Claudio Mazzoli

Claudio Mazzoli
University of Padova | UNIPD · Department of Geosciences

MS in Earth Sciences

About

153
Publications
34,553
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,382
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - December 2012
Università degli Studi di Padova

Publications

Publications (153)
Preprint
This paper presents the petrographic and textural characterization of some ornamental limestones widely used in UNESCO World Heritage sites in northeastern Italy, and the assessment of the main decay factors present in the environment where they are employed. Eleven carbonate building materials have been here considered, all commonly present in the...
Article
Full-text available
In the Antarctic seas, where hard substrates are scarce, the presence of secondary bio-substrates formed by calcareous organisms is an essential condition to increase the epibiosis and therefore the diversity of sessile benthic fauna. The aggregations of stylasterid hydrozoa, with their branched carbonate structures, are an example of a secondary h...
Article
Full-text available
The order Heterocorallia is an enigmatic, anatomically distinct group of calcifying Palaeozoic corals with unclear affinities to other, either extinct or modern cnidarian lineages. Here, we present results of microstructure and stable isotope studies on exceptionally well-preserved skeletons of two species of the heterocoral Oligophylloides from th...
Preprint
Full-text available
McMurdo Dry Valleys comprise 10% of the ice-free soil surface areas in Antarctica. Permafrost stability plays an important role in C-cycle as it potentially stores considerable quantities of greenhouse gases. While the geomorphology of the Dry Valleys reflects a long history of changing climate conditions, comparison with the rapidly warming Northe...
Article
The assessment of potential radon-hazardous environments is nowadays a critical issue in planning, monitoring, and developing appropriate mitigation strategies. Although some geological structures (e.g., fault systems) and other geological factors (e.g., radionuclide content, soil organic or rock weathering) can locally affect the radon occurrence,...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Cover Story : Carbonate skeletonized organisms such as bryozoans, mollusks, echinoderms, cnidarians, barnacles, serpulids, foraminifers, ostracods, and red algae occur in Antarctic marine biota today. Depending on the different carbonate polymorphs secreted and postmortem circumstances, their skeletal remains play a major role in reconstructions of...
Article
Full-text available
Marine biogenic skeletal production is the prevalent source of Ca-carbonate in today’s Antarctic seas. Most information, however, derives from the post-mortem legacy of calcifying organisms. Prior imagery and evaluation of Antarctic habitats hosting calcifying benthic organisms are poorly present in the literature, therefore, a Remotely Operated Ve...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Evaluating shell preservation of Campanian rudists (Macgillavryia sp., Vaccinites sp., Torreites sanchezi) by investigating their microstructure and mineral composition, allows tackling the development of silica replacement as a crucial diagenetic feature prior to sclerochronological and geochemical analyses. Understanding the silicification spatia...
Article
This research aims to define a chemical, mineralogical and strontium isotope database for clayey materials collected along the Nile River banks (White Nile, Blue Nile, Atbara and Main Nile Rivers) in Sudan, to be use for prehistoric and historic pottery provenance studies. The approach here adopted consists in using the clayey materials tout court,...
Article
The addition of temper in the pottery manufacturing process is attested since Prehistoric Times and is still a production choice adopted in the ceramic industry. When the temper is composed of minerals and rocks which outcrop in regions distant from each other, new questions about the production technology arise. Such situations can be explained by...
Book
Full-text available
Natural ionizing radiation is considered as the largest contributor to the collective effective dose received by the world population. The human population is continuously exposed to ionizing radiation from several natural sources that can be classified into two broad categories: high-energy cosmic rays incident on the Earth’s atmosphere and releas...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the statistical comparison between the abundance and grain-size distribution of inclusions in pottery, determined by digital image process on images acquired using different methods (crossed-polarized light optical microscopy, back-scattered scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and microchemical mapping also under SEM). The resu...
Article
Abstract Oligocene trachytes from the Euganean Hills include various regionally metamorphosed gneissic and granulitic xenoliths. These xenoliths provide the unique opportunity to investigate South Alpine intermediate to deep crustal levels that are not at present exposed in the Eastern Alps. The estimated P–T conditions are in the range of 780–850...
Article
Many industrial by-products contain Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) that normally represent a cost in terms of monitoring, risk management and storage. When included in new mix design of bricks, these materials may become a valuable sustainable resource. Before marketing, companies involved in development and commercialisation of t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Bivalves document their response to environmental and climatic changes in their shells. Each individual species has different growth rates and life-strategies, which are reflected in their morphology, incremental banding and geochemical shell composition. During the Late Cretaceous rudist bivalves became diverse and very abundant thus their shells...
Article
Full-text available
