Claus Belka

Claus Belka
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich | LMU · Department of Radiation Oncology

MD

About

1,028
Publications
102,359
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
18,372
Citations
Citations since 2017
371 Research Items
10251 Citations
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,000
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,000
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,000
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,000
Introduction
Research ın Molecular Radiation Oncology, Cell death Research, Prostate Cancer, Head Neck Cancer, Brain Tumors, Image Guidance

Publications

Publications (1,028)
Article
Background: The APOBEC (apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like) family-mediated mutagenesis is widespread in human cancers. However, our knowledge of the biological feature and clinical relevance of APOBECs and APOBEC mutagenesis in cancers remains limited. Methods: In this study, with a series of bioinformatic and statis...
Article
Full-text available
The 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO) is increasingly recognized as an interesting target for the imaging of glioblastoma (GBM). Here, we investigated TSPO PET imaging and autoradiography in the frequently used GL261 glioblastoma mouse model and aimed to generate insights into the temporal evolution of TSPO radioligand uptake in glioblastoma in a...
Article
Full-text available
Resistance against radio(chemo)therapy-induced cell death is a major determinant of oncological treatment failure and remains a perpetual clinical challenge. The underlying mechanisms are manifold and demand for comprehensive, cancer entity- and subtype-specific examination. In the present study, resistance against radiotherapy was systematically a...
Article
Full-text available
To analyze the effectiveness and toxicities of radiotherapy in indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (iNHL) patients treated in our institution. Patients with iNHL treated with radiotherapy between 1999 and 2016 were included. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were local control (LC), overall survival (OS) and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To develop and validate a CT-based radiomics signature for the prognosis of loco-regional tumour control (LRC) in patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treated by primary radiochemotherapy (RCTx) based on retrospective data from 6 partner sites of the German Cancer Consortium - Radiation Oncology Group...
Article
Full-text available
Background Target volume definition of the primary tumor in esophageal cancer is usually based on computed tomography (CT) supported by endoscopy and/or endoscopic ultrasound and can be difficult given the low soft-tissue contrast of CT resulting in large interobserver variability. We evaluated the value of a dedicated planning [F18] FDG-Positron e...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate the clinical use and real-world efficacy of durvalumab maintenance treatment after chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in unresectable stage, locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). All consecutive patients with unresectable, locally advanced NSCLC and PD-L1 expression (≥1%) treated after October 20...
Article
Full-text available
Treatment options of locoregional recurrent head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) include both local strategies as surgery or re-radiotherapy and systemic therapy. In this prospective, multi-center, non-interventional study, patients were treated either with platinum-based chemotherapy and cetuximab (CT + Cet) or re-radiotherapy and cetuximab...
Article
Purpose: The optimal timing of radiotherapy (RT) after radical prostatectomy (RP) remains controversial with unknown impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We aimed to compare the influence of early RT (eRT) and deferred RT (dRT) on HRQOL. Methods: 4511 patients were analysed. Inclusion criteria encompassed: ≥pT3, ISUP-grade ≥4, or posi...
Article
In der online adaptiven MRT-geführten Strahlentherapie (oMRgRT) ist es in der Regel nicht möglich, die adaptierten Pläne durch eine dosimetrische Messung vor deren Applikation zu validieren. Hieraus ergibt sich die Notwendigkeit von schnellen alternativen Checks. Es soll die Möglichkeit der Identifizierung inadäquater Bestrahlungspläne mithilfe ein...
Article
Hybride MRT-basierte Bestrahlungssysteme haben vor einigen Jahren Einzug in die klinische Routine gefunden. Solche Systeme ermöglichen anhand von 3D MRT-Aufnahmen, den Bestrahlungsplan an die aktuelle Anatomie des Patienten anzupassen. Die online Planadaptionzielt darauf ab, den Einfluss von interfraktionellen anatomischen Veränderungen zu kompensi...
