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Claudia Villosio

Claudia Villosio
Collegio Carlo Alberto & LABOR

MSc

About

57
Publications
10,117
Reads
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711
Citations
Introduction
I've worked for over 20 years on labour economics related projects, dealing especially with labour migration and assimilation, economics of ageing, gender studies. I've participated to different national and international research projects, also as project co-ordinator, funded, among others, by the European Commission, by EIGE, by EUROFOUND, by ISFOL and by the Italian Ministry of Labour and Welfare Policies. My works have been published on different books and journals such as JOLE, REG STUD, EJOA, OXREP, ILR, J LAB RES, INT REV APP ECON.
Additional affiliations
January 2006 - present
Collegio Carlo Alberto
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Participation to third-party funded national and international research projects; Support to proposal preparation under 7FP and H2020 EU Programme
January 2003 - present
FIERI - Forum Internazionale ed Europeo di Ricerche sull'Immigrazione
Position
  • External researcher
Description
  • Participation to different migration related projects, in particular about labour migration and foreign entrepreneurship
January 2000 - present
Laboratorio Riccardo Revelli
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Full time researcher on various projects dealing with theoretical and empirical studies on labour economics: Economics of Ageing, Economics of migration, Wages and labour mobility, Quality of work and life.
Education
June 1994 - July 1994
CIDE (Centro Interuniversitario di Econometria)
Field of study
  • Summer school in Econometrics
September 1992 - June 1993
CORIPE Piemonte
Field of study
  • Master Degree in Economics
September 1987 - July 1992
Università degli Studi di Torino
Field of study
  • Economics

