Claude Chapdelaine

Claude Chapdelaine
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Department of Anthropology

PhD

About

68
Publications
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661
Citations
Citations since 2017
5 Research Items
239 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060

Publications

Publications (68)
Article
Kruger 2 is unique among Late Paleoindian sites of eastern Canada because of the presence of a potential hearth (feature #1) characterized by a concentration of blackened fire‐cracked rock and burnt bone embedded in a thick Ae horizon. Comparative mineralogical analysis (X‐ray diffraction) of Ae samples collected inside and outside the feature reve...
Article
Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope compositions were determined for camelid bone collagen, hair, and wool (fibre) sampled from textiles from archaeological sites in the Santa Valley (north coast of Perú) occupied during Moche III (El Castillo, A.D. 300−500) and Moche IV (Guadalupito, A.D. 500−700) phases; a small number of camelid bone collagen sam...
Article
We describe the physical and vegetational landscapes prevailing before, during, and after the Younger Dryas interval within and beyond the Eastern Townships of southernmost Québec. In the latter area lies the Cliche-Rancourt site, the only known fluted point site yet discovered in Québec. It belongs to the Middle Paleoindian Tradition. Two recently...
Article
Since Precontact times, First Nations' groups from northeastern North America used steatite to make many artifacts, such as ornaments and vessels. Only a few studies have been dedicated to this topic, such as on steatite vessels from northern Dorset sites and from Eastern North America. In these regions, steatite vessels are common. In the regions...
Article
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Evaluating the archaeological potential of wooded areas is often difficult because many of the techniques archaeologists commonly use to locate and map archaeological sites elsewhere are less effective in the trees. Ground cover hinders the visual identification of surface artifacts during pedestrian survey, and the tree canopy impedes many of the...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: The McDonald, Droulers and Mailhot-Curran sites are part of the St. Anicet cluster of St. Lawrence Iroquoian villages, located in southern Quebec. After many years of archaeological excavations, the three sites have yielded large quantities of faunal remains, including numerous bone tools and manufacturing debris. The assemblages are curr...
Book
This volume on sixteenth-century Contact, from Labrador to Lake Ontario, focuses on European goods found in Native contexts. It began as a conference session where speakers reported their finds showing sixteenth-century Contact relations. In this volume, the authors analyse early Contact networks from various geographic standpoints. Each chapter fo...
Article
The St. Lawrence Iroquoians built villages in southwestern Quebec (Canada) along the St. Lawrence River. They left behind longhouses, hearths, middens, and storage pits like those discovered at the Mailhot-Curran archaeological site in Saint-Anicet. Here, we contrast the properties of Iroquoian features with undisturbed soil to define the chemical...
Article
In this paper, our goal is to present new data on the Moche III occupation from the Huacas of Moche Site and to discuss some cultural and chronological aspects. First, we will discuss Moche III mortuary practices, since the vast majority of our data comes from five burials. Second, radiocarbon dates for this phase combined with stratigraphic eviden...
Article
Infrared-stimulated luminescence dating (IRSL) was applied on pottery sherds from the Mailhot-Curran archaeological site (BgFn-2), a Late Woodland period village located in the Saint-Anicet region, southern Québec (Canada). This site witnessed the presence of St. Lawrence Iroquoians and is thought to have been occupied roughly 500 years ago. The ma...
Chapter
San Juanito is a multicomponent site with Middle Horizon settlement and fortii cation on top of a low hill overlooking the mouth of the Santa Valley (Figure 4.1). A Gallinazo component was also identified (Wilson 1988), and this was the main reason for visiting the site in July 2004 while we were looking for a site of that culture to verify its dec...
Article
