Cleber Galvão

Cleber Galvão
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz | FIOCRUZ · LNIRTT, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

Dr.

About

280
Publications
67,125
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Introduction
Biologist, PhD in Veterinary Parasitology. My current research interests are systematics and taxonomy of Triatomine (Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Reduviidae), vectors of Chagas disease.
Additional affiliations
July 1989 - present
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Position
  • Pesquisador Titular

Publications

Publications (280)
Book
Full-text available
Os triatomíneos são insetos hematófagos de grande importância médica, pois são os responsáveis pela transmissão do Trypanosoma cruzi, o agente etiológico da doença de Chagas. Durante mais de um século, desde a descrição da primeira espécie em 1773, os triatomíneos foram estudados de um ponto de vista puramente entomológico. Porém, a partir de 1909,...
Article
Full-text available
BackgroundDNA barcoding assumes that a biological entity is completely separated from its closest relatives by a barcoding gap, which means that intraspecific genetic distance (from COI sequences) should never be greater than interspecific distances. We investigated the applicability of this strategy in identifying species of the genus Triatoma fro...
Article
Full-text available
The Triatomini and Rhodniini (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) tribes include the most diverse Chagas disease vectors; however, the phylogenetic relationships within the tribes remain obscure. This study provides the most comprehensive phylogeny of Triatomini reported to date. The relationships between all of the Triatomini genera and representatives of the...
Article
Full-text available
A checklist of the 137 current valid species placed in the subfamily Triatominae and their geographical distribution is presented. Confirmed and doubtful synonyms are given, as are nomenclatural and taxonomic comments.
Article
The most representative sample of molecular data, especially 16S and 12S rDNAs, is used to study the phylogeny and evolution of 57 species of three tribes, Rhodniini, Linshcosteini, and Triatomini, of the subfamily Triatominae. For the first time both New World and Old World species are brought together in a single phylogenetic analysis. Maximum-pa...
Article
Full-text available
he tribe Rhodniini is a monophyletic group composed of 24 species grouped in two genera: Rhodnius and Psammolestes. Rhodnius is a paraphyletic genus formed by 21 species. The event of paraphilia is supported by the greater evolutionary proximity of the species of the prolixus groups with the genus Psammolestes than with the other groups of Rhodnius...
Article
Mosquito species of the subgenus Decamyia Dyar, 1919 of genus Wyeomyia Theobald, 1901 are known to have immature stages mostly associated with Heliconia plants. Currently, the subgenus includes five species, some of which are poorly characterized. Here, we redescribe and illustrate the larval, pupal and adult life stages of Wy. felicia (Dyar & Núñe...
Article
Full-text available
Triatoma guazu Lent and Wygodzinsky and Triatoma williami Galvão, Souza, and Lima (Hemiptera: Triatominae) are found in human dwellings and are potential vectors of the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease. Triatoma guazu was described based solely on a single female specimen, from the municipality of Villarica, Guai...
Article
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Panstrongylus noireaui sp. nov. from Bolivia is described based on male and female specimens. Although morphologically almost indistinguishable from Panstrongylus rufotuberculatus (Champion, 1899), the new species shows remarkable chromosome and molecular features, which are very distinctive among all others Panstrongylus species. The new species i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Triatoma tibiamaculata is a species distributed in ten Brazilian states which has epidemiological importance as it has already been found infecting household areas. The taxonomy of this triatomine has been quite unstable: it was initially described as Eutriatoma tibiamaculata . Later, the species was transferred from the genus Eutriatoma...
Article
Chagas disease is a neglected disease caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi , and is transmitted mainly by the feces of contaminated triatomines. Knowledge of the biological, ecological, behavioral, genetic, taxonomic, and systematic aspects of these vectors can contribute to the planning of vector control programs, because all species are cons...
Article
Full-text available
Background Triatomines in Latin America are natural Chagas disease (ChD) vectors. Triatomine domiciliation is one of the main factors increasing the occurrence risk of this disease in humans. There are 66 triatomine species in Brazil, with three genera of significant epidemiological importance— Panstrongylus , Rhodnius, and Triatoma . Among the Tri...
