Clemens Wöllner

Clemens Wöllner
Hochschule für Musik Freiburg

alternative spelling: Clemens Woellner; Professor of Systematic Musicology

About

85
Publications
18,311
Reads
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624
Citations
Citations since 2017
38 Research Items
429 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
Additional affiliations
August 2013 - present
University of Hamburg
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (85)
Article
While previous research has raised doubts about the ability of listeners to perceive large-scale musical form, we hypothesize that untrained and unfamiliar listeners can, indeed, recognize structure when cognitive form judgments (coherence and predictability) are differentiated from enjoyment ratings (pleasantness, interest, and desire to hear agai...
Article
Full-text available
Practicing slowly is a commonly used, intuitive approach to music learning, and is widely considered the bedrock of musical skill acquisition. Yet, little is known about the different approaches and techniques musicians use when practicing slowly. This study investigated instrumental musicians’ perspectives on the uses, limitations, and specific te...
Article
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Practicing slowly is an intuitive and prevalent learning strategy among instrumental musicians. Nevertheless, little is known about the psychological mechanisms of slow practice, or how rehearsing slow movements may support the performance of fast-tempo playing. This study investigated the prevalence and possible functions of slow practice strategi...
Article
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The spontaneous motor tempo (SMT) or internal tempo describes the natural pace of predictive and emergent movements such as walking or hand clapping. One of the main research interests in the study of the spontaneous motor tempo relates to factors affecting its pace. Previous studies suggest an influence of the circadian rhythm (i.e., 24-h cycle of...
Article
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Prosocial effects of music have recently attracted increased attention in research and media. An often-cited experiment, carried out by Kirschner and Tomasello in 2010 under laboratory conditions, found that children at the age of four years were more willing to help each other after they had engaged in synchronous musical activities. The aim of th...
Article
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Während die Weltgesundheitsorganisation schon seit geraumer Zeit auf die negativen Auswirkungen von Lärm hinweist, sind nach wie vor viele Menschen im Wohnumfeld und auch im öffentlichen Raum hohen Lärmpegeln ausgesetzt. Ob Musik im Umgang mit Umweltlärm genutzt wird und welche Zusammenhänge mit der individuellen Lärmempfindlichkeit im urbanen Raum...
Article
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Violin bowing is a specialised sound-producing action, which may be affected by psychological performance techniques. In sport, attentional focus impacts motor performance, but limited evidence for this exists in music. We investigated the effects of attentional focus on acoustical, physiological, and physical parameters of violin bowing in experie...
Article
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The constrained action hypothesis states that focusing attention on action outcomes rather than body movement improves motor performance. Dexterity of motor control is key to successful music performance, making this a highly relevant topic to music education. We investigated effects of focus of attention (FOA) on motor skill performance and EMG mu...
Article
Full-text available
The spontaneous motor tempo (SMT) describes the pace of regular and repeated movements such as hand clapping or walking. It is typically measured by letting people tap with their index finger at a pace that feels most natural and comfortable to them. A number of factors have been suggested to influence the SMT, such as age, time of the day, arousal...
Article
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Compared to vision, audition has been considered to be the dominant sensory modality for temporal processing. Nevertheless, recent research suggests the opposite, such that the apparent inferiority of visual information in tempo judgements might be due to the lack of ecological validity of experimental stimuli, and reliable visual movements may hav...
Article
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In dance, music, or sports, reproducibility and consistency as well as bilateral dexterity/coordination of movement are crucial for motor control. Research into the biomechanics of movement consistency and variability is important for motor learning to achieve proficiency and maximize outcome reproduction and stability as well as to reduce the risk...
Article
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Our perception of the duration of a piece of music is related to its tempo. When listening to music, absolute durations may seem longer as the tempo-the rate of an underlying pulse or beat-increases. Yet, the perception of tempo itself is not absolute. In a study on perceived tempo, participants were able to distinguish between different tempo-shif...
Article
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Experiences of time vary intra- and interindividually, depending on factors such as attentional resource allocation and arousal. Music as a temporal art that is structured by multiple temporal layers is ideal for investigating human time experiences. The current study used examples of hip-hop music that varied in arousal but were constant in tempo....
Article
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Mobile music listening is widely recognized as an integral part of everyday music use. It is also a rather peculiar experience, since the listeners are surrounded by strangers in public and at the same time engaged in a solitary and private activity. The current study aimed at investigating the functions and experiences of mobile listening with a q...
Article
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While the effects of synthesised visual stimuli on time perception processes are well documented, very little research on time estimation in human movement stimuli exists. This study investigated the effects of movement speed and agency on duration estimation of human motion. Participants were recorded using optical motion capture while they perfor...
Poster
Full-text available
