Clément Belletier

Clément Belletier
Université Clermont Auvergne | Univ BPC · Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive LAPSCO, UMR 6024

PhD

About

41
Publications
17,783
Reads
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469
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - present
Université Clermont Auvergne
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
February 2019 - July 2019
The University of Edinburgh
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Member of the WoMAAC project, that aims to investigate working memory by associating investigators from three different theoretical frameworks (Barrouillet & Camos, 2012; Cowan, 2010; Logie, 2011). More details: http://womaac.psy.ed.ac.uk/
October 2016 - October 2018
Université de Fribourg
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Member of the WoMAAC project, that aims to investigate working memory by associating investigators from three different theoretical frameworks (Barrouillet & Camos, 2012; Cowan, 2010; Logie, 2011). More details: http://womaac.psy.ed.ac.uk/

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
How working memory supports dual-task performance is the focus of a long-standing debate. Most previous research on this topic has focused on participant performance data. In three experiments, we investigated whether changes in participant-reported strategies across single- and dual-task conditions might help resolve this debate by offering new in...
Article
Background The Covid-19 health crisis has generated major restrictions in the daily life, which are detrimental to the well-being of individuals. In spite of these deleterious repercussions, it is possible to conceive positive psychology changes - over a relatively long period of time - in relation to what is called Posttraumatic growth (PTG). Meth...
Article
Full-text available
The inattentional blindness phenomenon refers to situations where a visible but unexpected stimulus remains consciously unnoticed by observers. This phenomenon is classically explained as the consequence of insufficient attention, because attentional resources are already engaged elsewhere or vary between individuals. However, this attentional-reso...
Article
Full-text available
The home confinement imposed on people to fight the COVID-19 pandemic interrupted the flow of time by disrupting daily life, making them feel that time was passing slowly. The aim of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the evolution over time of this subjective experience of time and its significant predictors (boredom, decreased happiness, lif...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the difficulties experienced by people suffering from depression in coping with the stressful context of the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown. Two large samples of the French population were classified on the basis of their depressive symptoms and completed an online questionnaire on their emotions and their behaviors duri...
Article
Working memory is defined by many as the system that allows us to simultaneously store information over brief time periods while engaging in other information processing activities. In a previous study (Rhodes, Jaroslawska et al. (2019) Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 148, 1204–1227.) we found that retention of serially presented lette...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid technological innovations are constantly influencing the complexification and automatization of the work lines pushing human operators to use diverse cognitive processes for supervising complex industrial machines. This urges factories to offer wearable cognitive assistants to human operators to analyze, integrate and maintain a considerable...
Article
Full-text available
To fight against the spread of the coronavirus disease, more than 3 billion people in the world were confined. Although the lockdown is an efficient solution, it has different psychological consequences which have not yet been fully measured. During the lockdown period in France (April 2020), we conducted two surveys on two large panels of particip...
Chapter
Multiple theories of working memory are described in the chapters of this book and often these theories are viewed as being mutually incompatible, yet each is associated with a supporting body of empirical evidence. This chapter argues that many of these differences reflect different research questions, different levels of explanation, and differen...
Article
Full-text available
Although there is evidence that the effect of including a concurrent processing demand on the storage of information in working memory is disproportionately larger for older than younger adults, not all studies show this age-related impairment, and the critical factors responsible for any such impairment remain elusive. Here we assess whether domai...
Article
Full-text available
Several working memory (WM) theories assume a resource sharing between the maintenance of information and its processing, whereas other theories suppose that these 2 functions of WM rely on different pools of resources. Studies that addressed this question by examining whether dual-task costs occur in tasks combining processing and storage have led...
Article
There are few examples of an extended adversarial collaboration, in which investigators committed to different theoretical views collaborate to test opposing predictions. Whereas previous adversarial collaborations have produced single research articles, here, we share our experience in programmatic, extended adversarial collaboration involving thr...
Preprint
This study aimed to apply electromyographic techniques and distributional analyses to test whether an increase in the strength of stimulus-response mapping could explain the mechanisms underlying the joint Simon effect. Within a single protocol, participants performed a Simon task and a Go/NoGo task in isolation, and a joint Go/NoGo task with a co-...
Preprint
Working memory is defined by many as the system that allows us to simultaneously store information over brief time periods while engaging in other information processing activities. In a previous study (Rhodes et al., 2019) we found that retention of serially presented letters was disrupted by the introduction of an arithmetic processing task durin...
Article
Full-text available
There is evidence that attentional control mechanisms in humans can be boosted in performance contexts involving the presence of other human agents, compared with isolation. This phenomenon was investigated here with the presence of artificial agents, that is, humanoid robots in the context of the well-known Stroop task requiring attentional contro...