Article
Full-text available
Due to its public health importance, as vectors of Chagas disease, the subfamily Triatominae, has received the attention of taxonomists. Knowing how to correctly identify these insects is of paramount importance for the surveillance and control of these vectors. Over many years, more than 40 triatomine subspecies were proposed. Infraspecific taxa a...
Article
Full-text available
Chagas disease is a neglected tropical disease caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted mainly by members of the subfamily Triatominae. There are currently 157 species, grouped into 18 genera and five tribes. Most descriptions of triatomine species are based on classical taxonomy. Facing evolutionary (cryptic speciation and phenoty...
Article
Vector competence of triatomines (kissing bugs) for Trypanosoma cruzi transmission depends on the parasite-vector interaction and the genetic constitution of both. This study evaluates the susceptibility and vector competence of Rhodnius robustus experimentally infected with T. cruzi IV (TcIV). Nymphs were fed on infected mice or an artificial feed...
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter 8: Chagas Disease - In: Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde. Departamento de Articulação Estratégica de Vigilância em Saúde. Guia de Vigilância em Saúde. 5. ed. – Brasília : Ministério da Saúde, 2021. 1.126 p.
Article
Full-text available
Background: Panstrongylus rufotuberculatus (Hemiptera-Reduviidae) is a triatomine species with a wide geographic distribution and a broad phenotypic variability. In some countries, this species is found infesting and colonising domiciliary ecotopes representing an epidemiological risk factor as a vector of Trypanosoma cruzi, etiological agent of C...
Article
Full-text available
Triatoma petrocchiae is a species morphologically similar to T. b. brasiliensis (which resulted in a synonymization event); despite this similarity, genetic, morphological, and experimental crossbreeding studies confirmed the specific status of T. petrocchiae. Considering that both species have been reported living in sympatry and that, for a long...
Article
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Background Triatoma sordida is one of the main Chagas disease vectors in Brazil. In addition to Brazil, this species has already been reported in Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It is hypothesized that the insects currently identified as T. sordida are a species subcomplex formed by three cytotypes (T. sordida sensu stricto [s.s.], T. so...
Article
Full-text available
Triatoma sordida is an endemic Chagas disease vector in South America, distributed in Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Chromosomal, molecular, isoenzimatic, and cuticular hydrocarbon pattern studies indicate cryptic speciation in T. sordida . Recently, T. rosai was described from specimens from Argentina initially characterized as T. sordida...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Triatomines found throughout Latin America are natural Chagas disease vectors (ChD). The domiciliation of triatomines is one of the main factors increasing the occurrence risk of human cases of this disease. There are 66 species of triatomine in Brazil, with three genera of significant epidemiological importance: Panstrongylus, Rhodnius...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: This short communication presents a novel report on the occurrence of Panstrongylus rufotuberculatus in the Brazilian state of Rondônia. Methods: Two specimens were collected inside dwellings and identified using dichotomous keys. Results: The present study showed the extensive geographic distribution of P. rufotuberculatus and t...
Article
Full-text available
Belminus santosmalletae, a new triatomine species, is described based on a specimen from Panama, deposited in the collection of the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA. Attempts failed to identify this specimen using the keys by Lent and Wygodzinsky (1979) and Sandoval et al. (2007). A comparison...
Article
A new species of the genus Wyeomyia, Wyeomyia (Decamyia) anthica sp. n., is described based on morphological and molecular analyses and is illustrated in larval, pupal and adult life stages. Among the four valid species of the subgenus Decamyia, the new species is closest to Wy. ulocoma (Theobald, 1903), from which it can be distinguished by morpho...
Article
Full-text available
Background The tribe Rhodniini is a monophyletic group composed of 24 species grouped into two genera: Rhodnius and Psammolestes. The genus Psammolestes includes only three species, namely P. coreodes, P. tertius and P. arthuri. Natural hybridization events have been reported for the Rhodniini tribe (for genus Rhodnius specifically). Information ob...
Chapter
The members of the subfamily Triatominae are true bugs specialized in blood-sucking. All species are potential vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas, 1909), the causative agent of Chagas disease, although relatively few have epidemiological significance as vectors of the infection to the humans. The incidence of Chagas disease is declining, after th...
