Cláudia B Lopes

Cláudia B Lopes
University of Aveiro | UA · Department of Chemistry

PhD

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84
Publications
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Publications

Publications (84)
Article
Full-text available
Considering the increasing emergence of new contaminants, such as nanomaterials, mixing with legacy contaminants, including metal(loid)s, it becomes imperative to understand the toxic profile resulting from these interactions. This work aimed at assessing and comparing the individual and combined hepatotoxic and neurotoxic potential of titanium dio...
Article
The high demand for greener energy and technological innovation require some crucial elements, such as the rare earths Nd and Dy. Being considered two of the most critical elements (high supply risk), it is vital to recover them from wastes/wastewaters, for later reuse. Here, the influence of operational parameters, such as biosorbent stock density...
Article
Increasing emissions of Platinum-Group Elements (PGE) into marine environments may negatively impact ecosystems services and organism wellbeing. Removing PGE from contaminated systems using efficient and low-cost technologies can therefore provide a sustainable solution to aquatic system remediation. Previous studies highlight algae’s high binding...
Article
Full-text available
The removal of the hazardous Hg2+ from aqueous solutions was studied by ion exchange using titanosilicate in sodium form (Na-ETS-4). Isothermal batch experiments at fixed pH were performed to measure equilibrium and kinetic data, considering two very distinct situations to assess the influence of competition effects: (i) the counter ions initially...
Article
Gadolinium (Gd) is a rare earth associated with hospital and urban wastewaters due to its application as contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging. In this work, the uptake of Gd from contaminated seawater by three living marine macroalgae, Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyta), Fucus spiralis (Phaeophyta) and Gracilaria sp. (Rhodophyta) was studied along...
Article
Full-text available
Spinel ferrite particles (Fe3O4, MnFe2O4, and CoFe2O4) were investigated as magnetic nanosorbents for removing arsenic from spiked water samples. The nanosorbents were collected via magnetic separation from aqueous solutions spiked with an arsenic concentration that mimics the amount of this contaminant in real water samples. This research shows th...
Article
Low recycling rates of rare earth elements (REEs) are a consequence of inefficient, expensive and/or contaminating methods currently available for their extraction from solid wastes or from liquid wastes such as acid mine drainage or industrial wastewaters. The search for sustainable recovery alternatives was the motivation for this study. For the...
Article
Full-text available
Humans are typically exposed to environmental contaminants’ mixtures that result in different toxicity than exposure to the individual counterparts. Yet, the toxicology of chemical mixtures has been overlooked. This work aims at assessing and comparing viability and cell cycle of A549 cells after exposure to single and binary mixtures of: titanium...
Article
Mercury (Hg) removal by six different living marine macroalgae, namely, Ulva intestinalis, Ulva lactuca, Fucus spiralis, Fucus vesiculosus, Gracilaria sp., and Osmundea pinnatifida was investigated in mono and multi-contamination scenarios. All macroalgae were tested under the same experimental conditions, evaluating the competition effects with al...
Article
The use of banana peels as biosorbent for mercury sorption from different aqueous solutions was investigated in this work. The impact of the operating conditions, such as biosorbent dosage, contact time and ionic strength was evaluated for realistic initial Hg(II) concentrations of 50 μg dm-3. Biosorbent dosage and contact time showed more influenc...
Article
Water is an essential resource on Earth and the maintenance of its quality led to the incentive of water reuse programmes. Among the most relevant contaminants, mercury is recognized for its toxicity and biomagnifications along the food chain, reason why its removal from aqueous solutions was studied in this essay using two microporous materials fo...
Article
The need to overcome logistic and ethical limitations of in vivo nanotoxicity evaluation in marine organisms is essential, mostly when dealing with fish. It is well established that medium/solvent conditions affect dispersion and agglomeration of nanoparticles (NPs), which represents a constraint towards a solid and realistic toxicity appraisal. In...
Article
Technology critical elements (TCE) are considered the vitamins of nowadays technology. Factors such as high demand, limited sources and geopolitical pressures, mining exploitation and its negative impact, point these elements as new emerging contaminants and highlight the importance for removal and recycling TCE from contaminated waters. This paper...
Article
Full-text available
Modern societies depend strongly on electronic and electric equipment (EEE) which has a side effect result on the large production of electronic wastes (e-waste). This has been regarded as a worldwide issue, because of its environmental impact-namely due to non-adequate treatment and storage limitations. In particular, EEE is dependent on the avail...
Article
Reliable determination of mercury (Hg) in natural waters is a major analytical challenge due to its low concentration and to the risk of Hg losses or contamination during sampling, storage and pre-treatment of samples. The present work proposes a simple, efficient, sensitive and easy-handling methodology for extraction, pre-concentration and quanti...
