Clara Vasconcelos

Clara Vasconcelos
University of Porto | UP · Geociências, Ambiente e Ordenamento do Território (Unidade de Ensino das Ciências)

PhD

About

237
Publications
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Introduction
Clara Vasconcelos currently works at the Department of Geosciences, Environment and Spatial Landing, and in the Unit of Science Teaching at Porto University. Her research interests are Geosciences Education, Sustainable Development, Geoethics and Science Communication. She is the coordinator of the SSEI group and team at CIIMAR. She is presently Commissioner of IUGS in COGEducation, and National Co-Coordinator of IAPG.
Additional affiliations
October 1999 - August 2015
University of Porto
Position
  • Assistant Professor with Aggregation
January 1999 - September 2016
University of Porto
Position
  • Assistant Professor with Aggregation

Publications

Publications (237)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The debate over whether there is a single unifying scientific method or a variety of methods, each of which is applied to a different discipline of science, is still a difficult one. Popper idea of refutation was a criticism to the inductive method and claimed the need to submit theories to falsification. His thesis ended up being a demarcation of...
Poster
Full-text available
O trabalho proposto consiste num projeto de tese, apresentado no âmbito do programa doutoral em Ensino e Divulgação das Ciências da Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto,que se encontra em fase inicial de implementação.O estudo a desenvolver assenta no potencial da interdisciplinaridade entre Matemática,Ciências Naturais e Físico-Química,n...
Book
Full-text available
This Book presents innovative and state of the art studies developed in Environmental Education in different countries to highlight this theme and promote its implementation all over the world. It will give a scientific perspective of Nature-based solutions to promote environmental education in all citizens and a more educational perspective as to...
Chapter
Full-text available
Through the awareness of the geological heritage, a UNESCO Global Geopark provides the region’s inhabitants an opportunity to develop cohesive partnerships and to enhance creative initiatives as a means to stimulate a sustainable local economy. In order to achieve it, UNESCO claims that the geoparks’ communities should be engaged in a bottom-up pro...
Chapter
Full-text available
Being life on Earth threatened by many anthropogenic behaviours, the sustainable development (SD) goals claimed in the 2030 Agenda need to be achieved urgently. From climate changes to pandemics, loss of biodiversity, plastic in the oceans or the increasing exploitation of natural resources, there are many issues endangering the life on our planet....
Chapter
In this new geologic epoch known as the Anthropocene human activity has entered a vicious circle that prevents sustainable development and hinders human rights. To break this destructive circle a paradigm shift is needed in which profitability, the heart of today's market societies, becomes aligned with sustainable development and intergenerational...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Pro-environmental behaviours can be defined as actions taken with the conscious intention of protecting the natural environment, whether in its entirety or certain ecosystems, from the negative consequences of human activities. Sustainable behaviour is practically a synonym of pro-environmental behaviour, but the earliest also include the social an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Facing the great global challenges requires a sustainable relationship between humans and the Earth system. Geoethics is a field of knowledge that intends to investigate and reflect on ways to instil a better relationship between society and the planet. Thus, geoethics can play a crucial role in shaping better behaviours towards the Earth, contribu...
Article
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Society's progress and living standards depend on the exploitation of raw materials. For centuries, its exploitation had kept pace with humanity's demand. Lithium is a critical element, essential to the development of green technologies, to decarbonization process, and for our daily life. In Portugal, there are high-quality Lithium deposits, with t...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, it is considered fundamental to improve students’ views of the nature of science (NOS) in science classes. In addition, models are also important in science education, not only as contributors for students to develop their views of the NOS, but also for them to develop conceptual knowledge, as well as inquiry skills. Teachers greatly inf...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A geoética é um campo emergente da conhecimento que pretende refletir sobre as práticas humanas no sistema Terra, de forma a promover atitudes e comportamentos consentâneos com a sustentabilidade planetária. Considerando-se a educação como a melhor forma de conseguir alcançar os desígnios do desenvolvimento sustentável, o presente estudo pretendeu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A pandemia Covid-19 fica marcada, mundialmente, pelo encerramento generalizado de escolas de todos os níveis de ensino, implicando uma série de desafios para os professores. Muitos docentes tiveram necessidade de repensar e reformular a sua prática letiva, convertendo-a em ensino virtual. Esta investigação pretende analisar a aplicabilidade e perti...
Article
Full-text available
We aimed to contribute to a shift in higher education teaching and learning methods by considering problem-based learning (PBL) as an approach capable of positively affecting students from a geology and environment (GE) curricular unit. In a convenience sample from a Portuguese public university, two groups of students were defined: (1) an experime...
Chapter
Geoethics is a scientific discipline in development whose primary concern is to instill a better relationship between citizens and the planet they inhabit. With a multiplicity of ethical, social, and cultural values, the significant input geoethics can have on decision-making worldwide is recognized. Knowing how the planet Earth works is the basis...
