Claudio C Ramírez

Claudio C Ramírez
Universidad de Talca · Institute of Biological Sciences

PhD
Lab Insect-Plant Interactions. Institute of Biological Science, University of Talca, Chile, "No pay for publishing"

About

81
Publications
15,444
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1,174
Citations
Introduction
Claudio C Ramírez currently works at the Institute of Biological Sciences, Universidad de Talca. Claudio does research in Plant-Insect Interactions, Rcology and Entomology. Their current project is 'Host plant specialisation and speciation in the pea aphid.'
Additional affiliations
January 2003 - January 2003
Natural History Museum, London
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Study of Neuquenaphis species (aphid from southern beeches)
January 2000 - December 2012
Universidad de Talca
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 1999 - December 2000
University of Chile
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (81)
Article
Host plant recognition are highly dependent on chemosensory perception, which involves chemosensory proteins (CSPs) that bind key chemical compounds the host plants. In this work, we hypothesize that two closely related aphid taxa, which differ in diet breadth, also differ in their CSPs. We detected a non-synonymous difference (lysine for asparagin...
Article
The English grain aphid, Sitobion avenae, is a cosmopolitan pest that feeds on cereals, provoking substantial yield losses by injuring plant tissue and by vectoring plant viruses. Here we report a highly complete, de novo draft genome of the grain aphid using long-read sequencing. We generated an assembly of 2,740 contigs with a N50 of 450 kb. We c...
Article
The grain aphid Sitobion avenae (Fabricius) is one of the most important cereal pests, damaging crops through sap sucking and virus transmission. Sitobion avenae harbors the secondary endosymbiont Regiella insecticola, which is highly prevalent in populations in south-central Chile and other regions of the world. In order to develop ecological alte...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite decades of research resulting in a comprehensive understanding of epicuticular wax biosynthesis and metabolism, the function of these almost ubiquitous metabolites in plant-herbivore interactions remains unresolved. To develop a better understanding of this role, we investigated plant-herbivore interactions in four Nicotiana glauca (tree to...
Article
The pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris, is able to colonize various habitats and form genetically distinct biotypes worldwide. In Chile, few genotypes are dominating in space and time and are qualified as "superclones". Here, we compared in the laboratory different biological features of the most common clones of A. pisum collected from pea (Ap1...
Article
Full-text available
Un recurso didáctico que podría servir como mediador para la enseñanza de las ciencias son los videojuegos, pues proporcionan habilidades que tienen mucha relación al proceso de construcción del conocimiento científico. En este trabajo se diseñó y evaluó un videojuego educativo para dispositivos móviles, que tiene como objetivo describir de forma d...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of microorganisms on plant-insect interactions have usually been underestimated. While plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are known to induce plant defenses, endosymbiotic bacteria hosted by herbivorous insects are often beneficial to the host. Here, we aimed to assess whether PGPR-induced defenses in broad bean plants impact t...
Article
Full-text available
Myzus persicae es considerado la tercera plaga de importancia económica de varios cultivos en Chile. Su variabilidad genética es influenciada por la disponibilidad del hospedante primario. Este insecto ha adquirido resistencia a la mayoría de los insecticidas utilizados para su control. El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo evaluar la diversidad g...
Article
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Background: Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) are insects with one of the highest potentials for invasion. Several aphid species are present globally due to introduction events; they represent important pests of agroecosystems. The bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (Linnaeus) is a major pest of cereals and pasture grasses worldwide. Here, we re...
Article
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In this study, we addressed the sex-and tissue-specific expression patterns of odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) and chemosensory proteins (CSPs) in Hylamorpha elegans (Burmeister), an important native scarab beetle pest species from Chile. Similar to other members of its family, this scarab beetle exhibit habits that make difficult to control the pe...
Article
Full-text available
Symbiosis in insects has been recognized as contributing to their ecological and evolutionary success. In the case of agricultural pests, endosymbionts may help insects colonize and expand their niches, allowing them to use different crops and to confront climatic variation. Moreover, endosymbionts provide improved defences against pathogens, preda...
Article
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Melampsora larici-populina Kleb. is a Eurasian species that causes leaf rust of many species of Populus from sections Tacamahaca and Aigeiros. This rust has been inadvertently introduced to many parts around the world affecting poplar species that grow naturally, which may be susceptible to this fungus. In Chile, early European settlers introduced...
Article
In agroecosystems, introduced aphids that reproduce by obligate parthenogenesis (OP) show strong biased representation of a few genotypes (superclones), whereas species with cyclical parthenogenesis (CP) exhibit the opposite trend with many unique genotypes. We analyzed the biological and genetic features of 23 different aphid species introduced in...
Article
The diversity and distribution of the genetic variation in forest phytophagous insect populations can be highly sensitive to forest fragmentation. This should be particularly evident for monophagous insects living on endangered host plants. The aphid Neuquenaphis staryi uses the tree Nothofagus alessandrii, commonly named Ruil, exclusively as a hos...
