Claudia Cavadas

Claudia Cavadas
University of Coimbra | UC · Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology

PhD

About

161
Publications
13,536
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Introduction
I coordinate the “Neuroendocrinology and Aging group” at CNC - Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University pf Coimbra. We are studying the cellular and molecular mechanisms related to hypothalamic functions (feeding, circadian rhythm, sleep , life style) on the ageing process. We have experimental models of ageing, as progeria cells and mice. We evaluate tissue and cellular mechanisms of ageing, as autophagy, senescence, neuroinflammation, cell proleferation, mythocondria dysfunction.
Additional affiliations
January 2002 - present
University of Coimbra
Position
  • Group Leader
January 1992 - present
University of Coimbra
Position
  • Assistant Professor, tenure
January 1992 - present
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Coimbra, Portugal
Position
  • Assistant Professor, tenure
Description
  • PhD Programs: Pharmaceutical Sciences, History of Sciences, Scientific Education; Masters: Advanced Pharmacol., Pharmaceutical Sciences; Cellular Mol. Biol.; Histology & Human Embryology; Pharmacol, Pharmacological Screening; Bioethics

Publications

Publications (161)
Article
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition strongly associated with obesity and insulin resistance, is characterized by hepatic lipid accumulation and activation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response. The sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) protein deacetylase is emerging as a new player in metabolic homeostasis, but its role in the developmen...
Article
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a vastly studied biological peptide with numerous physiological functions that activate the NPY receptor family (Y1, Y2, Y4 and Y5). Moreover, these receptors are correlated with the pathophysiology of several diseases such as feeding disorders, anxiety, metabolic diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, some types of cancers a...
Article
Background Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) has been recognized as a major health concern worldwide, given its increasing prevalence, difficulties in diagnosis and treatment, and impact on health, economy, and society. Clinical guidelines highlight the need of biomarkers to guide OSA clinical decision-making, but so far, without success. In this syste...
Article
Satiety is a complex state, influenced by numerous factors that go beyond food ingestion. Satiety influences food habits and behavior, thus affecting human health. This review provides an overview of physiological mechanisms involved in satiety and of methodologies to assess food intake and satiety in both animal models and humans. The following to...
Article
The skin is the largest organ and has a key protective role. Similar to any other tissue, the skin is influenced not only by intrinsic/chronological aging, but also by extrinsic aging, triggered by environmental factors that contribute to accelerating the skin aging process. Aged skin shows structural, cellular, and molecular changes and accumulati...
Article
Full-text available
The paramount importance of a healthy diet in the prevention of type 2 diabetes is now well recognized. Blueberries (BBs) have been described as attractive functional fruits for this purpose. This study aimed to elucidate the cellular and molecular mechanisms pertaining to the protective impact of blueberry juice (BJ) on prediabetes. Using a hyperc...
Presentation
Full-text available
Objectives The NutriClock Study aims to test the effect of a chronotype-based nutritional intervention in circadian homeostasis and in clinical and laboratory biomarkers of dysmetabolism. Methods The NutriClock Study is a randomised, controlled, parallel trial, conducted over 10 weeks (2 weeks of baseline assessments and 8 weeks of intervention),...
Article
Caloric restriction has been shown to robustly ameliorate age-related diseases and to prolong lifespan in several model organisms, and these beneficial effects are dependent on the stimulation of autophagy. Autophagy dysfunction contributes to the accumulation of altered macromolecules, and is a key mechanism of promoting aging and age-related diso...
Article
Full-text available
Background Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent and underdiagnosed sleep disorder. Recent studies suggest that OSA might disrupt the biological clock, potentially causing or worsening OSA-associated comorbidities. However, the effect of OSA treatment on clock disruption is not fully understood. Methods The impact of OSA and short- (...
Article
Full-text available
Machado–Joseph disease (MJD) is the most common dominantly-inherited ataxia worldwide with no effective treatment to prevent, stop or alleviate its progression. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a neuroprotective agent widely expressed in the mammalian brain. Our previous work showed that NPY overexpression mediated by stereotaxically-injected viral vectors...
Article
Full-text available
Sleep is a fundamental function of the human body and it is crucial for our well-being and health. Most people are not aware of the importance of sleep. Only few adopt good sleep habits and sleep enough hours. This can lead to several consequences, such as problems with attention and memory and the development of diseases. Each one of us has an int...
