Claudia Gonzaga-Jauregui

Claudia Gonzaga-Jauregui
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México | UNAM · International Laboratory for Human Genome Research

Ph.D.

About

130
Publications
25,355
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7,732
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Introduction
I am a human geneticist and genomicist dedicated to the investigation of pathogenic and polymorphic genomic variation, from simple nucleotide variants to large copy-number and structural variation, that contribute to human variation, traits, and disease. I focus on the investigation of rare disorders and Mendelian phenotypes segregating in families through the application of genomic technologies for novel gene discovery, diagnostics, and therapeutic development to enable precision medicine.
Additional affiliations
June 2020 - present
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
January 2016 - May 2020
Regeneron
Position
  • Manager
August 2014 - December 2015
Regeneron
Position
  • Manager
Education
August 2008 - April 2013
Baylor College of Medicine
Field of study
  • Molecular and Human Genetics
August 2003 - November 2007

Publications

Publications (130)
Article
Full-text available
Following the "finished," euchromatic, haploid human reference genome sequence, the rapid development of novel, faster, and cheaper sequencing technologies is making possible the era of personalized human genomics. Personal diploid human genome sequences have been generated, and each has contributed to our better understanding of variation in the h...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeWe integrated whole-exome sequencing (WES) and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) into a clinical workflow to serve an endogamous, uninsured, agrarian community.Methods Seventy-nine probands (newborn to 49.8 years) who presented between 1998 and 2015 remained undiagnosed after biochemical and molecular investigations. We generated WES dat...
Article
Lipodystrophies are a group of disorders characterized by absence or loss of adipose tissue and abnormal fat distribution, commonly accompanied by metabolic dysregulation. Although considered rare disorders, their prevalence in the general population is not well understood. We aimed to evaluate the clinical and genetic prevalence of lipodystrophy d...
Preprint
Previously we reported the identification of a homozygous COL27A1 (c.2089G>C; p.Gly697Arg) missense variant and proposed it as a founder allele in Puerto Rico segregating with Steel syndrome (STLS, MIM #615155); a rare osteochondrodysplasia characterized by short stature, congenital bilateral hip dysplasia, carpal coalitions, and scoliosis. We now...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), clinically defined as Crohn’s disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), or IBD-unclassified, results in chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract in genetically susceptible hosts. Pediatric onset IBD represents ≥ 25% of all IBD diagnoses and often presents with intestinal stricturing, perianal disease, and fa...
Article
Full-text available
The vision of the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) is that people everywhere will realize the benefits of human genetics and genomics. Implicit in that vision is the importance of ensuring that the benefits of human genetics and genomics research are realized in ways that minimize harms and maximize benefits, a goal that can only be achiev...
Article
Purpose Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), such as intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), exhibit genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity, making them difficult to differentiate without a molecular diagnosis. The Clinical Genome Resource Intellectual Disability/Autism Gene Curation Expert Panel (GCEP) uses systematic curati...
Article
Full-text available
Background Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) due to a founder variant in Apolipoprotein B (ApoB R3500Q ) is reported in 12% of the Pennsylvania Amish community. By studying a cohort of ApoB R3500Q heterozygotes and homozygotes, we aimed to characterize the biochemical and cardiac imaging features in children and young adults with a common genetic...
Article
Intestinal mucus forms the first line of defense against bacterial invasion while providing nutrition to support microbial symbiosis. How the host controls mucus barrier integrity and commensalism is unclear. We show that terminal sialylation of glycans on intestinal mucus by ST6GALNAC1 (ST6), the dominant sialyltransferase specifically expressed i...
Article
Mutations in nitrogen permease regulator-like 3 (NPRL3), a component of the GATOR1 complex within the mTOR pathway, are associated with epilepsy and malformations of cortical development. Little is known about the effects of NPRL3 loss on neuronal mTOR signalling and morphology, or cerebral cortical development and seizure susceptibility. We report...
