Clara Bik San Lau

Clara Bik San Lau
The Chinese University of Hong Kong | CUHK · Institute of Chinese Medicine & State Key Laboratory of Research on Bioactivities and Clinical Applications of Medicinal Plants

BPharm (Hons), PhD, MRPharmS, ILTM(HE)

About

316
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Introduction
Clara Bik San Lau currently works at The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Research interests ( 1 ) Study of herbs and natural products with potential anti-cancer activities; discovery and development of anti-angiogenic natural products; evaluation of anti-tumor and anti-metastatic activities of natural compounds; research on adjuvant potentials of Chinese herbal extracts in cancer management. ( 2 ) Study of anti-diabetic and diabetic foot ulcer healing activities of medicinal herbs. ( 3 ) Investigation of beneficial herb-drug interactions.

Publications

Publications (316)
Article
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Objectives We employed the co-culture of CD34⁺ stem cell-derived human mast cells (HMC) and human monocyte-derived osteoclast precursors to evaluate if mast cells contribute to the pathogenesis of osteoporosis through regulation of osteoclast proliferation and activation. Methods Mature HMC and osteoclast precursors were cultured from monocytes is...
Article
Background and aim: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the most common histological subtype of esophageal cancer worldwide. Patients with ESCC display an altered esophageal microbiota compared with healthy individuals; however, little is known about the gut microbiota in ESCC. Methods: Here, we characterised the fecal microbiota of 15...
Article
Background Esophageal cancer (EC) is highly prevalent in Eastern Asia (including China) with high rates of mortality. The metastatic tendency in EC is associated with a poor prognosis. Our previous studies have demonstrated the suppressive effects of Andrographis paniculata water extract (APW) on metastatic esophageal cancer in vitro and in tumor-b...
Article
Dearomatized isoprenylated acylphloroglucinols (DIAPs) are specific natural products mainly distributed in the plants of genus Hypericum. In this study, guided by HPLC-UV screening, 46 DIAPs (approximately 70% of all DIAPs) including 20 new ones and an unprecedented architecture, were discovered from the roots of Hypericum henryi, which were elucid...
Article
Colorectal cancer (CRC), the third most common cancer globally, is associated with intestinal inflammation that leads to poor prognosis. RA‐XII, a natural cyclopeptide, has previously been reported to possess anti‐tumor activities. Here, the anti‐inflammatory activities of RA‐XII were investigated in colitis‐associated colon cancer mice and a co‐cu...
Article
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Objectives: Green tea and soy products are extensively consumed by many people and they may influence the activity of drug metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters to result in drug interactions. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of green tea and soy isoflavone extracts on the pharmacokinetics of simvastatin in healthy subjects and...
Article
Antitumor and antimetastatic effects of the medicinal herb Andrographis paniculata (AP) in esophageal cancer (EC) have been previously reported. In this study, we aimed to uncover the potential functional components and the underlying molecular mechanisms of AP in EC treatment using network pharmacology and experimental validation. Twenty‐two poten...
Article
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Obesity has been proven to be closely related to colorectal carcinogenesis. This review summarized the potential underlying mechanisms linking obesity to CRC in different aspects, including energy metabolism, inflammation, activities of adipokines and hormones. Furthermor...
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Herba Patriniae (HP) are medicinal plants commonly used in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. In this study, network pharmacology was used to predict the active components and key signaling pathways of HP in CRC. Patrinia heterophylla, one type of HP, was chosen for validation of the network pharmacology analysis. The phytochemical profile of Patrin...
Article
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High prevalence rates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and lack of effective antibacterial treatments urge discovery of alternative therapeutic modalities. The advent of antibacterial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) is a promising alternative, composing rapid, nonselective cell destruction without generating resistance. We used a p...
Article
Background Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing inflammatory and pruritic skin disease, affecting 10-20 % of the population worldwide. Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews (Paeoniaceae) (Cortex Moutan) and Mentha haplocalyx Briq. (Labiatae) (Herba Menthae) have shown beneficial effects on AD. Calendula officinalis L. (Asteraceae) is commonly used...
Article
Background Ulcerative colitis is a subtype of inflammatory bowel disease, characterized by relapsing inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract with limited treatment options. Previous studies suggested that the natural compound tricin, a flavone isolated from rice bran, could suppress chemically-induced colitis in mice, while our recent study also...
Article
Tricin, one of the flavones present in edible Poaceae species, was shown to interfere with intestinal inflammatory-related carcinogenesis and suppress metastasis in colon cancer mice models. Those botanical foods and medicinal herbs which contain high content of tricin may be considered as health supplements for colon health. Hence, the present stu...
