Ciska Wittouck

Ciska Wittouck
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Criminology Criminal Law and Social Law

drs.

About

31
Publications
10,623
Reads
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464
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2019 - present
Ghent University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
February 2018 - January 2019
Ghent University
Position
  • Researcher
February 2014 - January 2018
Ghent University
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
Violence is a common phenomenon both in regular and forensic psychiatric settings, and has a profound impact on staff and other patients. Insight into the individual risk factors associated with violence in forensic psychiatric settings is rare and is therefore the subject of this research. A retrospective file study in three medium security units...
Book
Full-text available
This book is a representation of a multidisciplinary scientific research project as well as a social-artistic photo project. Both describe and depict the strengths of persons subjected to an internment mesasure and of their families. It also sheds light on the longing for a 'normal life' and on the difficulties to shape it.
Article
Recovery and desistance in mentally ill offenders can be more complicated than in respectively general psychiatric or offender populations due to factors and processes on individual, contextual and structural levels. In this paper we focus on a specific element of the interplay between the individual and the contextual level; the working alliance....
Article
Full-text available
Background: Suicide is a leading cause of mortality in prisoners worldwide, yet empirical data on this matter are lacking in Belgium. Aims: This study sought to describe characteristics associated with a consecutive series of suicides in Belgian prisons from 2000 to 2016 inclusive, in order to inform suicide prevention strategies. Method: All doc...
Article
Full-text available
Reducing the number of suicides in prison has been highlighted as an international priority. To date, however, studies examining prison suicides in Belgium are lacking. Therefore, adopting a retrospective record-based approach, we sought to investigate all suicides occurring in the whole Belgian prison estate during a 17-year period. The results un...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Aan de hand van een dossierstudie werden alle (gedocumenteerde) suïcides onderzocht die in de Belgische gevangenissen plaatsvonden over de periode 2000–2016. Gedurende dit 17-jarig tijdsbestek overleden in België 794 gedetineerden tijdens hun detentie. Eén derde (33%) van deze overlijdens betroffen suïcides—tussen 2000 en 2016 pleegden 262 individu...
Article
Purpose: This pilot study aimed to investigate the correlates of suicidal ideation in offenders incarcerated in three Belgian prisons. Design/methodology/approach: A cross-sectional questionnaire design was used. Sixty participants were recruited from three Belgian prisons. In addition to a questionnaire regarding demographic, social, institutional...
Article
Full-text available
In the field of drug treatment and research recovery has become more important. Previously the focus of recovery was primarily on the absence of symptoms (clinical recovery), currently, the idea that recovery is a lengthy process in which individuals, through addressing problems in different life domains, work towards a satisfying quality of life i...
Article
Full-text available
Recidivism rates for forensic medium security patients (‘internees’) in Flanders are lacking. The current article discusses recidivism rates in a medium security population under the authority of the Commission of the Protection of Society (CPS) Ghent. The research consisted of two studies. In the first study, recidivism was based on official convi...
Article
Forensic ‘medium security’ projects: registration of incidents during treatment of forensic psychiatric patients of the Commission of Social Defense Ghent Research concerning forensic medium security units in Flanders is scarce. This study reports on incidents during treatment. The population consisted of 203 forensic patients conditionally release...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – Problem solving courts are a result of the therapeutic jurisprudence movement. Drug treatment courts (DTCs), for instance, aim to divert substance using offenders away from the criminal justice system (CJS) to (drug) treatment services. DTCs are associated with reduced criminal offending and substance use. Psychosocial outcomes of DTCs, s...
Article
The impact of the Ghent drug treatment court on drug related life domains Ciska Wittouck, Saaske De Keulenaer, Stefan Thomaes & Freya Vander Laenen Several countries have implemented a drug treatment court (DTC) at the sentencing level of the criminal justice system (CJS). DTCs aim to refer defendants with substance use disorders (SUDs) to (drug) t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Bereavement following suicide is associated with an increased vulnerability for depression, complicated grief, suicidal ideation, and suicide. There is, however, a paucity of studies of the effects of interventions in suicide survivors. Aims: This study therefore examined the effects of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based psyc...
Article
Full-text available
In elke wetenschappelijke discipline wisselen dominante (theoretische) paradigma's elkaar af en bepalen in sterke mate wat al dan niet op de agenda komt. Na een periode van succes worden uitgangspunten in vraag gesteld en uitgedaagd door een nieuw opkomend, vaak tegenstrijdig, denkkader. Dit is niet anders in de criminologische en strafrechtelijke...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Earlier reviews regarding the effectiveness of Drug Treatment Courts (DTCs) reported a reduction in reoffending and substance use. Although substance users suffer from other difficulties than drug use and judicial issues, none of these reviews focused on outcomes or effects of DTCs on drug-related life domains, such as social relatio...
Article
Bereaved individuals are at increased risk of mental and physical disorders, and prevention and treatment of complicated grief is indicated. Earlier quantitative reviews have not focused on the effect of bereavement interventions on (complicated) grief. Therefore the main objective of this meta-analysis was to determine the short-term and long-term...
Article
Full-text available
This comparative longitudinal study investigated aftercare and compliance of attempted suicide patients after standardized psychosocial assessment. Structured interviews were conducted 1 month (FU1) and 6 months (FU2) after an index suicide attempt. Assessment was associated with more frequent discussion of treatment options with the patient at the...

Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
Evaluation of the functioning and outcomes of the drug treatment court in Ghent