Claudio Bassi

Claudio Bassi
University of Verona | UNIVR · Department of Surgery

Professor of Surgery

About

932
Publications
137,500
Reads
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67,509
Citations
Citations since 2017
337 Research Items
37578 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302,0004,0006,000
Additional affiliations
November 1985 - present
University of Verona
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (932)
Article
Background & Aims: Body composition parameters and immunonutritional indexes provide useful information on the nutritional and inflammatory status of patients. We sought to investigate whether they predict the postoperative outcome in patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) who received neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) and then pancreaticoduodenectomy. Meth...
Article
701 Background: Upfront surgery followed by adjuvant therapy is the standard treatment for patients with rPDAC. However, the risk of positive surgical margins, the poor recovery after surgery that often impairs postoperative treatment, and the high risk of relapse might limit the overall outcome of this strategy. This trial assessed the safety and...
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Background: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a common complication after pancreatoduodenectomy associated with a low complication burden but a prolonged hospital stay. The present study aimed to characterize DGE, with a particular focus on its subtypes and related predictors. Methods: A 2-center retrospective analysis was performed including cons...
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Background Survival outcomes after pancreatectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma may be biased by right-censoring. We herein analyzed a large dataset with no censored events for up to 5 years and dynamically investigated the impact of known prognostic factors, accounting for unobserved tumor characteristics. Methods Consecutive patients unde...
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Background Preoperative FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy is increasingly administered to patients with borderline resectable (BRPC) and locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) to improve overall survival (OS). Multicenter studies reporting on the impact from the number of preoperative cycles and the use of adjuvant chemotherapy in relation to outcomes in...
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Background: Data on recurrence after post-neoadjuvant pancreatectomy are scant. This study investigated the incidence and pattern of recurrence in patients with initially resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who received post-neoadjuvant pancreatectomy. Furthermore, preoperative predictors of recurrence-free surviv...
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Objectives This study aims to assess the prevalence of preoperative fatigue, depression and anxiety among patients undergoing pancreatic surgery for pancreatic cancer (PC), and possible relationship with postoperative outcomes. Methods Prospective data from 162 consecutive patients undergoing pancreatectomy for PC at a third-level referral centers...
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Background This study aimed to discuss and report the trend, outcomes, and learning curve effect after minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) at two high-volume centres. Methods Patients undergoing MIDP between January 1999 and December 2018 were retrospectively identified from prospectively maintained electronic databases. The entire coh...
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Background Resection of initially oligometastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) following response to first-line chemotherapy is controversial. We herein updated a previous case series to investigate the oncologic outcomes and preoperative factors that could drive the decision-making process.Methods This retrospective analysis was limited...
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Transcriptomic analyses of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) have identified two major epithelial subtypes with distinct biology and clinical behaviours. Here, we aimed to clarify the role of FGFR1 and FGFR4 in the definition of aggressive PDAC phenotypes. We found that the expression of FGFR4 is exclusively detected in epithelial cells, sign...
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Introduction The impact of surgery on nutritional status, pancreatic function and symptoms of patients affected by chronic pancreatitis (CP) has not been unequivocally determined. This study aims to evaluate clinical follow-up after surgery for CP in an Italian-Austrian population. Materials and Methods Patients operated for CP at two high-volume c...
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Pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) have gained substantial attention because they represent one of the only radiographically identifiable precursors of invasive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Although most of these neoplasms have low-grade dysplasia and will remain indolent, a subset of IPMNs will progress to invasive ca...
Article
Objective: To evaluate whether postoperative serum hyperamylasemia (POH), with drain fluid amylase (DFA) and C-reactive protein (CRP), improves the Fistula Risk Score (FRS) accuracy in assessing the risk of a postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Summary background data: The FRS predicts POPF occurrence using intraoperative predictors with go...
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Objective: To provide an overview of the current practice of intraoperative blood loss (BL) estimation in hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery. Background: Intraoperative BL is a major quality marker in HPB surgery and a predictor of perioperative outcomes. However, the method for BL estimation is not standardized. Methods: A systematic revi...
