Claudia Bustamante

Claudia Bustamante
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile | UC · Escuela de Enfermería

MS

About

27
Publications
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133
Citations
Introduction
Claudia Bustamante currently works at the Escuela de Enfermería , Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, en Santiago de Chile. Claudia does research in Primary Care and Chronic Care.

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
In Chile, local normative and guidelines place patient-centred care (PCC) as a desirable means and outcome for each level of health care. Thus, a definition of PCC is provided, and for the first time shared decision-making (SDM) is included as an intended practice. During the past five years the country has shown progress on the implementation of P...
Article
PAHO/WHO proposes to implement the role of Advanced Practice Nurse (APN) in Latin America, to reduce gaps in coverage and access to health care. For this purpose, it is necessary to train nursing professionals with an expanded role, which allows them to collaborate in the diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of people with specific diseases, under...
Article
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Objective: To evaluate the effect of a multidimensional intervention on the perception and management of risk factors and frequency of falls in independent elderly people living in the community. Design: Randomised clinical trial. Setting: Family health centre, primary care. Participants: Independent elderly people living in the community....
Article
Introduction: Becoming a first-time father is an important change in the life of men and families. Studies on the subject show that these kinds of changes have the power to put life into perspective. Being an involved father has a deep meaning for the child and the family. Objective: To explore the experience of becoming a first-time father duri...
Article
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Background: A high level of social support (SS) is associated with better health outcomes in many conditions, such as chronic diseases. Aim : To describe the level of SS in patients with Hypertension and type II Diabetes at Primary Health Care level in Chile and its association with self-rated health, adherence to treatment and better glycemic and...
Article
The Chilean legislation establishes that patients have rights and responsibilities in regards to their healthcare. This is an important statement as it declares that people must be informed and become actively involved in their care; meanwhile, the health system needs to coordinate the provision of personalised and effective services. Although pati...
Article
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Antecedentes: la prediabetes es una condición reversible y su tratamiento una oportunidad para modificar prácticas no saludables. Objetivo: evaluar la efectividad del Modelo Multi-componente de Telecuidado para apoyo a personas con prediabetes y obesidad en Chile. Método: ensayo clínico controlado en centros de atención primaria, Santiago, Chile. S...
Article
The aging population increased the possibility of need to be care. Historically women have assumed this task adding it to those performed as paid workers. This dual role is a risk factor for the health of workers, quality of care delivery and job performance. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of intervention for workers who perform tasks of inform...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: la práctica de actividad física es esencial para el cuidado de la salud. Se requiere contar con instrumentos que permitan medirla y monitorear los cambios en las personas que la practican. Objetivos: adaptar culturalmente el cuestionario Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA), y estimar sus propiedades psicométricas, su validez...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Presentación de seminario interdisciplinario conducente a la obtención del grado académico de Licenciado en Letras. Se trata de una asignatura teórico-práctica que esboza los lineamientos generales de la lingüística aplicada a la literacidad en salud y ofrece al estudiante una capacitación de base para futuros trabajos interdisciplinarios en el áre...
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A new role has emerged within the current demographic context of an aging population; namely, that of the worker-caregiver. The person who works and also cares for a disabled family member has personal and work-related problems and is less committed to their own self-care. Improving the perception of social support can be an effective intervention...
Article
Full-text available
La mSalud es una herramienta práctica, útil y disponible para la comunicación unidireccional o bidireccional entre profesionales de la salud y el paciente, cuyo uso es especialmente promisorio en países como Chile, con una amplia y creciente cobertura de telefonía móvil muy bien aceptada por la población. Nuestro objetivo es mostrar el proceso de d...
Article
Full-text available
mHealth is a practical, useful, and available tool for one-way or two-way communication between health professionals and patients. It is especially promising in countries such as Chile, with widespread and growing mobile telephone coverage that is very well accepted by the public. Our objective is to demonstrate the process for designing a mobile c...
Article
