Claudio Mulatti

Claudio Mulatti
Università degli Studi di Trento | UNITN · Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science

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80
Publications
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827
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Publications

Publications (80)
Article
Purpose Among the growing interest towards market segmentation and targeted marketing, the current study adopted a scientometric approach to examine the literature on wine selection and preferences. The current review specifically attempts to shed light on the research that explores the determinants of wine preferences at multiple levels of analysi...
Article
Full-text available
Criticism is commonly perceived as hurtful and individuals may respond differently to criticism originating from different sources. However, the influence of an individual’s perception of criticism in their social relationships on negative emotional reactions to criticism has not been examined across different relational contexts. The present study...
Article
Full-text available
According to attachment theory, care-seeking is the primary coping strategy in threatening situations. However, anxious and avoidant individuals often use secondary regulation strategies. The purpose of this study was to test whether, in a potentially threatening situation, the participants' attachment orientation affects whether they prefer to res...
Article
Full-text available
Orthographies vary in complexity (the number of multi-letter grapheme-phoneme rules describing print-to-speech regularities) and unpredictability (the number of words which cannot be read correctly, even with at-ceiling knowledge of the rules). To assess how these constructs affect reading acquisition, we used an artificial orthography learning par...
Preprint
Full-text available
Orthographies vary in complexity (the number of multi-letter grapheme-phoneme rules describing print-to-speech regularities) and unpredictability (the number of words which cannot be read correctly, even with at-ceiling knowledge of the rules). To assess how these constructs affect reading acquisition, we used an artificial orthography learning par...
Article
Full-text available
Parents play a primary and crucial role in emotional socialisation processes in children where individuals learn the expression, understanding and regulation of emotions. Parenting practices and dimensions of the parent-child relationship have been associated with social and emotional processes in children. As criticism involves negative emotional...
Article
Full-text available
Many theories have been put forward that propose that developmental dyslexia is caused by low-level neural, cognitive, or perceptual deficits. For example, statistical learning is a cognitive mechanism that allows the learner to detect a probabilistic pattern in a stream of stimuli and to generalise the knowledge of this pattern to similar stimuli....
Preprint
Full-text available
Many theories have been put forward that propose that developmental dyslexia is caused by low-level neural, cognitive or perceptual deficits. For example, statistical learning is a cognitive mechanism which allows the learner to detect a probabilistic pattern in a stream of stimuli, and to generalise the knowledge of this pattern to similar stimuli...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we propose the use of Entropy to measure variability in pronunciations in pseudowords reading aloud: pseudowords where participants give many different pronunciations receive higher Entropy values. Monolingual adults, monolingual children, and bilingual children proficient in different European languages varying in orthographic depth w...
Article
To decrease the negative consequences of a road crash, even a small reduction in driving speeds can make a significant difference. We examined the possible application of the left-digit effect as a nudge to reduce road speed. In the marketing field, this effect is based on reporting price tags that are characterized by a low leftmost number and a h...
Preprint
Full-text available
Parents play a primary and crucial role in emotional socialisation processes in children where individuals learn the expression, understanding and regulation of emotions. Parenting practices and dimensions of the parent-child relationship have been associated with social and emotional processes in children. As criticism involves negative emotional...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the associations of imageability with fear reactivity. Imageability ratings of four word classes: positive and negative (i) emotional and (ii) propriosensitive, neutral and negative (iii) theoretical and (iv) neutral concrete filler, and fear reactivity scores—degree of fearfulness towards different situations (Total Fear (T...
Article
Full-text available
The prevalence of criticism in everyday social situations, and its empirically demonstrated association with psychopathology, highlight the importance of understanding neural mechanisms underlying the perception and response of individuals to criticism. However, neuroimaging studies to date have been limited largely to maternal criticism. The prese...
Chapter
This work investigated the effect of mental models on the effectiveness of an advanced driver assistance system (ADAS). The system tested was a lateral control ADAS, which informed the drivers whether the vehicle was correctly positioned inside the lane or not, with the use of two visual and one auditory stimuli. Three driving simulator experiments...