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The immune modulating effects of selected herbs deserve careful studies to gain evidence-based support for their further development. We have been working hard on many items of medicinal herbs to gain insight into their immunomodulatory effects relevant to cancer treatment in particular, while infection control is not excluded. Nine of them have be...
Article
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Colorectal cancer is the third most frequently diagnosed cancer worldwide. Clinically, chemotherapeutic agents such as FOLFOX are the mainstay of colorectal cancer treatment. However, the side effects including toxicity of FOLFOX stimulated the enthusiasm for developing adjuvants, which exhibit better safety profile. Turmeric extract (TE), which ha...
Article
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Background We report herein the synthesis of a novel dicationic boron dipyrromethene derivative (compound 3) which is symmetrically substituted with two trimethylammonium styryl groups. Methods The antibacterial photodynamic activity of compound 3 was determined against sixteen methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains, including...
Article
Breast cancer is an inflammation-related cancer whose tumor microenvironment is largely infiltrated by inflammatory cells. These inflammatory cells including mast cells and macrophages have been elucidated to be vital participants in breast tumor proliferation, survival, invasion and migration. However, the functions of mast cells and macrophages i...
Article
The biological activities of water‐soluble components of edible mushroom Rubinoboletus ballouii (RB) were seldom reported. Polysaccharides of RB (RBP) were prepared and well‐characterized using chemical analyses. The immunomodulatory properties of RBP were investigated using human monocyte‐derived dendritic cells (moDC) in vitro, and cyclophosphami...
Article
Aseptic loosening and bacterial infections are the two main causes of failure for metallic implants used for joint replacement. A coating that is both bioactive and possesses antimicrobial properties may address such shortcomings and improve the performance of the implant. We have sought to study the properties of combining hydroxyapatite-based nan...
Chapter
Being considered as the first step in the "atopic march," atopic dermatitis (AD) may progressively develop from a typical sequence of AD, food allergy, allergic rhinitis and asthma. Patients with AD may need to go through great lengths in order to achieve some relief, while others may even be at the expense of their long-term health. Continuous eff...
Article
The plant Scutellaria barbata (SB) is commonly used as herbal medicines for treating cancer. The present pre‐clinical study aimed to validate the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (CP) recommended dosages of SB water extract (SBW) in treating colon tumors. The content of chemical marker scutellarin in SBW was quantified using UPLC. Mice bearing human HCT116 xe...
Article
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Tricin, a flavone isolated from rice bran, has been shown to be chemopreventive in a colorectal cancer (CRC) mouse model. This study aimed to illustrate the inhibitory activities of tricin in colon cancer cells and in a metastatic CRC mouse model. BALB/c mice injected with mouse Colon26-Luc cells into the rectum wall were treated with tricin (37.5...
Article
Objectives Two labdane diterpenoids, leojapone B and heteronone B, were isolated from Leonurus japonicus Houtt., and their biological activity were evaluated in this study. Methods Human and mouse cancer cells, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and mouse macrophages (RAW264.7 cells) were used to evaluate the activity of leojapone B...
Article
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Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the main type of esophageal cancer (EC) worldwide, causing half a million deaths each year. Recent evidence has demonstrated the role of the gut microbiota in health and disease. However, our current understanding of the gut microbiome in EC remains scarce. Here, we characterized the gut and esophageal m...
Article
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Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has recently been proposed as an innovative approach to combat multi-drug resistant bacteria. It is known that cationic Zn(II) phthalocyanines (ZnPc) are effective in mediating aPDT against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Here we have synthesized a ZnPc-based photosensitizer named ZnPcE...
Article
Ethnopharmacological relevance Radix Salvia Miltiorrhiza (Danshen) and Radix Pueraria Lobate (Gegen) are officially listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and have long been used together as a Compound Chinese Traditional Medicine (CCTM) for treatment of coronary heart diseases, which are often co–administered with aspirin or warfarin to patients suff...
Article
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The herb dwarf lilyturf tube (Maidong, Ophiopogonis Radix) is widely used in Chinese Traditional Medicine to manage diabetes and its complications. However, the role of Maidong polysaccharide extract (MPE) in pancreatic β-cell function is unclear. Here, we investigated whether MPE protects β-cell function and studied the underlying mechanisms. We t...
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A series of cationic boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) derivatives were synthesized and characterized with various spectroscopic methods. Having the ability to generate singlet oxygen upon irradiation, these compounds could potentially serve as photosensitizers for antimicrobial photodynamic therapy. Of the five BODIPYs being examined, the dicationic a...