The spontaneous motor tempo (SMT) describes the pace of regular and repeated movements such as hand clapping. It is typically measured by letting people tap at a pace that feels most natural and comfortable to them. A number of factors have been suggested to influence the SMT, such as age and musical experience (McAuley et al., 2006; Drake et al.,...
Article
Full-text available
The current review addresses two internal clock models that have dominated discussions in timing research for the last decades. More specifically, it discusses whether the central or the intrinsic clock model better describes the fluctuations in subjective time. Identifying the timing mechanism is critical to explain and predict timing behaviours i...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to investigate if the perception of time is affected by actively attending to different metrical levels in musical rhythmic patterns. In an experiment with a repeated-measures design, musicians and nonmusicians were presented with musical rhythmic patterns played at three different tempi. They synchronized with mult...
Article
Subvocalization has been described as a series of attenuated movements of the vocal tract during silent reading and imagination. This two-part study investigated covert laryngeal activations among singers during the perception and imagination of music and text. In the first part, 155 singers responded to an online survey investigating their self-pe...
Chapter
Abstract and Keywords Clemens Wöllner investigates sonic actions in music performance. He argues that musicians construct sonic images in the act of playing that are based on timbral qualities of the sounds as well as on timing details that allow them to anticipate sonic actions. In this way, they can perform without auditory feedback, for instance...
Article
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Im Rahmen künstlerischer Performances und wissenschaftlicher Forschung gewinnt Bewegungssonifikation als ein wichtiger Teilbereich der Sonifikationsforschung immer mehr an Bedeutung. Sonifikation beschreibt die Übertragung von Daten in Klang und stellt zugleich eine Technik dar, die Klang als Antwort auf Interaktion erzeugt. Bewegungssonifikationen...
Article
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Slow motion scenes are ubiquitous in screen-based audiovisual media and are typically accompanied by emotional music. The strong effects of slow motion on observers are hypothetically related to heightened emotional states in which time seems to pass more slowly. These states are simulated in films and video clips, and seem to resemble such experie...
Conference Paper
In hospitals, the environmental qualities to which people are exposed can decisively influence their well-being, their recovery from diseases and their ability to function. This is true for patients as well as for employees. A theoretical framework of the "Healing Soundscape" project builds the concept of "atmosphere" from contemporary aesthetics....
Article
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Jazz musicians rely on different skills than do classical musicians for successful performances. We investigated the working memory span of classical and jazz student musicians on musical and nonmusical working memory tasks. College-aged musicians completed the Bucknell Auditory Imagery Scale, followed by verbal working memory tests and musical wor...
Article
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This study investigated the effects of music and playback speed on arousal and visual perception in slow-motion scenes taken from commercial films. Slow-motion scenes are a ubiquitous film technique and highly popular. Yet the psychological effects of mediated time-stretching compared to real-time motion have not been empirically investigated. We h...
Article
When individuals coordinate their behaviour, they need to both anticipate actions and respond to each other in meaningful ways. Jazz musicians often encounter situations in jam sessions in which they interact with previously unknown musicians, allowing insights into spontaneous collaboration. The current study investigated call and response pattern...
Article
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One of the main questions of audio-visual quality perception is what influences the receptive overall impression. While video quality has the highest impact on audio-visual quality assessment across all video genres (You et al., 2010), research showed that audio quality is more influential in music videos compared to other video genres (Garcia et a...
Book
Body and space refer to vital and interrelated dimensions in the experience of sounds and music. Sounds have an overwhelming impact on feelings of bodily presence and inform us about the space we experience. Even in situations where visual information is artificial or blurred, such as in virtual environments or certain genres of film and computer g...
Chapter
Body and space refer to vital and interrelated dimensions in the experience of sounds and music. Sounds have an overwhelming impact on feelings of bodily presence and inform us about the space we experience. Even in situations where visual information is artificial or blurred, such as in virtual environments or certain genres of film and computer g...
Chapter
This chapter presents a perspective on how embodied practices situated in performance environments such as sports and the performing arts (i.e., music and dance) can support perception–action links. Drawing on literature on embodied cognition, ecological psychology, and recent research that applies motion capture technology, we outline how performa...
Article
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Individuals with high working memory (WM) capacity also tend to have better selective and divided attention. Although both capacities are essential for skilled performance in many areas, evidence for potential training and expertise effects is scarce. We investigated the attentional flexibility of musical conductors by comparing them to equivalentl...
Conference Paper
The widespread use of music videos is a result of technological developments and has fundamentally changed the possibilities and habits of music perception in the last decade. As a consequence of these new possibilities, it is necessary to further investigate the influence of the visual modality on the perceived music experience for audiovisual rec...
Chapter
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Article