Article
Full-text available
For more than a century, social psychologists have been trying to understand how the presence of conspecifics—perhaps the most fundamental invariant of behavior in many, if not all, animal species—affects behavior. Although this issue, traditionally referred to using the term social-facilitation-and-impairment effects, has generated much interest,...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence accumulated for more than a century on audience effects shows that being watched by others typically impairs performance on difficult tasks. However, recent research under the label of « choking under pressure » suggests that this performance Evidence accumulated for more than a century on audience effects shows that being watched by other...
Article
Full-text available
In the near future, the human social environment worldwide might be populated by humanoid robots. The way we perceive these new social agents could depend on basic social psycholog-ical processes such as social categorization. Recent results indicate that humans can make use of social stereotypes when faced with robots based on their characterizati...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past three decades, various scales have been developed to measure job insecurity, however these scales all suffer from limitations. First, they focus on job insecurity as a situational stressor and they ignore its subsequent stress and strains. Second, they only considered a negative conceptualization of job insecurity and neglected the va...
Article
There is a theoretical disagreement in the working memory literature, with some proposing that the storage and processing of information rely on distinct parts of the cognitive system and others who posit that they rely, to some extent, on a shared attentional capacity. This debate is mirrored in the literature on working memory and aging, where th...
Preprint
There is a theoretical disagreement in the working memory literature, with some proposing that the storage and processing of information rely on distinct parts of the cognitive system and others who posit that they rely, to some extent, on a shared attentional capacity. This debate is mirrored in the literature on working memory and aging, where th...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was conducted to decipher whether a spatial correspondence effect can emerge in Go/No Go tasks (cSE, in reference to Donders’ type c task) performed in isolation (participant alone in the cubicle). To this aim, a single participant was centrally positioned in front of a device and was required to respond by a hand key-press to th...
Article
Full-text available
Theories of working memory often disagree on the relationships between processing and storage, particularly on how heavily they rely on an attention-based limited resource. Some posit separation and specialization of resources resulting in minimal interference to memory when completing an ongoing processing task, while others argue for a greater ov...
Article
Full-text available
“Bad” humanoid robots just paying attention to human performance may energize attentional control—as does human presence.
Article
Users' acceptance of new technologies in schools or companies is a critical challenge in modern society. In this study, we used self-reported intentional measures, an objective measure of actual behavior, namely university students' use of a new virtual learning environment platform, and a measure of their implicit attitude towards technology which...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies suggest that social presence undermines performance in difficult tasks because the presence of others would automatically capture the attention needed to achieve these tasks. Here, we tested whether this attentional capture (caused by the experimenter presence) affects working memory. Several models suggest that maintenance in workin...
Poster
Full-text available
In experimental studies, whereas working memory is often pushed to the limits of its capacity, recall performance rarely falls to zero, regardless of memory or processing load. A key question is thus to understand the cognitive functions supporting this residual performance. Here, investigators associated with three different theoretical frameworks...
Poster
Full-text available
Evidence accumulated for more than a century on audience effects shows that being watched by evaluative others typically impairs performance on difficult tasks. Recent results suggest that this effect may be due to reduced executive control (Belletier et al, 2015). Nonetheless, the exact way by which cognitive control is impacted remains unclear. T...
Article
Full-text available
Performing more poorly given one's skill level ("choking") is likely in situations that offer an incentive if a certain outcome is achieved (outcome pressure) or when one is being watched by others-especially when one's performance is being evaluated (monitoring pressure). According to the choking literature, outcome pressure is associated with red...
Article
Full-text available
From cockroaches to human beings, the presence of other members of the same species typically facilitates dominant (habitual/well-learned) responses regardless of their contextual relevance. This social facilitation requires special attention in animal species such as primates, given their evolved cognitive control mechanisms. Here we tested baboon...
Poster
Full-text available
This study aimed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the social Simon effect (SSE). Electromyographic (EMG) recordings and distributional analyses have been used to assess whether coaction alters information processing, cognitive control, and the susceptibility of making fast impulsive errors. Additionally, each participant’s social comparison o...
Article
Current models in social neuroscience advance that eye contact may automatically recruit cognitive resources. Here, we directly tested this hypothesis by evaluating the distracting strength of eye contact on concurrent visual processing in the well-known Stroop's paradigm. As expected, participants showed stronger Stroop interference under concomit...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Industry 4.0 and safety : the impact of Augmented Reality displays on workers' attentional mechanisms.
Project
Archived project
see details at : http://womaac.psy.ed.ac.uk/