Claudia Pahl-Wostl

Claudia Pahl-Wostl
Universität Osnabrück | UOS · Institut für Umweltsystemforschung

About

182
Publications
63,984
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18,368
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
September 2001 - present
Universität Osnabrück
Position
  • Director and Professor for Resources Management

Publications

Publications (182)
Article
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Social learning in natural resource management is considered important for addressing complex problems by supporting multi-stakeholder interactions in problem framing and co-construction of solutions. Despite the considerable progress in the social learning discourse, few scholars have empirically examined relational features in social learning int...
Chapter
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Auf Basis einer systematischen Literaturrecherche umreißt dieses Kapitel den Sachstand zu den Wechselwirkungen zwischen Landwirtschaft und natürlichen Ressourcen in Deutschland. Der Fokus liegt auf der Beeinflussung der Naturressourcen Boden, biologische Vielfalt, Klima, Landschaftsbild, Luft und Wasser durch die Wirkfaktoren stoffliche Einträge un...
Chapter
Das Schlusskapitel reflektiert die Vorgehensweise des ZA-NExUS-Projekts, fasst die wesentlichen Ergebnisse zusammen und formuliert den weiteren Forschungs- und Entwicklungsbedarf. ZA-NExUS wird als entschieden inter- und transdisziplinäres Projekt an der Schnittstelle von Wissenschaft und Politik beschrieben, dessen fächerübergreifende Zusammensetz...
Chapter
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Dieses Kapitel präsentiert ein Leitbild für eine multifunktionale, natur- und umweltverträgliche Landwirtschaft sowie 15 Leitlinien für eine zukunftsfähige Agrarpolitik. Leitbild und Leitlinien versuchen, eine Brücke zwischen der derzeit vorherrschenden Produktions- und Einkommensorientierung der Agrarpolitik und den Anliegen des Natur- und Umwelts...
Chapter
Dieses Kapitel diskutiert die verschiedenen Instrumente der Agrarpolitik im Hinblick auf ihren Beitrag zur Realisierung des Leitbilds einer multifunktionalen, natur- und umweltverträglichen Landwirtschaft: Ordnungsrecht und gesetzliche Mindeststandards für die landwirtschaftliche Praxis, Budgetausstattung und -aufteilung, flächenbezogene Direktzahl...
Chapter
Dieses Kapitel stellt eine Analyse der Stärken, Schwächen, Chancen und Risiken der gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik der EU aus Sicht des Natur- und Umweltschutzes vor. Das Ergebnis ist ambivalent: Einerseits bildet die Gemeinsame Agrarpolitik einen stabilen institutionellen Rahmen mit guter Finanzausstattung und vielen umweltpolitischen Instrumenten. Ander...
Chapter
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Dieses Kapitel formuliert und bewertet drei strategische Optionen für den ergebnisorientierteren Einsatz der erheblichen Finanzmittel der Agrarpolitik: (1) eine stärkere Verknüpfung der Direktzahlungen mit der Erbringung von öffentlichen Leistungen, etwa durch anspruchsvollere Cross-Compliance- und Greening-Anforderungen, (2) eine Mittelumschichtun...
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Dieses Kapitel zeigt auf, dass eine institutionelle Pfadabhängigkeit der Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik der Europäischen Union zu einer historisch verfestigten Sonderstellung des Agrarsektors geführt hat. In der Folge dominieren einkommenspolitische Ziele die Agrarpolitik. Natur- und Umweltschutzanliegen bleiben randständig und müssen vorwiegend mit ordn...
Chapter
Dieses Policy-Paper ist das wichtigste Ergebnis des ZA-NExUS-Projekts, das wissenschaftlich basierte Optionen für die künftige Ausgestaltung der Agrarpolitik aus der Perspektive des Natur- und Umweltschutzes formulieren sollte. Es wurde im Januar 2017 auf einer Pressekonferenz mit der damaligen Bundesministerin Dr. Barbara Hendricks der Öffentlichk...
