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Claudio Borteiro

Claudio Borteiro
Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Montevideo · Herpetología

PhD

About

86
Publications
31,394
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1,006
Citations
Citations since 2016
30 Research Items
601 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Climate change (CC) is a major threat to biodiversity, increasing species extinction risk. Assessments of its possible impacts on species are crucial for designing conservation strategies. Here, we adjusted a global trait-based approach to the national level and apply it to Uruguay (South America) to evaluate the CC vulnerability of its herpetofaun...
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Intending to increase the knowledge about cytogenetics of Physalaemus and the sparsely studied P. gracilis group, we analyzed the karyotypes of P. carrizorum, P. gracilis, P. lisei, and P. sp. aff. gracilis. We studied chromosome morphology, heterochromatin patterns, Ag-NORs location and mapped the repetitive DNA sequence PcP190. All species showed...
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This study reviews the geographic distributions of four hylid frogs native to Uruguay: Dendropsophus nanus, D. minutus, Lysapsus limellum, and Scinax nasicus. Their current conservation status in Uruguay, according to the IUCN red listing criteria, is Endangered, as few locality records were available and published in the herpetological literature...
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True toads of the genus Rhinella are among the most common and diverse group of Neotropical anurans. These toads are widely distributed throughout South America, inhabiting a great diversity of environments and ecoregions. Currently, however, the genus is defined solely on the basis of molecular characters, and it lacks a proper diagnosis. Although...
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The criteria used by previous authors to define colour aberrancies of snakes, particularly albinism, are varied and terms have widely been used ambiguously. The aim of this work was to review genetically based aberrant colour morphs of wild Neotropical snakes and associated terminology. We compiled a total of 115 cases of conspicuous defective expr...
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A new species of Leptodactylus frog (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from the South American Gran Chaco, morphologically similar and previously confused with the widespread Leptodactylus mystacinus, is described through the use of multiple sources of evidence (molecular, external morphology, coloration, osteology, bioacoustics, and behavior). The phylogene...
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The genus Scinax currently includes more than 120 species, recovered in two major clades, the S. catharinae and the S. ruber clades. The latter comprises 75 species, most of which remain unassigned to any species groups, while 12 are included in the S. rostratus and S. uruguayus groups. In this paper we present a taxonomic review of the two species...
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The study of early development in Neotropical Leiuperinae frogs (Anura, Leptodactylidae) has been addressed by several works in recent times. However, a comparative developmental approach under a phylogenetic context was not available. Herein we analyzed the morphological and ontogenetic diversity of embryos belonging to 22 species of the three lar...
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Histology is often underappreciated for the detection of the amphibian pathogenic fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, the cause of the potentially lethal skin disease chytridiomycosis. We evaluated the sensitivity of histology to detect chytrids in 20 wild specimens of 2 frog species from Uruguay that were clinically normal, but confirmed by PCR...
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We report a case of nasal rhinosporidiosis in a dog native to Uruguay, being the sixth report of Rhinosporidium seeberi infection in this host from South America. Diagnosis was made by histopathology of biopsied tissue and specific PCR assay from nasal swab material. The patient was a 3-year-old male dog, of the Dogo Argentino breed, living in a ru...
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We communicate the finding of a subcutaneous neoplasia in a female specimen of the toad Melanophryniscus montevidensis (Bufonidae) from Uruguay. The lesion extended from the cephalic to the abdominal region, and both gross and microscopic features were typical of lipomas. This is to our knowledge the fourth case reported in amphibians.
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We studied in this work the prevalence of two eukaryotic skin pathogens in a population of the frog Boana pulchella (Anura, Hylidae) from southeastern Uruguay, the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Rhizophydiales) and the protoctistan Valentines rwandae (Ichthyosporea, Der-mocystida), between 2012 and 2014. In both cases higher prevalences wer...
Article
Amphibian parasites of the Order Dermocystida (Ichthyosporea) are widespread pathogens known mainly from Europe and North America, which cause primarily a disease of skin and subcutaneous tissue in their hosts. The taxonomy of these organisms has been problematic given their conserved morphology, similar clinical disease and pathology. Currently re...
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Observations on stereotyped defensive behaviours are presented for 7 frog species of the Neotropical genus Odontophrynus from Argentina and Uruguay. Seven stereotyped postures were observed, among which the most common observed were puffing up the body, contracting, and crouching down. Newly reported behaviours include tongue protrusion, eye protec...
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The American bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus is an invasive species that can strongly affect native amphibian communities through competition, predation, or introduction of diseases. This frog has invaded multiple areas in South America, for which niche models predict suitable environments across much of the continent. This paper reveals the state...