Article
Osteoarthritis (OA) and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) are two highly prevalent chronic diseases for which effective therapies are urgently needed. Recent epidemiologic studies, although scarce, suggest that the concomitant occurrence of OA and OSA is associated with more severe manifestations of both diseases. Moreover, OA and OSA share risk factor...
Article
Full-text available
An emergent trend of blueberries' (BB) "prophylactic" consumption, due to their phytochemicals' richness and well-known health-promoting claims, is widely scaled-up. However, the benefits arising from BB indiscriminate intake remains puzzling based on incongruent preclinical and human data. To provide a more in-depth elucidation and support towards...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), also known as spinocerebellar ataxia type 3, is the most common of the dominantly inherited ataxias worldwide and is characterized by mutant ataxin-3 aggregation and neuronal degeneration. There is no treatment available to block or delay disease progression. In this work we investigated whether trehalose,...
Article
Full-text available
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS, or classical progeria) is a rare genetic disorder, characterized by premature aging, and caused by a de novo point mutation (C608G) within the lamin A/C gene (LMNA), producing an abnormal lamin A protein, termed progerin. Accumulation of progerin causes nuclear abnormalities and cell cycle arrest ultimate...
Article
Sirtuins (SIRT1-7), a class of NAD+-dependent deacylases, are central regulators of metabolic homeostasis and stress responses. While numerous salutary effects associated with sirtuin activation, especially SIRT1, are well documented, other reports show health benefits resulting from sirtuin inhibition. Furthermore, conflicting findings have been o...
Article
Full-text available
In mammals, most molecular and cellular processes are circadian regulated leading to daily variations in physiology and ultimately in behaviour. Such daily variations promote a temporal coordination of processes that is essential to ensure homeostasis and health. Thus, it is of no surprise that pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of man...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Elevated levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY) were reported in osteoarthritic (OA) joints1. No information exists regarding the role of NPY in OA joints, besides mediating or potentiating nociceptive transmission. Objectives: To determine whether NPY receptors are present and functional in human chondrocytes, by evaluating the ability of NPY...
Chapter
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is a dominantly inherited disorder originally described in people of Portuguese descent, and associated with the expansion of a CAG tract in the coding region of the causative gene MJD1/ATX3. The CAG repeats range from 10 to 51 in the normal population and from 55 to 87 in SCA3/MJD patients. MJD1 encodes ataxin-3, a pro...
Article
Full-text available
In the heart, catecholamine effects occur by activation of beta-adrenergic receptors (β-ARs), mainly the beta 1 (β1-AR) and beta 2 (β2-AR) subtypes, both of which couple to the Gs protein that activates the adenylyl cyclase signaling pathway. The β2-ARs can also couple to the Gi protein that counterbalances the effect of the Gs protein on cyclic ad...
Article
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS), a lethal rare genetic disorder, is characterized by premature aging. HGPS is most commonly caused by a de novo point mutation (C608G) within the lamin A/C gene (LMNA), producing an abnormal lamin A protein termed progerin. We have showed that Neuropeptide Y (NPY) increases autophagy in the hypothalamus (...
Article
Background: During the development of obesity the expansion of white adipose tissue (WAT) leads to a dysregulation and an excessive remodeling of extracellular matrix (ECM), leading to fibrosis formation. These ECM changes have high impact on WAT physiology and may change obesity progression. Blocking WAT fibrosis may have beneficial effects on th...
Chapter
The hypothalamus is the brain region responsible for the maintenance of energetic homeostasis. The regulation of this process arises from the ability of the hypothalamus to orchestrate complex physiological responses such as food intake and energy expenditure, circadian rhythm, stress response, and fertility. Metabolic alterations such as obesity c...
Article
Full-text available
Insulin resistance is a major predictor of the development of metabolic disorders. Sirtuins (SIRTs) have emerged as potential targets that can be manipulated to counteract age-related diseases, including type 2 diabetes. SIRT2 has been recently shown to exert important metabolic effects, but whether SIRT2 regulates insulin sensitivity in hepatocyte...
Article
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the most common sleep disorders. Since aging is a risk factor for OSA development, it is expected that its prevalence will increase with the current increase in life span. In recent years, several studies have shown that OSA potentially contributes to functional decline, mainly prompted by chronic intermitten...
Article
Ataxin-2 is a polyglutamine protein implicated in several biological processes such as RNA metabolism and cytoskeleton reorganization. Ataxin-2 is highly expressed in various tissues including the hypothalamus, a brain region that controls food intake and energy balance. Ataxin-2 expression is influenced by nutritional status. Emerging studies disc...
