Claire Ducro

Claire Ducro
Université de Lille · UFR Psychology

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86
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Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Full-text available
Recidivism risk assessment has played an essential role in the criminal justice system for many years. Various risk assessment tools have been developed and recali-brated over the years for the purpose. Two such instruments, the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG) and the Sex Offender Risk Appraisal Guide (SORAG), were both revised before being co...
Article
Background: Suicide in prison is a major problem and several risk factors have been identified in the literature (e.g., period of incarceration, depressive disorders). Aims: The study examined the impact of several risk factors for suicide attempts before and during incarceration using life trajectory analysis of inmates by interviews with informan...
Article
La présente étude a pour objectif d'évaluer les taux de récidive des Auteurs d'Infractions à Caractère Sexuel (ACIS) et d'identifier des sous-groupes d'AICS « plus à risque » sur deux périodes de suivi : l'une de 5 ans, période souvent recensée dans les études internationales et une période plus longue d'environ 10 ans. Pour ce faire, les taux de r...
Article
Le sadisme sexuel est associé à un risque élevé de violence sexuelle et de dangerosité générale chez les agresseurs sexuels. Or, son évaluation se heurte à des critères diagnostiques vagues et fait appel à des méthodes idiosyncrasiques qui demandent aux évaluateurs d'inférer les motivations et fantasmes sadiques des individus. La Sexual Sadism Scal...
Article
To study qualitatively the development of a heteroaggressive behavior, we applied retrospective analytical method based on categorization of life events. The aim of this study was to establish the life trajectories of sexual offenders through interviews with second sources: the inmate’s relatives and psychologists. The life trajectories of incarcer...
Article
Under Belgian law, offenders not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI) are committed by the courts to forensic mental health treatment. The use of violence risk assessment tools has become routine in these settings. However, there are no national statistics regarding violence risk assessment in the Belgian forensic population. A study was undertaken...
Article
While the prevalence of mental disorders in people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is well documented, there is less specific literature in the forensic domain. This study sought to clarify the psychiatric and criminological characteristics among Belgian French-speaker forensic inpatients with low IQ and mental health illnesses. To this end, we...
Article
Full-text available
This study, for the first time investigates facial expressions during the retrieval of self-defining memories (i.e., vivid and emotionally intense memories of enduring concerns or unresolved conflicts). Participants self-rated the emotional valence of their self-defining memories, while autobiographical retrieval was analyzed with facial analysis s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Much researchs among sex offenders have focused on the psychopathic personality (Olver et al., 2009) suggesting a low prevalence of the personality disorder (Pham, 2008). However, their crime are more violent and sadistic (Pham et al., 1999 ; Woodworth et al., 2013). Our study analyzes the relations between three measures of psychopathy (PCL-R, CAP...
Poster
The assessment of recidivism risk is crucial for the effective management of sexual offenders and the empirical actuarial risk tools have become routine among forensic settings. However, actuarial risk scale for assessing general, violent and/or sexual recidivism among male sex offenders is still evolving: Static99 was revised (Static-99R), the BAR...
Article
La décennie précédente a connu un renouveau des discussions et débats sur l'efficacité du traitement des Auteurs d'Agressions Sexuelles (ASA). Les modèles de « prévention des rechutes », « d'autorégulation », de « risque, besoin et réceptivité », et de « bonne vie » sont préconisés pour le traitement des délinquants sexuels, offrant aux cliniciens...
Article
L'évaluation de la psychopathie reste incontournable tant dans le domaine de l'expertise, de l'orientation, du traitement, que de l'évaluation et la gestion du risque. Le profil psychopathique et le niveau de risque de récidive associé constituent des indicateurs pertinents pour les professionnels de terrain. Cet article se propose de compléter le...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we investigated, for the first time, facial expressions during the retrieval of Self-defining memories (i.e., those vivid and emotionally intense memories of enduring concerns or unresolved conflicts). Participants self-rated the emotional valence of their Self-defining memories and autobiographical retrieval was analyzed with a faci...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines whether the perception of peripersonal action-space and interpersonal social-space is modified in patients with restrictive-type anorexia in two experimental conditions using videos. First, participants stopped the video of an approaching stimulus when they felt the distance to be comfortable for interacting with it (first-perso...