Article
Purpose Mendelian disease genomic research has undergone a massive transformation over the past decade. With increasing availability of exome and genome sequencing, the role of Mendelian research has expanded beyond data collection, sequencing, and analysis to worldwide data sharing and collaboration. Methods Over the past 10 years, the National I...
Article
Cell adhesion molecules are membrane-bound proteins predominantly expressed in the central nervous system along principal axonal pathways with key roles in nervous system development, neural cell differentiation and migration, axonal growth and guidance, myelination, and synapse formation. Here, we describe ten affected individuals with bi-allelic...
Article
Objective: Prenatal exome sequencing (ES) is currently indicated for fetal malformations. Some neurocognitive genetic disorders may not have a prenatal phenotype. We assessed the prevalence of prenatally detectable phenotypes among patients with neurocognitive syndromes diagnosed postnatally by ES. Methods: The medical files of a cohort of 138 p...
Article
Full-text available
De novo mutations are known to play a prominent role in sporadic disorders with reduced fitness. We hypothesize that de novo mutations play an important role in severe male infertility and explain a portion of the genetic causes of this understudied disorder. To test this hypothesis, we utilize trio-based exome sequencing in a cohort of 185 inferti...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aims Diagnosis of monogenic disease is increasingly important for patient care and personalizing therapy. However, the current process is nonstandardized, expensive, and time consuming. There is currently no accepted strategy to help identify disease-causing variants in monogenic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of the study...
Article
Background Muscular A-type lamin-interacting protein (MLIP) is most abundantly expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle. In vitro and animal studies have shown its regulatory role in myoblast differentiation and in organization of myonuclear positioning in skeletal muscle, as well as in cardiomyocyte adaptation and cardiomyopathy. We report the ass...
Article
Founder populations may be enriched with certain genetic variants of high clinical impact compared to nonfounder populations due to bottleneck events and genetic drift. Using exome sequencing (ES), we quantified the load of pathogenic variants that may be clinically actionable in 6136 apparently healthy adults living in the Lancaster, PA Old Order...
Article
Background: Biallelic loss-of-function mutations in CARMIL2 cause combined immunodeficiency associated with dermatitis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and EBV-related smooth muscle tumors. Clinical and immunological characterizations of the disease with long-term follow-up and treatment options have not been previously reported in large cohorts...
Preprint
Full-text available
2 Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the phenotypes of individuals with pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants in the MECP2 gene. Methods: We surveyed exome sequencing data from a large clinical care cohort for deleterious variation in the MECP2 gene. We reviewed de-identified clinical information for these individuals to interrogate for neurodevelop...
Article
Full-text available
Background Glaucoma is a leading cause of visual disability and blindness. Release of iris pigment within the eye, pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS), can lead to one type of glaucoma known as pigmentary glaucoma. PDS has a genetic component, however, the genes involved with this condition are largely unknown. We sought to discover genes that cause...
Article
Full-text available
It was highlighted that the original article [1] contained an error in the name of Claudia Gonzaga-Jauregui. It was incorrectly captured as Gonzaga-Juaregui. The original article has been updated.
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: To evaluate the phenotypes of individuals with pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants in the MECP2 gene. Methods: We surveyed exome sequencing data from a large clinical care cohort for deleterious variation in the MECP2 gene. We reviewed de-identified clinical information for these individuals to interrogate for neurodevelopmental and...
Article
Adaptor protein (AP) complexes mediate selective intracellular vesicular trafficking and polarized localization of somatodendritic proteins in neurons. Disease-causing alleles of various subunits of AP complexes have been implicated in several heritable human disorders, including intellectual disabilities (IDs). Here, we report two bi-allelic (c.73...
Article
Tel Hashomer camptodactyly syndrome is a long‐known entity characterized by camptodactyly with muscular hypoplasia, skeletal dysplasia, and abnormal palmar creases. Currently, the genetic basis for this disorder is unknown, thus there is a possibility that this clinical presentation may be contained within another genetic diagnosis. Here, we presen...