Article
Full-text available
A series of cationic boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) derivatives were synthesized and characterized with various spectroscopic methods. Having the ability to generate singlet oxygen upon irradiation, these compounds could potentially serve as photosensitizers for antimicrobial photodynamic therapy. Of the five BODIPYs being examined, the dicationic a...
Article
Full-text available
The human gastrointestinal tract harbors a diverse array of microorganisms that play fundamental roles in health and disease. Imbalance in the gut microbiota, namely dysbiosis, can lead to various diseases, including cancer and gastrointestinal tract disorders. Approaches to improve gut dysbiosis, such as dietary intervention, intake of probiotics,...
Article
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The high prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) causing skin and soft tissue infections in both the community and healthcare settings challenges the limited options of effective antibiotics and motivates the search for alternative therapeutic solutions, such as antibacterial photodynamic therapy (aPDT). While many publicat...
Article
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HER2-positive breast cancer accounts for 15–20% in breast cancer and 50% of the metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer patients died of central nervous system progression. The present study investigated the effects of actein (a natural cycloartane triterpene) on cells adhesion, migration, proliferation and matrix degradation, and its underlying mec...
Chapter
Turmeric, the rhizome of Curcuma longa, is a commonly used medicinal and culinary herb in Asian countries. One of its well-known components, curcumin, is becoming a rising star of dietary supplements in recent years due to its multi-targeted pharmacological benefits for health, including anticancer and antioxidant effects. However, poor oral absorp...
Article
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Cynanchum otophyllum was traditionally used for treating muscle and skeletal pain, epilepsy, abdominal pain, and tightness. Four known C21 steroidal glycosides, namely caudatin 3-O-β-cymaropyranoside (1), caudatin 3-O-β-D-cymaropyranosyl-(1 → 4)-β-D-cymaropyranoside (2), otophylloside B (3), and otophylloside A (4) were isolated from the roots of t...
Article
Objectives: To evaluate the ameliorative effect of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo (DO) on a desiccated environment-induced experimental dry eye rat model and elucidate its underlying mechanisms. Materials and Methods: The Sprague-Dawley rats were kept in low-humidity environment and received constant airflow for 8 weeks to establish the exper...
Article
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Abstract Acanthopanacis Senticosi Radix et Rhizoma seu Caulis, the dried root and rhizome or stem of Acanthopanax senticosus, is commonly known as Siberian ginseng or Ciwujia in Chinese. It is used all over the world as an adaptogen to enhance physical and mental performance for the sake of normal physiological functioning of human bodies under str...
Article
Objective: To investigate the efficacy on the combination of oral strontium ranelate (SrR) with a topical Chinese herbal paste on facilitation of fracture healing. Methods: An open fracture was created at the mid-shaft of the right tibia of rat. A herbal paste called CDR containing Honghua (Flos Carthami), Chuanxuduan (Radix Dipsaci Asperoidis)...
Article
Onosma dichroantha Boiss. (Boraginaceae), has been used in traditional medicine in Iran as anti-inflammatory for healing wounds and burns. This study aimed to investigate the wound healing potential of different extracts of roots of Onosma dichroantha. The roots were extracted successively with cyclohexane (CE), ethyl acetate (EtOAc), and methanol...
Article
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Angelica sinensis (AS, Danggui) has long been regarded to stimulate breast cancer growth; hence, the use of AS in breast cancer patients remains a major concern for both patients and practitioners. Since safety studies of herbs would be unethical to carry out in patients, the present study aimed to investigate the potential unsafe effects of AS in...
Article
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Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) have been widely used during pregnancy, but feto-embryo safety tests are lacking. Here we evaluated in vitro embryotoxicity tests (IVTs) as alternative methods in assessing developmental toxicity of CHMs. Ten CHMs were selected and classified as strongly, weakly and non-embryotoxic. Three well validated IVTs and pred...
Article
Background: Esophageal cancer (EC) is a malignant gastrointestinal cancer with high morbidity worldwide and is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in China. Even though surgery and/or chemotherapy/chemoradiation might achieve good therapeutic response, recurrence rate is high due to cancer metastasis. Hence, the use of alternative ad...
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Myrciaria cauliflora (jaboticaba) is an edible fruit common in Brazil that has been used for treating respiratory diseases, including chronic tonsillitis and asthma. This study explores the distribution of an anti-inflammatory depside, jaboticabin, in different parts of the jaboticaba plant as well as major polyphenols from the wood of jaboticaba,...