Article
L’objectif de la présente recherche est de dégager des différences au niveau du risque de récidive entre des patients internés car se trouvant dans un état grave de déséquilibre ou de débilité mentale les rendant « incapables du contrôle de leurs actions » au moment des faits (art. 1er de la loi de Défense Sociale, 1964) comparativement aux condamn...
Article
This study examines whether the perception of peripersonal action-space and interpersonal social-space is modified in patients with restrictive-type anorexia in two experimental conditions using videos. First, participants stopped the video of an approaching stimulus when they felt the distance to be comfortable for interacting with it (first-perso...
Article
Les recherches antérieures suggèrent que les enfants ayant eu une expérience de violence ou d’abus physique présentent un risque de comportements inappropriés, incluant la répétition des abus subis lors de l’âge adulte. En effet, plusieurs théories soulignent que la victimisation sexuelle durant l’enfance joue un rôle important dans l’abus sexuel s...
Article
Full-text available
En Belgique, la loi de « Défense sociale » stipule qu’un inculpé « qui est soit en état de démence, soit dans un état grave de déséquilibre mental ou de débilité mentale le rendant incapable du contrôle de ses actions » peut être interné. L’établissement de défense sociale (EDS) de Tournai (Belgique) accueille 350 internés. En collaboration avec le...
Article
BACKGROUND: In Belgium, the law of "social defense" stipulates that an accused "which is either in a state of dementia or in a serious state of mental disturbance or mental deficiency, incapable of controlling his actions" can be interned. The establishment of social defense (ESD) in Tournai (Belgium) hosts 350 inmates. OBJECTIVES: In collaboration...
Presentation
Dual Diagnosis and Risk Assessment in a Belgian Forensic Hospital
Presentation
Dual Diagnosis and Risk Assessment in a Belgian Forensic Hospital
Presentation
Numerous risk assessment tools have been validated among sex offenders. There are still few studies among offenders with Dual Diagnosis (DD). Psychiatric comorbidity is more the rule than the exception among forensic population. This study investigates the criminological specificities and the risk score of DD forensic inpatients. The sample is comp...
Article
Full-text available
Summary: Objective: Mental health professionals are routinely called upon to assess the violence risk presented by their patients, frequently aided by structured instruments. Though surveys of risk assessment and management have been conducted, these efforts have been largely circumscribed to individual countries and have not compared the practice...
Presentation
Society has an interest in knowing which adjudicated offenders are likely to commit further offenses. A great number of risk assessment tools have been developed and validated among offender’s populations. The interest for the risk assessment is clearly established; however there is still few studies among offenders with intellectual disability (ID...
Poster
Full-text available
The psychopathy as concept is in a constant evolution. The implementation of the CAPP-IRS and the IM-P offer a new perspective in the comprehension of this concept for the research and the clinical practice. The CAPP-IRS (Cooke, 2004) is composed of 33 symptoms regrouped in 6 domains (Attachment, Behavioral, Cognitive, Dominance, Emotional and Self...
Article
Full-text available
This study relates to the validity of the Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (SRP), in French-speaking Belgium, in community, forensic and clinical samples. Against this background, we set out to assess its discriminant validity on Belgian participants from three settings: community (Non-Offender/Non-Psychiatric; N=18), general psychiatry (Non-Offender/...
Chapter
A large number of violence risk assessment tools have been developed over the years to help professionals make decisions in legal and clinical settings. These instruments are structured in such a way as to cover violence risk factors and/or protective factors. In Belgium, as in other countries, these tools have been adopted little by little since t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Adversité, dissociation, attachement et fonctionnement familial chez les auteurs d'infractions à caractère sexuel (AICS)
Article
Full-text available
Pham, H.T. & Ducro, C. (2015). Psychopathie et évaluation du risque de récidive. 194, 34-38
Article
Full-text available
This study proposes to assess the relations between the traditional neuropsychological characteristics and psychopathy. The general hypothesis is that there is a link between psychopathy (PCL-R) and the presence of various neuropsychological disorders such as the attention, the impulsiveness, the planning and the taking of decisions. The population...