Terrestrial gamma radiation is mostly due to radionuclides in soil and rocks, primarily the 238U, 235U and 232Th radioactive families and 40K. This radiation contributes 15% to public exposure from all ionizing radiation sources, considering global population. Moreover, it can be used to estimate radon flux and included as one of the quantities rel...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The anthropocentrism, from ἄνθρωπος (human being) and κέντρον (center), argues that human beings are the most important entity in the universe. Cultural Heritage and archaeological artefacts are expression of an anthropocentric action: the material has a value for the human activity that created it and not for the intrinsic value of the matter itse...
Article
Full-text available
The unusual discovery of a potter’s workshop suddenly destroyed by a firing-cum-collapse event at Montebello Vicentino (north-eastern Italy), dated to the Late Iron Age (ca. late fifth–fourth centuries BC), offers the unique possibility of studying two parallel operational sequences or chaines opératoires of ceramic manufacturing in this period, by...
Article
The lithological analysis of the southern façade of the Sarno Baths, a complex building located in the south-western part of the ancient city of Pompeii (Naples, southern Italy), was addressed to define the types of stone used as blocks and ashlars of the three nearly completely preserved levels. Lithological analysis, coupled with petrographic (op...
Article
The coral Li/Mg temperature proxy is revisited through an in-depth trace element analysis of scleractinians collected live from tropical to polar environments. The dataset consists of Li/Ca, Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca and Li/Mg ratios from 64 coral specimens belonging to 8 different taxa, including both reef-building zooxanthellate and cold-water non-zooxanthell...
Article
The present archaeometric study of the Punic black-gloss ware found at the “Roman Temple” of Nora (south-western Sardinia, Italy), dated at the end of the IV century BCE and the beginning of the II century BCE, was addressed to better define the exchanges of Punic ware, ideas and production skills within the west Mediterranean Sea. Petrographic and...
Article
Full-text available
IThe studies of the ceramic technology of the final Bronze age settlement of Frattesina (Rovigo), were former addressed macroscopically and later archaeometrically (by OM and XRPD) highlighting remarkable results and a series of issues to solve. In particular, it is the identification of 5 main different pastes locally produced (Petrofabrics A, B,...
Article
Full-text available
This study provides taxonomic and distributional data of bryozoan species from the Ross Sea area, mainly around Terra Nova Bay, based on specimens curated at the Italian National Antarctic Museum (MNA, Section of Genoa). Bryozoan specimens were collected at 75 different sampling stations in the Ross Sea and in the Magellan Strait, in a bathymetric...
Article
Full-text available
This study provides taxonomic and distributional data of bryozoan species from the Ross Sea area, mainly around Terra Nova Bay, based on specimens curated at the Italian National Antarctic Museum (MNA, Section of Genoa). Bryozoan specimens were collected at 75 different sampling stations in the Ross Sea and in the Magellan Strait, in a bathymetric...
Article
Garnet is one of the most abundant heavy minerals present in the Cretaceous – Eocene flysch deposits of the Southeastern Alps and Outer Dinarides (Julian, Brkini and Istrian basins). About 300 detrital garnets from the Cretaceous-Eocene flysch deposits of the Southeastern Alps have been analysed by means of electron microprobe and LA-ICP-MS. In the...
Article
This work presents the results of the archaeometric study of Keay 25.2 amphorae from some sites along the Catalan coast (the ancient Roman province of Hispania Tarraconensis, north-eastern Spain), considered to be vessels imported from production centres in Tunisia and, on the basis of the similarity of macrofabric and shape, in particular from the...
Poster
Full-text available
The Ross Sea Region Marine Protected Area (RSRMPA) has been legally established in December 2017 and covers a surface of ca. 1.55 million km2, encompassing a vast area (1.12 million km2) of full protection (General Protection Zone, GPZ). Because of intrinsic difficulties, not much visual information is available about resident benthic communities i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Under the motivation (https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/horizon2020/) of the Horizon2020 program, increasing efforts have been addressed in recent years to the introduction of sustainable products into the marketplace and enhancing awareness on eco-labelling, promoting environmental protection, human health, and supporting sustainable development. Wa...
Article
The archaeometric investigation on the locally produced coarse and fine ware from the potters’ quarter of via Montona (Padua, north-eastern Italy), where the four main production phases date from the 1st century BC to the 2nd century AD, allowed to define the petrographic and chemical reference groups for these productions. Coarse ware was produced...
Article
Roman colonization of northern Italy during the late Republican Age brought about significantbuilding activity in the newly acquired territories, involving the construction of new infrastruc-ture that demanded large amounts of stone. Trachyte of the Euganean Hills was among the mostcommonly used materials for building roads, bridges, forum squares,...
Article
Trachyte of the Euganean Hills is a subvolcanic porphyritic rock historically used as carving and building stone in northern and central Italy-primarily from Roman times onward-with the first evidence of its use dating back to prehistory. The numerous quarries and very similar trachyte varieties, as well as the widespread use of this stone, create...
Article
Full-text available
