Claudio Martinez

Claudio Martinez
Universidad Diego Portales · School of Psychology

PhD

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88
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Publications

Publications (88)
Article
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Existe un variado número de investigaciones que emplea nociones de la perspectiva de sistemas dinámicos (SD) para describir procesos de cambio en psicoterapia, conceptualizándolo como un sistema no lineal autoorganizado que presenta procesos emergentes y variaciones estructurales. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la investigación en psicotera...
Article
Full-text available
Personal positions and voices of a patient diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and the therapist during long-term psychotherapy were studied aiming to find differences in the patterns formed in these aspects of subjectivity according to the level of elaboration of the change episodes achieved by the patient. This case study conside...
Article
This case study identified the subjective change in a patient diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) by analyzing the dynamic patterns that emerged during discursive interaction with her therapist during a successful long-term psychotherapy. A qualitative analysis was conducted by applying the Model of Analysis of Discursive Positioni...
Article
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Objective: To identify self-organized dynamics in sessions with dialogical patterns (i.e. reflective interactions of self-states associated with psychological change) within long-term psychotherapy. One of the hallmarks of self-organization is the presence of an Inverse Power Law (IPL) in the frequency distribution of relevant events, which reflect...
Article
Moments of Meeting (MoM) in psychotherapy are understood as shared moments between patients and therapists that allow a mutual implicit understanding about their relationship and create a new state of intersubjectivity that reconfigures the patient’s procedural knowledge of “being with others.” Despite ample theoretical and clinical descriptions of...
Article
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Las altas prevalencias de problemas de salud mental en personas LGBT han sido explicadas desde el modelo de estrés de minorías. La homolesbobitransfobia y la internalización del estigma, constituyen procesos de estrés que impactan la salud mental. Por su parte, la internalización e hipervigilancia del estigma y, el ocultamiento de la identidad sexu...
Article
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This article discusses how the Generic Model of Psychotherapy ( Orlinsky and Howard, 1987 ) can help to organize the psychotherapy research and the knowledge in the field of psychotherapy for sexual and gender minority patients. The structure that this traditional model provides is a good foundation for research in this field, inasmuch as it stress...
Article
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Objetivo: Basado en la falta de medidas que permitan evaluar la mentalización como variable de proceso en psicoterapias con adolescentes, el siguiente estudio apunta a presentar el diseño de un sistema observacional para evaluar el despliegue de esta variable tanto en pacientes como en terapeutas. Método: mediante el proceso de codificación abiert...
Article
The association between suicide risk and sexual minority status can be understood from the perspective of the social determinants of health, an approach that requires the development of culturally sensitive knowledge. The aim of this study was to characterize young gay and lesbian people’s subjective construction of their experience of having lived...
Article
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This study aims to assess moments of meeting in psychotherapy -understood as moments of intense connectedness and intimacy, shared between patient and therapist during any therapeutic encounter that enable a spin in the therapy process- using a qualitative interview with patients who were undergoing or had finished psychological treatment. Micro-pe...
Method
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This work is a guide for intervention and psychotherapy in psychological crises. It is aimed at psychotherapists, clinical psychologists and psychiatrists.
Cover Page
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El 6 de diciembre se realizaran las Jornadas Internacionales del Post-titulo en Psicoterapia Psicoanalítica de la Unidad de Psicoterapia Dinámica, organizadas junto al Diplomado en Rehabilitación Neuropsicológica (UDP) y el Centro de Estudios en Psicología Clínica y Psicoterapia (UDP) MAS INFORMACION EN https://neurociencia.udp.cl/psicoterapia-en-...
Article
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Se realiza una revisión sistemática a través de las bases datos Web of Science, Scopus, Ebsco, Scielo y Redalyc de investigaciones sobre apego publicadas entre los años 2000 y 2015, realizados con población de adolescentes en Latinoamérica. Los resultados a partir de 19 artículos seleccionados muestran un escaso número de investigaciones, distribui...
Article
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The study of the ruptures of the therapeutic alliance has impacted research in psychotherapy by highlighting the relational nature of this phenomenon. Despite ruptures are frequent and relevant during adolescent psychotherapy, most of the empirical evidence in this field has been carried out with adults. Understanding the subjective experience of t...