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Research concerning the early development of anuran tadpoles has sparked new interest, ever since comparative studies revealed structural and temporal variations of embryonic stages within different taxonomic groups. In this paper we studied the early ontogeny of five species of the hylid genus Hypsiboas: H. curupi, H. pulchellus, H. riojanus and H...
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In recent decades, a renewed interest in comparative studies of embryonic ontogeny in anurans is taking place. Toad embryos are often employed as model organisms, and scarce attention has been put on interspecific variations. In this work we analyze the development of transient embryonic and larval structures in 21 species in five genera of Bufonid...
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We describe the chromosome morphology, C-bands, NORs position, and DAPI/CMA3 staining of five species of Pseudopaludicola (P. boliviana, P. canga, P. falcipes, P. mystacalis, and P. ternetzi) from several populations from Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. In addition, the telomeric sequence locations of P. mystacalis and P. canga are evalua...
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We report the first record of parasitic larval tapeworms of the genus Spirometra (sparganum) in the frog Hypsiboas pulchellus. A total of 139 frogs were collected in Uruguay, and two of them presented a single sparganum (1.4%). One sparganum was found free into the coelomic cavity, and the other was located under the skin and in the coelomic cavity...
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We report infection by Ichthyophonus sp. in a South American amphibian, the hylid frog Hypsiboas pulchellus in Uruguay. This frog had a large subcutaneous mass over the urostyle and dorsal musculature comprised of parasitic cysts with mild granulomatous inflammation but otherwise appeared healthy.
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We present a comprehensive review of larval morphology in the Neotropical toad genus Melanophryniscus. The taxa studied included 23 species with representatives of recognized phenetic groups and different larval ecomorphological guilds: pond, stream, and phytotelm-dwelling tadpoles. Their external morphology variation is congruent with current phen...
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The aim of the present work is to communicate a case of predation on an adult specimen of Pseudis minuta (Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae) by an aquatic water bug of the genus Lethocerus (Insecta: Heteroptera: Belostomatidae). Observations were made on May 27, 2012, 12: 40 am, at Aceguá, Departamento de Cerro Largo, in NE Uruguay.
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We describe the external morphology, buccal cavity, chondrocranium, hyobranchial skeleton, and musculature of the tadpole of Rhinella achavali (Achaval’s Toad), along with its karyotype. Tadpoles were found in a small, permanent stream and were showing schooling behavior. The characterization of the proposed species groups within Rhinella cannot be...
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abstract : We present gross and histologic evidence of coinfection in amphibians by fungal-like parasites of the order Dermocystidia (Amphibiocystidium sp.) and the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. The condition was observed in frogs Hypsiboas pulchellus (Hylidae) from Uruguay in 2009 to 2012. This report is the first of dermocystids in Neotr...
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The Neotropical frog genus Elachistocleis Parker consists of 17 species, most of them described in the last two decades. External morphology characters traditionally used in anuran systematics to distinguish among species, such as skin texture, dermal protuberances, cranial chests and nuptial pads, are of relative value in Elachistocleis (Pereyra e...
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We present herein observations on A. darwinii made from 2008 to 2011 as part of herpetofaunal inventories in southern Uruguay. Some voucher specimens were accessioned at the herpetological collection of Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Montevideo, Uruguay (MNHN). Specimens of Amphisbaena darwinii were found under stones or abandoned pieces of co...
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The main goal of this manuscript is the reevaluation of the taxonomic status of the teiid lizard Contomastix charrua, known only from Cabo Polonio, a small coastal rocky outcrop in southeastern Uruguay. This species was erected on the basis of the presence of a second pair of ceratobranchials and longer cornua in the hyoid bone, in addition to a re...
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We compare the advertisement calls of Scinax aromothyella and S. berthae, two closely related Neotropical hylid frogs of the S. catharinae group. We studied several individuals from different localities in Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. The call parameters analyzed did not allow the discrimination between the two species. Like in other species of t...
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Melanophryniscus orejasmirandai is a species of toad known only from two localities in southern Uruguay. This toad is the southernmost suggested taxon of the M. tumifrons group, whose species are characterized by a glandular frontal swelling on the snout. The study of the type series of M. orejasmirandai and of M. pachyrhynus, along with observatio...
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We present a cytogenetic survey of the basal bufonid genus Melanophryniscus that covered 14 of the 25 species currently recognized, representing the three phenetic species groups: M. moreirae, M. stelzneri, and M. tumifrons. All species presented a diploid chromosome complement constituted by 11 bi-armed chromosome pairs (2n = 2x = 22; FN = 44). So...