Full-text available
La vallee de la riviere Saint-Francois a ete occupee depuis au moins 10 000 ans avant aujourd’hui par des chasseurs de la culture Plano, et le site Cascades 5 contribue a combler un hiatus culturel important entre 8000 et 10 000 ans avant aujourd’hui avec une occupation associee a l’Archaique ancien. L’enfouissement des vestiges exigeait une lectur...
Article
Full-text available
The northeastern expansion of the Hopewell manifestation barely reached southern Quebec, and the coeval Middle Woodland is characterized as the pseudo-scallop shell ceramic horizon. While the Late Woodland concept is applied elsewhere to cover regional culture histories, the term Late Middle Woodland is used in our research area, mostly because the...
Article
Les sites ou l’on a retrouve des pointes a retouches paralleles sont bien representes en Gaspesie et au Bas-Saint-Laurent, mais ils demeurent rares ailleurs au Quebec meridional. Un nouveau site, situe a Weedon, a la jonction des rivieres Saint-Francois et au Saumon, a livre une petite collection de pointes Plano du Paleoindien recent taillees dans...
Article
Before the surprising discovery of the first two fragmented fluted points at the Cliche- Rancourt site (BiEr- 14) in August 2003, all of the province of Quebec was excluded from the "Clovis Club"-the territories that attested to the presence of the first settlers of the Far Northeast during the late Pleistocene. Sites such as Reagen in Vermont (Rit...
Article
The cultural sequence of the St. Lawrence Lowlands was first elaborated for New York state. This was then followed by Ontario, and later Quebec and the Maritimes and Newfoundland. Each region has since developed a more detailed regional sequence, giving a local flavor to archaeological systematics, but it remains possible to construct a general fra...
Book
The Far Northeast, a peninsula incorporating the six New England states, New York east of the Hudson, Quebec south of the St. Lawrence River and Gulf of St. Lawrence, and the Maritime Provinces, provided the setting for a distinct chapter in the peopling of North America. Late Pleistocene Archaeology and Ecology in the Far Northeast focuses on the...
Article
Resumen Desde la perspectiva que los moches dominaron y reestructuraron sociopolíticamente el valle de Santa durante la fase IV (450-800 años d.C.), una nueva sociedad Moche se constituyó como provin-cia del estado expansionista Moche Sur. Nuevas fechas radiocar-bónicas confi rman una presencia dominante moche que duró más de tres siglos y la densi...
Article
The discovery of the royal tombs at Sipán in 1987 propelled Moche archaeology to the forefront of Andean studies. In the last decade, the study of Moche political organization and ideology through public architecture, cultural remains, funerary patterns, and iconography has forced the revision of previous conceptions about Moche state formation, ur...
Article
The major goal of this paper is to provide an overview of recent archaeological researches on the North Coast of Peru in order to contribute to the discussion of the relation between the Moche and Wari polities. The recognition of Wari as a predatory state and a likely candidate for establishing the first empire in South America has produced an int...
Book
Full-text available
This book presents archaeological data related to specialization, hierarchy and ethnicity in prehispanic capitals from Mesoamerica (Teotihuacan, Xochicalco, Tula, Tikal, Copán) and the Andean Region (Tiwanaku, Huacas de Moche, Chan Chan, Cuzco), through the study of the houses in these capitals.
Article
The Moche civilization is considered a class-structured society and an Archaic State. It is difficult, however, to establish its pristine nature because the North Coast of Peru is known for an early development of public architecture, dating back to the end of the Preceramic period around 2000 B.C. (Moseley 1992; Pozorski and Pozorski 1992). While...
Article
Full-text available
A Moche presence in the Santa Valley is supported by numerous sites, and the local centers have been identified. Huaca China in the south western portion of the valley is one of them. Surface collections combined with the cleaning of six looter’s pit allowed the identification of a Moche presence and also a strong Middle Horizon component. A Tanguc...
Article
Full-text available