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
In questo lavoro si propone un'analisi delle caratteristiche occupazionali della po-polazione straniera in Italia rispetto ai cittadini nazionali, confrontando i mesi di epidemia COVID-19 con i precedenti. L'analisi si avvale dei microdati della Forze di Lavoro ISTAT fino al secondo trimestre 2020. La banca dati è arricchita dalla Indagine Campiona...
Research
Full-text available
Italian younger workers – and women in particular – risk to be hit hard by the measures adopted to contrast Covid-19 epidemic
Article
This paper investigates the wage assimilation of foreign immigrants and internal migrants in Italy, comparing them with stayers. Control for the selection in out-migration is performed using a new duration version of the Heckman correction and by taking into account both return migration and moves to other destinations. Internal migrants experience...
Article
In this paper, we analyse the characteristics of employed migrants before and after the beginning of the recession in Italy to understand whether the economic crisis has exacerbated or reduced the high segmentation of the Italian labour market, with foreign workers largely concentrated in low-paid and low-quality jobs, even when highly educated. Th...
Article
We use 20 years of Italian administrative panel data to identify the role of ability in migration from south to north. Using a novel iterative estimation method for a switching regression model with the same worker-specific source of unobserved heterogeneity in selection and outcome equations, we find that returns to ability are lower in the north...
Chapter
Full-text available
A ‘good job’ consists of the concepts of wages as an economic compensation, job status as a social status, and job satisfaction as a subjective psychological criterion, and it represents individual accomplishments in the labour market in regard to workers’ entire life (Bang and Lee, 2006). Job satisfaction in particular depends on objective working...
Chapter
Income, essential commodities and housing are undoubtedly some of the main components of quality of life, and are essential factors for participating in normal life. Effective integration into society and employment is dependent on meeting the basic needs of shelter, while having a good home is important for family life and social relationships. Ge...
Chapter
It is largely acknowledged that individual well-being1 is only partially measured by objective indicators of quality of life such as those presented in the previous chapter of this book. They need to be complemented by subjective measures on satisfaction and happiness in order for a complete picture of people’s well-being to be presented.
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to shed light on a puzzle that emerges in some sectors with high shares of immigrant or ethnic minority workers who experience low pay and low job status associated with comparatively high levels of job satisfaction. We present four empirical patterns of interpreting wages which contribute answers to this ‘satisfaction pa...
Article
The financial deficits of many social security systems caused by ageing populations and stagnating economies are forcing workers to retire later from the labour market. An extended working life combined with rapid technological progress in many sectors, is likely making older workers’ skills obtained in school obsolete. In this context, lifelong in...
Article
The financial deficits of many social security systems caused by ageing populations and stagnating economies are forcing workers to retire later from the labour market. An extended working life, combined with rapid technological progress in many sectors, is likely making older workers’ skills obtained in school obsolete. In this context, lifelong i...
Article
We use a large Italian employer-employee matched dataset to study how motherhood affects women’s working career in terms of labor force participation and wages. We confirm that the probability of exiting employment significantly increases for mothers of pre-school children; however, this is mitigated by higher job quality, human capital endowment a...
Article
This NEUJOBS research report focuses on links between age, productivity and lifelong learning. Various data sources (EU-SILC, LFS, Structure of Earnings Survey, SHARE, ELSA, SHARELIFE) and methodological approaches were used in this report. Our analysis identifies clusters of countries with common characteristics of age-earnings profiles (for certa...
Article
Many European countries during the 1990s and early 2000s tried to raise labor market flexibility by relaxing their employment protection legislation. This paper investigates whether the reforms have influenced job and employment stability for labor market entrants in Germany and Italy. Duration models are estimated using comparable administrative d...
Article
Full-text available
A key issue in increasing women’s participation in productive activities is the possibility of achieving a high work-life balance, both in terms of personal wellbeing and in terms of fair career prospects. The crucial event that challenges any level of work-life balance working women achieve is motherhood. We analyse how motherhood affects women's...
Article
Full-text available
The novelties of the paper are two. First the paper compares the pattern of wage assimilation of foreigners with both native immigrants and local natives in Italy, a country with large internal and international migration. This comparison demonstrates the role played by language and knowledge of social capital in the assimilation of immigrants rela...
Article
Full-text available
Information regarding skills that foster employability of University graduates is of particular interest in Italy, where youth unemployment remains high in spite of an increase of tertiary education enrolment. This paper analyzes a survey of human resource managers’ preferred job-seeker characteristics. A conjoint analysis of hypothetical new-gradu...
Article
Full-text available
La ricerca si basa sulle risposte a un questionario articolato date da 226 direttori del personale, che rappresentano imprese per un totale di circa 300.000 occupati in diversi settori, con una prevalenza del manifatturiero. L’indagine fornisce risposte ai seguenti interrogativi: (1) Qual è il giudizio dato dai direttori del personale sui nuovi lau...
Article
Full-text available
As a consequence of the rapid growth of temporary agency employment in Germany, the debate on the remuneration of temporary agency workers has intensified recently. The study finds that the earnings gap of temporary help workers in Germany is indeed large and increased during the past decade. Decomposition reveals that the widening gap mainly is dr...
Article
The authors seek to determine how immigration affects the employment and unemployment of nationals in Italy. To this end, they apply a probit model to measure the extent to which the presence of migrant workers affects the probability that national workers will find jobs or lose the ones they have. Particular methodological problems are resolved by...
Article
Many studies have been devoted to analyse the effect of maternity on working mothers; they mostly refer to countries where female participation is high. Fewer studies consider Southern European countries. This paper aims at filling the gap analysing the effects of motherhood on women’s working career in Italy, a neat example of Southern European co...
Article
Full-text available
This is the first paper to analyse the labour-market assimilation of foreign (i.e. non-citizen) workers in Italy. It considers the daily wages and the days of employment of male workers in WHIP, a matched employer-employee panel dataset, from 1990 to 2003. The traditional human-capital approach is augmented by a control for the probability of stayi...
Book
Full-text available