Article
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Background and purpose: Metastasis is an important cause of death in breast cancer patients. Anti-metastatic agents are urgently needed since standard chemotherapeutics cannot diminish the metastatic rate. Actein, a cycloartane triterpenoid, has been demonstrated to exhibit anti-angiogenic and anti-cancer activities. Its anti-metastatic activity an...
Article
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Background: The incidence and mortality of cancer metastasis is high worldwide. Despite of the chemotherapeutic agents, many cancer patients still take traditional Chinese herbal prescriptions as adjuvant treatments. However, most of these herbal formulae/products lack of evidence-based efficacy. Based on our previous investigations on anti-tumor,...
Article
Background: An increasing number of breast cancer patients in Asian countries has been found to consume dietary supplements including phytoestrogen-rich Chinese herbal medicines with an expectation to alleviate the side effects of conventional cancer therapies. Purpose: The question of whether estrogenic Chinese herbal medicines are beneficial o...
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Quality surveillance on authentication, safety and efficacy of proprietary Chinese medicines (pCm) are certainly the top priorities for the industries. Nowadays, the quality control system adopted is mainly chemical marker-oriented, concerning basically the correct use of raw material and safety issues, while the biological activities of the chemic...
Article
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Background and purpose: Cancer stem-like cells (CSC) are regarded as the source of tumour origins, metastasis and drug resistance, and limits current treatment regimens. Previously, we reported the first study of the anti-angiogenic and anti-tumour activities of 4-vinylphenol. To further examine the therapeutic role of 4-vinylphenol, the inhibitor...
Article
Dendrobii Caulis (DC), named 'Shihu' in Chinese, is a precious herb in traditional Chinese medicine. It is widely used to nourish stomach, enhance body fluid production, tonify "Yin" and reduce heat. More than thirty Dendrobium species are used as folk medicine. Some compounds from DC exhibit inhibitory effects on macrophage inflammation. In the pr...
Article
Background: Eriocalyxin B (EriB) is a natural ent-kaurane diterpenoid obtained from Isodon eriocalyx var. laxiflora (family Lamiaceae), which has multiple biological activities (e.g. anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory) via the alteration of gene expression and signaling transduction. Recently, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) has been developed as a dynamic...
Article
Background : Curcumin, a well-studied component in turmeric, exhibits potent antitumor effects in colorectal cancer. Previous studies showed that turmerones raised the accumulation of curcumin inside colonic cells, and curcumin present in turmeric ethanolic extract had enhanced anti-tumor activities in mice. Metastasis accounts for more than 90% co...
Article
Esophageal cancer (EC) is a seriously invasive malignancy with high mortality and poor prognosis. Metastasis of EC is the major cause of mortality. Our studies previously demonstrated that a herbal medicine Andrographis paniculata (AP) significantly suppressed EC growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. However, the underlying mechanisms respons...
Article
Background Metabolic syndrome is the cluster of risk factors that leads to increased episodes of cardiovascular disease (CVD). These risk factors include but are not limited to obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD), dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes. Since the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome has multiple metabolic origins, there is no singl...
Article
Background : Pancreatic cancer, associated with poor prognosis and low survival rate, has been the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in the US. Although gemcitabine (Gem) is the first-line chemotherapeutic drug in the management of pancreatic cancer, the median survival extension is only 1.5 months, indicating unsatisfactory clinical res...
Article
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Da Chuanxiong Formula (DCXF) is one of the famous herb pairs that contains dried rhizomes of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort. and Gastrodia elata Bl. in the mass ratio of 4:1. This classic representative traditional Chinese medicine has been widely used to treat brain diseases like headache and migraine caused by blood s...
Article
Bigelovin, a sesquiterpene lactone, has been demonstrated to induce apoptosis, inhibit inflammation and angiogenesis in vitro, but its potential anti-metastatic activity remains unclear. In the present study, two colon cancer mouse models, orthotopic tumor allografts and experimental metastatic models were utilized to investigate the progression an...
Article
The aim of this study was to clarify how the air temperatures during the light and dark periods affect growth and biosynthesis of the iridoid glycoside asperuloside in Hedyotis diffusa. Ten experimental air temperature treatments were established in a growth chamber during the cultivation period: (light/dark period air temperature) 30/15°C, 20/20°C...
Article
Full-text available
Strontium ranelate (SrR) is one of the pharmaceutical agents reported to be effective on the promotion of fracture healing. This study aimed to evaluate the integrative effect of the oral SrR with a topical Chinese herbal paste, namely, CDR, on facilitation of bone healing. The in vivo efficacy was evaluated using rats with tibial fracture. They we...