2016 VZV serosurvey. (DOCX)
Conference Paper
Based on multiscale agent-based computations we estimated the per-contact probability of transmission by age of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) that swept through Liberia from May 2014 to March 2015. For the approximation of the epidemic dynamics we have developed a detailed agent-based model with small-world interactions between individuals categori...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives As the Ebola virus disease is still sustained in Sierra Leone, we analysed the epidemic for a recent period (21 December 2014 to 17 April 2015) using a small-world networked model and forecasted its evolution. Policy-control scenarios for the containment of the epidemic were also examined. Methods We developed an agent-based model with 6...
Article
We study the effect of network topology on the dynamics of the Ebola virus disease epidemic that broke out in the Spring of 2014 and swept through the countries of West Africa leaving behind a death toll of more than 11,000 people. Extending an agent-based model that we have developed and which has proven to approximate and forecast quite well the...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the European Sero-Epidemiology Network 2 (ESEN2) project was to estimate age-specific seroprevalence for a number of vaccine-preventable diseases in Europe. To achieve this serosurveys were collected by 22 national laboratories. To adjust for a variety of laboratory methods and assays, all quantitative results were transformed to a refer...
Article
Full-text available
Candida albicans is a ubiquitous fungus, which can cause very serious and sometimes life-threatening infections in susceptible patients. We used Caenorhabditis elegans as a model host to screen a library of C. albicans mutants for decreased virulence and identified SPT20 as important for virulence. The transcription co-activator SPT20 was identifie...
Article
Full-text available
A rare pathway of HIV-1 resistance to small molecule CCR5 inhibitors such as Vicriviroc (VCV) involves changes solely in the gp41 fusion peptide (FP). Here, we show that the G516V change is critical to VCV resistance in PBMC and TZM-bl cells, although it must be accompanied by either M518V or F519I to have a substantial impact. Modeling VCV inhibit...
Article
Full-text available
SUMMARYThe WHO recommends hepatitis A virus (HAV) immunization according to level of transmission and disease burden. We aimed to identify susceptible age groups by standardized serosurveys to inform HAV vaccination policy in participating countries: Belgium, Czech Republic, England, Finland, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, Romania, and Slovakia....
Article
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The substantial morbidity and mortality associated with invasive fungal infections constitute undisputed tokens of their severity. The continued expansion of susceptible population groups (such as immunocompromised individuals, patients undergoing extensive surgery, and those hospitalized with serious underlying diseases especially in the intensive...
Article
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To inform current and future vaccination strategies, we describe the seroepidemiology of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in ten representative European countries using standardized serology that allowed international comparisons. Between 1996 and 2003, national serum banks were compiled by collecting residual sera or by community sampling; sera w...
Article
Full-text available
The European Sero-Epidemiology Network 2 (ESEN2) aimed to compare serological results of vaccine-preventable diseases across Europe. To ensure direct inter-country comparability of hepatitis A virus antibody (anti-HAV) measurements, a standardization panel of 150 sera was developed by a designated reference laboratory and tested by participating na...
Article
Full-text available
Fitness is a parameter used to quantify how well an organism adapts to its environment; in the present study, fitness is a measure of how well strains of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replicate in tissue culture. When HIV-1 develops resistance in vitro or in vivo to antiretroviral drugs such as reverse transcriptase or protease inhibi...
Article
The aim of the European Sero-Epidemiology Network 2 was to coordinate and standardize the serological surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases in Europe. In this study, the standardization of hepatitis B virus (HBV) results is described. The 15 participating national laboratories tested a unique panel of 172 sera established by the Greek refere...
Article
Full-text available
Variability, both at the population (interhost) as well as at the individual (intrahost) level is a key property of HIV that stems mainly from the inherent infidelity of the reverse transcriptase enzyme that the virus uses to transcribe its RNA genome into DNA so that it may be integrated into the human genetic material and propagated along with it...
Article
Background: The aim of the European Sero-Epidemiology Network (ESEN2) is to harmonise the serological surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases in Europe. Objective: To allow comparison of antibody prevalence in different countries by standardising results into common units. Study design: For varicella zoster virus (VZV), a reference labora...
Article
The COBAS TaqMan HIV-1 test (Roche Diagnostics) was compared with the LCx HIV RNA quantitative assay (Abbott Laboratories), the Versant HIV-1 RNA 3.0 (bDNA) assay (Bayer) and the COBAS Amplicor HIV-1 Monitor v1.5 test (Roche Diagnostics), using plasma samples of various viral load levels from HIV-1-infected individuals. In the comparison of TaqMan...
Article
Full-text available
The transmission of HIV and the progression of HIV disease are influenced not only by a large number of human host factors, but also by certain correlates of the ever fluctuating virus quasispecies. The present review article aims at providing the current state of knowledge as well as an in-depth critical discussion of recent developments on the po...
Article
To assess whether cellular HIV-1 DNA prior to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) initiation predicts its outcome. Patients included all 51 hemophiliacs of the Greek component of the Multicenter Hemophilia Cohort Study who had initiated HAART and for whom cryopreserved lymphocyte samples before HAART initiation were available. Cellular HIV...
Article
The LCx HIV RNA quantitative assay (Abbott Laboratories, Delkenheim, Germany) was compared with the Versant HIV-1 RNA 3.0 (bDNA) assay (Bayer, Tarrytown, NY) and the COBAS Amplicor HIV-1 Monitor v1.5 test (Roche Diagnostics, Branchburg, NJ), using plasma samples of various viral load levels from HIV-1-infected patients. Considering the lower limit...
Article
Full-text available
Human allelic variants influence the susceptibility to HIV-1 infection and/or the subsequent rates of disease progression towards AIDS that average ten years, although they vary greatly among infected subjects. In this respect, studies involving multiply exposed persons who remain uninfected, long-term nonprogressors (who remain asymptomatic for fi...
Article
The current case study provided an unusual setting to track the evolution of HIV-1 envelope gene over a maximum period of 6 years in two asymptomatic spouses undergoing suppressive highly active antiretroviral therapy. For this purpose, proviral DNA samples taken from uncultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells and spanning the C2-V5 regions of e...