Chapter
Full-text available
In a society that is facing problems related to the planet’s sustainability for humankind’s survival and where science is part of the daily life of any citizen (in a more prominent or hidden way), it is increasingly essential to establish a correct and coherent geosciences’ communication. This latter emergency is particularly significant in the geo...
Chapter
Groundwater is a natural resource of great importance. In addition to the demographic growth and the consequent rise in global demand to meet people’s water needs, the vital role of groundwater is undermined by significant threats such as pollution, urbanization, or climate change. Combined with misuse and ineffective management systems, these fact...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental insight has emerged as a new scientific concept which incorporates the understanding that the Earth is made up of interworking subsystems and the acceptance that humans must act in harmony with the Earth’s dynamic balanced cycle. This Earth system competency represents the highest level of knowing and understanding in the geosciences...
Book
A história da ciência é referida por diversos autores como fundamental para o entendimento da forma como a ciência se desenvolve útil nos processos de aprendizagem e muito relevante para a promoção da humanização da ciência através das biografias. Partindo destas premissas, temas como biografias de cientistas, objectos históricos, espólios de museu...
Article
Full-text available
We live in a multisensory world. However, in classrooms, unisensory approaches are preferred, although they are unnatural and usually demotivating for youngsters. We conducted this mix-method study to investigate the possible effects of a multisensory approach on geosciences learning among students at a primary school in Porto, Portugal. The cognit...
Article
Full-text available
Com o crescimento populacional e os hábitos de consumo da sociedade contemporânea, a dependência da huma- nidade relativamente ao planeta tem-se intensificando, culminando em dilemas geoéticos cada vez mais complexos e numerosos. A geoética dedica-se ao estudo destes dilemas resultantes das interações da humanidade com a Terra, no intuito de garant...
Article
Full-text available
Since the beginning of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically influenced almost every aspect of human life. Activities requiring human gatherings have either been postponed, cancelled, or held completely virtually. To supplement lack of in-person contact, people have increasingly turned to virtual settings on-line, advantages of which include...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Earth system, as we know, is dramatically changing. This fact is evidenced by the effects of climate change, having impact for instance at the lever of water availability and quality, the increasing number of natural disasters, and the artificialization of natural landscapes, among other aspects. In this scenario, human behavior towards planet...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
A geologia é considerada uma ciência histórica e hermenêutica, cujo princípio do Uniformitarismo permite o estudo do presente observando o passado e implica o recurso a analogias. O presente estudo explora o impac to do uso de modelos no desenvolvimento dos raciocínios científico, por analogia e histórico-interpretativo no ensino da geologia. A amo...
Article
Full-text available
O presente estudo teve como propósito averiguar se os indivíduos frequentadores de uma universidade sénior possuíam conhecimentos relativament e à utilização de recursos geológicos na produção de produtos usados no seu dia-a-dia. Foi realizado um levantamento (survey), aplicando um questionário validado. A amostra era constituída por 51 indivíduos,...
Preprint
Full-text available
This research aims at contributing to a shift in higher education teaching and learning 9 methodologies, considering Problem-Based Learning (PBL) as a methodology capable of having a 10 positive effect on students from a Geology and Environment (GE) curricular unit. In a convenience 11 sample from a Portuguese public university, two groups of stude...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It's necessary the improvement of quality and efectiveness in school science education promoting a growing level of scientific literacy. Currently in essencial learnings of natural sciences, beyond sgnificant construction of knowledge, it is also important the development of cognitive processes and attitudes related with science applied in technolo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Contemporary society is experiencing troubled times of social, environmental, and economic (in)sustainability. Proof of this reality is the publication of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, published in 2015 by the United Nations (United Nations, 2015). This document reinforces the need to act and facing the social, environmental, and eco...
Chapter
Full-text available
Under a macroscopic scale, several learning theories are frequently cited to support educational curricula or guidelines to improve the educational systems. In the same direction, but on a microscopic scale, any educational mediation, as the teacher-learner relationship, should not be led without a prior and reflected analysis of learning theories....
Chapter
Full-text available
Geoethics is an emerging field in geosciences. Following the emerging need for geoethics to raise awareness in Higher education students, the main aim of the Geoethics Outcomes and Awareness Learning (GOAL) project is to elaborate a geoethics syllabus for academic Earth Sciences departments from Europe and beyond. Nevertheless, the GOAL project is...
Article
O Pagamento por Serviços Ambientais (PSA) é uma política implantada a partir do Código Florestal de 2012, como incentivo à manutenção da vegetação e/ou recuperação de áreas de proteção permanente em áreas rurais. O Programa “Produtor de Água” é uma parceria entre atores da gestão pública federal, estadual e municipal, entidades não governamentais,...