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Background: Benchmarking is the process to used assess the best achievable results and compare outcomes with that standard. This study aimed to assess best achievable outcomes in minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy (MIDPS). Methods: This retrospective study included consecutive patients undergoing MIDPS for any indication,...
Article
Objective: To develop 2 distinct preoperative and intraoperative risk scores to predict postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after distal pancreatectomy (DP) to improve preventive and mitigation strategies, respectively. Background: POPF remains the most common complication after DP. Despite several known risk factors, an adequate risk model...
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Background The pancreatic transection method during distal pancreatectomy is thought to influence postoperative fistula rates. Yet, the optimal technique for minimizing fistula occurrence is still unclear. The present randomized controlled trial compared stapled versus ultrasonic transection in elective distal pancreatectomy. Methods Patients unde...
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Background /Objectives Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) remains the most common complication after distal pancreatectomy (DP). Traditionally, surgical drains are placed routinely after DP, but some question its efficacy and postulate that the use of drains may convert a self-limiting postoperative collection into a POPF. This study aimed to...
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Background: The safety of observing small non-functioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (NF-Pan-NETs) remains under debate. Methods: This was a multicentre retrospective study of patients with small incidental NF-Pan-NETs. Survival of patients who underwent upfront surgery versus active surveillance was compared. The risk of death was matche...
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Purpose No accepted benchmarks for open pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) exist. The study assessed the time to functional recovery after open PD and how this could be affected by the magnitude of midline incision (MI). Materials and methods Prospective snapshot study during 1 year. Time to functional recovery (TtFR) was assessed for the entire cohort....
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Background The association between postoperative serum hyperamylasaemia (POH) and morbidity has been hypothesized but rarely explored once occurring with or without (POH-exclusive) a combined postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Methods Analysis of patients who consecutively underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy from 2016 to 2020. POH was defined...
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Introduction: Postoperative inflammatory response may act as a major determinant of anastomotic failure after pancreaticoduodenectomy. In this pilot study, we investigated the potential role of drain fluid cytokines in predicting postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Methods: Drain fluid TGF-β, IGF-1, EGF, and IL-6, together with serum amylas...
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The spread of COVID-19 has overwhelmed medical facilities across the globe, with patients filling beds in both regular wards and in intensive care units. The repurposing of hospital facilities has resulted in a dramatic decrease in the capacity of hospitals—in terms of available beds, surgical facilities, and medical and nursing staff— to care for...
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Background: Surgical resection after neoadjuvant treatment is the main driver for improved survival in locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). However, the diagnostic performance of computed tomography (CT) imaging to evaluate the residual tumour burden at restaging after neoadjuvant therapy is low due to the difficulty in distinguishing neopla...
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Introduction The aim of this study was to characterize biliary leak (BL) after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD), depending on its association with postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Methods Data of 2715 patients undergoing PD between 2011 and 2020 at two European third-level referral Centers for pancreatic surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Th...
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BACKGROUND Surgical resection after neoadjuvant treatment is the main driver for improved survival in locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). However, the diagnostic performance of computed tomography (CT) imaging to evaluate the residual tumour burden at restaging after neoadjuvant therapy is low due to the difficulty in distinguishing neoplast...
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Background: Mortality is consistently reported as an outcome metric in pancreatic surgery. Given its heterogeneity, better characterization of it might provide crucial insights for clinical practice. This study aimed to analyze the timeline and sequence of events that lead to death after pancreatoduodenectomy to identify possible distinct pathways...
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Background Implementing a prospective lymphadenectomy protocol, we investigated the nodal yields and metastases per anatomical stations and nodal echelon following upfront pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) for cancer. Next, the relationship between the extension of nodal dissection, the number of examined and positive nodes (ELN/PLN), disease staging and...
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Background We designed a retrospective computational study to evaluate the effects of hemodynamics on portal confluence remodeling in real models of patients with malignancies of the pancreatic head.Methods Patient-specific models were created according to computed tomography data. Fluid dynamics was simulated by using finite-element methods. Compu...