Article
Full-text available
This study proposes to assess the relations between the traditional neuropsychological characteristics and psychopathy. The general hypothesis is that there is a link between psychopathy (PCL-R) and the presence of various neuropsychological disorders such as the attention, the impulsiveness, the planning and the taking of decisions. The population...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
H T.(2014). Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse and family relationships among sex offenders. (2014). Poster presented at the IATSO Annual Meeting. Porto. Forensische Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie. 21, Supplement ,1, 136. p. 54.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ducro, C. Pham, H.T. & Lagneaux, L. .(2014). Prospective study concerning the criminal, diagnostic, social and treatment characteristics of sex offenders in the Belgium Walloon community.Poster presented at the IATSO Annual Meeting.
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the study was twofold: to assess recidivism risk in a sample of adult inmate sex offenders in Belgium (N = 325) and to measure the predictive validity of the Static-99 (Hanson & Thornton, 1999, 2002) for four types of recidivism: general (GR), sexual (SR), violent non-sexual (VNSR), and non-violent non-sexual (NVNSR). The mean follow...
Article
Full-text available
La psychopathie est un diagnostic se situant à la croisée des champs psychiatrique, social, pénal et criminologique. Ses causes étiologiques ne sont pas encore clairement déterminées. Cette recherche rétrospective vise à apprécier dans quelle mesure un vécu d’adversité durant l’enfance pouvait prédire l’apparition de la psychopathie à l’âge adulte....
Article
Full-text available
The study presents preliminary data relating to the recidivism risk among sex offenders (n = 80) resulting from the French legal system. The objective is to evaluate the discriminant validity of two static instruments of risk assessment (Hanson and Thornton, 1999, 2003; Quinsey et al., 1995 [5], [6] and [8]) according to the characteristics of the...
Article
Full-text available
Actuarial risk assessment instruments (ARAI) have contributed to a methodological improvement for the evaluation inside the forensic system. One main effect was the reduction of false positive predictions. The ARAI present some advantages but also some important limits: (a) their assessment, leading to an overall score is not as easy as expected an...
Article
article commence sur l'évaluation de la psychopathie qui prend de plus en plus sens à l'heure actuelle. L'utilité de ce diagnostic touche particulièrement le domaine de l'expertise, celui du traitement mais aussi l'évaluation du risque et la gestion de la récidive. L'article concerne principalement les adultes psychopathes. Dans un premier temps, i...
Article
Full-text available
In the first part of the paper, we describe two static instruments of recidivism among sex offenders-the STATIC-99 and the SORAG. In the second part, we evaluate the static risk level of sex offenders from the French judiciary system. We also evaluate the discriminant validity of the two instruments. The results suggest that the level of static ris...
Article
Full-text available
L’étude tente de dégager les spécificités diagnostiques, étiologiques et pronostiques d’adolescents auteurs d’infractions à caractère sexuel (AICS). Un groupe d’AICS (n = 36) est comparé à un groupe de délinquants non-AICS (n = 20). Les résultats montrent que les AICS ont davantage connu la perte de leur père. Ils présentent davantage de caractéris...
Article
L’étude concerne la prise en charge des auteurs d’infractions à caractère sexuel (AICS) ainsi que leur taux de récidive. Elle constitue une recherche d’action de type prospectif à long terme. Celle-ci se fera au travers de la mise en place d’un instrument d’évaluation des AICS reprenant des variables liées aux délits, aux diagnostics mentaux, aux p...
Article
Full-text available
Cette étude se propose d’évaluer les relations entre les troubles de la personnalité et la psychopathie. Un regard particulier sera porté sur le trouble borderline vu son implication pour la prise en charge. L’hypothèse générale est qu’il existe des liens entre la psychopathie et la présence d’autres troubles de la personnalité, principalement de l...