Article
There has been a growing interest in mentalization in clinical research given its relationship with normal and psychopathological functioning and its explanatory potential as a mechanism of psychotherapeutic change. This study uses the Reflective Functioning Scale (RFS) to identify and characterize mentalization manifestations in psychotherapeutic...
Article
Clinical or methodological significance of this article: The present book review has a primarily clinical significance, as it is aimed at commenting and promoting a book that introduces and provides guidance towards understanding psychoanalysis and its psychotherapeutic practice. The book’s clinical and didactic nature is manifest by a complementar...
Technical Report
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En noviembre de 2016, el Departamento de Salud Mental del Ministerio de Salud convocó a investigadores e investigadoras en salud mental, vinculados al desarrollo de proyectos de investigación financiados a través del Fondo Nacional de Investigación en Salud (FONIS) de CONICYT, durante los últimos años, para participar de una primera Jornada de “Inv...
Poster
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Durante los últimos años se ha reconocido a la mentalización como variable genérica del cambio en psicoterapia. La EFR 1 , gold standard en la evaluación de la mentalización a través de su uso para el análisis de textos escritos (particularmente sobre AAI 2), ha cumplido un rol protagónico como medida de resultados. Su adaptación a la psicoterapia...
Article
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A broad line of research has conceptualized personality based on the interaction of two aspects: interpersonal relatedness and self-definition. This theoretical corpus understands these functions as two poles according to the patterns of interaction and relevance in personality. Additionally, the exacerbation of one of these poles generates a psych...
Book
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Esta guía tiene un doble propósito: por una parte, busca describir las características del contexto particular de la salud mental de las personas LGBT+, dando cuenta de sus aspectos epidemiológicos, modelos explicativos y, en particular, del peso social y cultural que adquiere la atención psicológica y psiquiátrica en esta población, incluyendo las...
Article
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Recent research on processes of psychotherapy has focused on the study of patient-therapist regulation. Evidence concerning verbal and nonverbal coordination as predictors of therapeutic alliance and outcome in psychotherapy has been cumulating. These, along with others results in the field of social neuroscience, suggest that behavioural coordinat...
Article
http://www.clinicapsicologica.org.ar/articulos_recientes.php DOI: 10.24205/03276716.2018.1055 La función reflexiva como aprendizaje procedural en la interacción terapéutica: el funcionamiento reflexivo-relacional Mentalization as procedural learning in psychotherapeutic interaction: a relational reflective functioning Cecilia de la Cerda Pao...
Article
Background: Qualitative research has provided knowledge about the subjective experiences of therapists and patients regarding the psychotherapy process and its results. Only few studies have attempted to integrate both perspectives, considering the influence of a patient's characteristics and diagnosis in the construction of this experience. Aim:...
Article
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This study examines the relationship between the dependent and self-criticism Cognitive dimensions of personality with emotional, cognitive and social deficits associated with depres-sive symptoms. The sample included 91 college students, aged 18 to 24, from Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and Universidad de Chile. The Beck Depression Inve...
Article
The two-polarities model of personality argues that experience is organized around two axes: interpersonal relatedness and self-definition. Differential emphasis on one of these poles defines adaptive and pathological experiences, generating anaclitic or introjective tendencies. The anaclitic pattern, on one hand, has been conceptually related with...
Conference Paper
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Background: Mentalizing, conceived as the capacity to attribute intentional mental states as implicit or underlying one's own behavior or that of others, has gained interest within clinical research due to its relation to normal or psychopathological behavior, and in its explicative potential as an important mechanism of change in psychotherapy.
Article
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An investigation of the patients and their therapists' perspectives about the relevance of the voice in their psychotherapy is presented, emphasizing its subjective and relational effects. Six patients in a Family Health Center (CESFAM) at Santiago de Chile, diagnosed with depressive and/or anxious disorders were interviewed. Additionally, their ps...
Article
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Abstract This paper presents the Vocalization–Silence Dynamic Patterns (VSDP) method for the analysis of coordination in psychotherapeutic conversation. The objectives of its development are to empirically account for vocal coordination patterns in dialogs and to examine the association between interactional coordination and positive relational out...
