Claus Weiland

Claus Weiland
Senckenberg Research Institute

PhD

About

43
Publications
6,245
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195
Citations
Citations since 2017
34 Research Items
180 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung FAIRagro ist ein Konsortium in der Nationalen Forschungsdateninfrastruktur (NFDI) in Deutschland um Forschungsdaten der Agrosystemforschung FAIR – d. h. auffindbar (F), zugänglich (A), interoperabel (I) und für andere Forschende domänenübergreifend nachnutzbar (R) zu machen. In der deutschen Forschungslandschaft rund um nachhaltige...
Article
Full-text available
In addition to the previous intensive discussion on the “Data Deluge” with respect to enormous increase of available research data, the 2022 Internet-of-Things conference confirmed that in the near future there will be billions if not trillions of smart IoT devices in a very wide range of applications and locations, many of them with computational...
Article
Full-text available
Natural science collections are vast repositories of bio- and geodiversity specimens. These collections, originating from natural history cabinets or expeditions, are increasingly becoming unparalleled sources of data facilitating multidisciplinary research (Meineke et al. 2018, Heberling et al. 2019, Cook et al. 2020, Thompson et al. 2021). Due to...
Preprint
This paper gives a summary of implementation activities in the realm of FAIR Digital Objects (FDO). It gives an idea which software components are robust and used for many years, which components are comparatively new and are being tested out in pilot projects and what the challenges are that need to be urgently addressed by the FDO community. Afte...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite great strides in the development and wide acceptance of standards for exchanging structured information about genomic variants, there is no corresponding standard for exchanging phenotypic data, and this has impeded the sharing of phenotypic information for computational analysis. Here, we introduce the Global Alliance for Genomics and Heal...
Article
Full-text available
International mass digitization efforts through infrastructures like the European Distributed System of Scientific Collections (DiSSCo), the US resource for Digitization of Biodiversity Collections (iDigBio), the National Specimen Information Infrastructure (NSII) of China, and Australia’s digitization of National Research Collections (NRCA Digital...
Preprint
The novel COVID-19 infectious disease emerged and spread, causing high mortality and morbidity rates worldwide. In the OBO Foundry, there are more than one hundred ontologies to share and analyse large-scale datasets for biological and biomedical sciences. However, this pandemic revealed that we lack tools for an efficient and timely exchange of th...
Article
Full-text available
Persistent identifiers (PID) to identify digital representations of physical specimens in natural science collections (i.e., digital specimens) unambiguously and uniquely on the Internet are one of the mechanisms for digitally transforming collections-based science. Digital Specimen PIDs contribute to building and maintaining long-term community tr...
Article
Full-text available
To support future research based on natural sciences collection data, DiSSCo (Distributed System of Scientific Collections) – the European Research Infrastructure for Natural Science Collections – adopts Digital Object Architecture as the basis for its planned data infrastructure. Using the outputs of one Research Data Alliance (RDA) interest group...
Article
Full-text available
As herbarium specimens are increasingly becoming digitised and accessible in online repositories, advanced computer vision techniques are being used to extract information from them. The presence of certain plant organs on herbarium sheets is useful information in various scientific contexts and automatic recognition of these organs will help mobil...
Preprint
Full-text available
As herbarium specimens are increasingly becoming digitized and accessible in online repositories, advanced computer vision techniques are being used to extract information from them. The presence of certain plant organs on herbarium sheets is useful information in various scientific contexts and automatic recognition of these organs will help mobil...
Data
This Atlas represents an online repository of basic data and images, primarily dedicated to support fisheries management on Socotra Archipelago. Its main objectives are to (a) aid the identification of fish species encountered in the small-scale fishery of the island group; and to, (b) help preserving local fish denominations in the non-written ind...
Preprint
Full-text available
Medical practitioners record the condition status of a patient through qualitative and quantitative observations. The measurement of vital signs and molecular parameters in the clinics gives a complementary description of abnormal phenotypes associated with the progression of a disease. The Clinical Measurement Ontology (CMO) is used to standardize...
Article
Biodiversity research studies the variability and diversity of organisms, including variability within and between species with particular focus on the functional diversity of traits and their relationship to environment. Managing biodiversity data implies dealing with its heterogeneous nature using semantics and tailored ontologies. These are them...
Article
Full-text available
Based on own work on species and trait recognition and complementary studies from other working groups, we present a workflow for data extraction from digitized herbarium specimens using convolutional neural networks. Digitized herbarium sheets contain: preserved plant material as well as additional objects: the label containing information on the...
Article
Full-text available
Preserved specimens in natural science collections have lifespans of many decades and often, several hundreds of years. Specimens must be unambiguously identifiable and traceable in the face of changes in physical location, changes in organisation of the collection to which they belong, and changes in classification. When digitizing museum collecti...
Article
Full-text available
Mass biodiversity data from scientific collections will be provided by world-wide digitization efforts like iDigBio in the U.S and DiSSCo in Europe. This opens up an increasing amount of data on wild type organisms, which enables the building of large biodiversity knowledge graphs comprising, inter alia , sequence, trait and occurrence data. Knowle...
Presentation
Mass biodiversity data is provided by world-wide digitization efforts (e.g. DISSco, DCOLL in Europe, iDigBio in the U.S), which opens up an increasing amount of phenotype data (traits) of wild type organisms, including under-utilized plants and establishes new application fields in phytomedicine, (plant) breeding and agriculture. We developed the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Herbarium collections have been the foundation of taxonomical research for centuries and become increasingly important for related fields such as plant ecology or biogeography. Herbaria worldwide are estimated to include c. 400 million specimens, by inclusion of type specimens cover with few exceptions all known plant taxa (c. 350 000 species) and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the ongoing loss of global biodiversity, long-term recordings of species distribution patterns are increasingly becoming important to investigate the causes and consequences for their change. Therefore, the digitization of scientific literature, both modern and historical, has been attracting growing attention in recent years. To meet this gro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