Article
Social learning in collaborative processes is considered important for addressing complex natural resource dilemmas and for supporting multi-actor interactions in joint problem framing, and the co-construction of solutions. While social learning is often presented as a normative approach for stimulating shared understanding among multiple actors, l...
Article
FREE DOWNLOAD UNTIL 15.12.2018! https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1Xydx5Ce0rVtLN For several decades, water policy reform and the design of governance systems were dominated by simplistic panaceas. This was accompanied by changing preferences for specific types of policy instruments and modes of steering. Such dominance has given way to a more nuance...
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The Water-Energy-Food (WEF) nexus is increasingly perceived as promising approach to overcome governance failures in dealing with complex and interconnected resource management challenges. Are such expectations warranted and what is required to mobilize the transformative potential inherent in this approach? The paper addresses these questions and...
Article
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he paper reports on a comparative study of three different cases on vision and strategy development for climate change adaptation planning in (i) The South African Breede–Overberg Catchment, (ii) The Mississippi Estuary-New Orleans region and (iii) The Dutch Rhine-Meuse Estuary. The objective of the paper is twofold: to develop a better understandi...
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Groundwater-dependent ecosystem services provide benefits to human well-being and play a key role in regulating ecosystem processes and functions. Improving groundwater management is of fundamental importance to reduce ecological trade-offs and to avoid long-term negative consequences for societies. In this context, local groundwater policies as we...
Article
The notion of polycentric governance has become increasingly popular in recent years. Such development may be attributed to expectations that polycentric governance systems have a higher capacity to deal with complex challenges arising from global and climate change. Most often, employed interpretations of polycentricity emphasize the presence of s...
Chapter
Freshwater resources deliver a broad set of ecosystem services essential for human health and well-being, food and energy production, social and economic stability, and for protecting and maintaining ecosystems. The ever increasing demand of water resources often result in substantial declines in the provision of ecosystem services. The management...
Article
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Any government at any level that is concerned about socio-economic sustainability and public opinion tends to apply social impact assessment (SIA) for proposed structural or institutional projects, programmes or policies that can affect a society or community. SIA helps us to determine, and also potentially enhance, the viability, acceptance and/or...
Article
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Sustainable resources management requires a major transformation of existing resource governance and management systems. These have evolved over a long time under an unsustainable management paradigm, e. g., the transformation from the traditionally prevailing technocratic flood protection toward the holistic integrated flood management approach. W...
Article
Human water security is often achieved with little consideration of environmental consequences and, even when these are acknowledged, the trade-offs between human and environmental water needs are increasing in frequency and amplitude on the increase. The environmental flows concept has continued to evolve in response to these challenges. However,...
Article
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Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) aims at finding practical and sustainable solutions to water resource issues. Research and practice have shown that innovative methods and tools are not sufficient to implement IWRM - the concept needs to also be integrated in prevailing management paradigms and institutions. Water governance science addr...
Article
Dealing with the challenges of global change requires a transition not only in society but also in the scientific community. Despite continued claims for more inter-disciplinary approaches, progress to date has been slow. This paper elaborates on the need for innovation in methodologies and knowledge, on the one hand, and methods and data, on the o...
Article
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The notion that effective environmental governance depends in part on achieving a reasonable fit between institutional arrangements and the features of ecosystems and their interconnections with users has been central to much thinking about social-ecological systems for more than a decade. Based on expert consultations this study proposes a set of...
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This study aims to investigate whether, to what extent and how a transition toward integrated flood management has taken place in the Dongting Lake area at the middle Yangtze. Accordingly, we conducted a longitudinal research of its flood management (1949–2009). We developed an analytical framework linking regime components to two societal learning...
Article
The most persistent obstacles for the sustainable management of water resources lie in the realm of water governance. Numerous recommendations often relying on simplistic ‘standard’ panaceas have been put forward for water governance reform without testing of appropriateness in diverse contexts. Here we present the first comprehensive comparative a...
Article
For decades, the Chinese government has been searching for solutions to cope with the increasing imbalance between the supply and demand of water in the Yellow River Basin. This paper aims at a better understanding of the development of the water allocation regime in the Yellow River Basin between 1950 and 2009, introducing a fresh perspective base...