Article
Full-text available
Background Meccus ' taxonomy has been quite complex since the first species of this genus was described by Burmeister in 1835 as Conorhinus phyllosoma . In 1859 the species was transferred to the genus Meccus and in 1930 to Triatoma . However, in the twentieth century, the Meccus genus was revalidated (alteration corroborated by molecular studies)...
Article
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Simple Summary: We present a morphological and morphometric study with T. garciabesi, T. guasayana, T. patagonica, and T. sordida sensu stricto species within the Triatoma genus. This group of species is important for the eco-epidemic scenario of Chagas disease in the Americas; their species have morphological, biological, and behavioral similariti...
Article
Full-text available
The subfamily Triatominae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) comprises hematophagous insects that are vectors of Chagas disease; including species assigned to the genera Triatoma and Paratriatoma. Initial examination of Triatoma lecticularia revealed the hirsuteness covering the entire body—a characteristic and striking feature of members of the genus Paratri...
Article
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Approximately 150,000 people are living with Chagas disease in Paraguay. Although the country has been since 2008 considered as one of the countries that succeeded in interrupted the vector transmission of Chagas by Triatoma infestans in houses of the eastern region, there are nine other species notified in the country that are potential vectors an...
Article
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Chagas disease persists as one of the most important, and yet most neglected, diseases in the world, and several changes in its epidemiological aspects have been recorded since its discovery. Currently, some of the most relevant changes are related to: (i) the reduction in the incidence of the endemic due to the control of the most important vector...
Article
Full-text available
The Rhodniini tribe is one of the five tribes in the subfamily Triatominae and is notorious for its domestic blood-sucking pests and vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi across Latin America. The human and economic costs of the Chagas disease in the American tropics are considerable, and these insects are of unquestionable importance to humans. We used mit...
Article
Based on specimens of Zelurus ochripennis (Stål, 1854) collected in the entrance zone of a small terrestrial cave, some biological, ecological, morphological and cytogenetic data, as well, as the general morphology of their nymphs are presented for the first time. A short taxonomic summary of the species is also provided.
Article
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Rhodnius Stål, 1859 is the second largest genus of Triatominae after Triatoma Laporte, 1832, and includes several important Chagas vectors. Genitalia in Reduviidae are frequently used for species identification, but the current use of terminology for it is inconsistent in Triatominae. Here, Rhodnius micki sp. nov. , is described from Bolivia and co...
Article
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Introduction: Rhodnius domesticus Neiva & Pinto, 1923 is a rare sylvatic triatomine endemic to the Atlantic Forest, with one known record for Espírito Santo (ES), Brazil from 1969. We present here its rediscovery in ES, 42 years after its first record. Methods: In January 2011, a triatomine specimen was collected from a rural area of the municipali...
Article
Full-text available
Chagas disease is the most prevalent neglected tropical disease in the Americas and makes an important contribution to morbidity and mortality rates in countries where it is endemic since 30 to 40% of patients develop cardiac diseases, gastrointestinal disorders, or both. In this paper, a new species of the genus Triatoma is described based on spec...
Article
Full-text available
A juvenile specimen of a mermithid (Nematoda) was found parasitizing a third instar nymph of Triatoma sordida from Mato Grosso, Brazil. This is the first record of mermithid parasitism in a triatomine species. The Mermithidae represents a family of nematodes that are specialized insect parasites. Entomonematodes are one of the highly influential ag...
Article
Triatoma ryckmani Zeledón & Ponce, 1972 is a species found in sylvatic habitat at Central America. Considered rare in the past and poorly studied, nowadays can be found inside houses with potential of dispersal and colonization. All five instars of T. ryckmani are described based on optical and scanning electron microscopy. The postembryonic develo...
Article
Full-text available
Decamyia Dyar is a subgenus of Wyeomyia Theobald with three valid species. Wyeomyia rorotai Senevet, Chabelard & Abonnenc, a species originally described rather briefly in the subgenus Dendromyia, is without subgeneric position in the genus. In the present work, we redescribe Wy. rorotai in all life stages and formally define its taxonomic placemen...