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In artistic fields such as western music performance of the past 200 years, individuality is highly valued as a performer's expression of his or her aesthetic concepts. Yet characterizations of individual performance qualities have largely remained on a descriptive level. In this opinion article, it is argued that if researchers aim at quantifying...
Article
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Gender recognition in point-light displays was investigated with regard to body morphology cues and motion cues of human motion performed with different levels of technical skill. Gestures of male and female orchestral conductors were recorded with a motion capture system while they conducted excerpts from a Mendelssohn string symphony to musicians...
Article
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Recent theories of empathy highlight perception-action components as a basis for automatic responses to perceived emotions. Since music is universally based on human actions and often elicits strong emotions, it was hypothesized that empathy influences audiovisual estimations of emotional expression. In this study, the performance and perception of...
Article
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Aesthetic theories have long suggested perceptual advantages for prototypical exemplars of a given class of objects or events. Empirical evidence confirmed that morphed (quantitatively averaged) human faces, musical interpretations, and human voices are preferred over most individual ones. In this study, biological human motion was morphed and test...
Article
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The visual impact of musicians’ body movements has increasingly attracted research interest over the past twenty years. This article gives an overview of the main findings of this research and introduces and replicates one of the first experiments on visual information in music performance evaluations. In Behne’s study (originally published in Germ...
Article
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Team teaching – two or more teachers sharing the training of a group of students – has only recently been implemented in the curricula of many higher music education institutions. This article reports on a survey of 142 music students and their tutors from three departments (the Schools of Strings, Vocal and Opera Studies, and Wind, Brass and Percu...
Article
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There is an increasing awareness of the importance of reflexivity across various disciplines, which encourages researchers to scrutinize their research perspectives. In order to contextualize and reflect upon research in music, this study explores the musical background, current level of musical engagement and the listening habits of music research...
Article
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Common coding theory states that perception and action may reciprocally induce each other. Consequently, motor expertise should map onto perceptual consistency in specific tasks such as predicting the exact timing of a musical entry. To test this hypothesis, ten string musicians (motor experts), ten non-string musicians (visual experts), and ten no...
Article
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Insights into musical conducting are traditionally derived from educational manuals and from interviews with conductors about their intuitive knowledge. Conducting as a form of highly specialized nonverbal communication has scarcely been studied empirically up to now. We investigated the perception of expressive movements used by conductors, as see...
Article
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This study investigated the perception of conductors' body movements under different viewing conditions with a multi-modal within-subjects design. Five conductors with different levels of experience each conducted four excerpts from a Beethoven symphony that varied in musical expressiveness. Video recordings were manipulated according to three occl...
Article
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Musicians experience various forms of sensory feedback when practising and performing. By studying the extent to which musicians rely on such auditory, visual and kinaesthetic information, insight can be gained (albeit indirectly) into the content and strength of their mental imagery for the music they play. While in previous empirical research, im...
Article
Motion has always been recognised as an important experiential dimension in musical performance and perception. Reviews of written accounts on this subject show a great variety of diverse assumptions and definitions, which seem to encompass a number of dissimilar phenomena. In this article, four theoretical concepts of musical motion are distinguis...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of inner hearing in musical sight-reading was investigated with an interference paradigm. In a repeated measures design, 20 music students sight-sang two melodies, one of those while listening to distracting music. Participants answered aspects of sight-reading ability and strategy in questionnaires and in semi-structured interviews....

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
To understand the role of different sensory modalities in temporal perception in audiovisual inconsistent context. We adopted the temporal bisection paradigm where point light figures, a more ecologically plausible stimulus. In addition, the project would also like to explore the relationship between temporal congruence & naturalness with temporal perception.
Project
The ERC project SloMo investigates the influence of stretched time on perception and related actions of musicians, dancers, and audiences. Previous models of time and consciousness attempted to explain the intricacies and differences of experiencing time in a psychological sense versus more "objective" physical descriptions of unfolding time. These phenomena become especially apparent during slow movements in music or dance. The research project focuses on experiences of stretched time in perception and performance, and the results shall contribute to a general theory of musical time. The project is funded with a Consolidator Grant for the duration of five years by the European Research Council (Grant agreement 725319, PI: Clemens Wöllner) and is hosted by the University of Hamburg. The research team collaborates with international experts in diverse fields. The research integrates multidisciplinary approaches, including music psychology, cognitive psychology, as well as dance and performance studies. For further information, please have a look at https://www.slomo.uni-hamburg.de/en.html