Claire Denise Wallace

Claire Denise Wallace
University of Aberdeen | ABDN · School of Social Science

Bachelor of Arts (Hons) Sociology and Social Anthropology, University of Kent

About

196
Publications
41,388
Reads
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Introduction
I am currently working on an H2020 project on Cultural Tourism and as part of a Digital Working Research Centre DIGIT led by the University of Sussex (Jackie O'Reilly)
Additional affiliations
May 2005 - present
University of Aberdeen
Position
  • Professor
September 1995 - May 2005
Institut für Höhere Studien
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (196)
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter examines how cultural heritage has helped to create resilient rural communities in Scotland - Portsoy and the Isle of Lewis. A particular focus is the digitisation of this heritage. There is no one model of how cultural heritage can be used just as there is no one form of digital communications and different communities approach their h...
Article
The coronavirus pandemic (SARS-CoV-2) has been disastrous for cultural tourism worldwide as many cultural tourist venues are concentrated in cities and have had to close along with tourism-related facilities such as hospitality businesses and hotels. There has been a widespread fear of travel and social contact. The comparative research drawn upon...
Article
The growth of Scotland’s creative industries within the last decade has resulted in a significant rise in media tourism, a sub-sector of cultural tourism which focuses on tourism inspired by media such as novels, films, and television series. In March 2020 when Scotland’s tourism and hospitality industry would typically be preparing to welcome visi...
Article
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Popular media, including films, television, comics, videogames, and books, are an increasingly important aspect of contemporary tourism. This is especially the case in Scotland, where popular culture led to the development of Scotland’s tourism industry. In this article, we will describe the phenomenon of media-related tourism in Scotland with resp...
Chapter
Introduction Community wellbeing as an element of happiness research is a rather nebulous concept because first of all it is not clear how collective wellbeing amounts to more than the individual wellbeing of its members and second because it is not clear at what level ‘community’ takes place (see Phillips and Wong, 2017). While usually referring i...
Chapter
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At the beginning of the 21st century, the EU is facing deep political, social, and economic changes. The benefit of supranational organization is no longer obvious to European citizens and questions of legitimacy have accompanied the EU's development over the last decades. Regions - albeit often deemed »obsolete« - present themselves as stable and...
Chapter
Full-text available
At the beginning of the 21st century, the EU is facing deep political, social, and economic changes. The benefit of supranational organization is no longer obvious to European citizens and questions of legitimacy have accompanied the EU's development over the last decades. Regions – albeit often deemed »obsolete« – present themselves as stable and...
Article
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The way in which youth cultures can be a form of resistance to Authoritarian regimes
Article
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The participation of women in Chinese society over past decades has been shaped by the shifting relationships between state, market and society as these have impacted on public and private spheres of life. The article looks at these relations from the point of view of the development of childcare policies for pre-school children by considering thre...
Article
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This article in German looks at the new trends in youth research following the opening of the Iron Curtain
Technical Report
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Executive summary The emerging body of reports and studies on the future of work reflect a growing public appetite to inform us about the likely consequences of work in the digital age. Employers, employees, policy makers and citizens are frequently presented with a range of analysis from business thinkers, consultants and academics from the UK and...
Research
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This research report highlights the social, economic, educational and health-related impacts of installing solar minigrid power and Internet into a village in Rural Kenya.
Article
With the pervasiveness of digitisation communications, those that are left behind are seen as socially excluded. In both academic and policy discourses, it is assumed that digital inclusion as a route into mainstream society is a desirable solution to problems of multiple exclusion and has led to many studies of the digital inclusion/exclusion of ‘...
Article
With the pervasiveness of digitisation communications, those that are left behind are seen as socially excluded. In both academic and policy discourses, it is assumed that digital inclusion as a route into mainstream society is a desirable solution to problems of multiple exclusion and has led to many studies of the digital inclusion/exclusion of '...
Article
Full-text available
Cultural heritage is generally regarded as something of value – but it is valued in different ways by different communities. Here we explore the value of cultural heritage for rural Scottish communities and how it is generated through social and cultural capital. Using the idea of ‘gathering’, we consider the process of gathering historical archive...
Article
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In The Decent Society: planning for social quality (Abbott et al 2016) we developed the ‘Decent Society Model’ (DSM), on the shoulders of the ‘Social Quality’ approach (Beck et al 1997, 2001; Van der Maesen and Walker 2012) as a way of understanding, measuring and advising about the extent to which governments provide the resources and institutions...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter is based upon how information and communications technologies (ICT) can help enhance the well-being of communities by promoting societal quality which we analyse as: socio-economic security, social cohesion, social inclusion and social empowerment. Digital communications can facilitate each of these dimensions by enabling common events...