Article
Backgrounds and aims Fluoropyrimidine 5-fluorouracil (5FU) increasingly represents the chemotherapeutic backbone for neoadjuvant, adjuvant and palliative treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Even in combination with other agents, 5FU efficacy remains transient and limited. One explanation for the inadequate response is insufficien...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Spatial distortions in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are mainly caused by inhomogeneities of the static magnetic field, nonlinearities in the applied gradients, and tissue-specific magnetic susceptibility variations. These factors may significantly alter the geometrical accuracy of the reconstructed MR image, thus questioning the reliab...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose To analyze the effectiveness and toxicities of radiotherapy in indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (iNHL) patients treated in our institution. Material and Methods Patients with iNHL treated with radiotherapy between 1999 and 2016 were included. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were local control (LC...
Article
Full-text available
Deep learning models based on medical images play an increasingly important role for cancer outcome prediction. The standard approach involves usage of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to automatically extract relevant features from the patient’s image and perform a binary classification of the occurrence of a given clinical endpoint. In this w...
Article
Full-text available
Radiotherapy is an essential component of multi-modality treatment of glioblastoma(GBM). However, treatment failure and recurrence are frequent and give rise to the dismal prognosis of this aggressive type of primary brain tumor. A high level of inherent treatment resistance is considered to be the major underlying reason, stemming from constantly...
Article
Full-text available
Background: To prospectively analyze feasibility and pathological complete response (pCR) rates of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy combined with regional hyperthermia (RHT) in patients with locally advanced (LARC) or recurrent (LRRC) rectal cancer. Methods: between 2012 and 2018, 111 patients with UICC stage IIB-IV or any locally recurrent rectal...
Article
Full-text available
Background Due to improved imaging sensitivity, the term “oligometastatic” prostate cancer disease is diagnosed more often, leading to an increasing interest in metastasis-directed therapy (MDT). There are two types of radiation based MDT applied when treating oligometastatic disease: (1) stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) generally used fo...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale: The current tumour-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system is insufficient for precise treatment decision-making and accurate survival prediction for patients with stage I lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Therefore, more reliable biomarkers are urgently needed to identify the high-risk subset in stage I patients to guide adjuvant therapy. Method...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Frequency and risk profile of radiation necrosis (RN) in patients with glioma undergoing either upfront stereotactic brachytherapy (SBT) and additional salvage external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) after tumor recurrence or vice versa remains unknown. Methods Patients with glioma treated with low-activity temporary iodine-125 SBT at the Univer...
Article
Full-text available
Despite aggressive management consisting of maximal safe surgical resection followed by external beam radiation therapy (60 Gy/30 fractions) with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide, approximately 90% of WHO grade IV gliomas (glioblastomas, GBM) will recur locally within 2 years. For patients with recurrent GBM, no standard of care exists. Thanks...
Article
Full-text available
Particle therapy treatment planning requires accurate volumetric maps of the relative stopping power (RSP) which can directly be acquired using proton computed tomography (pCT). With fluence-modulated pCT (FMpCT) imaging fluence is concentrated in a region-of-interest (ROI), which can be the vicinity of the treatment beam path, and imaging dose is...
Article
Full-text available
Future radiation oncology encompasses a broad spectrum of topics ranging from modern clinical trial design to treatment and imaging technology and biology. In more detail, the application of hybrid MRI devices in modern image-guided radiotherapy; the emerging field of radiomics; the role of molecular imaging using positron emission tomography and i...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying patients with locally advanced head and neck carcinoma on high risk of recurrence after definitive concurrent radiochemotherapy is of key importance for the selection for consolidation therapy and for individualized treatment intensification. In this multicenter study we analyzed recurrence-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SN...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patient data is considered particularly sensitive personal data. Privacy regulations strictly govern the use of patient data and restrict their exchange. However, medical research can benefit from multicentric studies in which patient data from different institutions are pooled and evaluated together. Thus, the goals of data utilization...
Article
Background/aim: Metastatic anaplastic thyroid cancer is associated with a dismal prognosis. We evaluated outcome and prognostic factors in patients receiving radiation to the primary tumor in metastatic anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC). Patients and methods: All consecutive patients with metastatic ATC (n=20) undergoing irradiation between 2009 a...
