Claudia Kaufmann

Claudia Kaufmann
Universität Heidelberg · Department of Internal Medicine II, General Internal Medicine and Psychosomatics

Human Science D

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28
Publications
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569
Citations

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Zusammenfassung Geflüchtete erleben vielfach traumatisierende Ereignisse im Heimatland und auf der Flucht, die in dieser Gruppe zu einer erhöhten Prävalenz der Posttraumatischen Belastungsstörung führen. Traumaorientierte stabilisierende Techniken können vor allem in der frühen post-migratorischen Phase eine erste psychosoziale Stabilisierung traum...
Article
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Pregnant refugees and new mothers are at high risk of developing mental health problems. Previous research has highlighted an increase in adverse pre‐, peri‐ and postpartum outcomes in refugee women and their newborns. This descriptive study aimed to present the characteristics and needs of refugee women who attended a psychosocial walk‐in clinic a...
Book
Die Broschüre wendet sich an Geflüchtete, BehandlerInnen und alle interessierten LeserInnen, die durch Achtsamkeit und Imagination selbst mehr psychische Stabilität entwickeln oder diese vermitteln möchten. Um der Sprachpluralität gerecht zu werden, liegen die Übungen neben Deutsch auf den sechs Sprachen Englisch, Französisch, Arabisch, Farsi, Türk...
Article
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Refugees have an increased risk of developing mental health problems. Due to the unstable setting in refugee state registration and reception centers, recommended trauma-focused treatment approaches are often not applicable. For this purpose, we devised a suitable therapeutic approach to treat traumatized refugees in a German state registration and...
Article
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Background: Due to persecution, human rights violations and armed conflicts, the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is high in refugee populations. Previous studies indicate that trauma-focused treatments are highly effective in treating PTSD in refugees. However, these approaches rely on the stability of the therapeutic setting, t...
Article
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Objective Activation of semantic networks is indexed by the N400 effect. We used a twin study design to investigate whether N400 effect abnormalities reflect genetic/trait liability or are related to psychopathological processes in schizophrenia. Methods We employed robust linear regression to compare N400 and behavioral priming effects across 36...
Article
Im Zuge der aktuellen Flüchtlingsbewegung wurden 2015 in Deutschland über 400.000 Asylanträge gestellt. Belastungen im Heimatland, auf der Flucht oder Postmigrationsstressoren führen bei den Geflüchteten zu einer erheblichen psychischen Belastung. Um die psychosoziale Versorgung von Geflüchteten im Registrierungszentrum des Landes Baden-Württemberg...
Article
Aim The aim of this study was to calculate disorder-specific excess costs in patients with functional somatic syndromes (FSS). Methods We compared 6-month direct and indirect costs in a patient group with FSS (n = 273) to a control group of the general adult population in Germany without FSS (n = 2914). Data on the patient group were collected bet...
Article
Background: Collaborative group intervention (CGI) in patients with functional somatic syndromes (FSS) has been shown to improve mental quality of life. Objective: To analyse incremental cost-utility of CGI compared to enhanced medical care in patients with FSS. Methods: An economic evaluation alongside a cluster-randomised controlled trial wa...
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Interface problems between health care sectors hinder collaborative care in functional syndromes. The speciAL trial investigated a disorder-oriented group intervention conducted by the general practitioner (GP) and a psychosomatic specialist (PS) in the GP's office. To evaluate the GP-PS cooperation, our qualitative study analysed free text stateme...
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BACKGROUND: The EQ-5D is a generic questionnaire providing a preference-based index score applicable to cost-utility analysis. This is the first study to validate the EQ-5D in patients with somatoform disorders. METHODS: Data of the EQ-5D descriptive system, the British and the German EQ-5D index and the EQ Visual Analogue Scale, the Patient Health...
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Background: Patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are frequent in primary care and substantially impaired in their quality of life (QoL). Specific training of general practitioners (GPs) alone did not demonstrate sustained improvement at later follow-up in current reviews. We evaluated a collaborative group intervention. Methods: We...
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To review cost-of-illness studies (COI) and economic evaluations (EE) conducted for medically unexplained symptoms and to analyze their methods and results. We searched the databases PubMed, PsycINFO and National Health Service Economic Evaluations Database of the University of York. Cost data were inflated to 2006 using country-specific gross dome...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Patienten mit somatoformen Syndromen sind für Psychotherapie schwer erreichbar. Die spezifische allgemeinmedizinisch-psychosomatische Kurzgruppenintervention (speziALL) ist die erste Gruppenbehandlung somatoformer Syndrome in der Hausarztpraxis und wird gemeinsam durch Hausarzt und Psychosomatiker geleitet. Zehn wöchentliche Sitzung...
Article
(i) To analyze general practitioners' diagnosis of somatisation disorder (P75) using the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC)-2-E in routine general practice. (ii) To validate the distinctiveness of the ICD-10 to ICPC-2 conversion rule which maps ICD-10 dissociative/conversion disorder (F44) as well as half of the somatoform categori...
Chapter
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Am Beispiel funktioneller/somatoformer Syndrome, d. h. persistierender, nicht hinreichend er-klärter Körperbeschwerden, zeigen die an anderer Stelle veröffentlichten Ergebnisse [1] die Möglich-keit, mit Hilfe von Daten aus dem CONTENT-Re-gister, einen Einblick in das hausärztliche Diagno-severhalten und die Anwendung der eingesetzten Klassifikation...
Article
Hintergrund: Obwohl Patienten mit somatoformen/ funktionellen Syndromen am haufigsten in der Hausarztpraxis versorgt werden, fehlen hier evaluierte Behandlungskonzepte. In der Sekundarversorgung waren Gruppeninterventionen effektiv und okonomisch (1,2). Im BMBF-geforderten speziALL-Projekt wird eine manualisierte storungs- und ressourcenorientierte...
Article
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Die Versorgung von PatientInnen mit funktionellen somatischen Syndromen erfordert die Kooperation von Primär-versorgung und Psychotherapie. Stö-rungstypisch ist ein Gesprächsverhalten, in dem längere Strecken der Beschwer-deklage von kurzen Hinweisen auf psy-chosoziale Schwierigkeiten unterbrochen werden. Als Grundprinzipien der Ge-sprächsführung g...
Article
As a proposed risk factor for infant and child development, maternal history of abuse has been a frequent target of investigation. However, there have been no controlled studies about the impact of maternal history of abuse on the medical course of pregnancy, the peri- and postnatal period. All women with a newborn child were contacted by mail and...
Article
Behavioral inhibition, a temperamental trait signalling a predisposition to childhood and adolescent anxiety disorders, is slightly more frequent in America among Caucasian children having blue irises. This paper examines a community sample of 101 German toddlers assessed for behavioral inhibition in a standardized laboratory procedure. Hair pigmen...
Article
This study explored the genetic basis of neurological soft signs in schizophrenia and addressed disturbed hemispheric lateralization. The authors investigated neurological soft signs in 30 monozygotic twin pairs, 13 pairs discordant for schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and 17 healthy comparison twin pairs. The twins with schizophrenia show...
Article
Objective: Neurological soft signs (NSS) are minor neurological deficits which are not indicative of a specific cerebral lesion. Although NSS are commonly found among schizophrenic patients, there is still an ongoing controversy whether they are genetically transmitted or environmentally caused. Method: Monozygotic twins (10 concordant for schizoph...

Projects

Project (1)
Archived project