Clemens Greiner

Clemens Greiner
University of Cologne | UOC · Global South Studies Center (GSSC)

About

37
Publications
16,467
Reads
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1,118
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2009 - present
University of Cologne
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing fragmentation of pastoral drylands is a matter of concern throughout Africa. Using the example of rangelands in northern Baringo County, Kenya, that were under uniform pastoral use until the late 20th century, we trace land-use and land-cover changes (LULCCs) since the 1980s and beyond. Based on ethnographic, historical, and remote sens...
Chapter
Full-text available
Perspectives on large-scale investment in Africa's rural margins often start from the assumption that projects happen in socio-ecological and livelihood settings that were relatively stable and undisturbed until new developments. Yet in Kenya's northern Rift Valley recent large-scale infrastructural investments intersect with longer-term changes in...
Article
Based on a study of globalized export horticulture at Lake Naivasha, Kenya, this paper explores urban development at the intersections of foreign capital investments and translocal labour mobility. We argue that patterns of translocality largely track the specific requirements and temporalities of the cut flower and vegetable industries, lending an...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines how rural roads relate to differences in livelihood patterns, attitudes toward social change, and land disputes in Baringo, Kenya. Although their direct use is limited for many residents, roads have a highly differentiating impact. While some households orientate themselves toward roads, those relying more on (agro-)pastoralis...
Article
Full-text available
Based on a study of Kenya’s geothermal-energy development in Baringo-Silali, we explore how and with whom government actors and local communities in rural and peripheral areas interact when planning and implementing large-scale power plants. Starting from a comparison of decentralized and centralized energy systems, we demonstrate that the developm...
Article
This data set contains a time series analysis of land use classifications from 1985-2015 in northern Baringo County, Kenya. The region is located in one of the study areas of the CRC/Transregio 228: “Future Rural Africa: Future-Making and Social-Ecological Transformation”. The analysis illustrates the land-use and land-cover changes over a period o...
Article
Land-use and land-cover changes pose major challenges to local communities in many parts of the world. In the case of East Pokot in the Rift Valley of north-western Kenya, land-cover changes have a huge impact on livelihoods. While until the 1980s cattle husbandry was the prominent livelihood in the area, the socio-ecological dynamics of the past d...
Poster
Full-text available
Multispectral Landsat surface reflectance products at 30 m spatial resolution from Landsat 4/5 Thematic Mapper, Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus and Landsat 8 Optical Land Imager were classified to five classes i.e. water, maize fields, bare soil, dense shrubs and trees and shrub savanna using random forest algorithm for the years 1985, 1990...
Book
Full-text available
Since embarking on the study of African great apes in the 1950s, Kyoto University has promoted research on Africa from the perspective of various fields, including primatology, anthropology, ethnology, ecology, paleoanthropology, linguistics, and agriculture. The CAAS and the Africa Division at ASAFAS grew out of this history of research and are in...
Article
Full-text available
Until recently, the Pokot in the highlands of the Baringo area in Kenya have practised semi-nomadic pastoralism. Today they are rapidly sedentarizing and in many areas suitable for farming, they are adopting rain-fed agriculture. As a result of these dynamics, claims to individual property on de facto communal rangelands have arisen, and to such an...
Article
Full-text available
AbstractInternal labour migration from rural areas to urban centres has been and remains one of the dominant patterns of migration in South Africa. Based on data from ethnographic field research, this paper explores the mobility patterns and translocal relations of miners in the Northern Cape province of South Africa. By considering the tension bet...
Article
Full-text available
This paper argues that pastoral commons are under increasing pressure not just from overuse by pastoralists themselves, but from land management policies. Since colonial times, these have been based on a persistent misconception of the nature of pastoral economies and combined with increasing land alienation and fragmentation through government pol...
Article
Land-use patterns in the Eastern African drylands have changed greatly in recent decades. Ethnographic data from East Pokot, in Kenya’s Baringo area, illustrate some of the major dynamics of change and point to relevant drivers. While the pastoral Pokot people managed an open, unfragmented rangeland until the 1990s, wildlife conservation, sedentari...
Chapter
Full-text available
Although facets of crafts/wo/manship appear in some renowned sub-disciplines of cultural and social anthropology – particularly in material culture and educational anthropology, but also in anthropologies of the body – crafts/wo/manship is amazingly absent in many others. While economic anthropology, for example, has well-developed research on tech...
Article
Land-use and livelihood patterns among Eastern African pastoralists have undergone dramatic change in recent decades. The dynamics in East Pokot effectively illustrate these changes. We focus on the spread and intensification of honey production and crop cultivation, describing the patterns of adaptation and diffusion and the current techniques of...
Chapter
Full-text available
Research into the relationship between environment and migration—particularly how the environment influences the decision to migrate—has gained currency in the last decade. However, the growing body of recent environmental-migration literature exhibits an under-theorized and depoliticized notion of the environment. Furthermore, migration is usually...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Talking about migration and human environment relations in times of globalization and climate change is a highly relevant but also difficult venture. The debate usually takes place in a blurred field between science, media and politics. The tug of war between alarmists and sceptics has dominated the scientific debate. Whereas the alarmists try to s...