Article
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El presente estudio explora la relación entre las dimensiones de personalidad dependiente y autocrítica, con los déficits emocionales, cognitivos y sociales asociados a la sintomatología depresiva. La muestra del estudio la conformaron 91 estudiantes universitarios pertenecientes a la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile y a la Universidad de C...
Article
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Abstract The purpose of this paper is to describe verbal and nonverbal expressions of mutual regulation between patients and therapists through the analysis of relevant episodes of five psychotherapy processes. Microanalyses of discourse, vocal quality and facial expression of emotions were conducted on both patients and therapists in 67 Episodes o...
Article
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Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) populations have a high prevalence of suicide behaviors. Aim: To review the literature on suicide among LGBT populations. Material and Methods: A systematic review of the scientific literature published between 2004 and 2014 on suicidality among LGBT people was conducted. Forty-five articles were...
Conference Paper
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The voice is one of the main mediums through which verbal communication occurs in psychotherapeutic dialog. Vocal qualities such as pitch, rhythm, tempo, resonance, control, and accent add meaning and context to spoken words. Moreover, the vocal quality of the "speeches" of patient and therapist constitute expressions of regulatory and self-regulat...
Conference Paper
Background: Among the groups of suicide risk, young lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people have been those that have shown a higher prevalence of this mental health problem. The association between suicide risk and sexual minority has been understood from the perspective of the social determinants of health. Consideration of sexual or...
Article
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The therapeutic alliance is considered the most robust process variable associated with positive therapeutic outcome in a variety of psychotherapeutic models [Alexander, L. B., & Luborsky, L. (1986). The Penn Helping Alliance Scales. In L. S. Greenberg & W. M. Pinsoff (Eds.), The psychotherapeutic process: A research handbook (pp. 325-356). New Yor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Among the groups of suicide risk, young lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people have been those that have shown a higher prevalence of this mental health problem. The association between suicide risk and sexual minority has been understood from the perspective of the social determinants of health. It is noted that the LGBT...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aim: In the research of psychotherapeutic process, verbal and nonverbal coordination has been associated with the alliance and the outcomes. There are evidence about coordination in body movements, facial expression, rhythm of speech, voice and speech quality. This set of results, along with others of neurosocial research, suggests that this kind o...
Conference Paper
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“I couldn’t change the past, the answer wasn’t there”: Subjective construction of the psychotherapeutic change. Background: The qualitative research tradition for the study of processes of change in psychotherapy has provided knowledge about the subjective experiences of therapists and patients regarding psychotherapy and its results. Nevertheless,...
Article
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This study seeks to provide evidence of the dynamics associated with the configurations of discourse-voice regulatory strategies in patient-therapist interactions in relevant episodes within psychotherapeutic sessions. Its central assumption is that discourses manifest themselves differently in terms of their prosodic characteristics according to t...
Article
div>Objective: The psychotherapeutic process, like any intimate relationship between two human beings, involves mutual and self regulation processes that support effective communication. In psychotherapy, such regulatory processes are relevant to maintain a positive working alliance and contribute to therapeutic change. Rupture episodes in the alli...
Article
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La violencia en el trabajo es considerada la fuente principal de estrés laboral y un problema desvastador pudiendo conducir a graves problemas emocionales, cuyos síntomas más frecuentes son irritabilidad, estrés, ansiedad, y depresión. En Chile, los “trastornos mentales y del comportamiento” constituyen la primera causa de licencia médica para las...
Article
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Background: There is growing interest in the treatment and return-to-work of workers with labor related mental illnesses. Aim: To perform a systematic review of practices and interventions that improve return to work. Material and methods: Systematic literature review. Thirty articles were selected for in- depth analysis. Results: Self efficacy per...
Article
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Background: There is growing interest in the treatment and return-to-work of workers with labor related mental illnesses. Aim: To perform a systematic review of practices and interventions that improve return to work. Material and Methods: Systematic literature review. Thirty articles were selected for in- depth analysis. Results: Self efficacy per...
Article
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This study seeks to display therapeutic dialogue as a discursive genre. By using dialogic discourse analysis, the psychotherapeutic dialogue present in a set of excerpts from a time-limited psychotherapy is analyzed. This micro analytical methodology makes it possible to account for both the dialogal and the dialogic level of therapeutic conversati...