BIOfid is a specialized information service currently being developed to mobilize biodiversity data dormant in printed historical and modern literature and to offer a platform for open access journals on the science of biodiversity. Our team of librarians, computer scientists and biologists produce high-quality text digitizations, develop new text-...
Article
Full-text available
The Specialized Information Service Biodiversity Research (BIOfid; http://biofid.de/) has recently been launched to mobilize valuable biodiversity data hidden in German print sources of the past 250 years. The partners involved in this project started digitisation of the literature corpus envisaged for the pilot stage and provided novel application...
Preprint
Full-text available
Herbaria worldwide are housing a treasure of 100s of millions of herbarium specimens, which are increasingly being digitized in recent years and thereby made more easily accessible to the scientific community. At the same time, deep learning algorithms are rapidly improving pattern recognition from images and these techniques are more and more bein...
Article
Herbaria worldwide are housing a treasure of hundreds of millions of herbarium specimens, which are increasingly being digitized and thereby more accessible to the scientific community. At the same time, deep-learning algorithms are rapidly improving pattern recognition from images and these techniques are more and more being applied to biological...
Presentation
Full-text available
Implementation of the Specialised Information Service BIOfid (Biologischer Fachinformationsdienst) is crucial for providing efficient information resources for research in German speaking countries by supplementing the local information supply with specialized literature and information offers. Central element of the newly established Specialised I...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Report on Results of a Hackathon to Progress with the Training Resources for Natural Language Processing (NLP) in Ecology
Poster
Full-text available
The German Federation for Biological Data (GFBio) is building a na- tional biodiversity data infrastructure including major natural history museums and repositories of ecological and molecular data. Access to this data is given through a search interface and the Visualizati- on, Analysis and Tranformation System (VAT). The VAT enables the synthesis...
Poster
Full-text available
Knowledge about organismic traits is useful for many different studies in environmental sciences. For example, traits can be used to study the functional diversity of plant communities and competition between species. Furthermore traits of underutilized plants are an important resource for agricultural usage and phytomedical applications. We have d...
Conference Paper
Knowledge about organismic traits is useful for many different stud ies in environmental sciences. For example, traits can be used to study the functional diversity of plant communities and competition between species. Furthermore traits of underutilized plants are an important resource for agricultural usage and phytomedical applications. There ar...
Article
Full-text available
Background The systematic analysis of a large number of comparable plant trait data can support investigations into phylogenetics and ecological adaptation, with broad applications in evolutionary biology, agriculture, conservation, and the functioning of ecosystems. Floras, i.e., books collecting the information on all known plant species found wi...
Poster
Full-text available
In the context of biological research, data is being produced in larger quantities each year. The need for such data also increases, as research approaches are increasingly data-driven and relying on ‘big data’. However, data are often scattered, hard to integrate, and their long-term preservation is not secured. To overcome this mismatch, the Germ...
Poster
Full-text available
Knowledge of organismic traits is useful for many different studies on functional and phylogenetic ecology. For example, traits can be used to study the composition of plant communities and the competition between species. Floras, i.e. books collecting the information on all known plant species found within a region, are a potentially rich source o...
Article
Full-text available
Recent years have seen a surge in projects that produce large volumes of structured, machine-readable biodiversity data. To make these data amenable to processing by generic, open source “data enrichment” workflows, they are increasingly being represented in a variety of standards-compliant interchange formats. Here, we report on an initiative in w...
Article
Elsevier Nationallizenzen und Elsevier Archivdaten sind seit Anfang des Jahres auch über den Volltextserver THEA des HeBIS-Konsortiums zugänglich. Darin enthalten sind auch E-Journals, welche über ScienceDirect (Elsevier Online-Plattform) nicht mehr angeboten werden. THEA soll zu einem Archivserver ausgebaut werden, der Ressourcen unterschiedlicher...
Article
The mammalian MSO is part of the superior olivary complex, the lowest level in the auditory pathway, which receives binaural input. The microarchitecture of the anatomical convergence of both paths is considered as fundamental for the nucleus’ function in time‐domain processing. This architecture is mostly, according to a proposal of Jefress [L. Je...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The Enviropacket-Schema aims to represent traits of organisms together with associated quantitative and qualitative environmental features based on adaptation of the Phenopacket-Schema (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41587-022-01357-4).
Project
BIOfid will be established as a Specialized Information Service (SIS, or FID = Fachinformationsdienst in German) for Biodiversity Research. The SIS is jointly designed by three project partners, namely (a) the Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main, (b) Prof. Mehler, Text Technology Lab at the Goethe-University Frankfurt, and (c) the Senckenberg Nature Research Society. The work program comprises four modules: A. An innovative text mining pilot project will mobilize data relevant for biodiversity research but only available in print as yet. B. Th second module deals with digitizing a selected body of specialized biodiversity literature intending to provide source material for modules A and C. C. A platform for open access journals will be established that facilitates non-commercial publishing and long-term availability of professional e-journals. D. The SIS will purchase highly specialized literature which is unavailable online. This literature will be available in several ways, for instance via interlibrary loan.