Communication, in this case, is based on the use of tools and involves reciprocal interaction between two parties. The use of mechanical ventilation in intensive care units generates patient-specific conditions that impede communication. A lack of communication between the nursing team and mechanically-ventilated patients is attributed to a variety...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: el apoyo a la toma de decisiones en salud facilita el automanejo de personas con enfermedades crónicas (EC). Ob-jetivo: validar la versión en español del DSAT-cdm: herramienta de análisis del apoyo en las decisiones para el manejo de EC, desa-rrollada por Stacey (2006). Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo que aplica un proceso s...
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Introduction: Support for decision-making in health facilitates self-management by persons with chronic illness (CI). Objective: Validate the Spanish- language version of DSAT - cdm: an analytical tool developed by Stacey (2006) to support decision-making on CI management. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study applies a systematic process t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to determinate whether a multicomponent remote care model is effective to achieve the modification of unhealthy eating practices and increase physical activity in adults who have pre-diabetes and over-weight/obesity. The remote care model is composed by four components: 1. counseling intervention (by telephone) is the c...
Article
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The technology transfer process requires training future users in specific knowledge and skills, as well as performing administrative adjustments for an effective incorporation of innovation into the structure of the system and into the professional care. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile's School of Nursing developed a model of Technologica...
Article
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Chronic disease management is highly complex because multiple interventions are required to improve clinical outcomes. From the patient's perspective, his main problems are dealing with self-management without support and feeling isolated between clinical visits. A strategy for providing continuous self-management support is the use of communicatio...
Article
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WHAT ABOUT POLICY REGARDING SDM? Since 1999, there has been a small but growing interest by academics, the government, and society as a whole in strengthening patients' and professionals' involvement in shared decision making (SDM). Two governmental policy documents that indicate support for SDM are (1) Health Reform in 2003 and (2) Sanitary Object...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Telephone based self-management support may improve the metabolic control of patients with type 2 (DM2) diabetes if it is coordinated with primary care centers, if telephone protocols and clinical guidelines are used and if it is provided by nurses trained in motivational interviewing. Aim: To assess the efficacy ofi a tele-care self-ma...
Article
Full-text available
Telephone based self-management support may improve the metabolic control of patients with type2 (DM2) diabetes if it is coordinated with primary care centers, if telephone protocols and clinical guidelines are used and if it is provided by nurses trained in motivational interviewing. To assess the efficacy of a tele-care self-management support mo...
Article
Full-text available
In 2004, the Chilean National Ministry of Health instituted a cardiovascular disease (CVD) management programme aimed at improving diabetes care among patients treated in the public healthcare system. We sought to identify the characteristics of patients participating in the CVD programme and the feasibility of extending its reach through structure...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Desarrollar, implementar y evaluar un modelo integral basado en visitas domiciliarias orientadas a la prevención de caídas en personas mayores autovalentes que viven en la comunidad (Modelo PM ACTIVAS)
Project
En Chile, un elevado porcentaje de personas con enfermedades crónicas cardiovasculares no logra realizar un automanejo eficiente, que le permita compensarse metabólicamente y por lo tanto, evitar las complicaciones de su patología. Podemos considerar que un factor que dificulta el logro del automanejo es la baja literacidad en salud (LS), que corresponde al grado en que las personas son capaces de acceder, comprender, evaluar y comunicar información, para comprometerse con las demandas de salud en diferentes contextos, con el fin de promover y mantener una buena salud a lo largo de su ciclo de vida. Uno de los aspectos involucrados en la LS es el lingüístico, con énfasis en el nivel léxico, que se podría asociar a las dificultades que presentan las personas para comprender las explicaciones del personal de salud y, por consiguiente, seguir adecuadamente las instrucciones entregadas. Puesto que la evaluación de los distintos componentes de la LS es una tarea compleja para la que difícilmente se dan las condiciones en los centros de atención primaria, nos proponemos desarrollar un instrumento de evaluación que pueda ser usado por el personal de salud de nuestra comunidad de modo sencillo y expedito, que permita determinar si el paciente conoce o no los vocablos estimados como más relevantes en relación con su condición.