Clément Evain

Clément Evain
Université de Lille

associate professor

About

81
Publications
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951
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Publications

Publications (81)
Article
Full-text available
Recording electric field evolution in single-shot with THz bandwidth is needed in science including spectroscopy, plasmas, biology, chemistry, Free-Electron Lasers, accelerators, and material inspection. However, the potential application range depends on the possibility to achieve sub-picosecond resolution over a long time window, which is a large...
Preprint
Full-text available
Topological materials are usually classified according to a single topological invariant. The engineering of synthetic structures characterised by more than one class of topological invariants would open the way to the combination of different topological properties, enlarging the richness of topological phase diagrams. Using a synthetic photonic l...
Article
Full-text available
Floquet-Bloch lattices are systems in which wave packets are subjet to periodic modulations both in time and space, showing rich dynamics. While this type of lattice is difficult to implement in solid-state physics, optical systems have provided excellent platforms to probe their physics: among other effects, they have revealed genuine phenomena su...
Preprint
Full-text available
Floquet-Bloch lattices are systems in which wave packets are subjet to periodic modulations both in time and space, showing rich dynamics. While this type of lattices is difficult to implement in solid-state physics, optical systems have provided excellent platforms to probe their physics: among other effects, they have revealed genuine phenomena s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bloch oscillations are a fundamental property of wavepackets subject to an external field in a lattice. The period of oscillation is set by the magnitude of this field, and it is independent of the shape and the nature of the band in which the wavepacket is created. Here we show that Bloch oscillations can be directly related to a topological invar...
Preprint
Recording electric field evolutions in single-shot with terahertz bandwidth is needed in applications ranging from terahertz spectroscopy of irreversible processes, to free-electron lasers and terahertz telecommunication research. However, achieving sub-picosecond resolution over long time windows is still an open problem for electro-optic sampling...
Preprint
Full-text available
We propose a generic scattering matrix model implementable in photonics to engineer a new Floquet metallic phase that combines two distinct topological properties: the winding of the bulk bands and the existence of robust chiral edge states. The winding of the bulk bands gives rise to a wavepacket oscillations in real space while conserving its ini...
Article
Full-text available
In recent and future synchrotron radiation facilities, relativistic electron bunches with increasingly high charge density are needed for producing brilliant light at various wavelengths, from X-rays to terahertz. In such conditions, interaction of electron bunches with their own emitted electromagnetic fields leads to instabilities and spontaneous...
Article
Full-text available
Relativistic electron bunches used in synchrotron light sources are complex media, in which patterns might form spontaneously. These spatial structures were studied over the past decades for very practical reasons. The patterns, which spontaneously appear during an instability, increase the terahertz radiation power by factors exceeding 10,0001,2....
Preprint
Full-text available
In recent and future synchrotron radiation facilities, relativistic electron bunches with increasingly high charge density are needed for producing brilliant light at various wavelengths, from X-rays to terahertz. In such conditions, interaction of electrons bunches with their own emitted electromagnetic fields leads to instabilities and spontaneou...
Conference Paper
Since the laser invention [1, 2], the advent of Free Electron Lasers (FEL) [3, 4] in the X-ray domain half a century later, has opened new areas for matter investigation with higher temporal resolution. In parallel, the development of laser plasma acceleration (LPA) [5] that delivers today several GeV beam acceleration [6] in a short distance appea...
Article
Full-text available
Laser plasma accelerators (LPA) can sustain GeV/m accelerating fields offering outstanding new possibilities for compact applications. The LPA beam brightness can now be comparable to radio-frequency accelerators (RFA), thanks essentially to the beams short duration (<3fs) and low emittance (as small as 0.1 micron). Still, the mrad level divergence...
Preprint
Full-text available
Spontaneous formation of spatial structures (patterns) occurs in various contexts, ranging from sand dunes and rogue wave formation, to traffic jams. These last decades, very practical reasons also led to studies of pattern formation in relativistic electron bunches used in synchrotron radiation light sources. As the main motivation, the patterns w...
Article
Full-text available
The original version of this Article contained an error in the last sentence of the first paragraph of the Introduction and incorrectly read 'A proper electron beam control is one of the main challenges towards the Graal of developing a compact alternative of X-ray free-electron lasers by coupling LWFA gigaelectron-volts per centimetre acceleration...
Article
Full-text available
With gigaelectron-volts per centimetre energy gains and femtosecond electron beams, laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) is a promising candidate for applications, such as ultrafast electron diffraction, multistaged colliders and radiation sources (betatron, compton, undulator, free electron laser). However, for some of these applications, the beam...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports on the generation of narrowband coherent synchrotron radiation from an electron storage ring. For the first time, this kind of radiation was now produced with continuously tunable frequencies in the so-called “THz gap” (between 1.2 and 5.6 THz), whereas previous experiments were limited to below 750 GHz. The experiment was perf...