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Eupemphix fuscomaculatus Steindachner, 1864 was described on the basis of a single specimen collected at Caiçara, Mato Grosso, Brazil. This species, currently included in the genus Pleurodema, experienced a confusing taxonomic history and is supposedly known only from the holotype and seven specimens from Río Apa, Paraguay, collected by Alfredo Bor...
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We present an annotated list of the herpetofauna at the Protected Area Quebrada de los Cuervos, Departamento de Treinta y Tres, Uruguay. We recorded 24 species of amphibians and 29 of reptiles, accounting for near half of the species already reported from Uruguay. New records of Dendropsophus minutus (Hylidae) and Liophis almadensis (Colubridae) ar...
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The Rhinella granulosa group currently includes 12 species distributed eastern to the Andes, from Panama to central Argentina. We studied bioacoustic features of the advertisement calls in seven of these species: Rhinella azarai, R. bergi, R. centralis, R. dorbignyi, R. fernandezae, R. major, and R. merianae. In addition, we analyzed the release ca...
Article
The oral apparatus of anuran tadpoles is a unique structure composed of soft and keratinized parts surrounding the mouth. Among the many variations, a common oral apparatus involves a dorsal gap in the marginal papillae, keratinized jaw sheaths, and two upper and three lower rows of labial teeth. In Leiuperidae, besides this generalized morphology,...
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The hylid frog genus Scinax is the most species-rich within Hylinae, with more than 100 recognized species grouped in the S. catharinae and S. ruber clades. The karyotypes of 14 species of the S. catharinae clade and 14 of the S. ruber clade were analyzed, several of them for the first time. All studied species presented 2n = 2x = 24 biarmed chromo...
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We studied the oral apparatus, buccal cavity and musculoskeletal features in tadpoles of five species of the genus Scinax (S. acuminatus, S. uruguayus, S. aff. pinima, S. aromothyella, and S. berthae). Observed variation is mainly related to intrageneric grouping. Scinax acuminatus (S. ruber clade, sister taxon of S. rostratus group) has a distinct...
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Odontophrynus maisuma is a recently described diploid species of the diploid-tetraploid O. americanus complex. It inhabits coastal regions of Uruguay and southern Brazil. Tadpoles of O. maisuma at stages 33–36 are about 47 mm of total length, and similarly to that of other Odontophrynus are typical pond dwelling anuran larvae; the oral disc is smal...
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The native species of amphibians and reptiles of Uruguay were categorized according to the IUCN Red List criteria. Out of 47 amphibian species, seven are listed as Critically Endangered (CR), five as Endangered (EN), one as Vulnerable (VU), three as Near Threatened (NT), and two as Data Deficient (DD); the remaining species are considered to be Lea...
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In this work, we studied chromosome morphology, Ag-NOR, and C-banding patterns in the Neotropical leiuperid frogs that compose the Physalaemus henselii species group: Physalaemus fernandezae, Physalaemus henselii, and Physalaemus riograndensis. The chromosome diploid complement in all species was 2n  =  22 and consisted of seven large to medium and...
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Los estudios sobre demografía de crocodilianos en ambientes antropizados son escasos, particularmente en la Región Neotropical. Este trabajo aporta los primeros datos sobre abundancia y estructura poblacional de un caimán neotropical, Caiman latirostris, en hábitats alterados del noroeste de Uruguay (30°S, 57°W). Se realizaron muestreos nocturnos d...
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Amphibian chytridiomycosis caused by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis is reported in Uruguayan native amphibians for the first time. Histological evidence of infection was observed in tadpoles of Hypsiboas pulchellus, Odontophrynus maisuma, Physalaemus henselii, and Scinax squalirostris. The effects of chytridiomycosis on these species are still unkn...
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The food habits of the Broad‐snouted Caiman (Caiman latirostris) were studied in northwestern Uruguay. The most common prey were insects, the shrimp Pseudopalaemon bouvieri, the snail Pomacea canaliculata, fish and birds. Spiders, crabs, amphibians, snakes, turtles and mammals were consumed less frequently. Arthropods were the most frequent prey fo...
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The histological changes of the liver in ewes with pregnancy toxemia were characterized. Ten ewes were fed on grass ad libitum, and another ten were starved from day 130 of pregnancy for up to four days. Liver puncture biopsies were performed at days 70, 100, 130, and 140 of pregnancy, and at day 45 in postpartum. Seric hydroxybutyrate (HB), non-es...