Article
This article is concerned with how social processes and social provision are conceptualised and measured in societies in order to offer guidance on how to improve developmental progress. Significant advances have been made in developing multidimensional measures of development, but they provide little guidance to governments on how to build sustain...
Article
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The creative industries potentially contribute much to the social and economic viability of rural regions. This paper explores the role that broadband connectivity plays in the development of professional and creative practices. In particular, we explore the extent to which broadband connectivity can reduce the penalty of distance for rural creativ...
Article
The paper argues that the well-known triadic relationship between kin state, resident state and national minority needs to take into account a fourth dimension: that of European institutions. This is illustrated through a study of relational identities on the EU’s Eastern border where the reconfiguration of ethnic relations followed the end of the...
Book
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The search for 'the Decent Society' - a fit place in which to live - has informed policy at both governmental and international level. This book analyses its nature and devises a consistent way of measuring the concept world-wide on the basis of a coherent theory of agency within social structure. Influenced by classical sociology and by the econom...
Article
The study is about social cohesion in rural communities and how this interacts with Information and Communications Technology (ICT). Social cohesion is considered in terms of both system integration and social integration. System integration includes business and cultural organisations, civil society and communal spaces on and offline, which can pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper draws upon the concept of the “Decent Society” as a way of understanding how people can be enabled to live decently good lives that optimise their capabilities as set out in the book by Abbott, Sapsford and Wallace to be published in 2016 by Routledge. The book identifies and collates indicators for a Decent Society building on the intera...
Article
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The following paper addresses a lacuna in the literature relating to the concept of resilience. To date, cultural activity in relation to resilient communities has been given little attention and this paper will highlight how the lens of community heritage activities and the ‘bottom-up’ role of volunteer labour can act as a catalyst for building mo...
Article
Small businesses are prototypical rural business, but limited by distance. However, creative businesses are less constrained by space and hold great promise for rural development. Indeed, the rural is an attractive creative aesthetic milieu. Moreover, new broadband technologies seem to offer a solution to address connectivity; the social and spatia...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although access to broadband has become a facility embedded in everyday life, many communities still have poor or no connectivity, especially in rural areas. The paper considers how some local communities have taken matters into their own hands and set up their own community broadband infrastructure in the UK. The paper examines four case study rur...
Article
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This paper looks at recovery from the normative collapse which followed the fall of the Soviet Union; two large-scale surveys allow comparison of levels of trust in 2001 and 2010/2011. The collapse of the Soviet Union was not just an economic event; it destroyed the normative framework and drove people back to reliance on things they could see and...
Article
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China has modernised rapidly in recent decades with rising economic growth, which we might assume would lead to a high level of life satisfaction. However, rapid modernisation also has implications for people's norms and values, which can change—or fail to change—in line with these developments, with implications for life satisfaction. This paper l...
Article
Communications technologies, and in particular the Internet, support the formation of vast and distributed social networks and are fuelling changes in sociability. For residents of remote rural regions, they offer the promise of overcoming geographical barriers and enabling isolated and dispersed individuals to link to each other and to the rest of...
Article
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The CURIOS (Cultural Repositories and Information Systems) project has been working with community heritage groups to co-produce sustainable solutions for the production of heritage archives in digital form. This process has produced an opportunity for fascinating geographical research into the ways in which community heritage groups produce histor...
Conference Paper
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As mobile devices proliferate and their computational power has increased rapidly over recent years, mobile applications have become a popular choice for visitors to enhance their travelling experience. However, most tourist mobile apps currently use narratives generated specifically for the app and often require a reliable Internet connection to d...
Article
In a rapidly evolving digital society, broadband connectivity is increasingly critical. Everyday experiences are mediated by technology, be they related to work, education, leisure or health care; technology impacts at many levels. Access to broadband Internet is considered to be essential to contemporary society. Despite this growing recognition,...
Article
The CURIOS project explores how digital archives for rural community heritage groups can be made more sustainable so that volunteer members can maintain a lasting digital presence. It is developing software tools to help remote rural communities to collaboratively maintain and present information about their cultural heritage. The objective is to i...
Article
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Rwanda has one of the highest levels of participation of women in politics. And yet in many ways women are still subordinated
Article
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In rural UK, businesses are often isolated and have much to gain from healthy networks, yet studies show that many rural business owners fail to network effectively. Information communications technologies offer new ways to network that might benefit rural businesses by expanding their reach. This study looked at online and face-to-face networking...
Conference Paper
The economic recession has had an impact on the economies of the EU27 countries. Although the impact has not been felt to the same extent in all countries there has been an increase in unemployment and financial distress in all of them. Yet surprisingly the economic downturn has not resulted in a significant decline in people’s social satisfaction...