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Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is predicted to become the third leading cause of cancer-related mortality within the next decade. Management of PDAC remains challenging with limited effective treatment options and a dismal long-term prognosis. Liquid biopsy and circulating biomarkers seem to be promising to improve the multidisciplinary ap...
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Background Decision-making in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas depends on scaling the risk of malignancy with the surgical burden of a pancreatectomy. This study aimed to develop a preoperative, disease-specific tool to predict surgical morbidity for IPMNs. Methods Based on preoperative variables of resected IPMNs a...
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Recent advances in the field of tissue regeneration are offering promising therapeutic options for the treatment of short bowel syndrome. This study aimed to evaluate the glucose absorptive capacity of a neoformed intestine obtained from a biological scaffold in a rodent model and the steadiness of the engrafted segment area. Twenty-four male Sprag...
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Background To compare the postoperative course of elderly patients (≥70 years) submitted to minimally invasive (MIDP) versus open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) and to evaluate if the modified Frailty Index (mFI) predicts the surgical course of elderly patients submitted to DP. Methods Data of patients aged ≥70 who underwent DP at a single institutio...
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Background Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest tumors owing to its robust desmoplasia, low immunogenicity, and recruitment of cancer-conditioned, immunoregulatory myeloid cells. These features strongly limit the success of immunotherapy as a single agent, thereby suggesting the need for the development of a multitargeted...
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Background: The present study aimed to evaluate surgical site infections’ clinical and economic impact after distal pancreatectomy.Methods: The study was a prospective, monocentric, observational study, including all adult patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy. According to the American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention definition,...
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Purpose Many aspects of surgical therapy for chronic pancreatitis (CP), including the correct indication and timing, as well as the most appropriate operative techniques, are still a matter of debate in the surgical community and vary widely across different centers. The aim of the present study was to uncover and analyze these differences by compa...
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Background The Wnt receptors ROR1 and ROR2 are generating increased interest as cancer therapeutic targets but remain understudied in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Compared to canonical Wnt/ β-catenin signalling, the role of noncanonical Wnt signalling in PDAC remains largely unknown. Only one study has investigated the prognostic signif...
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The prognosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is still the worst among solid tumors. In this review, a panel of experts addressed the main unanswered questions about the clinical management of this disease, with the aim of providing practical decision support for physicians. On the basis of the evidence available from the literature, the main t...
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Background The present study aimed to evaluate surgical site infections’ clinical and economic impact after distal pancreatectomy. Methods The study was a prospective, monocentric, observational study, including all adult patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy. According to the American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention definition,...
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Background Obesity has traditionally been considered a cause of increased surgical complexity and poor outcomes following pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). This study aimed at evaluating the role of obesity in terms of mortality and failure to rescue (FTR), with a particular focus on nonmalignant tumors. Methods All patients undergoing elective PD over...
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Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has severely limited the access to cancer surgery, but it is not known to what extent referral centers for pancreatic diseases were affected by its outbreak. The aim of this study is to describe the effect of COVID-19 pandemic on a third-level referral center for pancreatic surgery in Italy. Methods: The 2020...
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Objective: The ISGPS aimed to develop a universally accepted definition for PPAP for standardized reporting and outcome comparison. Background: PPAP is an increasingly recognized complication after partial pancreatic resections, but its incidence and clinical impact, and even its existence are variable because an internationally accepted consens...
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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) critically influenced microscopically complete resection (R0) rates and long-term outcomes for patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) with portomesenteric vein resection (PVR) from a diverse, world-wide group of high-...
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The GNA15 gene is ectopically expressed in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cancer cells. The encoded Gα15 protein can promiscuously redirect GPCR signaling toward pathways with oncogenic potential. We sought to describe the distribution of GNA15 in adenocarcinoma from human pancreatic specimens and to analyze the mechanism driving abnormal e...
