Claire Calmels

Claire Calmels
French Institute of Sport (INSEP) | INSEP · Recherche INSEP

About

39
Publications
24,375
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
821
Citations

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Over the last two decades, there were many investigations on motor expertise but inconsistencies across findings exist. Thus, to unravel these discrepancies, we conducted a novel literature review, applying stricter inclusion criteria relative to those used in previous reviews. Consequently, this paper reviews the most recent MRI and fMRI literatur...
Article
This paper depicts an approach aiming to allow individuals with orthopedic trauma injuries to optimize recovery and safely return to daily life. The core of this approach is motor simulation, used in complement to conventional physical rehabilitation methods. This paper provides recent scientific insights on the basis of motor simulation, discusses...
Article
In this study, we designed a visual short‐term priming paradigm to investigate the mechanisms underlying the priming of movements and to probe movement representations in motor experts and matched controls. We employed static visual stimuli that implied or not human whole‐body movements, that is, gymnastics movements and static positions. Twelve el...
Article
Learning a new move, maintaining a previously mastered move during a temporary motor immobilization, or altering a move pattern to increase its efficacy are situations that anybody can encounter. One means to help individuals handle these situations successfully is the use of motor simulation in combination or not with physical practice. Generally,...
Article
The goal of this project is to investigate cortical plasticity induced by brain-computer interface (BCI) learning in a tetraplegic patient suffering from limb girdle muscular dystrophy. This EEG BCI will be non invasive, asynchronous and based on imagery. To examine these changes, we will employ a longitudinal design in which the subject will go th...
Article
Performing two tasks concomitantly (dual task) is common in every day life. Sometimes, individuals are successful; at other times, they are not. The aim of this study was to examine and compare brain responses, in particular functional connectivity, when individuals performed the dual task correctly and when they committed errors. Thus, 13 musicall...
Article
Full-text available
Buts de l’étude Le niveau d’expertise motrice des individus influence la manière de percevoir les actions d’autrui. Des individus observant des actions motrices qu’ils maîtrisent parfaitement recruteront plus intensément le réseau neuronal de l’observation d’actions que des sujets ne possédant pas le bagage moteur leur permettant de réaliser ces ac...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine whether mechanisms, involved during the maintenance of familiar movement information in memory, were influenced by the degree of familiarity of the display in which the movements were embedded. Twelve gymnasts who possessed high visual and motor familiarity with the movements employed in this study, were rec...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to examine brain responses, in particular functional connectivity, to different visual stimuli depicting familiar biological motions. Ten subjects actively observed familiar biological motions embedded in point-light and video displays. Electroencephalograms were recorded from 64 electrodes. Activity was considered in thre...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of instructions and expertise upon cortical mechanisms during a working memory task. Ten professional pianists and ten musically naı¨venaı¨ve subjects were instructed to retain for a short period of time, sequential finger movements viewed previously with the aim of either replicating them or rec...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of instructions and expertise upon neuronal changes during observation of sequential finger movements. Professional pianists and musically naïve subjects observed these movements with the aim of either replicating or recognizing them at a later stage. A non-linear measure of functional coupling was u...
Article
To consider cortical oscillations at local and distant/large scale levels during the time course of motor events under both an observation and an execution condition. Local and distant changes in EEG cortical oscillations were respectively assessed by the Event-Related Desynchronization/Synchronization technique and the Synchronization Likelihood t...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the perceived development of psychological characteristics in male and female elite gymnasts. Fourteen participants (seven females and seven males) were engaged in individual semi-structured interviews, which were subjected to an inductive-deductive analysis procedure. Results revealed the main psychological characteristics perc...
Article
Full-text available
RESUME. Cette communication a tenté de mettre en évidence comment les connaissances issues du champ des neurosciences étaient en mesure d'apporter un éclairage nouveau sur les pratiques du sport de performance et plus particulièrement sur la perception des actions d'autrui. La spécificité du milieu sportif et les technologies d'investigation utilis...
Article
Full-text available