Article
We present an ultra sensitive method to quantify the uptake of Hg by dithiocarbamate functionalized magnetic nanoparticles using radioactive tracker spectroscopy. We show a lower limit of detection of about 10fg L- 1, much lower than any other known techniques used to determine the uptake of Hg (about 10⁴ more sensitive), without the need of digest...
Article
This research describes the synthesis and characterization of a periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO) with low thiol density, and its efficiency to trap Hg(II) from waters under realistic environmental conditions. Despite the low density of SH groups grafted to the silanol groups of the pristine PMO, the functionalized material displays effective...
Article
Metal uptake from contaminated waters by living Ulva lactuca was studied during 6 days, under different relevant contamination scenarios. In mono-metallic solutions, with concentrations ranging from 10 to 100 μg L⁻¹ for Hg, 10–200 μg L⁻¹ for Cd, and 50–1000 μg L⁻¹ for Pb, macroalgae (500 mg L⁻¹, d.w.) were able to remove, in most cases 93–99% of me...
Article
Pristine, amino monofunctionalized and amino and thiol bifunctionalized phenylene-bridged periodic mesoporous organosilicas (Ph-PMO) were synthetized by a simple methodology without any protection/deprotection steps. The Ph-PMO materials were characterized and their potential as new sorbents for Hg(II) was investigated for low-contamination scenari...
Article
Results of 7-days exposure to metals, using environmentally realistic conditions, evidenced the high potential of living Fucus vesiculosus to remove Pb, Hg and Cd from contaminated salt waters. For different contamination scenarios (single- and multi-contamination), ca 450 mg L(-1) (dry weight), enable to reduce the concentrations of Pb in 65%, of...
Article
Dithiocarbamate-functionalized magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4@SiO2/SiDTC) have been investigated as a convenient and effective sorbent for mercury removal from river, estuarine and sea waters, and their capability to decrease realistic environmental concentrations to the new environmental quality standards was evaluated. The sorption kinetics was w...
Article
The study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of dithiocarbamate functionalized silica coated magnetite nanoparticles (NPs) for Hg decontamination of saltwater either contaminated with Hg alone or with As and Cd. For this, the residual levels of Hg in seawater were assessed and Hg-contaminated or Hg+As+Cd-contaminated seawater toxicity to aquatic biot...
Article
Full-text available
The biosorption capability of two marine macroalgae (green Ulva lactuca and brown Fucus vesiculosus) was evaluated in the removal of toxic metals (Hg, Cd and Pb) from saline waters, under realistic conditions. Results showed that, independently of the contamination scenario tested, both macroalgae have a remarkable capacity to biosorb Hg and Pb. In...
Article
The efficiency of chitosan cross-linked with genipin (Chg) and cross-linked with genipin and grafted with caffeic acid (Chg+caf) to remove Hg(II) from waters was investigated. An optimal dose of 50 mg L-1 for both chitosan films was selected based on the equilibrium removal percentage and on the contact time required to attain the equilibrium. The...
Article
Mercury and cadmium are considered by the water framework directive priority hazardous substances. In this work, the capacity of crab carapace and clam shell wastes to remove mercury and cadmium from water was evaluated under batch conditions, for realistic contamination scenarios in monometallic and binary solutions. The results evidenced that in...
Article
One of the recognized challenges in chemical extraction of mercury from soil is the diversity of procedures that are currently available in literature and that differ in terms of the extractant solution used, soil:extractant ratio and duration of extraction. Therefore, this study focused on establishing the role of operational parameters for extrac...
Article
This study aimed to assess and explore the bioaccumulation capabilities of three different macroalgae species, Ulva lactuca (green), Gracilaria gracilis (red) and Fucus vesiculosus (brown), very common on temperate coasts and estuaries, for the removal of mercury (Hg) from contaminated waters (with high salinity), using environmentally realistic co...
Article
We report on an international proficiency test (PT) scheme for mercury (Hg) determination in soil, sediment, fish and human-hair samples (ILAE-Hg-02). For total-Hg determination, 74% of participants had a satisfactory performance (|z-score| ≤ 2), 8% had a questionable performance and 18% required action (|z-score| > 3). The best results were obtain...
Article
Sorbents based on silica and silica coated magnetite particles have been functionalized with dithiocarbamate groups, aiming at the uptake of mercury. The uptake capacity of the synthesized materials were evaluated systematically for variable operational parameters including degree of functionalization, sorption time, sorbent dose, and initial Hg(II...