Article
Full-text available
Intellectual disability encompasses a wide spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders, with many linked genetic loci. However, the underlying molecular mechanism for more than 50% of the patients remains elusive. We describe pathogenic variants in SMARCA5 , encoding the ATPase motor of the ISWI chromatin remodeler, as a cause of a previously unidenti...
Preprint
Full-text available
De novo mutations (DNMs) are known to play a prominent role in many sporadic disorders with reduced fitness. We hypothesize that DNMs play an important role in male infertility and explain a significant fraction of the genetic causes of this understudied disorder. We performed a trio-based exome-sequencing study in a unique cohort of 185 infertile...
Article
Full-text available
Interleukin (IL)-37, an antiinflammatory IL-1 family cytokine, is a key suppressor of innate immunity. IL-37 signaling requires the heterodimeric IL-18R1 and IL-1R8 receptor, which is abundantly expressed in the gastrointestinal tract. Here we report a 4-mo-old male from a consanguineous family with a homozygous loss-of-function IL37 mutation. The...
Article
Full-text available
Iron‑sulfur clusters (FeSCs) are vital components of a variety of essential proteins, most prominently within mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes I-III; FeS assembly and distribution is performed via multi-step pathways. Variants affecting several proteins in these pathways have been described in genetic disorders, including severe mitochondr...
Article
Objective: Laboratories performing prenatal exome sequencing (ES) frequently limit analysis to predetermined gene lists. We used a diagnostic postnatal ES cohort to assess how many of the genes diagnosed are not included in a number of select fixed lists used for prenatal diagnosis. Methods: Of 601 postnatal ES tests, pathogenic variants related...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction De novo mutations (DNMs) are known to play a prominent role in sporadic disorders with reduced fitness ¹ . We hypothesize that DNMs play an important role in male infertility and explain a significant fraction of the genetic causes of this understudied disorder. To test this hypothesis, we performed trio-based exome-sequencing in a uni...
Article
POLR3A encodes the largest subunit of the DNA‐dependent RNA polymerase III. Pathogenic variants in this gene are associated with dysregulation of tRNA production and other non‐coding RNAs. POLR3A‐related disorders include variable phenotypes. The genotype‐phenotype correlation is still unclear. Phenotypic analysis and exome sequencing were performe...
Article
Objectives We hypothesized that variants within clinically relevant pharmacogenes could be identified using a whole exome sequencing (WES) dataset derived from a cohort of over 1000 IBD patients. Methods Pediatric patients diagnosed with IBD underwent WES. We selected 18 genes with supporting literature where specific exonic variants would influen...
Article
To investigate the effectiveness of phenotype-based search approaches using publicly available online databases. We included consecutively solved cases from our exome database. For each case, the combination of Human Phenotype Ontology terms reported by the referring clinician was used to perform a search in three commonly used databases: OMIM (fir...
Article
A male patient with a de novo mutation in the YWHAG gene and mild phenotype is presented. He had normal delivery and normal development, with normal speech and social milestones. At the age of 9 months, myoclonic seizures started, with generalized epileptiform discharges. The child responded well to levetiracetam monotherapy with complete seizure r...
Chapter
In the last three decades, the development and implementation of genomic approaches and technologies have transformed the study of human genetics, disease, and health. Specifically, the study of seemingly rare genetic disorders and the identification of their molecular underpinnings have been revolutionized by the implementation of genomic sequenci...
Chapter
The genomic techniques developed in recent decades have advanced the field of genetics very rapidly by playing an essential role in identifying disease-causing variation, functionally characterizing many of the ~25,000 computationally annotated genes in the human genome, and elucidating important biological pathways in human health and disease. The...