Article
The attentional spatial-numerical association of response codes (Att-SNARC) effect (Fischer, Castel, Dodd, & Pratt, 2003)—the finding that participants are quicker to detect left-side targets when the targets are preceded by small numbers and quicker to detect right-side targets when they are preceded by large numbers—has been used as evidence for...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this work we propose the use of Entropy as a new way to measure variability in pronunciations in pseudowords reading aloud: pseudowords where participants give many different pronunciations receive higher Entropy values. Monolingual adults, monolingual children, and bilingual children proficient in different European languages varying in orthogr...
Article
According to attachment theory, potentially threatening stimuli tend to activate the attachment system for the search of the protective figure. In secure attachments, the experience of responsive relationships increases the probability of resorting to available figures as a strategy for regulating emotions in stressful situations. The aim of the re...
Preprint
Full-text available
Single-word reading studies form the backbone of reading research. In such studies, participants respond to single words and computational models simulate the obtained patterns of results. A more ecologically valid paradigm involves tracking participants' eye movements as they silently read sentences. In the current study, we examine whether the st...
Preprint
Full-text available
The prevalence of criticism in everyday social situations, and its empirically demonstrated association with psychopathology, highlight the importance of understanding neural mechanisms underlying the perception and response of individuals to criticism. However, neuroimaging studies to date have been limited largely to maternal criticism. The prese...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: This study investigates the effect of precision teaching signals on lane maintenance. Methods: In experiment 1, the control group drove a simulator with no signals. In experiment 2, drivers were presented with auditory signals depending on their position within or outside the lane. In experiment 3, visual signals were presented in...
Preprint
This study investigated the associations of imageability with fear reactivity. Imageability ratings of four word classes: positive and negative (i) emotional and (ii) propriosensitive, neutral and negative (iii) theoretical and (iv) neutral concrete filler, and fear reactivity scores – degree of fearfulness towards different situations (TF score) a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Previous studies found a relationship between performance on statistical learning (SL) tasks and reading ability and developmental dyslexia. Thus, it has been suggested that the ability to implicitly learn patterns may be important for reading acquisition. Causal mechanisms behind this relationship are unclear: Although orthographic sensitivity to...
Preprint
Full-text available
The existing literature on developmental dyslexia (hereafter: dyslexia) often focuses on isolating cognitive skills which differ across dyslexic and control participants. Among potential correlates, previous research has studied group differences between dyslexic and control participants in performance on statistical learning tasks. A statistical l...
Article
Full-text available
In three experiments we investigated the origin of the effects of the compatibility between the typical location of entities denoted by written words (e.g., “up” for eagle and “down” for carpet) and either the actual position of the words on the screen (e.g., upper vs. lower part of the screen), or the response position (e.g., upper- vs. lowerkey p...
Article
Background and objectives: It is well known that socially anxious individuals show biased processing towards threatening faces and better performance with low spatial frequencies information (LSF). It is unclear whether this bias is confined to facial processing or can be extended to other types of information. Methods: Two experimental phases i...
Article
Full-text available
Autism often co-occurs with alexithymia, a condition characterized by no or diminished awareness of emotions that significantly impacts an individual's social relationships. We investigate how the social motivation of autistics would be eroded by comorbidity with alexithymia and why this diminished motivation would be difficult for non-autistic peo...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies found a relationship between performance on statistical learning (SL) tasks and reading ability and developmental dyslexia. Thus, it has been suggested that the ability to implicitly learn patterns may be important for reading acquisition. Causal mechanisms behind this relationship are unclear: Although orthographic sensitivity to...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of this work was to understand to what extent driving on a poor-quality surface requires more central, attentional resources than driving on a smooth surface. A dual-task experiment was devised in which participants were asked to perform two tasks concurrently: the first, main task was simulated driving. Participants drove on three kin...
Article
Full-text available
Psycholinguistic researchers identify linguistic variables and assess if they affect cognitive processes. One such variable is letter bigram frequency, or the frequency with which a given letter pair co-occurs in an orthography. While early studies reported that bigram frequency affects visual lexical decision, subsequent, well-controlled studies n...
Article
Full-text available
Orthorexia Nervosa (ON) refers to a marked concern about healthy eating which involves the avoidance of foods considered unhealthy and excessive amounts of time dedicated to obtaining information on the composition of foods and buying and preparing specific foods based on perceived healthy criteria. The aims of this study were to describe ON featur...