Article
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This study aims to psychometrically validate the Chilean version of the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test ASSIST. Specifically, this study is interested in evaluating the reliability, consistency and concurrent and discriminant validity of this instrument. The sample was composed for a total of 400 people from four different...
Article
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El presente estudio se propone establecer, respecto de una psicoterapia supervisada, la manera en que el discurso del paciente se presenta en la interacción entre terapeuta y supervisor. A través de un estudio de caso único y con metodología cualitativa, se realiza un análisis dialógico a los discursos producidos en dos sesiones consecutivas de psi...
Conference Paper
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Las posiciones discursivas, con sus marcas o huellas lingüísticas, son equivalentes a perspectivas ideológicas dominantes y consistentes expresadas a través del proceso terapéutico, que teoricamente corresponden a diferentes aspectos del self de quien habla (Hermans, 1996; Bakhtin, 1973). Estas posiciones pueden ser pensadas a su vez, como expresio...
Article
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Objective: The purposes of this article were to compare the characteristics of the vocal quality of therapists and patients in change and stuck episodes, and to depict patient-therapist interaction sequences of vocal properties, in order to analyze micro-regulatory processes within the psychotherapeutic interaction. Method: Application of the Vo...
Article
Full-text available
The psychotherapeutic process, like any intimate relationship between two human beings, involves mutual self-regulation processes that support effective communication. In psychotherapy, such regulatory processes are necessary to maintaining a positive working alliance and also contribute to therapeutic change. Episodes in which the alliance is rupt...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the efforts at prevention and promotion, suicide rates are increasing. Recent researches have tried to understand suicide as a process consisting of stages beginning with suicidal ideation, which followed more active phases with verbal threats and gestures, planning, attempt and finally completed suicide. This study aimed to identify dissua...
Article
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Background: It is generally accepted that mental health illnesses require treatment for the patient’s recovery. But if such illness is work-related, standard clinical treatment alone could be insufficient. Thus, should work-related issues and the return to work process considered as part of a standard treatment. Objective: To describe scientific re...
Article
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Resumen La investigación ha demostrado la fuerte relación entre alianza terapéutica y resultados en psicoterapia. Una buena alianza está asociada a mejores resultados en psicoterapia. Para medir alianza se han desarrollado una serie de instrumentos para terapeutas, pacientes, y observadores. Los instrumentos observacionales son menos intrusivos, di...
Article
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Research has shown the strong association between therapeutic alliance and therapeutic outcomes. A good alliance is linked with better outcomes in psychotherapy. A number of instruments have been developed to measure the alliance aimed at therapists, patients, and observers. Observational instruments are less intrusive, and reduce the possible effe...
Chapter
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In der sozialen Interaktion kommt es auf verschiedenen Ebenen zu "Synchronie", also zu einer überzufälligen zeitlichen Bezogenheit von Teilprozessen der Interaktion. Synchronie kann ganz allgemein als eine Folge der Selbstorganisation eines komplexen Systems aufgefasst werden. Konkret entwickelt sich Synchronie in verschiedenen Formen: Die nonverba...
Article
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The following comment has been divided into four sections that present a critical discussion on: (1) the theoretical background of the paper; (2) the two methods used: Discourse Flow Analysis (DFA) and Innovative Moments Coding System (IMCS); (3) results; and (4) conclusions.
Article
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The capacity for mentalizing is a developmental achievement and its quality is influenced by the early relationships with attachment figures. Mentalizing plays a central role in psychotherapy, both as a mental activity of therapist and patient, as well as in the task of promoting the development of this capacity in patients who lack it. In this wor...
Article
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Se expone el sistema de codificación de Patrones de Cualidad Vocal (PCV) y su estudio de confiabilidad. El objetivo fue crear un sistema que permitiese identificar y codificar PVC por medio de una valoración auditiva entrenada. El diseño fue exploratorio-descriptivo y de enfoque mixto, con una muestra intencionada de 12 episodios de cambio extraído...
Article
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The coding system Vocal Quality Patterns (VQP) and a reliability study are presented. The aim was to create a system to identify and codify VQP using a trained hearing assessment. The design was descriptive-exploratory, employing a mixed approach, with a convenience sample of 12 episodes of change extracted from 3 psychotherapies. Qualitative techn...