The report highlights four factors which are key to shaping the age structure of Europe’s workforce: ensuring career and employment security; maintaining and promoting the health and well-being of workers; developing skills and competencies; and reconciling working and non-working life. The findings show that improving working conditions leads to b...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse the effects of motherhood on women's working career using WHIP, a database that records individual work histories together with childbearing events. In this paper, we model working women's labour supply after childbirth for explaining why some women exit the labour market after childbirth and what are the individual characteristics that...
Article
Full-text available
Inspite of the centralized nature of wage bargaining in Italy, we find some evidence suggesting the existence of firm-wage policies. Firstly, the ratio of the between-firm wage variability relative to total wage variability is sizeable, and not very dissimilar from that reported for other countries. Secondly, the tide raising all boats is quite sug...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate various stylized facts on wage growth, labor mobility and firm size, to date unexplored in Italy. Using a wage decomposition that allows to separate "individual premiums" from firm-effects, we ascertain: (1) whether movers are better off than stayers; (2) whether firm size affects the outcome of workers’ mobility across; and (3) the...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we use individual micro data on workers combined with industry and regional data to study the wage dynamics of skilled and unskilled workers in Italy in the 1991-1998 period. In contrast to previous empirical studies, our data make it possible to analyse, within a single framework, the role of many of the factors indicated in the lit...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse the effects of motherhood on women’s working career using WHIP, a database that records individual work histories together with childbearing events. We investigate two main issues: the career penalty and the wage penalty (better known in the literature as family wage gap). We focus on a group of women (i) highly attached to the labour ma...
Article
Full-text available
The Framework Directive on Equal Treatment in Employment and Occupation (2000/78/EC) included age as one of its prohibited grounds of discrimination. Member States were required to transpose this Directive by December 2003. In Italy age discrimination was explicitly regulated by means of Legislative Decree no. 216, 9 July 2003. The Decree introduce...
Article
In many European countries the participation rates of older workers are worryingly low, and Italy – within this picture – has one of the worst records, particularly for females. In this paper we investigate whether this signals an issue about their employability. Indeed, the non-participation of an individual does not point to an employability issu...
Article
The problem of sick absences from work is correlated to a series of organizational, social and psychological factors which interact with risk factors typical of the work performed, and thus determine how frequently absences occur. The correlation between morbidity and work is of interest in itself for studying the processes of occupational mobility...
Article
Full-text available
Gavosto, Venturini, Villosio (1999) found that the impact of immigrants on the wage rates of natives was positive. This result has led to the present paper which analyses the effect of immigrants on native employment. Two aspects of being unemployed are considered: i) displacement risk, the probability of moving from employment into unemployment; a...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we use individual micro data on workers combined with industry and regional data to study the dynamics of the wage differential between skilled and unskilled workers in Italy in the period 1991-1996. Being different to previous empirical studies, our data allow us to explore in a unique framework, the role of all the factors indicated...
Article
Full-text available
Gavosto, Venturini, Villosio (1999) find that the impact of foreign workers on the wage of natives was positive. Such a result was partly to be expected, and therefore the effect of immigrants on native employment is analyzed here. Two aspects of the unemployment experience are taken into account: i) displacement risk, measured by the probability o...
Article
Full-text available
The issue of high skilled migration is of increasing importance in the policy debates in a diverse set of countries, however, very little is know about the effects and the magnitude of high skill migration also because data on this topic are very scarce. The debate about the effect of immigration in Italy has been exclusively focused on the unskill...
Article
Full-text available
In most developing countries, income inequality tends to worsen during initial stages of growth, especially in urban areas. The People’s Republic of China (PRC) provides a sharp contrast where income inequality among urban households is lower than that among rural households. In terms of inclusive growth, the existence of income mobility over a lon...
Article
Full-text available
This paper looks at short employment spells in three European countries: the UK, whose labour market is considered the most flexible in the EU; Italy, regarded as the least flexible; and Germany, tightly regulated, but characterised by a deservedly famous apprenticeship system. In particular, it aims to assess whether young people in short-lived jo...
Article
Full-text available
We show that immigrant managers are substantially more likely to hire immigrants than are native managers. The finding holds when comparing establishments in the same 5-digit industry and location, when comparing different establishments within the same firm, when analyzing establishments that change management over time, and when accounting for wi...
Article
Full-text available
The paper analyses the impact of foreign workers on the Italian labour market. We address the issue of whether immigrants from less developed countries are complementary or substitutes to domestic workers. We construct a data set on immigrant workers from the Administrative Social Security Archive which starts in 1986, before the general amnesty of...
Article
Full-text available
The paper shows that it is possible to derive a dataset on foreign workers from the Social Security Archive by using the place of native workers; however, the cumulative duration of occupation of foreigners and natives is more similar. The analysis of the wage birth as selecting device and controlling for age and date of entry. Three main issues ha...
Article
Full-text available
According to the aims of the labour market reforms of the 90s implemented in many European countries, workers may stay at their first job for a shorter time, but should be able to switch jobs easily. This would generate a trade-off between job opportunities and job stability. This paper addresses this issue using administrative longitudi nal data f...
Article
Full-text available
This report is one of the outputs resulting from Workpackage 5, "Stakeholder policies and problem assessment" of the WALQING project, SSH-CT-2009-244597 (www.walqing.eu).
Article
Full-text available
The paper compares the pattern of wage assimilation of foreigners with both native immigrants and local natives in Italy, a country with large internal and international migration. This comparison, not yet exploited, yields understanding of the role played by language and knowledge of social capital. We use the administrative dataset on dependent e...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The project will evaluate two set of initiatives: outreach activities of Public Employment Services (PES) and job trials/job subsidies to different job contracts offered to youth, with a particular attention paid to gender dimension of policy targeting and outcomes.