Claire Houmard

Claire Houmard

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42
Publications
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194
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Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
Ancient human-whale relationships are difficult to study because, counterintuitively, whales have been virtually invisible in the archaeological record despite the immense quantities of valuable products they provide. In this review, we explain the reasons for this invisibility, and we also show how an interdisciplinary approach combining archaeolo...
Article
Full-text available
Birds have been an integral part of traditional Yup'ik lifeways in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, southwest Alaska, both economically and symbolically. From a subsistence point of view, the rich ethnographic record for the region highlights the importance of this resource as a critical seasonal food and a source of raw materials for clothing and tools....
Article
Full-text available
The precontact lifeways of Yup’ik people in Southwest Alaska were poorly known until the 2009–2018 excavations at the Nunalleq site near the village of Quinhagak. Until recently, the site dating from around AD 1400–1675 had been locked in permafrost that secured the extraordinary preservation of organic artefacts and faunal materials. As in many ot...
Article
Full-text available
The reconstruction of diet, subsistence strategies and human-animal relationships are integral to understanding past human societies, adaptations and resilience - especially in the circumpolar Arctic. Even in relatively recent periods, climatic excursions may have posed specific challenges for hunter-gatherer groups living at latitudinal and climat...
Article
Full-text available
The caribou antler exploitation among the Yupiit during the pre-contact period was rather undocumented before the discovery of the Nunalleq site (southwestern Alaska) that benefitted from exceptional conditions of preservation. This very rich site yielded more than 3,400 osseous artefacts that are under study. The procurement and manufacturing stra...
Conference Paper
L'Espagne cantabrique et la France méridionale ont très tôt constitué des hauts lieux des recherches sur le Magdalénien. Des modèles chronologiques y ont été bâtis à partir de marqueurs typo-technologiques, de l' organisation stratigraphique des vestiges et des datations radiocarbone. Toutefois, les trajectoires évolutives de chacun de ces grands e...
Article
Résumé Pour présenter un aperçu de l’évolution de l’équipement et des pratiques techniques depuis les premières occupations de l’Arctique jusqu’aux périodes historiques, deux régions ont été prises comme cas d’étude : le Golfe de Foxe, incluant une partie du détroit d’Hudson et la côte nord-ouest du Groenland. Autour du Golfe de Foxe, l’exploitatio...
Article
The Dorset sites of Tayara (KbFk-7) and KcFs-2 have yielded a rich assemblage of common eider duck (Somateria mollissima) and thick-billed murre (Uria lomvia). This study examines the role of birds and treatment of avian remains in the subsistence practices of Paleoeskimo groups along the southern coast of the Hudson Strait through the analysis of...
Book
L’archéologie de l’Arctique canadien a fait une large place à certaines catégories d’objets, telles les têtes de harpon, mais n’a encore que peu exploité la grande richesse informative des objets en matières dures d’origine animale. L’étude typologique fine des collections paléoesquimaudes de sites de référence réalisée dans le cadre de ma thèse m’...
Article
Full-text available
The exploitation of the animals, both their hard and soft components, is central in the lifestyle of the North American Arctic people. Studying the osseous industry allows understanding the adaptation proxies and peopling dynamics of the human groups, as well as their links with the climatic and environmental fluctuations. In the Eastern Arctic, Ne...
Article
Full-text available
Tayara est l’un des sites paléoesquimaux les plus renommés de l’Arctique de l’Est canadien. Suite aux fouilles de William E. Taylor Jr. en 1958, il a servi de référence pour définir le faciès Dorsétien ancien. L’étude de Taylor était basée sur la typologie des têtes de harpon, ainsi que sur les figurines humaines et animales découvertes, notamment...
Article
Tayara is one of the most famous Palaeo-Eskimo sites in the Eastern Canadian Arctic. William E. Taylor Jr. excavated it in 1958, and it has since become the main reference for defining Early Dorset characteristics. His study was based on harpoon head typology and on the animal and human figurines discovered, especially the famous little human mask....
Article
Full-text available
Thanks to its high nutritional potential and huge ivory canines, walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) appears to have been a key resource in the subsistence economy of Dorset groups. However present archaeological data are sparse and a more global analysis of its exploitation by the Palaeoeskimos is required. The Tayara site (KbFk-7) in Nunavik (Quebec, Cana...
Article
L'exploitation des matières animales est centrale dans le mode de vie des peuples arctiques. C'est à partir de ce support privilégié que mes recherches aspirent à retracer les mécanismes d'adaptation ainsi que les dynamiques de peuplement des deux principales populations en présence, paléoesqui- maude (prédorsétienne/dorsétienne) et néoesquimaude (...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last few years, a multidisciplinary research team has been assembled by the Avataq Cultural Institute to work on the Tayara site (KbFk-7) located on the southern shore of Hudson Strait in Nunavik, Northern Quebec. The geomorphologic context and the exceptional preservation of the archaeological layers give this Palaeoeskimo site a key role...
Article
Full-text available
The cave of Le Taillis des Coteaux, Antigny (Vienne, France) was discovered in 1998 and excavations began in 2000. The preserved stratigraphy is exceptional as it represents almost the whole Upper Palaeolithic, from the Aurignacian to the Middle Magdalenian, through the Gravettian, Badegoulian and Lower Magdalenian. The latter provides an archaeolo...
Article
Full-text available
La grotte du Taillis des Coteaux à Antigny (Vienne), découverte en 1998, est fouillée depuis 2000. Elle conserve une stratigraphie exceptionnelle, comprenant la quasi-totalité du Paléolithique supérieur, depuis l'Aurignacien jusqu'au Magdalénien moyen, en passant par le Gravettien, le Badegoulien et le Magdalénien inférieur. Ce dernier, le niveau A...
Article
Full-text available
La grotte du Taillis des Coteaux à Antigny (Vienne), découverte en 1998 et fouillée depuis 2000, conserve une stratigraphie exceptionnelle comprenant la quasi-totalité du Paléolithique supérieur, depuis l'Aurignacien jusqu'au Magdalénien moyen, en passant par le Gravettien, le Badegoulien et le Magdalénien inférieur. Ce dernier livre un assemblage...
Article
Full-text available
The cave of Le Taillis des Coteaux, Antigny (Vienne, France) was discovered in 1998 and excavations began in 2000. The preserved stratigraphy is exceptional as it represents almost the whole Upper Palaeolithic, from the Aurignacian to the Middle Magdalenian, through the Gravetian, Badegoulian and Lower Magdalenian. This latter sequence, level AG-II...
Article
CELAT (Centre d'Etudes des Lettres, des Arts et des Traditions, Québec (Canada)
Article
Rapport intermédiaire de la fouille programmée pluriannuelle 2006-2008
Article
Grooved projectile points from the site of La Garenne (Saint-Marcel, Indre, France) have been studied and allowed to propose a definition for the particular fixtures that they can have is proposed. Based on their morphometrical properties and their localisation on the pieces, two categories of grooves have been distinguished: intentional and involu...
Article
Catalogue de l'Exposition ‘‘Préhistoire du val de Creuse en Berry'', Musée d'Argentomagus, Saint-Marcel (Indre)
Article
Catalogue de l'Exposition ‘‘Préhistoire du val de Creuse en Berry'', Musée d'Argentomagus, Saint-Marcel (Indre), pp. 113-114

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