Article
Panstrongylus geniculatus (Latreille, 1811) is the most widely distributed species in Brazil. This study presents the first report of this species collected inside a building in the “Centro de Estudos Ambientais e Desenvolvimento Sustentável”, at the Vila Dois Rios, Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The new record is important to understand the...
Article
Chagas disease, whose etiological agent is the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, affects millions of people worldwide and it is mainly transmitted by infected triatomine feces. Triatoma is the most diverse genus and one of the most important from an epidemiological point of view. Species of this genus are grouped into eight complexes and nine subcomplex...
Article
Full-text available
The Hemimetabola Collection of the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung, located in Berlin, Germany, holds types of 22 species of Triatominae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Reduviidae) belonging to six genera: Belminus Stål, 1859; Eratyrus Stål, 1859; Meccus Stål, 1859; Panstrongylus Berg, 1879; Rhodn...
Book
Full-text available
A Medicina Tropical é um ramo da Medicina que se ocupa de problemas de saúde que ocorrem unicamente nas regiões tropicais ou subtropicais. Nestas áreas, tais problemas de saúde ou são mais disseminados ou se mostram mais difíceis de serem controlados. Os vetores são organismos que podem transmitir agentes etiológicos, causadores de doenças infe...
Article
Full-text available
Cavernicola pilosa Barber, 1937 is a wild triatomine species that generally lives in caves but has been found invading dwellings. It feeds mostly on bat blood. This vector has a wide geographical distribution throughout Central and South America, including Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, French Guiana, Panamá, Peru, and Venezuela. In Brazil, C. pilosa o...
Article
Full-text available
Panstrongylus geniculatus (Latreille, 1811) is the most widely distributed species in Brazil. This study presents the first report of this species collected inside a building in the “Centro de Estudos Ambientais e Desenvolvimento Sustentável”, at the Vila Dois Rios, Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The new record is important to understand the...
Article
Microtriatoma trinidadensis (Lent, 1951), previously known from Venezuela, Colombia, Suriname, Peru, Bolivia, and the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso, Pará, and Tocantins, is reported for the first time in Amazonas state, Brazil. We found in the collection of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia an unidentified female specimen of Microtr...
Poster
Full-text available
In the Brazilian Amazon five out of 16 species of triatomine bugs yield potential risk for Trypanosoma cruzi transmission: Rhodnius pictipes, R. robustus, Panstrongylus geniculatus, P. herreri and Triatoma maculata. Although most research on Acute Chagas Disease outbreaks involves triatomines, there is a need for standardized and institutionalized...
Article
The blood-sucking insects of the subfamily Triatominae are vectors of Chagas disease, the most impairing protozoan parasitic infection in Latin America. Among the five tribes known in the subfamily, one of the least studied is Cavernicolini. It has only two species within Cavernicola genus (Barber, 1937), little is known about the biochemistry of t...
Article
The genus Belminus Stål, 1859 is distinguished by markedly entomophagous species. This genus is a poorly studied group of the Triatominae (Jeannel, 1919), which includes hematophagous species that are vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas, 1909), the etiological agent of Chagas disease. This study reports for the first time the description of the an...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Dale C, Almeida CE, Mendonça VJ, Oliveira J, da Rosa JA, Galvão C, Costa J (2018) An updated and illustrated dichotomous key for the Chagas disease vectors of Triatoma brasiliensis species complex and their epidemiologic importance. ZooKeys 805: 33-43. https://doi. Abstract In the subfamily Triatominae, Triatoma exhibits the largest numbe...
Article
Full-text available
Panstrongylus diasi Pinto & Lent, 1946, previously known from throught the Brazilian center-west, is reported for the first time in Mato Grosso state, Brazil. We found 3 specimens, 1 of them from an urban area of Barra do Garças. The new record of P. diasi is important for the understanding of the epidemiology of Chagas disease, mainly because this...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, Triatoma mopan sp. n. is described based on five males and six females collected in the Rio Frio cave, Cayo District, Belize. This species is similar to Triatoma dimidiata (Latreille), but can be distinguished by characters found on the pronotum, legs, and abdomen. Geometric morphometry and phylogenetic comparisons are also provided....
Data
T. mopan × T. dimidiata - boxplots comparing the characters.