Presentation
Full-text available
In a society that is facing problems related to the planet's sustainability for humankind's survival and where science is part of the daily life of any citizen (in a more prominent or hidden way), it is increasingly essential to establish a correct and coherent geosciences' communication. This latter emergency is particularly significant in the geo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In today’s society, there are many raw materials employed in our daily lives. Without them, our quality of life would be seriously compromised. Besides, the exploitation of these resources is crucial for leveraging their own scientific and technological development and thus enabling social and economic advancement. Differently, the world's populati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Encontramo-nos imersos numa sociedade científica e tecnologicamente cada vez mais avançada e exigente. No nosso cotidiano, várias são as situações nas quais recorremos, inconscientemente, a conhecimentos científicos no sentido de estabelecer tomadas de decisão ou simplesmente compreender aquilo com que contactamos (Vasconcelos, Cardoso & Vasconcelo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Atualmente, reconhece-se um elevado potencial do lítio, principalmente aplicado às tecnologias verdes (sem carbono), apresentando uma grande importância económica e ambiental. Em Portugal, existem várias regiões com potencial para a exploração de lítio localizadas, essencialmente, no Norte e Centro do país, sendo as mais significativas: Covas do Ba...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Partnership for Sustainable Development and Social Innovation (PASSION) is an international project involving six European countries (Poland: Collegium Civitas, Greece: Agricultural (NAWA). PASSION aims to evaluate selected, previously developed, teaching materials on sustainability education, analyse pro-environmental (PEB) and pro-innovative...
Poster
Full-text available
Resumo Conhecido pela sua grande diversidade biológica, nomeadamente a florística, o Jardim Botânico do Porto e a Galeria da Biodiversidade-Centro Ciência Viva-foco de excelência na comunicação da Biodiversidade, estão integrados no MHNC-UP. Neste espaço, e dada a presença simultânea de bio e geodiversidade, o desenvolvimento de atividades interdis...
Poster
Full-text available
Pensar o sistema Terra numa abordagem holística permite a formação de alunos com pensamento sistémico, mas exige professores capazes de promover a mudança. Ao ensino das Ciências Naturais memorístico e transmissivo, sobrepõe-se uma perspetiva interdisciplinar e integradora. Neste contexto, pretende-se desenvolver uma tese apoiada numa investigação-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As stated by Orion (2019) the narrowing of the disturbing gap between the educational potential of Earth Science and its low profile in schools requires a new, urgent and holistic research agenda. The Earth system approach is not emphasized properly on Portuguese Natural Sciences classes, nor is the interconnection between the geosphere, hydrospher...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo Nas últimas décadas, a pesquisa em Ensino de Ciências tem evidenciado a relevância do papel desempenhado pela História da Ciência no ensino e aprendizagem das mesmas. É tão importante aprender ciências como aprender sobre ciências e esta compreensão sobre o que é a ciência envolve tanto reconhecer a sua inserção num contexto social, como tam...
Article
Full-text available
Like some other countries, seldom being sometimes addressed in classes, the Earth system approach is not emphasized enough in Portugal, nor is the interconnection between the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. To evaluate the Earth system holistic view of a group of 8th grade (13–15 years old) Portuguese students from a public schoo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumo: Para solucionarmos desafios societais resultantes da ação antropogénica no planeta e na expectativa de promover a sustentabilidade da vida na Terra, torna-se imperativa uma abordagem Geoética do sistema Terra, articulada com a Educação em Geociências e a Ciência Cidadã. Esta abordagem poderá permitir que os cidadãos exerçam uma cidadania re...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main challenges in sustainability discourse is its multifaceted nature often requiring that many different disciplines must cooperate in order to achieve progress. This issue also concerns sustainability education. In the article, we highlighted the experiences from the international cooperation of university teachers and researchers wit...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main challenges in sustainability discourse is its multifaceted nature often requiring that many different disciplines must cooperate in order to achieve progress. This issue also concerns sustainability education. In the article, we highlighted the experiences from the international cooperation of university teachers and researchers wit...
Article
Este trabalho teve como objetivo comparar a ABP e o ensino expositivo relativamente à construção e retenção do conhecimento. O estudo seguiu uma metodologia de investigação quasi- experimental com uma seleção não-aleatória de participantes. Foi sido aplicado um teste cognitivo em duas fases diferentes, a fase I após o término do programa de interve...
Article
Full-text available
The development of informed views of nature of science is considered to be a crucial aim for science education. This study assesses Portuguese prospective science teachers' views of the nature of science before and after an intervention programme that took place in the first year of their master. Nine prospective science teachers that will teach bi...
Poster
Full-text available
A sociedade no geral, e a Escola em particular, devem abraçar a missão de formar jovens não só cientificamente cultos, mas também eticamente justos, dotando-os de competências necessárias para intervir de forma fundamentada em questões de natureza técnica, científica e ética, num mundo cada vez mais desafiante e numa ótica de cidadania democrática....