Article
Background: Hypoxia occurs within adipose tissue of obese human and mice. However, its role in adipose tissue regulation is still controversial. Methods: We used murine preadipocyte 3T3-L1 cells and hypoxia was induced by using hypoxia mimetic agents, as CoCl2. To study adipocyte differentiation, we evaluated the adipocyte markers (PPARγ, C/EBPα...
Article
Full-text available
Co-infection of Leishmaniasis, a neglected tropical disease, with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has hindered treatment efficacy. In this study, we aim to evaluate the antileishmanial activity of two protease inhibitors (darunavir and atazanavir) and four reverse transcriptase inhibitors (tenofovir, efavirenz, neviraprine, and delavirdine mesyl...
Article
Full-text available
Caloric restriction is an anti-aging intervention known to extend lifespan in several experimental models, at least in part, by stimulating autophagy. Caloric restriction increases neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the hypothalamus and plasma ghrelin, a peripheral gut hormone that acts in hypothalamus to modulate energy homeostasis. NPY and ghrelin have been...
Article
Hypothalamic dysfunction has emerged as an important mechanism involved in the development of obesity and its comorbidities, as well as in the process of ageing and age-related diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension and Alzheimer disease. In both obesity and ageing, inflammatory signalling is thought to coordinate many of the cell...
Article
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and NPY receptors are widely expressed in the mammalian central nervous system. Studies in both humans and rodent models revealed that brain NPY levels are altered in some neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease and Machado-Joseph disease. In this review, we will focus...
Article
Full-text available
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by an abnormal expansion of the CAG triplet in the ATXN3 gene, translating into a polyglutamine tract within the ataxin-3 protein. The available treatments only ameliorate symptomatology and do not block disease progression. In this study we find that caloric restriction dra...
Data
Supplementary Figures 1-17, Supplementary Table 1, Supplementary Methods and Supplementary References.
Article
Full-text available
The neurodegenerative and inflammatory environment that is prevalent in the diabetic eye is a key player in the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy. The adenosinergic system is widely regarded as a significant modulator of neurotransmission and the inflammatory response, through the actions of the four types of adenosine receptors (...
Article
Full-text available
Caloric restriction (CR), the reduced intake of calories without malnutrition, extends lifespan of many organisms, from yeast to mammals, and delays the progression of age-related diseases. Evidence show that hypothalamus is a crucial brain region for the progress of whole-body aging[1] and the beneficial effects induced by CR are regulated by nutr...
Article
Sirtuins are an evolutionarily conserved family of NAD(+)-dependent deacylases that display diversity in subcellular localization and function. SIRT2, the predominantly cytosolic sirtuin, is among the least understood of the seven mammalian sirtuin isoforms described (SIRT1-7). The purpose of this review is to summarize the most recent findings abo...
Article
Accumulating evidence suggests that neuropeptide Y (NPY) has a role in aging and lifespan determination. In this review, we critically discuss age-related changes in NPY levels in the brain, together with recent findings concerning the contribution of NPY to, and impact on, six hallmarks of aging, specifically: loss of proteostasis, stem cell exhau...
Article
Full-text available
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is expressed in mammalian retina but the location and potential modulatory effects of NPY receptor activation remain largely unknown. Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death is a hallmark of several retinal degenerative diseases, particularly glaucoma. Using purified RGCs and ex vivo rat retinal preparations, we have measured RGC int...
Article
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is a fatal, dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disorder associated with an expanded polyglutamine tract within the ataxin-3 protein, and characterized by progressive impairment of motor coordination, associated with neurodegeneration of specific brain regions, including cerebellum and striatum. The currently availab...
Article
Full-text available
Stress has been considered determinant in the etiology of depression. The adrenal medulla plays a key role in response to stress by releasing catecholamines, which are important to maintain homeostasis. We aimed to study the adrenal medulla in a mouse model of depression induced by 21 days of unpredictable chronic stress (UCS). We observed that UCS...
Article
Aging was recently described as a life event programmed by the hypothalamus, a key brain region that is crucial for the neuroendocrine interaction between the central nervous system and the periphery. Autophagy impairment is a hallmark of aging, contributing to the aging phenotype and to the aggravation of age-related diseases. Since hypothalamic a...