Preprint
Full-text available
Psycholinguistic researchers identify linguistic variables and assess if and how these affect cognitive processes. One such variable is letter bigram frequency, or the frequency with which a given pair of letters co-occurs in an orthography. While early studies have shown that bigram frequency affects visual word recognition, subsequent, well-contr...
Article
Full-text available
With semi-automous vehicles and innovative assistance systems flooding the market, the characteristics of warning signals for automotive human-machine interfaces determine their effectiveness and usage. In the context of advanced driver assistance systems, poorly designed warning signals have the potential to startle and distract drivers. Previous...
Conference Paper
The characteristics of warning signals for automotive human-machine interfaces determine their effectiveness and usage. In the context of advanced driver assistance systems, poorly designed warning signals have the potential to startle and distract drivers. Previous studies have investigated the effectiveness of multimodal warning signals and found...
Article
Since surface roughness induces mechanical vibration affecting vehicle passengers, it needs to be evaluated with considering human response to the physical characteristics of road profiles. This study employs the following two physiopsychological measures that are associated with surface roughness in terms of the International Roughness Index (IRI)...
Article
Full-text available
The existing literature on developmental dyslexia (hereafter: dyslexia) often focuses on isolating cognitive skills which differ across dyslexic and control participants. Among potential correlates, previous research has studied group differences between dyslexic and control participants in performance on statistical learning tasks. A statistical l...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated whether multimodal redundant warnings presented by advanced assistance systems reduce brake response times. Warnings presented by assistance systems are designed to assist drivers by informing them that evasive driving maneuvers are needed in order to avoid a potential accident. If these warnings are poorly designed, they ma...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals differ in their ability to feel their own and others’ internal states, with those that have more autistic and less empathic traits clustering at the clinical end of the spectrum. However, when we consider semantic competence, we would expect this group to compensate with a higher capacity to imagine the meaning of words referring to emo...
Article
This study analyzed driver passive task-related fatigue caused by a monotonous environment and the effectiveness of caffeinated chewing gtun as a countermeasure. Data collected by a driving simulator in the laboratory were used to measure changes in driving performance. A self-perceived measure of fatigue was also analyzed. Seventy-two subjects wer...
Article
Full-text available
Lexical selection – both during reading aloud and speech production – involves selecting an intended word, while ignoring irrelevant lexical activation. This process has been studied by the use of interference tasks. Examples are the Stroop task, where participants ignore the written color word and name the color of the ink, picture-word interferen...
Article
Since the publication of the seminal work by Bialystok et al. (2004), the argument of bilingualism enhancing executive functioning (EF) has attracted the attention of both expert and nonexpert audiences. However, the picture of general agreement on this subject has been recently undermined. The paper by Paap et al. (2015) calls into question many d...
Chapter
Full-text available
The “standard picture of meaning” suggests that natural languages are composed of two different kinds of words: concrete words whose meaning rely on observable properties of external objects and abstract words which are essentially linguistic constructs. In this study, we challenge this picture and support a new view of the nature and composition o...
Article
Full-text available
Roelofs, Piai, and Schriefers (Language and Cognitive Processes) test both the WEAVER++ model of word production and the response-exclusion account of performance in Stroop-like tasks against data from the word-word interference (WWI) task, and conclude that whereas the WEAVER++ successfully accounts for those data, the response-exclusion hypothesi...
Article
Full-text available
Functional evaluation of road surfaces has traditionally been based on the safety and comfort of traveling vehicles. However, the influence of road surface condition to unconscious mental fatigue while driving is also significant for drivers. This study examines a new evaluation method of surface unevenness based on heart rate variability analysis...
Article
With the aim of reducing the number of road traffic deaths around the world, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 2011-2020 the Decade of Action for Road Safety. Excessive speed is one of the main problems to overcome. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of traffic-calming measures in reducing drivers' speed along a road w...