Article
In recent synchrotron radiation facilities, the use of short (picosecond) electron bunches is a powerful method for producing giant pulses of Terahertz Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (THz CSR). Here we report on the first direct observation of these pulse shapes with a few picoseconds resolution, and of their dynamics over a long time. We thus conf...
Article
Full-text available
Optical fibres are favourable tabletop laboratories to investigate both coherent and incoherent nonlinear waves. In particular, exact solutions of the one-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation such as fundamental solitons or solitons on finite background can be generated by launching periodic, specifically designed coherent waves in optical fi...
Data
Supplementary Figures 1-5, Supplementary Notes 1-3 and Supplementary References.
Data
Numerical simulation. Temporal dynamics along the propagation in the fiber. The animated frame corresponds to the intensity profile on the moving red line (spatio-temporal diagram).
Data
Single-shot experimental recordings using the time microscope (power versus time). Left: typical initial conditions at the fiber input. Right: signal after nonlinear propagation in the 500 m long fiber (see text). Average power inside the fiber is =4 W. Note the occurrence of high power pulses (rogue waves), some reaching more than 160 W (at frame...
Article
Single-shot recording of terahertz electric signals has recently become possible at high repetition rates, by using the photonic time-stretch electro-optic sampling (EOS) technique. However the moderate sensitivity of time-stretch EOS is still a strong limit for a range of applications. Here we present a variant enabling to increase the sensitivity...
Article
Full-text available
The formation of coherent structures in noise driven phenomena and in Turbulence is a complex and fundamental question. A particulary important structure is the so-called Rogue Wave (RW) that arises as the sudden appearance of a localized and giant peak. First studied in Oceanography, RWs have been extensively investigated in Optics since 2007, in...
Article
The laser–plasma accelerator (LPA) presently provides electron beams with a typical current of a few kA, a bunch length of a few fs, energy in the few hundred MeV to several GeV range, a divergence of typically 1 mrad, an energy spread of the order of 1%, and a normalized emittance of the order of π.mm.mrad. One of the first applications could be t...
Article
Full-text available
More than 50 years after the laser discovery, X-ray free electron lasers (FEL), the first powerful tuneable, short pulse lasers in the X-ray spectral range, are now blooming in the world, enabling new discoveries on the ultra-fast dynamics of excited systems and imaging. LUNEX5 demonstrator project aims at investigating paths towards advanced and c...
Article
The behavior of submicrometer-sized thin-film YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) detectors under illumination with picosecond terahertz (THz) pulses was investigated. Real-time measurements with a temporal resolution of 15 ps full width at half maximum were performed at ANKA, the synchrotron facility of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, and the UVSOR-III facility...
Article
Full-text available
Emission of light by a single electron moving on a curved trajectory (synchrotron radiation) is one of the most well-known fundamental radiation phenomena. However experimental situations are more complex as they involve many electrons, each being exposed to the radiation of its neighbors. This interaction has dramatic consequences, one of the most...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One direction towards compact Free Electron Laser is to replace the conventional linac by a laser plasma driven beam, provided proper electron beam manipulation to handle the large values of the energy spread and of the divergence. Applying seeding techniques enable also to reduce the required undulator length. The rapidly developing LWFA are alrea...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
LUNEX5 (free electron Laser Using a New accelerator for the Exploitation of X-ray radiation of 5 th generation) aims at investigating the production of short, intense, coherent Free Electron Laser (FEL) pulses in the 40-4 nm spectral range. It comprises a 400 MeV superconducting Linear Accelerator for high repetition rate operation (10 kHz), multi-...
Conference Paper
We consider the problem of shot-by-shot acquisition of pulse shapes at high repetition rate in accelerator-based systems. More specifically, we examine the two-step strategy consisting in (i) encoding the pulse information onto a laser pulse, and (ii) use the so-called time-stretch strategy to “slow-down” the information before recording. We thus s...
Article
Abstract We report on the characteristics of coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) as a source for spectroscopy. The optimization of the source and the resulting figures of merits in terms of flux, signal to noise, spatial distribution and spectral and temporal distribution are presented together with a spectroscopic application. The emission of THz...
Article
Full-text available
Free-electron lasers (FELs) are a unique source of light, particularly in the x-ray domain. After the success of FELs based on conventional acceleration using radio-frequency cavities, an important challenge is the development of FELs based on electron bunching accelerated by a laser wakefield accelerator (LWFA). However, the present LWFA electron...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we address the problem of tunability of seeded free-electron lasers (FELs), working typically in the domain of the vacuum ultraviolet. The seeding of FELs with an external laser permits us to obtain FEL pulses with both good longitudinal coherence and good stability properties (contrary to an amplification starting from noise). Howe...
Article
Full-text available