Article
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In recent years recurring political, economic, and environmental crises require questioning and re-evaluating dominant pathways of human development. However, political and economic frameworks seem to encompass deeply rooted resistance to fundamental changes (e.g., global financial crisis, climate change negotiations). In an effort to repair the sy...
Article
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Within the CLEAR project a new approach to integrated assessment modelling has been developed for the participatory integrated assessment of regional climate change involving citizens' focus groups. The climate change decision problem was structured by focusing separately on climate impacts and mitigation options. The attempt was made to link the d...
Article
To achieve an efficient use and allocation of limited water resources and thus resolve increasing water use conflicts due to fast rising societal water demands, in 2000, the Chinese government started a management strategy of 'Construction of a Water Saving Society (WSS)'. It is guided by the principle that socio-economic development should conside...
Article
This paper provides an evidence-based contribution to understanding processes of climate change adaptation in water governance systems in the Netherlands, Australia and South Africa. It builds upon the work of Ostrom on institutional design principles for local common pool resources systems. We argue that for dealing with complexities and uncertain...
Article
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The over-abstraction of aquifers and the modification of landscape–water systems often result in the degradation of groundwater resources and the loss of related ecosystem services. Many of these problems are associated with failure of governance and management regimes. Thus, groundwater resources require innovative approaches that deal with system...
Article
Highlights ► Water security for humans has been achieved at the expense of aquatic biodiversity. ► Water is the interconnecting resource base of the water–food–energy security nexus. ► Water is involved in almost all sectors & influences several planetary boundaries. ► Good water governance schemes are essential to provide water security. ► Water,...
Chapter
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Executive Summary Actions that range from incremental steps to transformational changes are essential for reducing risk from weather and climate extremes (high agreement, robust evidence). [8.6, 8.7] Incremental steps aim to improve efficiency within existing technological, governance, and value systems, whereas transformation may involve alteratio...
Book
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Responses to Environmental and Societal Challenges for our Unstable Earth (RESCUE), ESF Forward Look – ESF-COST ‘Frontier of Science’ joint initiative
Article
We present a mathematical framework for generic ecosystem models. Experiments with these models show endogeneously created system properties concerning ecosystem per-formance and species coexistence. The framework includes multiple time scales for species dynamics derived from allometric scaling. In simple competition situations we observe a stabil...
Article
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The competing demands placed on groundwater for socio-economic and for ecological benefits, and the resultant tradeoffs, represent a major challenge for the management arena. The governance of groundwater resources and the sustainable management of associated ecosystem services must take into consideration human and biophysical characteristics as i...
Article
This article provides an evidence-based and policy-relevant contribution to understanding the phenomenon of policy learning and its structural constraints in the field of river basin management, in particular related to coping with current and future climatic hazards such as floods and droughts. This has been done by a formal comparative analysis o...
Article
Scope for growth, or the resource balance of an organism or population, has been used as a comparative descriptor for the short-term assessment of stress effects. This concept may be extended to all levels of biological organization, and in particular to the assessment of early responses of communities to anthropogenic stress (or subsidy). The size...
Article
Irrigated agriculture is a main user of groundwater. Achieving a sustainable use of groundwater will often require agricultural land-use changes such as shifting to entirely different kinds of crops and/or technologies. Enhanced understanding of land-use change is hence required for developing policies for a sustainable water future. We use an agen...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past decade a series of major revisions to the generation and use of knowledge in the context of natural resources management has started to undermine basic assumptions on which traditional approaches to water management were based. Limits to our ability to predict and control water systems have become evident and both complexity and human...
Article
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In the face of apparent failures to govern complex environmental problems by the central state, new modes of governance have been proposed in recent years. Network governance is an emerging concept that has not yet been consolidated. In network governance, processes of (collective) learning become an essential feature. The key issue approached here...