Article
Full-text available
Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) have poor clinical outcome owing to therapy resistance and frequent recurrences that are among others attributable to tumor cells in partial epithelial‐to‐mesenchymal transition (pEMT). We compared side‐by‐side software‐based and visual quantification of immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining of epitheli...
Article
Full-text available
Background This long-term retrospective analysis aimed to investigate the outcome and toxicity profile of stereotactic brachytherapy (SBT) in selected low-grade gliomas WHO grade II (LGGII) in a large patient series. Methods This analysis comprised 106 consecutive patients who received SBT with temporary Iodine-125 seeds for histologically verifie...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose For skull base tumors, target definition is the key to safe high-dose treatments because surrounding normal tissues are very sensitive to radiation. In the present work we established a joint ESTRO ACROP guideline for the target volume definition of skull base tumors. Material and Methods A comprehensive literature search wa...
Article
Inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents a highly heterogeneous patient cohort. Multimodal treatment approaches including radiotherapy have been the new standard of care, with promising outcomes. The planning target volume (PTV), including the primary tumor, involved lymph node stations and safety margins, can vary widely....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Treatment plans in proton therapy are more sensitive to uncertainties than in conventional photon therapy. In addition to setup uncertainties, proton therapy is affected by uncertainties in proton range and relative biological effectiveness (RBE). While to date a constant RBE of 1.1 is commonly assumed, the actual RBE is known to increase...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this analysis was primarily to analyze biochemical-recurrence free survival (BRFS) after positron emission tomography (PET)-guided salvage radiotherapy (sRT) in a large cohort, and to further compare BRFS after PSMA vs. choline PET/ computer tomography (CT)-based sRT. This retrospective analysis is based on 421 patients referred for...
Article
Real-time motion monitoring of lung tumors with low-field magnetic resonance imaging-guided linear accelerators (MR-Linacs) is currently limited to sagittal 2D cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). To provide input data for improved intrafractional and interfractional adaptive radiotherapy, the 4D anatomy has to be inferred from data with lower di...
Article
Prompt gamma (PG) imaging is one of the most promising methods for proton range verification in proton therapy. The performance of this technique is affected by e.g. tissue heterogeneity, statistics and the detection device. Our previous work proposed a treatment planning method which boosts the number of protons of a few PG monitoring-friendly pen...
Article
Purpose Ventilation-induced tumour motion remains a challenge for the accuracy of proton therapy treatments in lung patients. We investigated the feasibility of using a 4D virtual CT (4D-vCT) approach based on deformable image registration (DIR) and motion-aware 4D CBCT reconstruction (MA-ROOSTER) to enable accurate daily proton dose calculation us...
Article
In a radiation therapy workflow based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), dosimetric errors may arise due to geometric distortions introduced by MRI. The aim of this study was to quantify the dosimetric effect of system-dependent geometric distortions in an MRI-only workflow for proton therapy applied at extra-cranial sites. An approach was develo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by maintenance treatment with the PD-L1 inhibitor durvalumab is a new standard of care for inoperable stage III NSCLC. The present study aims to evaluate the oncological outcome of patients treated with CRT alone to those treated with CRT and durvalumab (CRT-IO) in the real-world setting. Methods Retro-...
Article
Full-text available
Inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents a highly heterogeneous patient cohort. Multimodal treatment approaches including radiotherapy have been the new standard of care, with promising outcomes. The planning target volume (PTV), including the primary tumor, involved lymph node stations and safety margins, can vary widely....
Article
Full-text available
Imaging features for radiomic analyses are commonly calculated from the entire gross tumour volume (GTVentire). However, tumours are biologically complex and the consideration of different tumour regions in radiomic models may lead to an improved outcome prediction. Therefore, we investigated the prognostic value of radiomic analyses based on diffe...
Article
A 25-year-old man presented with headache and intracranial pressure symptoms. On MRI, an intracranial lesion was detected in the right thalamus with exophytic growth into the third ventricle and inhomogeneous contrast enhancement without necrosis. Dual amino acid (F-FET) and TSPO (F-GE-180) PET imaging showed high tumor-to-background ratios in both...