UN TISSU UNIQUE MOCHE III DU SITE EL CASTILLO DE SANTA : UNE SCÈNE DE RÉCOLTE DE YUCCA. Les fouilles archéologiques effectuées sur la terrase Est du site El castillo en juillet 2002, dans la vallée de Santa, ont conduit à la découverte de la tombe d'un enfant enroulé dans plusieurs textiles. L'un de eux est unique et illustre une scène de récolte d...
Chapter
The purpose of this paper is to present new archaeological discoveries made over five years (1995–1999) at the site I call “Huacas of Moche” (also known in the literature as Moche and as Huaca del Sol-Huaca de la Luna). The Huacas of Moche site has a long history of occupation, going back to at least several centuries before Christ (Bawden 1996). I...
Article
Craft production is one aspect contributing to the general understanding of the Moche site as a Pre-hispanic urban centre between 100–700 and particularly during phase IV ( 400–700). Spindle whorls are artifacts closely related to the spinning and weaving of cotton. One wonders if these specific tools were produced locally and if they were all made...
Article
Neutron activation analysis has been used to characterize 60 metal objects from the Moche site, of which four are associated with the Chimú Period, two with the Early Chimú Period and the others with various Moche IV contexts. Different types of utilitarian and non-utilitarian objects were analysed to identify the metals present, and to investigate...
Article
Full-text available
Recent excavations in the urban sector of the Pyramids at Moche in northern coastal Peru exposed two modified human skulls that were placed in an adobe niche within a domestic structure 100 m west of the Pyramid of the Moon ca. A. D. 400-650. A portion of the cranial vault is cut away from the top of each skull, and one shows drilled holes for atta...
Article
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UN TYPE PARTICULIER DE SÉPULTURE DANS LE SECTEUR URBAIN DU SITE MOCHE, COTE NORD DU PEROU. Les pratiques funéraires Moche sont bien connues elles illustrent la forte hiérarchisation qui prévalait dans cette société complexe. En dehors des cimetières du site Moche, dans le secteur urbain, plusieurs sépultures ont été découvertes. Cet article présent...
Article
Full-text available
ÉTUDE DES PIGMENTS DE LA POTERIE CEREMONIELLE MOCHE A L’AIDE D’UN MICROSCOPE ELECTRONIQUE À BALAYAGE. Une collection de 22 tessons de céramique appartenant à autant de vases peints à l’aide d’une combinaison d’engobes rouges et blanches a été soumise à un examen au microscope électronique à balayage. L’objectif principal de cette étude consiste à d...
Article
Les donnees permettant une discussion poussee sur le peuplement initial du Quebec sont encore trop parcellaires. Il est cependant utile de presenter une reflexion qui pourrait orienter ou susciter de nouvelles recherches. Apres une breve description du contexte chronologique, environnemental et culturel dans lequel s'inscrivent les premieres manife...
Article
Full-text available
ACTIVATION NEUTRONIQUE ET PRODUCTION LOCALE DE LA CERAMIQUE RITUELLE AU SITE MOCHE, PEROU. La production céramique a atteint un haut degré de spécialisation dans la civilisation moche, mais on n’en connaît pas encore tous les mécanismes. La découverte d’un important atelier de production céramique associé à la Huaca de La Luna du site Moche, offre...
Chapter
Evidence for environmental conditions in the Saint Lawrence Valley between 8,000 and 3,000 B.P. comes from three sources: (1) pollen stratigraphy, (2) macro and microfossils found at archaeological sites, and (3) association of the latter with geological features that can be used to reconstruct conditions of occupation. The Archaic Period is includ...
Article
Within a pan-Iroquoian perspective, this paper seeks to characterize the pace of the culture change that occurred between A.D. 500 and A.D. 1300 in most of the regions occupied by Iroquoians. The two basic points of the paper are that Iroquoian villages were not year-round sedentary communities until around A.D. 1300 and that a shift to a greater d...
Article
More than two hundred sites support the Moche presence in the Lower Santa Valley. Excavations at three sites, Guadalupito, El Castillo and Hacienda San Jose, combined with several radiocarbon dates allow us to discuss the arrival of the Moche and their relations with the local population. Two models of population movements are proposed to explain t...

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