Article
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This paper contains an assessment and standardized comparative analysis of the current water management regimes in four case-studies in three European river basins: the Hungarian part of the Upper Tisza, the Ukrainian part of the Upper Tisza (also called Zacarpathian Tisza), Alentejo Region (including the Alqueva Reservoir) in the Lower Guadiana in...
Article
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New regulatory water management requirements on an international level increasingly challenge the capacity of regional water managers to adapt. Stakeholder participation can contribute to dealing with these challenges because it facilitates the incorporation of various forms of knowledge and interests into policy-making and decision-making processe...
Article
In river basins transformation from traditions of reactive flood defense to more adaptive management regimes is difficult. How regime components reinforce each other to set its development path may induce inertia and path dependency. Transformation may require profound shifts in the institutions, technologies, and personnel as well as the ecologica...
Article
Water management in Uzbekistan (Central Asia) is facing tremendous challenges. They are rooted in past and present environmental degradation, the socio-economic transition after the breakup of the Soviet Union, and the impacts of climate change. The Uzbek government has initiated reforms in the agricultural and water sectors to steer the socio-econ...
Article
This paper presents the Management and Transition Framework (MTF), an interdisciplinary conceptual and methodological framework supporting the analysis of water systems, management processes and multi-level governance regimes. It serves to improve the scientific understanding of system properties and to give practical guidance for the implementatio...
Article
Many resource management problems arise from failures of governance. A better understanding of governance regimes is therefore essential for a sustainable management of natural resources. This paper presents an approach that aims to gain insights into water governance regimes by combining a shared language for comparative analyses of case studies f...
Article
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A cross-comparison of climate change adaptation strategies across regions was performed, considering six large river basins as case study areas. Three of the basins, namely the Elbe, Guadiana, and Rhine, are located in Europe, the Nile Equatorial Lakes region and the Orange basin are in Africa, and the Amudarya basin is in Central Asia. The evaluat...
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In view of the declining groundwater table in the North China Plain, this article explores whether, under current farmer groups' irrigation rules and their enforcement, control on irrigation water use can be high. This article first explores whether the sample's rule designs enable potentially excessive irrigation water use to be monitored and sanc...
Article
By now, the need for addressing uncertainty in the management of water resources is widely recognized, yet there is little expertise and experience how to effectively deal with uncertainty in practice. Uncertainties in water management practice so far are mostly dealt with intuitively or based on experience. That way decisions can be quickly taken...
Article
Management of water resources is afflicted with uncertainties. Nowadays it is facing more and new uncertainties since the pace and dimension of changes (e.g. climatic, demographic) are accelerating and are likely to increase even more in the future. Hence it is crucial to find pragmatic ways to deal with these uncertainties in water management. We...
Article
Uncertainty is highly relevant in environmental policy because on the one hand environmental problems are regarded as complex and require a long-term perspective and on the other hand the knowledge available to practitioners and policy makers alike is often fragmentary and not systemised. One key issue arising from this is the challenge to develop...
Article
In recent years, a range of international organizations have worked with the research community to produce a series of integrated assessments of key issues related to global environmental sustainability (e.g. the assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and the UNEP Global Environment...
Article
Dealing with uncertainties in water management is an important issue and is one which will only increase in light of global changes, particularly climate change. So far, uncertainties in water management have mostly been assessed from a scientific point of view, and in quantitative terms. In this paper, we focus on the perspectives from water manag...
Article
Governance failures are at the origin of many resource management problems. In particular climate change and the concomitant increase of extreme weather events has exposed the inability of current governance regimes to deal with present and future challenges. Still our knowledge about resource governance regimes and how they change is quite limited...
Article
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This article assesses the institutional prescriptions of adaptive (co-)management based on a literature review of the (water) governance literature. The adaptive (co-)management literature contains four institutional prescriptions: collaboration in a polycentric governance system, public participation, an experimental approach to resource managemen...
Article
Environmental characterization is necessary to support remediation and monitoring decisions and to construct and validate contaminant dispersion models. The more samples obtained, the greater is the protection against making incorrect decisions. However, taking too many samples wastes valuable resources. The US Environmental Protection Agency has d...