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PURPOSE To analyze the prevalence of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of HRD in PDAC from PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases, and online cancer genomic data sets. The main outcome...
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Background Existing postoperative pancreatic fistula risk scores rely on intraoperative parameters, which limits their value in the preoperative setting. A preoperative predictive model to stratify the risk of developing postoperative pancreatic fistula before pancreatoduodenectomy was built and externally validated. Methods A regression risk-tree...
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Background Local ablation of pancreatic cancer has been suggested as an option to manage locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) although no robust evidence has been published to date to support its application. The aim of this study is to compare overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients receiving both radiofrequency...
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Background: Pancreatic surgery is associated with considerable morbidity and, consequently, offers a large and complex field for research. To prioritize relevant future scientific projects, it is of utmost importance to identify existing evidence and uncover research gaps. Thus, the aim of this project was to create a systematic and living Evidenc...
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Importance The progression of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas to malignant disease is still poorly understood. Observational and surgical series have failed to provide comprehensive information. Objective To identify dynamic variables associated with the development of malignant neoplasms by combining pathological...
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Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), the major driver of morbidity and mortality following pancreatectomy, is caused by an abnormal communication between the pancreatic ductal epithelium and another epithelial surface containing pancreas-derived, enzyme-rich fluid. There is a strong correlation between the amylase content in surgically-placed d...
Article
Objective: To characterize early postoperative serum pancreatic amylase (spAMY) trends after pancreatic resections. Summary background data: A postoperative spAMY elevation is a common finding but uncertainties remain about its meaning and prognostic implications. Methods: Analysis of patients who consecutively underwent pancreatectomy from 20...
Article
Objective: To assess short- and long-term outcomes including quality of life (QoL) following PE. Background: Pancreatic enucleation (PE) is deemed to preserve both the endocrine and the exocrine function while ensuring radicality. However, to assess whether this reflects an actual benefit perceived by patients, QoL has to be considered. Methods: Da...
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The aim of this study was to perform a simplified radiomic analysis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma based on qualitative and quantitative tumor features and to compare the results between metastatic and non-metastatic patients. A search of our radiological, surgical, and pathological databases identified 1218 patients with a newly diagnosed pan...
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Background Although we previously proposed a nomogram to predict malignancy in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) and validated it in an external cohort, its application is challenging without data on tumor markers. Moreover, existing nomograms have not been compared. This study aimed to develop a nomogram based on radiologic findings...
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Postoperative complications represent one of the most debated topics in pancreatic surgery. Indeed, the rate of complications following pancreatectomy is among the highest in abdominal surgery, with morbidity ranging between 30 and 60%. The International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery provides standardized definitions and clinically based classi...
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Background Despite abundant, high-level scientific evidence, there is no consensus regarding the prevention, mitigation, and management of clinically relevant pancreatic fistula after pancreatoduodenectomy. The aim of the present investigation is three-fold: (1) to analyze the multiple decision-making points for pancreatico-enteric anastomotic crea...
Article
Background The association between intraoperative estimated blood loss and outcomes after pancreatoduodenectomy has, thus far, been rarely explored. Methods In total, 7,706 pancreatoduodenectomies performed at 18 international institutions composing the Pancreas Fistula Study Group were examined (2003–2020). High estimated blood loss (>700 mL) was...
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Background and Objective: To assess the efficacy of a Risk-Adapted Ablative Radiotherapy (RAdAR) approach, after intensive induction chemotherapy, in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). Material and Methods: Patients with LAPC who received RAdAR following induction chemotherapy from January 2017 to December 2019 were included i...
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Purpose: Ablative techniques have emerged as new potential therapeutic options for patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). We explored the safety and feasibility of using TRANBERG|Thermal Therapy System (Clinical Laserthermia Systems AB, Lund, Sweden) in feedback mode for immunostimulating Interstitial Laser Thermotherapy (imILT) p...
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Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a classification system for pancreas-associated risk factors in pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). Summary background data: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is the most relevant PD-associated complication. A simple standardized surgical reporting system based on pancreas- associated risk factors is...