Chapter
From karyotyping to sequencing, the development and improvement of technologies that allow to study the human genome at greater resolution have revealed the extent to which it varies. A major contributor to human genomic variation is structural variation that shapes the architecture of the genome. Genomic rearrangements derived from such architectu...
Chapter
Since the beginning of the Human Genome Project, sequencing of the human genome has driven the development of technologies and methods to discover the variation within it. While the cost of sequencing the original human haploid consensus reference genome was approximately $2.7 billion US dollars, the subsequent development of better and more effici...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nitrogen Permease Regulator Like 3 (NPRL3) variants are associated with malformations of cortical development (MCD) and epilepsy. We report a large (n=133) founder NPRL3 (c.349delG, p.Glu117LysFS) pedigree dating to 1727, with heterogeneous epilepsy and MCD phenotypes. Whole exome analysis in individuals with and without seizures in this cohort did...
Article
INTRODUCTION: We hypothesized that variants within clinically relevant pharmacogenes could be identified using a whole exome sequencing data set derived from a cohort of more than 1,000 patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Pediatric patients diagnosed with IBD underwent whole exome sequencing. We selected 18 genes with supportin...
Article
Background - In population-based research exome sequencing (ES), the path from variant discovery to return of results (rROR) is not well established. Variants discovered by research ES have the potential to improve population health. Methods - Population-based ES and agnostic ExWAS were performed 5,521 Amish individuals. Additional phenotyping and...
Article
Full-text available
The UK Biobank is a prospective study of 502,543 individuals, combining extensive phenotypic and genotypic data with streamlined access for researchers around the world¹. Here we describe the release of exome-sequence data for the first 49,960 study participants, revealing approximately 4 million coding variants (of which around 98.6% have a freque...
Article
Full-text available
Very early onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEOIBD) denotes children with onset of IBD before six years of age. A number of monogenic disorders are associated with VEOIBD including tetratricopeptide repeat domain 7A (TTC7A) deficiency. TTC7A‑deficiency is characterized by apoptotic colitis in milder cases with severe intestinal atresia and immunod...
Preprint
Full-text available
Intellectual disability (ID) encompasses a wide spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders, with many linked genetic loci. However, the underlying molecular mechanism for over 50% of the patients remains elusive. We describe mutations in SMARCA5 , encoding the ATPase motor of the ISWI chromatin remodeler, as a cause of a novel neurodevelopmental diso...
Article
Full-text available
Neurodevelopmental disorder with microcephaly, hypotonia, and variable brain anomalies (NMIHBA) is an autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorder characterized by global developmental delay and severe intellectual disability. Microcephaly, progressive cortical atrophy, cerebellar hypoplasia and delayed myelination are neur...
Article
Distal hereditary motor neuropathies (HMNs) and axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy (CMT2) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases characterized primarily by motor neuron degeneration and distal weakness. The genetic cause for about half of the individuals affected by HMN/CMT2 remains unknown. Here, we report the identification of p...
Article
Feingold syndrome 1 (FGLDS1) is an autosomal dominant malformation syndrome, characterized by skeletal anomalies, microcephaly, facial dysmorphism, gastrointestinal atresias and learning disabilities. Mutations in the MYCN gene are known to be the cause of this syndrome. Congenital absence of the flexor pollicis longus (CAFPL) tendon is a rare hand...
Article
Full-text available
Centenarians (exceptionally long‐lived individuals—ELLI) are a unique segment of the population, exhibiting long human lifespan and healthspan, despite generally practicing similar lifestyle habits as their peers. We tested disease‐associated mutation burden in ELLI genomes by determining the burden of pathogenic variants reported in the ClinVar an...
Article
Clinical data provided to genetic testing laboratories are frequently scarce. Our purpose was to evaluate clinical scenarios where phenotypic refinement in proband’s family members might impact exome data interpretation. Of 614 exomes, 209 were diagnostic and included in this study. Phenotypic information was gathered by the variant interpretation...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective Large scale next-generation sequencing of population cohorts paired with patients’ electronic health records (EHR) provides an excellent resource for the study of gene-disease associations. To validate those associations, researchers often consult databases that identify relationships between genes of interest and relevant disease phenoty...