Imagery and observation are multicomponential, involving individual difference characteristics that modify the processes. The authors propose that both imagery and observation function by offering effective routes to access and reinforce neural networks for skilled performance. The neural isomorphism with overt behaviors offers a tempting mechanism...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of this study was to examine the temporal aspects of neuronal changes during the observation and execution of simple and complex tasks to gain a greater understanding of the mirror neuron system's involvement in complex motor tasks. Eleven right-handed subjects observed simple and complex finger movement sequences. Electroencephalogram...
Article
ObjectivesThe purpose of the study was firstly to examine the nature of the information individuals extract from observations of their own performance and the reasons they give for choosing this information. Second, we aimed to investigate how individuals treat observed information and the strategies they use. Identification of the reasons for the...
Article
Full-text available
The authors' aim in this study was to consider the functional equivalence of internal imagery, external imagery, and action execution. Sixteen elite gymnasts imaged and performed a complex gymnastic vault. Ten performers imaged from an internal perspective, and 6 used an external perspective. Although the results revealed that the time to image the...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the variability in cortical activation during physical air-rifle shooting and three different observation conditions. Elite air-rifle shooters performed a 40 shot individual match. Electroencephalograms were recorded from 11 active sites across the cortex during the final 6 s (3 x 2 s epochs) before shot rel...
Article
The aim of this study was to test the validity of mirror neuron activity in humans through analysis of electroencephalographic (EEG) functional connectivity during an action not directed towards an object. We investigated changes in EEG interchannel synchronization prior to and during action execution and also prior to and during observation of the...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to provide further evidence for the existence of a mirror neuron system in humans using electroencephalography during the observation and execution of non-object-related movements. Event-related desynchronization and synchronization (ERD/ERS) were used to characterize brain activity prior to, and during, observation and ex...
Article
Full-text available
Findings are reported of an evaluation of the effects of a 10‐month PST program on performance and psychological indicators. Ten nationally ranked female gymnasts (M = 12 years old) followed a psychological skills training (PST) program for half an hour per week. The five‐step intervention consisted of relaxation, self‐talk, goal setting, focusing,...
Article
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of a structured imagery intervention on self-reported vividness of movement imagery in four female national softball players. A multiple-baseline design across individuals was employed. Participants spent 10 minutes, four or five times per week, practising an audio-taped imagery program, wh...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of a structured imagery intervention on self-reported vividness of movement imagery in four female national softball players. A multiple-baseline design across individuals was employed. Participants spent 10 minutes, four or five times per week, practising an audio-taped imagery program, wh...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the effectiveness of an imagery training program in improving national softball players’ selective attention. A multiple-baseline design across individuals was used. There were four participants. One remained at baseline, while the other three spent 10 min a day practising an audio-taped imagery program composed of 28 sessions....
Article
Full-text available
Le modèle du PETTLEP, modèle élaboré par deux chercheurs et psychologues du sport britanniques, nous offre une approche inhabituelle et novatrice de l’imagerie. Ce modèle permet d’améliorer la compréhension des processus impliqués dans l’imagerie mentale et d’optimiser ainsi son utilisation et son efficacité. Les grands principes de cette approche...
Article
Full-text available
The purposes of this qualitative study were, (a) to compare the competitive strategies developed by national and international female gymnasts through natural learning experiences, (b) to compare the competitive strategies used by national gymnasts who benefited from a psychological skills training (PST) program to those developed by international...
Article
Full-text available
In this experiment, differences in the temporal organization of routines in artistic gymnastics executed under mental and physical conditions were examined. Twelve elite female gymnasts performed their floor routines mentally, then performed the same routines physically. On each of three days, the performance was filmed, and the durations of the me...
Article
L'objet de cette communication est de montrer comment les découvertes récentes dans le champ des neurosciences apportent des éclairages nouveaux sur les mécanismes qui sous-tendent la cognition et plus particulièrement sur les mécanismes de l'observation. Des implications pratiques pour l'entraînement sportif sont également suggérées et discutées....

Network

Cited By