This new dataset presents occurrence data for Porifera collected in the Ross Sea, mainly in the Terra Nova Bay area, and curated at the Italian National Antarctic Museum (MNA, section of Genoa). Specimens were collected in 331 different sampling stations at depths ranging from 17 to 1,100 meters in the framework of 17 different Italian Antarctic ex...
Article
A peculiar type of marine rocky outcrops is generated under temperate conditions through the cementation of carbonate and siliciclastic sediments on the northwestern Adriatic shelf. The lithification process results into the genesis of punctiform outcrops (tegnùe) that serve as substrate to substantial coralligenous epibenthic growth. These buildup...
Article
Full-text available
Euganean trachyte is a subvolcanic porphyritic rock extracted in northern Italy with an age-old tradition of use as dimension stone, historically linked, in particular, to the fervent building activity brought by the Roman Empire and, later on, the Republic of Venice Serenissima. The results of a comprehensive petrophysical and mechanical character...
Article
Full-text available
Decay of trachyte used as building stone in urban environment was investigated through the analysis of crusts and patinas found on trachyte of the Euganean Hills in the Renaissance city walls of Padua, northeastern Italy. Mineral- ogical and microstructural characteristics of the alteration products, as well as major- and trace-element chemical com...
Article
Full-text available
e distributional records of Ophiuroidea stored at the Italian National Antarctic Museum (MNA, Sec- tion of Genoa) are presented, corresponding to 1595 individuals that belong to 35 species and 17 genera. Specimens were collected in 106 di erent sampling stations at depths ranging from 21 to 1652 m in the framework of 14 Antarctic expeditions to the...
Article
Full-text available
Castel de Pedena (northeastern Italy) was a hillfort settlement located in the Venetian Prealps at 680 m above the sea level, in a position that likely conferred upon it a linking role between the Venetian plain and the Alpine areas. The first occupation of the area is dated to the Early Bronze Age, and continues, although intermittently, until the...
Data
Electronic supplementary material #2 in: Paleochannel and beach-bar palimpsest topography as initial substrate for coralligenous buildups offshore Venice, Italy https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-01483-z https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41598-017-01483-z/MediaObjects/41598_2017_1483_MOESM3_ESM.mov
Data
Electronic supplementary material for: Tosi L, Zecchin M, Franchi F, Bergamasco A, Da Lio C, Baradello L, Mazzoli C, Montagna P, Taviani M, Tagliapietra D, Carol E, Franceschini G, Giovanardi O, Donnici S (2017). Paleochannel and beach-bar palimpsest topography as initial substrate for coralligenous buildups offshore Venice, Italy. SCIENTIFIC REPO...
Article
Morphological and macroscopic analysis of 2nd–3rd/4th century CE pottery from Taymāʾ (Saudi Arabia) and Petra (Jordan) revealed important similarities regarding the shapes and macrofabrics of some vessels. This evidence motivated the present study to explore the possibility of ceramic trade between these two sites. On the basis of the results obtai...
Article
Full-text available
We provide a model for the genesis of Holocene coralligenous buildups occurring in the northwestern Adriatic Sea offshore Venice at 17–24 m depth. High-resolution geophysical surveys and underwater SCUBA diving reconnaissance revealed meandering shaped morphologies underneath bio-concretionned rocky buildups. These morphologies are inferred to have...
Article
The Euganean Hills of North East Italy have long been recognised as an area characterised by a higher than average natural radiation background. This is due to two main reasons: a) primary lithogenic radiation due to rhyolitic and trachytic outcrops, which are "acidic alkaline" magmatic rocks potentially enriched in uranium and thorium; b) secondar...
Article
Most brick companies nowadays focus their research on the recycling of waste, in order to be able to market new types of bricks. In this work, we explored the possibility of using ceramic sludge in brick production, aiming to find an alternative eco-friendly additive to produce “eco-bricks” characterised by suitable mechanical and aesthetic propert...
Article
During the firing of bricks, mineralogical and textural transformations produce an artificial aggregate characterised by significant porosity. Particularly as regards pore-size distribution and the interconnection model, porosity is an important parameter to evaluate and predict the durability of bricks. The pore system is in fact the main element,...
Article
Speleothem inclusions have been identified in a ceramic class, ‘flared rim and flat lip’ pottery, that is widespread in the Friuli – Venetia Giulia and Veneto regions (north-eastern Italy) between the Final Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age. Textural analysis of speleothem inclusions revealed small rounded pores occurring along annual growth lamina...
Article
Full-text available
Thanks to a video posted on a social network, live mussels of Unio elongatulus, have been recorded from Lake Orta (Italy) over one century after the last (and only) report. With its long and well documented history of pollution, Lake Orta offers the opportunity to document the post-extirpation recovery of freshwater unionid mussels. This case evide...
Article
This paper presents the results of the archaeometric study of African Keay 25.2 amphorae from the archaeological site of Sidi Zahruni (Beni Khiar, NE Tunisia), where this pottery was massively produced. A set of 43 amphorae was analysed with a combined approach consisting of thin-section petrography, X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and X-ray fluore...
Article
In this study, µ-XRF was applied as a novel surface technique for quick acquisition of elemental X-ray maps of rocks, image analysis of which provides quantitative information on texture and rock-forming minerals. Bench-top µ-XRF is cost-effective, fast, and non-destructive, can be applied to both large (up to a few tens of cm) and fragile samples,...