Article
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Aristotelia chilensis (Molina) Stuntz (Elaeocarpaceae) also known as “maqui” is a dioecious tree species native to Chile and neighbouring zones of Argentina. Its fruit is collected from the wild by locals for consumption, and recently, as a raw material for industrial processing because of its high antioxidant capacity. As a consequence of its incr...
Article
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Background: The aphid Myzus persicae develops insensitivity to almost all classes of insecticides through target site mutations. The aim of this study was to assess the temporal and spatial distribution of resistant aphids that grow on peach trees and weeds, and establish the role of the secondary hosts as a reservoir of resistant genotypes. Resu...
Article
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Inbreeding frequently reduces the fitness of organisms, but little is known about how this phenomenon can affect the biological control. Host fidelity provides an adaptive advantage to aphid parasitoids, allowing females to find their aphid host more quickly in heterogeneous environments. This trait is mediated by the learning of signals, mainly ch...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. Insect-plant interactions are affected directly or indirectly by stress factors. The effect of environmental resource availability on insect-plant interactions is here reviewed. Subsequently, the analysis focuses on aphid-host plant interactions, particularly in the system composed by the green peach aphid Myzus persicae and its prima...
Article
Full-text available
Asexual reproduction is very common in invasive insect pest. In the recent years, increasing evidences have shown that some invasive asexual lineages display an outstanding capacity to predominate in space and persist on time (superclones). However, little is known about the host-use behavior of these superclones. The English grain aphid Sitobion a...
Article
Full-text available
Hylamorpha elegans (Burmeister) is a native Chilean scarab beetle considered to be a relevant agricultural pest to pasture and cereal and small fruit crops. Because of their cryptic habits, control with conventional methods is difficult; therefore, alternative and environmentally friendly control strategies are highly desirable. The study of protei...
Article
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Facultative bacterial endosymbionts in insects have been under intense study during the last years. Endosymbionts can modify the insect's phenotype, conferring adaptive advantages under environmental stress. This seems particularly relevant for a group of worldwide agricultural aphid pests, because endosymbionts modify key fitness related traits, i...
Article
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Little is known about the simultaneous effects of drought stress and plant resistance on herbivorous insects. By subjecting the green peach aphid Myzus persicae Sulzer to well-watered and drought-stressed plants of both susceptible and resistant peach (Prunus persica), the effects of both stressors on aphid performance and proteomics are tested. Ov...
Article
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Keywords: ecological specialization host selection insecteplant relationship learning Myzus persicae retroactive interference Insects are able to learn from experience acquired in their natal habitat, thereby obtaining adaptive advantages. However, the acquisition of new information could involve defects in retrieving previously learned information...
Article
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The codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.), is the key pest of apple production worldwide. Insecticide resistance has been reported in all producing countries, based on five different mechanisms. Codling moth in Chile has resistance to azinphos-methyl and tebufenozide in post-diapausing larvae. However, there are no studies about the susceptibility of...
Article
Full-text available
The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), is a generalist insect herbivore capable of using a wide range of cultivated plants and weeds. In this laboratory study, we examined the inter-clonal variation in M. persicae’s ability to exploit the wild peach Prunus davidiana, a source of genetic resistance to aphids used by peach breeding programs....
Data
Codling moth (Cydia pomonella L.) is the main pest of pip fruits worldwide. Despite its economic importance, little is known about the genetic structure and patterns of movement at local and regional scale, important aspects for establishing a control strategy for this pest. An analysis of genetic variability on six populations of C. pomonella usin...
Article
Full-text available
The genetic structure of adult codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.), populations was characterized both inside a managed apple, Malus domestica Borkdhausen, orchard and in surrounding unmanaged hosts and nonhost trees in central Chile during 2006-2007. Adult males were collected using an array of sex pheromone-baited traps. Five microsatellite geneti...
Article
Full-text available
The seasonal dynamics of neutral genetic diversity and the insecticide resistance mechanisms of insect pests at the farm scale are still poorly documented. Here this was addressed in the green peach aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Central Chile. Samples were collected from an insecticide sprayed peach (Prunus persica L.) orc...
Article
Full-text available
Poplars are frequently attacked by aphids. The differential susceptibility of poplar hybrids to the aphid Chaitophorus leucomelas Koch (Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae) has been described, but the mechanism underlying this pattern is unknown. This work tested the hypothesis that poplar resistance to this aphid is associated with the presence of volatiles...