Article
Background: Chromosomal instability, as reflected by structural or copy-number changes, is a known cancer characteristic but are rarely observed in healthy tissue. Mutations in DNA repair genes disrupt the maintenance of DNA integrity and predispose to hereditary cancer syndromes. Objective: To clinically characterise and genetically diagnose tw...
Article
Biallelic mutations in the genes encoding CD27 or its ligand CD70 underlie inborn errors of immunity characterized predominantly by EBV-associated immune dysregulation, such as chronic viremia, severe infectious mononucleosis, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), lymphoproliferation and malignancy. A comprehensive understanding of the natural...
Article
Full-text available
Previously we reported the identification of a homozygous COL27A1 (c.2089G>C; p.Gly697Arg) missense variant and proposed it as a founder allele in Puerto Rico segregating with Steel syndrome (STLS, MIM #615155); a rare osteochondrodysplasia characterized by short stature, congenital bilateral hip dysplasia, carpal coalitions, and scoliosis. We now...
Article
Full-text available
Genitopatellar syndrome and Say–Barber–Biesecker–Young–Simpson syndrome are caused by variants in the KAT6B gene and are part of a broad clinical spectrum called KAT6B disorders, whose variable expressivity is increasingly being recognized. We herein present the phenotypes of 32 previously unreported individuals with a molecularly confirmed diagnos...
Preprint
Full-text available
Neurodevelopmental disorder with microcephaly, hypotonia, and variable brain anomalies (NMIHBA) is an autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorder characterized by global developmental delay and severe intellectual disability. Microcephaly, progressive cortical atrophy, cerebellar hypoplasia and delayed myelination are neur...
Article
Full-text available
Background & aims: A proportion of infants and young children with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have subtypes associated with a single gene variant (monogenic IBD). We aimed to determine the prevalence of monogenic disease in a cohort of pediatric patients with IBD. Methods: We performed whole-exome sequencing analyses of blood samples from...
Article
Catel-Manzke syndrome is characterized by the combination of Pierre Robin sequence and radial deviation, shortening as well as clinodactyly of the index fingers, due to an accessory ossification center. Mutations in TGDS have been identified as one cause of Catel-Manzke syndrome, but cannot be found as causative in every patient with the clinical d...
Article
Inside Back Cover: The cover image is based on the Research Article Xq22 deletions and correlation with distinct neurological disease traits in females: Further evidence for a contiguous gene syndrome by Hadia Hijazi et al., https://doi.org/10.1002/humu.23902. Cover image © Hadia Hijazi & Ameerah Deyab Images.
Article
MN1 encodes a transcriptional co-regulator without homology to other proteins, previously implicated in acute myeloid leukaemia and development of the palate. Large deletions encompassing MN1 have been reported in individuals with variable neurodevelopmental anomalies and non-specific facial features. We identified a cluster of de novo truncating m...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Group 1 pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease with high mortality despite recent therapeutic advances. Pathogenic remodeling of pulmonary arterioles leads to increased pulmonary pressures, right ventricular hypertrophy, and heart failure. Mutations in bone morphogenetic protein receptor type 2 and other risk genes pre...
Article
Agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) is a common prenatally‐detected brain anomaly. Recently, an association between mutations in the DCC Netrin 1 receptor (DCC) gene and ACC, with or without mirror movements, has been demonstrated. In this manuscript, we present a family with a novel heterozygous frameshift mutation in DCC, review the available l...
Article
Biallelic mutations in any of the four mismatch repair genes MSH2 , MSH6 , MLH1 and PMS2 result in one of the most aggressive childhood cancer predisposition syndromes, termed constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) syndrome. In addition to a very high tumour risk, the CMMRD phenotype is often characterised by the presence of signs remini...