Article
The study aimed to assess the genotoxic potential of silica-coated iron oxide nanoparticle functionalized with dithiocarbamate groups (IONP, 100 nm) in vitro exposure alone or its interference with mercury (Hg) co-exposure in the blood of European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) by evaluating 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), lipid peroxidation (LPO...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Interference of the co-exposure of mercury with silica coated iron oxide nanoparticles can modulate genotoxicity induced by their individual exposures-A paradox depicted in fish under in vitro conditions Abstract The study aimed to assess the genotoxic potential of co-exposure of silica coated iron oxide nanoparticles with mercury (Hg) in fish (Ang...
Article
This work reports the preparation of ferromagnetic nickel nanowires (NiNW) coated with thiolated siliceous shells and its application for the uptake of aqueous Hg(II) ions by magnetic separation. NiNW with an average diameter and length of 35 nm and 5 μm respectively, were firstly prepared by Ni electrodeposition in an anodic aluminum oxide templat...
Article
A microporous material denoted ETS-4 was used as the decontaminant agent to treat water with a low level of Hg contamination. The effectiveness of the treatment was evaluated by assessment of the efficiency of Hg removal and ecotoxicological responses. The results showed that under highly competitive conditions the removal of Hg ranged between 58 %...
Article
In the present work, the efficiency of rice husk to remove Hg(II) from river waters spiked with realistic environmental concentrations of this metal (μg L(-1) range) was evaluated. The residual levels of Hg(II) obtained after the remediation process were compared with the guideline values for effluents discharges and water for human consumption, an...
Article
In this work, the efficiency of a local and highly, available agricultural waste, the raw rice husk, was used to remove mercury (Hg) from synthetic and natural waters, spiked with concentrations that reflect the contamination problems found in the environment. Different operating conditions were tested, including initial pH, ionic strength, the pre...
Article
Full-text available
The technical feasibility of using stopper-derived cork as an effective biosorbent towards bivalent mercury at environmentally relevant concentrations and conditions was evaluated in this study. Only 25 mg/L of cork powder was able to achieve 94 % of mercury removal for an initial mercury concentration of 500 μg/L. It was found that under the condi...
Article
New sorbents based on magnetite particles coated with siliceous shells were synthesized and tested in the removal of mercury ions from aqueous solutions by magnetic separation. Atomic fluorescence spectroscopy studies performed on water samples treated with these sorbents have shown that the metal ion concentration decreased to values lower than th...
Article
The present work explores the sorption capacity of an inexpensive and highly available agricultural waste, rice husk, to remove mercury using realistic concentrations of this metal. The efficiency of the process was evaluated for two initial Hg(II) concentrations, one representing the maximum value for Hg discharges from industrial sectors (0.05 mg...
Article
Mercury and cadmium are priority hazardous substances. Some titanosilicates have been tested for the removal of Cd2+ and Hg2+ from single solutions by ion exchange. In this work, the competition between both contaminants for the exchanger binding sites of titanosilicate Engelhard titanosilicate material number 4 (ETS-4) was studied by performing ba...
Article
Full-text available
In the present work the removal of mercury from aqueous solutions media and for realistic concentrations of this metal was evaluated, by using an inexpensive and highly available agricultural waste, rice husk. An economical method was developed based on the use of the natural/unmodified form of rice husk and on the amount of material required, whic...
Article
The sorption capacity of nanoporous titanosilicate Engelhard titanosilicate number 4 (ETS-4) and silica-coated magnetite particles derivatised with dithiocarbamate groups towards Hg(II) was evaluated and compared in spiked ultra-pure and spiked surface-river water, for different batch factors. In the former, and using a batch factor of 100 m(3)/kg...
Article
Full-text available
Water scarcity is being recognized as a present and future threat to human activity and as a consequence water purification technologies are gaining major attention worldwide. Nanotechnology has many successful applications in different fields but recently its application for water and wastewater treatment has emerged as a fast-developing, promisin...
Chapter
Metals are essential for the existence of life. Due to their chemical, physical, electrical and mechanical properties, they found a large number of applications, their use being intrinsically associated with the development of society. Besides their natural occurrence in the ecosystem, the application of metallic compounds in several industrial and...
Article
The present study reports the assembly and operation of a fixed bed using the microporous titanosilicate ETS-4 as sorbent. Sorption–desorption cycles were carried out on an ETS-4 fixed-bed, for the removal of Hg2+ from contaminated water. The sorption capacity of the ETS-4 in the column in two consecutive cycles remained constant (33.6 and 33.3mgg−...
Article
In order to take advantage of the high affinity between mercury and sulphur, magnetite (Fe(3)O(4)) particles functionalized with dithiocarbamate groups (CS(2)(-)), were synthesized to be used as a new type of sorbent to remove Hg (II) from synthetic and natural spiked waters. The effectiveness of this type of sorbent was studied, and its potential...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed at evaluating and comparing the removal of arsenic from solutions by a low-cost waste-based sorbent, produced by pyrolysing sewage sludge under appropriate conditions, and by a commercially activated carbon. Batch sorption experiments were performed under isothermal conditions (20°C), in order to evaluate the effect of pH on the ar...