Article
Full-text available
The seasonal dynamics of neutral genetic diversity and the insecticide resistance mechanisms of insect pests at the farm scale are still poorly documented. Here this was addressed in the green peach aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in central Chile. Samples were collected from an insecticide sprayed peach (Prunus persica L.) orc...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of a natural enemy in a habitat refuge is no guarantee of emigration by these into crop fields, when pest population outbreaks occur. Parasitoids from a refuge may not prefer foraging on the pest crop, exhibiting host fidelity, and therefore not constituting a source of natural enemies for improving biological control. An effective ref...
Article
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Peaches and nectarines are frequently attacked by the green peach aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer), with significant negative impacts on fruit production. The genetic variability of resistance to this aphid among commercial cultivars of Prunus persica (L) Batsch and Prunus persica variety nectarina was evaluated in this study. In total, 16 cultivars o...
Article
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Abstract The monoecious anholocyclical aphid, Chaetosiphon fragaefolii (Cockerell) (Homoptera: Aphididae), was collected on a native strawberry, Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne (Rosales: Rosaceae) from different sites in Chile. The presence of this aphid was recorded during two consecutive years. F. chiloensis plants were collected from seven nat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
M. persicae en Chile, actualmente es considerado como la tercer plaga de importancia económica, afectando cultivos como durazno Prunus persica y pimentón Capsicum annuum. M. persicae se reproduce mediante partenogénesis cíclica, alternando una generación sexual y varias asexuales. Las poblaciones sexuales de M. persicae tienden a ser genéticamente...
Poster
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El pulgon verde del duraznero Myzus persicae (Sulzer), es considerado la tercera plaga de importancia economica en Chile. Tiene como hospedero primario al duraznero (Prunus persica) donde realiza su reproducción sexual y como hospedantes secundarios a un gran número de especies vegetales distribuidas en más de 40 familias botánicas ocurriendo su fa...
Article
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In the last few years an increasing interest on species and hybrids of the genus Populus has occurred in Chile. However, such plantations are strongly affected by pest and diseases. With the aim to identify potentially resistant (or less susceptible) hybrids of the genus Populus, the susceptibility of some poplar hybrids growing in experimental nur...
Article
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Biological invasions are rapid evolutionary events in which populations are usually subject to a founder event during introduction followed by rapid adaptation to the new environment. Molecular tools and Bayesian approaches have shown their utility in exploring different evolutionary scenarios regarding the invasion routes of introduced species. We...
Article
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The response of field-collected Hylastinus obscurus Marsham (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) to volatiles from Trifolium pratense L. of different ages was studied in a four-arm olfactometer. Volatiles from 1.5-, 2-, and 2.5-yr-old plants were more attractive than volatiles from 1-, 3-, and 3.5-yr-old plants. Two-year-old plants were preferred during winter...
Article
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This study evaluates the effect of water availability on tolerance and resistance to the aphid Chaitophorusleucomelas by clones of the double hybrid [(Populus trichocarpa×P. maximowiczii Henry)×(P. trichocarpa×P. maximowiczii)] (TM×TM), a hybrid that was previously described as resistant to this aphid. In a 2×2 experimental design implemented in a...
Article
Full-text available
Species belonging to the genus Populus (poplars) produce a series of defensive proteins in response to insect damage. Proteinase inhibitors, polyphenol oxidases, and chitinases are the most relevant and intensively studied proteins. Most of the knowledge about the relation between these proteins and herbivores has been obtained from studies with ch...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have evaluated the relative contribution of various host-plant attributes to the species richness of the associated insect herbivores, with and without the inclusion of the phylogeny of the host species for Northern hemisphere trees. In general these studies reached the same conclusion: tree availability (range and abundance) was a...
Article
Eight novel microsatellite primer pairs are presented for Eriosoma lanigerum, representing the first microsatellite markers available for this genus. Loci were characterized for 27 individuals from one single orchard in Central Chile. All loci were polymorphic within E. lanigerum (three to 11 alleles per locus; observed heterozygosity ranging from...
Article
Full-text available
Asexuality confers demographic advantages to invasive taxa, but generally limits adaptive potential for colonizing of new habitats. Therefore, pre-existing adaptations and habitat tolerance are essential in the success of asexual invaders. We investigated these key factors of invasiveness by assessing reproductive modes and host-plant adaptations i...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape genetics have been particularly relevant when assessing the influence of landscape characteristics on the genetic variability and the identification of barriers to gene flow. Linking current practices of area-wide pest management information on pest population genetics and geographical barriers would increase the efficiency of these progr...
Article
Full-text available
Neotropical Rhagoletis species are arranged in four groups: nova,psalida,striatella and ferruginea, which include 18 species. On both sides of the Andes, the evolution of morphological differences among these groups has been suggested to be related to the Andes uplift process. In order to test this hypothesis, a phylogenetic analysis of morphologic...
Article
Full-text available
Codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is the main pest of pome fruits worldwide. Despite its economic importance, little is known about the genetic structure and patterns of dispersal at the local and regional scale, which are important aspects for establishing a control strategy for this pest. An analysis of genetic variab...