Article
Recent clinical and empirical works are based on Cleckley's clinical observations in which psychopathy is viewed as a personality disorder, characterised by a lack of emotions, callousness, unreliability and superficiality. Hare operationalised Cleckley's concept of psychopathy by developing the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised composed of 20 items th...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we compared 20 criminal psychopaths and 19 nonpsychopaths identified with the PCL-R (Hare, 200322. Hare , R. D. 2003 . The Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Revised, , 2nd ed. , Toronto, ON : Multi-Health Systems . View all references). All participants were adult males confined in a Belgian security hospital. The psychopath group and the...
Article
Full-text available
Pham, H.T. Ducro, C. Pihet, B. Martin, M. (2010). Evaluation des taux de récidive des Auteurs d’Infractions à Caractère Sexuel (AICS) suivis au sein d’équipes de santé spécialisées en Région Wallonne. Revue de Psychiatrie Légale et Médecine Corporelle, 53, 4/5, 167-178
Article
Full-text available
1. Pham, H.T., Ducro, C., Reveillère, C., & Benezech, M.-(2010). Les développements de l’évaluation de la psychopathie. Revue « Element », N°4. UMons.
Article
Full-text available
The research evaluates follow up recidivism rates among sex offenders registered in ambulatory facilities in Wallonia Region. The rates are of 27% for general recidivism, 7,9% for sexual recidivism, 4,7% of non sexual violent recidivism and 18,3% of non sexual non violent recidivism. These rates are rather low in comparison to the international lit...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé Cette étude analyse les caractéristiques délictueuses et démographiques de 88 agresseurs sexuels composés de 29 agresseurs d’adultes, 36 agresseurs d’enfants et de 23 agresseurs d’adultes et d’enfants internés en Défense Sociale, en Belgique francophone. Ces trois groupes d’agresseurs sexuels ont été comparés sur les plans des différents dél...
Article
Full-text available
In order to assess the internal structure of risk assessment of sexual recidivism of the Sex Offender Risk Appraisal Guide (SORAG), and the STATIC-99, a principal components analysis followed by promax rotation was conducted. In a data set including adults forensic sex offenders, three interpretable components were identified both with the SORAG (n...
Article
Full-text available
Cette étude compare les antécédents d’adversité entre les délinquants sexuels (n = 74 comprenant 19 agresseurs sexuels d’enfants extrafamiliaux, 28 agresseurs sexuels d’enfants intrafamiliaux, 27 agresseurs sexuels de victimes adultes) les délinquants non sexuels (n = 18) et les non délinquants (n = 15). Les variables concernent : la négligence, l’...
Article
Full-text available
The study assesses the relations between the PCL-R (2 factors structure) and major mental disorders. The population was composed of male adult patients from a Belgian security hospital (N = 105). Significant point biseral correlations were found between the total score of the PCL-R and the diagnoses of drug abuse/dependence (0.31), conduct disorder...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluated the convergent and predictive validity of the Sex Offender Risk Appraisal Guide (SORAG; V. L. Quinsey, G. T. Harris, M. E. Rice, & C. A. Cormier, 1998) and the Static-99 (R. K. Hanson & D. Thornton, 1999, 2000) among 147 male sex offenders committed to a high-security hospital in Belgium (Centre de Défense Sociale "Les Marronni...
Article
Full-text available
This study assesses the convergent and predictive validities of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG) and the Historical-Clinical-and Risk management (HCR-20). The Population was composed of inmates or forensic patients coming from either high security prisons or a forensic hospital. The three instrumen...
Article
Full-text available
The study evaluates the convergent validity between the scale of psychopathy of Hare (PCL-R), Historical-Clinical-Risk-20 items (HCR-20), the clinical syndromes as well as the personality disorders of DSM-IV. The population includes 60 prisoners of male sex imprisoned in central France. The internal consistency of HCR-20 is comparable with that obt...

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