Article
After having estimated the patterns of flow to the ocean and found some seasonal and tidal differences, mainly with regard to the relative importance of dissolved and particulate fractions, mercury partitioning at the interface between a contaminated lagoon and the Atlantic Ocean was investigated during four tidal cycles in contrasting season and t...
Article
The magnetic removal of Hg(2+) from water has been assessed using silica coated magnetite particles. The magnetite particles were first prepared by hydrolysis of FeSO(4) and their surfaces were modified with amorphous silica shells that were then functionalized with organic moieties containing terminal dithiocarbamate groups. Under the experimental...
Article
The synthetic microporous titanosilicate material ETS-4 has been used for the removal of Hg2+ and Cd2+ from water. Batch stirred experiments were carried out to study the equilibrium and the kinetics of the removal of Hg2+ and Cd2+ from water. It has been demonstrated that ETS-4 has a great affinity for both these metal cations even when their init...
Article
Batch stirred tank experiments were carried out to study the effect of pH (range 2-10, at 294 K) and temperature (277, 294 and 313 K, at pH 5) on the uptake of Hg(2+) ions by ETS-4 microporous titanosilicate. Changes in the pH have a significant effect on the ETS-4 uptake efficiency, the optimal range being 4-6. Due to competition effects, the chem...
Article
Batch stirred tank experiments were carried out to study the application of ETS-4 microporous titanosilicate for Hg2+ ions removal from aqueous solution. The effect of operational conditions was assessed and it was proved that Hg2+ uptake (%) increases with increasing contact time, increasing ETS-4 mass and decreasing initial Hg2+ concentration. It...
Article
The ability of microporous titanosilicate ETS-4 to uptake Cd2+ from aqueous solutions has been investigated, assessing its potential in water remediation. In order to study the equilibrium and the kinetics of the process, batch stirred tank experiments have been carried out by contacting a fixed volume of solution with known masses of ETS-4. The ev...
Article
A proficiency-testing scheme concerning total mercury determination in soils and sediments (with different levels of contamination) and fish tissue involved 25 European laboratories as participants, who used their regular in-house analytical methods, and reference values were determined from the results obtained. The most precise results were obtai...
Article
Crystalline microporous titanosilicates have been recently recognized by their interesting adsorption properties and ion-exchange capability, as well as relatively easy catalytic activation. The aim of this work is to evaluate the ability of titanosilicate ETS-4 to uptake Hg2+ from aqueous solutions, assessing their potential as decontaminating age...
Article
Land/ocean boundaries constitute complex systems with active physical and biogeochemical processes that affect the global carbon cycle. An example of such a system is the mesotidal lagoon named Ria de Aveiro (Portugal, 40°38′N, 08°45′W), which is connected to the Atlantic Ocean by a single channel, 350 m wide. The objective of this study was to est...
Article
Full-text available
The Ria de Aveiro (Portugal) is a coast al lagoon adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean and it has an inner bay (Laranjo bay) that received a highly contaminated effluent discharged by a mercury cell chlor-alkali plant from the 1950s until 1994. The aim of this study is to review in a holistic way several research studies that have been carried out in the...
Article
The objective was to estimate the seasonal and inter-tidal variability of dissolved and particulate mercury fluxes between the Ria de Aveiro (Portugal) and the Atlantic Ocean. The mercury fluxes were estimated by means of a two-dimensional vertically integrated hydrodynamic model. Results showed that the particulate fraction plays an important role...
Article
Full-text available
Mercury, with its reactive forms being the most deleterious for the trophic chains, has been identified as a major pollutant in a few confined bodies of the coastal zone. Due to feeding, burrowing, and bioirrigation activities, infauna are known to play a crucial role in the biogeochemical processes of contaminants. The main goal of the present stu...
Article
Full-text available
Recebido em 7/3/07; aceito em 27/7/07; publicado na web em 26/2/08 Being mercury one of the most toxic heavy metals present in the environment, it is of major concern to develop cleanup technologies to remove it from wastewater and recover mercury polluted ecosystems. In this context, we study the potential of some microporous titanosilicates and z...
Article
Full-text available
The productivity of Ria de Aveiro is sustained by the large quantities of dissolved inorganic nutrients, mainly from freshwater inputs (e.g. agricultural drainage) and organic-rich anthropogenic point sources (e.g. urban sewage). The concentration of silicate and nitrate showed a similar seasonal variation and conservative behaviour, since 63 to 96...