Article
Full-text available
In the present work we were concerned with the role of sound representations in object recognition. In order to address this issue we made use of a picture naming task in which target pictures might be accompanied by a white-noise burst. White-noise was thought to interfere with the representation of the sound possibly associated with the depicted...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we are concerned with the role of colors in reading written texts. It has been argued that colored overlays applied above written texts positively influence both reading fluency and reading speed. These effects would be particularly evident for those individuals affected by the so called Meares-Irlen syndrome, i.e., who experience...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we develop an empirically driven model of visual attention to multiple words using the word-word interference (WWI) task. In this task, two words are simultaneously presented visually: a to-be-ignored distractor word at fixation, and a to-be-read-aloud target word above or below the distractor word. Experiment 1 showed that low-freque...
Article
Full-text available
According to the traditional view, both imageability and concreteness ratings reflect the way word meanings rely on information mediated by the senses. As a consequence, the two measures should and do correlate. The link between these two indexes was already hypothesized and demonstrated by Paivio et al. (1968) in a seminal article, where they intr...
Article
Advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) are designed to assist individuals while they are at the wheel of a motor vehicle. Many ADAS emit acoustic signals when parameters such as drivers’ maintained speed exceed given thresholds. This study examines the early and late effects on lane keeping and speed maintenance produced by both the onset of and...
Article
Full-text available
When examining facts concerning road safety, as stated by the United Nations General Assembly, one of the most important problems is vehicle speed. The aim of this work is to evaluate the potential influence of traffic-calming measures on drivers’ speed. In particular, attention focuses on warning sounds produced by communication between vehicles...
Article
Full-text available
This study addresses the issue of artifact kinds from a psychological and cognitive perspective. The primary interest of the investigation lies in understanding how artifacts are categorized and what are the properties people rely on for their identification. According to a classical philosophical definition artifacts form an autonomous class of in...
Article
Full-text available
Resolution A/RES/64/255 of the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the period 2011–2020 as the “Decade of Action for Road Safety” worldwide, with the goal of stabilizing and then reducing the forecast level of road traffic fatalities around the world by increasing activities conducted at national, regional and global levels. Looking at the f...
Article
Full-text available
Three target words (T1, T2, and T3) were embedded in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) stream of non-word distractors, and participants were required to report the targets at the end of each RSVP stream. T2 and T3 were semantically related words in half of the RSVP streams, and semantically unrelated words in the other half of the RSVP stre...
Article
Full-text available
We report two experiments that explored the linguistic locus of age-of-acquisition effects in picture naming by using a delayed naming task that involved only a low proportion of trials (25 %) while, for the large majority of the trials (75 %), participants performed another task-that is, the prevalent task. The prevalent tasks were semantic catego...
Article
Full-text available
In two experiments, we examined whether the dynamics of the reading system are adjusted on a trial-by-trial basis, despite the use of stimuli that all require the same spelling-sound translation routine. Subjects read aloud easy and more difficult nonwords in a predictable alternating sequence (AABB). Dynamic control was inferred via the observatio...
Article
Full-text available
Picture naming shows a cumulative semantic interference effect: Latency for naming a target picture increases as a function of the number of pictures semantically similar to the target that have previously been named (Howard, Nickels, Coltheart, & Cole-Virtue, Cognition 100:464-482, 2006). Howard and colleagues, and also Oppenheim, Dell, and Schwar...
Article
Full-text available
The potential impact on driving of the processing of a single, auditorily presented word is analyzed in this work. Because driving is a complex cognitive activity that involves the integration and coordination of multiple subprocesses, the authors narrowed the scope of the research to concentrate on one critical task involved in driving: driver bra...
Article
Full-text available
With the aim of reducing the number of road traffic deaths around the world, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 2011–2020 the Decade of Action for Road Safety. Excessive speed is one of the main problems to overcome. The aim of this study was to test the effective- ness of traffic-calming measures in reducing drivers’ speed along a road...
Article
In the picture-word interference (PWI) task pictures are presented, one at a time, along with a superimposed distractor word. Participants are instructed to name the pictures while ignoring the distractor words. This task has been widely employed to investigate the architecture of the processes underlying word production. A new account of performan...
Article
Full-text available
Despite increasing interest in the topic, the extent to which linguistic processing demands attentional resources remains poorly understood. We report an empirical re-examination of claims about lexical processing made on the basis of the picture-word interference task when merged in a dual-task psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm. Two e...