Article
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This article uses Andreas Wimmers model of ethnic boundary making to examine ethnic boundaries among the Russian-speaking minorities in Lithuania and Latvia, two countries with contrasting integration policies. We argue that the exclusive integration policies of Latvia, particularly with regard to citizenship, result in the hardening of ethnic boun...
Article
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This paper considers whether rising economic prosperity in the New Member States of the European Union since joining the EU is also reflected in better a quality of life and what constitutes a better quality of society for the citizens of these countries. The paper contributes to the debate about the relationship between economic conditions and sub...
Article
In this paper we develop an explanation for the health crisis in the former Soviet Union based on social theory. The collapse of the former Soviet Union was marked by a dramatic rise in mortality and morbidity. Epidemiological and sociological explanations to date have focused on explaining the raise in mortality implicating either unhealthy lifest...
Article
Purpose – Community initiatives to collate and manage different kinds of cultural forms and resources are a popular way for local people to engage with the heritage of their area. These initiatives are often heavily dependent, however, upon short-term funding and long-term efforts of a few dedicated individuals. This paper aims to explore how commu...
Article
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This article discusses the danger of a growing digital divide between rural and other areas. It presents broadband as increasingly necessary for the delivery of information, health, education, business, social security, public and leisure services. Access to broadband has become vital for rural communities to participate in a progressively digital...
Article
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Women with young children are increasingly employed full time across the whole EU, including those countries where it was not traditional. This makes the management of work and care a major concern for dual earner households throughout Europe. In this paper we identify five main household work strategies: shift working, flexible working, informal c...
Chapter
This chapter looks at the social quality of families in Europe by focussing upon parents with young children using the European Quality of Life Survey, 2007. It considers the role of employment and unemployment in modifying the quality of life for fathers and mothers in 27 European countries. The aim of this chapter is to test the applicability of...
Article
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Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) open up the possibility of new forms of relationship and engagement, which form part of the sociality of modern society, leading some to characterize this as a transition to an "information society", a "network society", or a "third industrial revolution". This has implications for Social Quality,...
Article
Background: Two population surveys were conducted in Belarus: The Living Conditions, Lifestyle and Health (LLH) in 2001 (n = 2000) and The Health in Times of Transition (HITT) in 2010 (n = 1800). Each survey included a question on health status. The LLH questionnaire provided a 4-point Verbal Response Scale, but the HITT questionnaire used a 5-poi...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we suggest a way to measure the well-being of society based upon our own development of the Social Quality model. The Social Quality model has the advantage of being sociologically grounded as a measure of the well-being of society and the individuals within it. We test our model of Social Quality against life satisfaction as an indic...
Article
This article looks at developments in Eastern European civil society (as measured by the participation in organisations) and how this has changed between 1995 and 2005 using the World Values Survey. There are comparisons with Western Europe on the one hand and the United States on the other, which show that although civic participation of this kind...
Chapter
Rwanda, a post-conflict country in the Great Lakes Region of East Central Africa, has made a remarkable recovery from the devastating genocide it experienced in 1994 and has entered on a path of sustainable development. It remains, however, one of the poorest countries in the world and is heavily aid dependent. Most of the population are dependent...
Chapter
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This paper develops a sociologically informed understanding of what influences the wellbeing of people living in Kazakhstan, one of the successor states of the former Soviet Union. The focus is on influences on the experience of wellbeing and what makes a society liveable for all. The Social Quality approach is used to derive indicators with which...
Article
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This paper develops a sociologically informed understanding of what influences the lives and life-choices of people living in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan (Central Asian Republics) and Armenia and Georgia (the Caucasus), four of the successor states of the Soviet Union that suffered significant social and economic changes following the collapse of the...
Article
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This paper looks at the impact of the economic collapse of the former Soviet Union on the lives of ordinary people in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus using qualitative as well as quantitative data. We argue that to understand the impact of the transformation it is necessary to take a sociological approach. To provide a framework for our analysis we use...
Article
BokDerekThe Politics of Happiness. What Government Can Learn from the New Research on Well-being. 2010, Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford - Volume 30 Issue 3 - Claire Wallace
Article
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The paper looks at changing concepts of citizenship among young people in Moldova in a context of social and system disintegration. Due to the protracted economic and political crisis there, young people were disengaged from political, economic and social citizenship but are socially integrated at the level of family and friendship networks, which...
Article
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This article looks at the determinants of job satisfaction in 27 European countries at both the individual and country level. Individual determinants include type of occupation, supervision responsibilities, working hours, and the assessment of various dimensions, such as intrinsic and extrinsic job characteristics. These factors already explain a...
Article
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Drawing upon material from several research projects, this article attempts to classify youth policies in the European Union according to a variety of dimensions: the organisation of the youth sector, the target groups for youth policies, the definitions of youth and the main purposes of youth policies. One problem in undertaking this exercise is t...