Poster
Full-text available
Vivemos num planeta sujeito a contínua mudança onde, à escala do tempo geológico, já ocorreram divisões e uniões continentais, alteração dos níveis da água do mar, mudanças climáticas e o surgimento e extinção de inúmeras espécies. A dinâmica deste planeta permite-nos extrair dele diversos recursos imprescindíveis à nossa sobrevivência e outros que...
Poster
Full-text available
Currently, more geoscientists adopt the holistic view of the Earth system, reinforcing the close interconnections between its subsystems. However, this approach appears timidly and almost inexpressively in science classrooms in Portugal, where teaching is largely based on the exposition of the contents through textbooks. Promoting teaching and lear...
Poster
Full-text available
Encontramo-nos imersos numa sociedade científica e tecnologicamente cada vez mais avançada e exigente. No nosso cotidiano, várias são as situações nas quais recorremos, inconscientemente, a conhecimentos científicos no sentido de estabelecer tomadas de decisão ou simplesmente compreender aquilo com que contactamos (Vasconcelos, Cardoso & Vasconcelo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mountain building was one of the first geological phenomena simulated through modeling in the early nineteenth century. Several scientific models were created by geologists in an attempt to understand deformation structures such as faults and folds. However, the learning of this scientific content requires a high level of abstraction and the recall...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Several authors argue that Western thought and modern science look at nature as an offering to Man; accordingly, throughout the ages, human beings made use of natural resources without worrying about the impacts of their actions on Earth system. Conversely, Eastern thought asserts that people are one with nature; people are perceived as an integral...
Poster
Full-text available
Several authors argue that Western thought and modern science look at nature as an offering to Man; accordingly, throughout the ages, human beings made use of natural resources without worrying about the impacts of their actions on Earth system. Conversely, Eastern thought asserts that people are one with nature; people are perceived as an integral...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumo: A fragilidade e/ou ausência de conhecimento por parte dos cidadãos acerca do funcionamento da Terra e dos seus subsistemas, a (des)conhecida dependência humana face ao planeta, a difícil mediação das interações antrópicas com a geosfera e, consequente, a baixa consciencialização pública do seu impacte sobre esta, apresentam-se como áreas em...
Poster
Full-text available
The world is far for achieving sustainable development, thus the life on Earth depends on the balance of Earth Systems. Mankind’s growing influence on the environment was recognized as long ago as 1873, when the Italian geologist Antonio Stoppani referred to the “anthropozoic era” (Crutzen, 2002). Although it is clear that the anthropic action has...
Chapter
Full-text available
Questions arise concerning the way ecosystems inspire the design of the environment that undergoes human intervention. Planting vegetation on rooftops, as green roofs, brings numerous environmental, economic and social benefits. In order to better understand and to manage green roofs as sustainable urban ecosystems it is important to consider an in...
Book
Full-text available
TITLE: Geoethics’ Syllabus and Geoethics in Georesources and Geoparks EDITORS: Clara Vasconcelos, Alexandre Lima, José Brilha, Cristina Calheiros, Tiago Ribeiro & Alexandra Cardoso AUTHORS: Several DATE: 14 – 18th January 2019 LOCATION: Faculty of Sciences of the University of Porto (FCUP) COVER PHOTO: Tiago Ribeiro
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The main goal of this study was to diagnose the scientific literacy regarding the use of minerals in everyday life products, among humanities and science students. Indeed, our everyday life has always required the use of minerals, and technological advances have allowed tiny amounts of certain elements to be extracted from the crystalline network o...
Book
Full-text available
Sustainability is not something that can be taught. This may be an odd statement to start off a foreword to a book that seeks to enhance the capacities of the academic teachers and trainers to conduct interdisciplinary education that focuses on sustainability. Ultimately a more sustainable world calls upon our ability to learn to continuously resp...
Article
Full-text available
This article studies the conceptions of the interior of the Earth held by Portuguese elementary school children and senior citizens. Several studies were conducted regarding conceptions related to Earth sciences, such as rocks, minerals, earthquakes geological time, and Earth structure. Most of these studies involved students enrolled in compulsory...
Conference Paper
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Palavras-chave: Modelos geológicos, Ensino, Raciocínio científico, Raciocínio por analogia, Raciocínio histórico-interpretativo
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Palavras-chave: Geologia no dia-a-dia, Educação ao longo da vida, Seniores, Recursos geológicos.
Poster
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A implementação de modelos no ensino das ciências é considerada fundamental, uma vez que, além de auxiliar a construção do conhecimento científico, também desempenha um importante papel no desenvolvimento de visões acuradas da natureza da ciência e de competências investigativas. Adicionalmente, o uso de modelos nas aulas de ciências auxilia o proc...