Article
Full-text available
Background The potential benefit of risk stratification using a 4-miRNA signature in combination with MGMT promoter methylation in IDH1/2 wild-type glioblastoma patients was assessed. Methods Primary tumors from 102 patients with comparable treatment from the LMU Munich (n=37), the University Hospital Düsseldorf (n=33) and The Cancer Genome Atlas...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The present study aims to evaluate the outcomes and toxicity of elderly anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) patients receiving (chemo)radiotherapy, as well as to identify prognostic factors. Patients and methods: A systematic review using the MEDLINE/PubMed and Cochrane databases was performed. Individual data from all eligible studies w...
Article
Background: Treatment of advanced metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) after failure of approved therapy options remains challenging. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) targeting β- and α-emitters have been introduced with promising response rates. Here, we present the first clinical data for PSMA targeted α-therapy (TAT)...
Article
Introduction: The aim of the present study was to estimate the impact of the addition of internal mammary chain (IMC) irradiation in node-positive left-sided breast cancer (BC) patients undergoing regional nodal irradiation (RNI) and comparatively evaluate excess relative and absolute risks of radiation-induced lung cancer/BC and ischaemic heart d...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) frequently causes severe symptoms that may be reduced, when the tumor is successfully treated. The SOCCER trial studied the association of treatment response with patient reported tumor symptom burden in first line treatment of recurrent and/or metastatic HNSCC. Methods: In this prospective,...
Article
Full-text available
For treatment individualisation of patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treated with primary radiochemotherapy, we explored the capabilities of different deep learning approaches for predicting loco-regional tumour control (LRC) from treatment-planning computed tomography images. Based on multicentre cohorts...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: To report on our clinical experience with a newly implemented workflow for radiotherapy (RT) emergency treatments, which allows for a fast treatment application outside the regular working-hours, and its clinical applicability. Methods: Treatment planning of 18 emergency RT patients was carried out using diagnostic comput...
Article
Full-text available
Lung, breast, and esophageal cancer represent three common malignancies with high incidence and mortality worldwide. The management of these tumors critically relies on radiotherapy as a major part of multi-modality care, and treatment-related toxicities, such as radiation-induced pneumonitis and/or lung fibrosis, are important dose limiting factor...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeSince the success of prostate-specific membrane antigen-positron emission tomography (PSMA-PET) imaging for patients with oligorecurrent prostate cancer (ORPC), it is increasingly used for radiotherapy as metastasis-directed therapy (MDT). Therefore, we developed a prognostic risk classification for biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS) f...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeTo investigate the efficacy and toxicity of cetuximab when added to radiochemotherapy for unresectable esophageal cancer.Methods This randomized phase 2 trial (clinicaltrials.gov, identifier NCT01787006) compared radiochemotherapy plus cetuximab (arm A) to radiochemotherapy (arm B) for unresectable esophageal cancer. Primary objective was 2‑...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Single-isocenter dynamic conformal arc (SIDCA) therapy is an efficient way of delivering stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to multiple metastases simultaneously. This study reports on the safety and feasibility of SRS with SIDCA for patients with multiple brain metastases. Methods All patients who received SRS with this technique between N...
Article
Full-text available
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an extremely challenging disease with a high mortality rate and a short overall survival time. The poor prognosis can be explained by aggressive tumor growth, late diagnosis, and therapy resistance. Consistent efforts have been made focusing on early tumor detection and novel drug development. Various stra...
Article
Full-text available
Radiotherapy is an essential part of multi-modal cancer therapy. Nevertheless, for certain cancer entities such as colorectal cancer (CRC) the indications of radiotherapy are limited due to anatomical peculiarities and high radiosensitivity of the surrounding normal tissue. The development of molecularly targeted, combined modality approaches may h...
Article
Full-text available
Despite of the predominant role of chemotherapy and surgery in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), radiotherapy (RT) still has a place in multimodal management of this disease where local tumour sequelae are fatal in about 40% of the patients. RT (chemoradiotherapy and stereotactic body radiotherapy) is used and investigated in the non-metasta...