Article
Full-text available
Drawing upon the dynamic interrelationship between human agency and space, this article sheds light on the constitution of and relation between "place" and "path" among the pastoral Pokot of East Pokot District in the Kenyan North Rift Valley. It discusses the transformation from a more mobile pastoralist model of spatialization, which relies on a...
Article
Crop cultivation under rain-fed conditions is a recent innovation among the formerly pastoral-nomadic Pokot in north-central Kenya. We have examined the socioecological dynamics of land-use change from an interdisciplinary perspective. The patterns of transition to agropastoralism are closely related to both the biogeophysical attributes of the are...
Article
Full-text available
The employment of translocality as a research perspective is currently gaining momentum. A growing number of scholars from different research traditions concerned with the dynamics of mobility, migration and socio-spatial interconnectedness have developed conceptual approaches to the term. They usually build on insights from transnationalism, while...
Article
Livestock raiding among northern Kenya's pastoralists has changed profoundly in the last decades. Fought with modern weaponry and often extreme violence, raiding is increasingly enmeshed in politicized claims over administrative boundaries, struggles for exclusive access to land, and attempts to establish or safeguard an ethnically homogeneous elec...
Article
Full-text available
The nexus between migration dynamics and environmental change has drawn the attention of many researchers in the recent past. While the majority of studies focus on the impact of the environment on migration decisions, less emphasis has been placed on the feedback effect of migration on the environment in rural sending areas. This article provides...
Article
This article is concerned with the implementation of community-based conservancies (CBC) in conflict-ridden pastoralist areas of northern Kenya and whether the creation of protected areas can facilitate the resolution of conflict. Evidence from ethnographic research in East Pokot, Kenya, reveals a mixed picture. In the last decade, three CBCs were...
Article
Full-text available
This contribution deals with circular migration, remittances and rural-urban support networks in Namibia's southern Kunene region and with the question of how to conceptualise the household as a unit of analysis in the context of these dynamics. Based on an outline of the methodology used to gather quantifiable data on rural-urban exchange and empi...
Article
Full-text available
Contribution to the Debate on Property and Land Rights in Africa Spectrum.
Article
Rural–urban migration and networks are fundamental for many livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa. Remittances in cash and kind provide additional income, enhance food security and offer access to viable resources in both rural and urban areas. Migration allows the involved households to benefit from price differences between rural and urban areas. In...
Article
Full-text available
Social relations in Namibia's southern Kunene region are shaped by translocal patterns of migration, exchange and identity. Young people move to urban areas for schooling and work, older family members return to the countryside upon retirement to take care of the livestock and the rural homesteads. These movements are accompanied by remittances and...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
„Future rural Africa“ is an interdisciplinary collaborative research center funded by the German Research Council (DFG) involving geographers, anthropologists, political scientists, agroeconomists, soil scientists and ecologists from the Universities of Bonn and Cologne as well as external partners to address large-scale land use change and related social-ecological transformations along growth corridors in Eastern and Southern Africa.
Project
As part of the CRC 228 "Future Rural Africa: Future-making and social-ecological transformation" this project explores the impact of geothermal energy development and its infrastructure on pastoral livelihoods in Baringo County, Kenya. Based on case studies in areas in proximity to geothermal energy development, the project aims to assess the risks & opportunities, land-use changes and governance of infrastructure. https://www.crc228.de/projects/project_c02/
Project
Drylands and their inhabitants are facing complex challenges regarding the development of their economies and productive agricultural systems in the face of climate variability and future climate change, adverse market conditions and political instability. They are the most insecure areas in the world and are home to vast numbers of malnourished people who lack basic services such as education, health care, energy supplies and market access to. Many of these areas are experiencing violence and political instability, and have malfunctioning political institutions that prevent dryland inhabitants from creating their own path to development. As a result many people are on the move to look for a better existence. The main objective is to achieve better research coordination between disciplines (natural sciences, agriculture, environmental sciences, social sciences, political sciences, geography), and across institutional boundaries - European, International and African institutions - in order to create research networks that work together on strategic research agendas to develop long-term solutions for problems in dryland areas. This will be achieved through four thematic Working Groups: 1) The climate - food security - population nexus; 2) The conflict - institutions - natural resource governance nexus; 3) Human development; 4) Insecurity - youth - global-local linkages in policymaking. Working Group 5 will coordinate and safeguard interdisciplinarity. The Action will produce short- and long-term policy briefs and state-of-the-art reviews of the identified domains. It will exchange with policy-makers and target strategic research actions for the future. The Action will organize training schools for junior researchers and it will form strategic research coalitions for further collaboration with European and international partners.