Relativistic electron bunches are powerful light sources, which are largely exploited in synchrotron radiation facilities, and are crucial for most sciences. However, electrons bunches suffer from instabilities, leading to spontaneous spatial structure formation. This effect --recalling fluid turbulence issues-- represents a fundamental limitation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Microbunching instability arises in storage rings when the number of electrons in a bunch exceeds a threshold value [1, 2, 3]. Its signature, i.e. a strong and irreg-ular emission of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR) in the Terahertz (THz) domain, is studied at SOLEIL on the AILES infrared beamline [4], with the storage ring tuned in a low-alpha...
Article
Full-text available
Relativistic electron bunches circulating in accelerators are subjected to a dynamical instability leading to microstructures at millimeter to centimeter scale. Although this is a well-known fact, direct experimental observations of the structures, or the field that they emit, remained up to now an open problem. Here, we report the direct, shot-by-...
Article
High-Tc thin-film YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) detectors were deployed for the real-time observation of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR). Due to enhanced fabrication techniques enabling the patterning of sub-μm sized detector areas responsivity values as high as 1V/pJ for pulsed THz excitations have been achieved at the ANKA synchrotron facility at the K...
Article
At DELTA, a 1.5-GeV electron storage ring operated as a light source by the Center for Synchrotron Radiation at the TU Dortmund University, coherent ultrashort THz pulses are routinely generated by density-modulated electron bunches. Tracking simulations as well as experimental studies using ultrafast THz detectors and an FT-IR spectrometer aim at...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
LUNEX5 (free electron Laser Using a New accelerator for the Exploitation of X-ray radiation of 5th generation) aims at investigating the production of short, intense, coherent pulses in the 40-4 nm spectral range [1]. It comprises two types of accelerators connected to a single Free Electron Laser (FEL) for advanced seeding configurations (seeding...
Article
Full-text available
Many spatio-temporal systems can undergo instabilities, leading to the spontaneous formation of spatial structures (patterns). However, a range of cases exist for which the pattern itself is not directly visible because of technical or fundamental reasons. This is the case for the spontaneous formation of millimeter-scale patterns appearing inside...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
At high charge, relativistic electron bunches circulating in storage rings undergo an instability, the so-called mi- crobunching or the CSR (Coherent Synchrotron Radiation) instability. This instability is due to the interaction of the electrons with their own radiation and leads to the formation of microstructures (at millimeter scale) in the long...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The microbunching instability is an ubiquitous problem in storage rings at high current density. However, the in-volved fast time-scales hampered the possibility to make direct real-time recordings of theses structures. When the structures occur at a cm scale, recent works at UVSOR [1], revealed that direct recording of the coherent synchrotron rad...
Article
Full-text available
In storage rings, when the number of electrons in a bunch exceeds a threshold value, microstructures appear spontaneously in the bunch. Experimental observations of these microstructures and their evolution are indirect to obtain. In practice, most information is obtained from the terahertz coherent synchrotron radiation (THz CSR), since microstruc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
LUNEX5 (free electron Laser Using a New accelerator for the Exploitation of X-ray radiation of 5th generation) aims at investigating the production of short, intense, and coherent pulses in the soft X-ray region. A 400 MeV superconducting linear accelerator and a laser wakefield accelerator (LWFA), will feed a single Free Electron Laser line with H...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The LUNEX5 (free electron Laser Using a New accelerator for the Exploitation of X-ray radiation of 5th generation) in France aims at investigating the generation of short, intense, and coherent pulses in the soft x-ray region (with two particular targeted wavelengths of 20 and 13 nm). It consists in a single Free Electron Laser (FEL) line with cryo...
Article
Full-text available
We present the first high resolution (10(-3) cm(-1)) interferometric measurements in the 200-750 GHz range using coherent synchrotron radiation, achieved with a low momentum compaction factor. The effect of microbunching on spectra is shown, depending on the bunch current. A high signal-to-noise ratio is reached thanks to an artifact correction sys...
Data
Full-text available
We study the efficiency limitation affecting laser-induced coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) at high laser power. Experiments are made on the UVSOR-II storage ring in conditions of narrowband terahertz CSR emission. While, at moderate power, CSR power increases quadratically with laser power, a noticeable decrease in efficiency and eventually a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
LUNEX5 (free electron Laser Using a New accelerator for the Exploitation of X-ray radiation of 5th generation) aims at investigating the production of short, intense, and coherent pulses in the soft x-ray region. The single Free Electron Laser (FEL) line fed either by a superconducting Linear Accelerator of 400MeV or a 0.4-1GeV Laser Wake Field Acc...
Article
In storage rings, short electron bunches can produce an intense THz radiation called Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR). The flux of this emission between 250 and 750 GHz is very advantageous for spectroscopy, but intensity fluctuations lead to artifacts in the FTIR spectra and, until now, prevented the use of CSR for high-resolution measurements...
Conference Paper
Full-text available