Cinzia Montemurro

Cinzia Montemurro
Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro | Università di Bari · Dipartimento di Scienze del Suolo, della Pianta e degli Alimenti (Di.S.S.P.A.)

PhD in Plant breding

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134
Publications
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Publications

Publications (134)
Article
Full-text available
A single phenolic group and even a compound play different roles in the sensory properties and stability of virgin olive oil (VOO), which in turn are strongly influenced by several factors. Understanding the causes of differences in phenolic compound composition and oxidative stability (OS) in VOOs is essential for targeted and timely harvest and p...
Article
Full-text available
Almond cultivation has great traditional and economic relevance in Southern Italy, especially in the Apulia region, where almond trees feature an ample and ancient varietal richness. To contrast the loss of plant genetic erosion and to safeguard the available bioresources, as well as to reinforce the local production, the regional Re.Ge.Fru.P. proj...
Article
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Oleaster (Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea var. sylvestris) is the ancestor of cultivated olive (Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea var. europaea) and it is spread through the whole Mediterranean Basin, showing an overlapping distribution with cultivated olive trees. Climate change and new emerging diseases are expected to severely affect the cultiva...
Article
Full-text available
Wine production represents an ancient human activity and one of the most economically important markets in Europe. Moreover, the health effects of grapes and related products have been largely demonstrated, and mostly depend on their richness in bioactive molecules such as flavonoid and non-flavonoid phenolic compounds. Italy has the highest global...
Article
The high biodiversity of the olive tree is an important opportunity to develop sustainable plans to control Xylella fastidiosa (Xf) through breeding programs. Olive tree breeding activities have been limited due to various features of this species including the long time required for seed germination caused by the inhibition effect of the woody end...
Article
Full-text available
Seedlessness represents a highly appreciated trait in table grapes. Based on an interesting case of seedless fruit production described in the crop species Annona squamosa, we focused on the Vitis vinifera INNER NO OUTER (INO) gene as a candidate. This gene encodes a transcription factor belonging to the YABBY family involved in the determination o...
Article
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Cultivar is the key factor for sustainability of the olive super high density planting system (SHD). ‘Lecciana’ is a new olive cultivar for oil production obtained in 1998 by a controlled cross between cv. Arbosana (♀) and cv. Leccino (♂) in a breeding program as part of an international research agreement between Agromillora Iberia S.L.U. and Univ...
Article
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The olive tree (Olea europaea L.) is one of the most cultivated crops in the Mediterranean basin. Its economic importance is mainly due to the intense production of table olives and oil. Cultivated varieties are characterized by high morphological and genetic variability and present a large number of synonyms and homonyms. This necessitates the int...
Article
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The recent outbreak of the Olive Quick Decline Syndrome (OQDS), caused by Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca ( Xf ), is dramatically altering ecosystem services in the peninsula of Salento (Apulia Region, southeastern Italy). Here we report the accomplishment of several exploratory missions in the Salento area, resulting in the identification of thirt...
Article
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Calabria is a region located in Southern Italy and it is characterized by a long tradition of viticulture practices and favorable pedoclimatic conditions for grapevine cultivation. Nevertheless, less than 2% of cultivated land is dedicated to grapevine growing in Calabria. The characterization of local grapevine accessions is crucial to valorize th...
Article
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In the last decades, the demand for molecular tools for authenticating and tracing agri-food products has significantly increased. Food safety and quality have gained an increased interest for consumers, producers, and retailers, therefore, the availability of analytical methods for the determination of food authenticity and the detection of major...
Article
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This research focuses on the exploration, recovery and valorization of some minor Italian olive cultivars, about which little information is currently available. Autochthonous and unexplored germplasm has the potential to face unforeseen changes and thus to improve the sustainability of the whole olive system. A pattern of nine minor genotypes cult...
Article
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The Targeting Induced Local Lesions in Genomes (TILLING) technology is a reverse genetic strategy broadly applicable to every kind of genome and represents an attractive tool for functional genomic and agronomic applications. It consists of chemical random mutagenesis followed by high-throughput screening of point mutations in targeted genomic regi...
Article
The innovative combination of ultrasound (Us) with a thermal exchanger to produce high quality extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) was studied using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and multivariate analysis (MVA). Major and minor metabolomic components of Apulian Coratina EVOO obtained using the two methods were compared. Early and late oli...
Article
Full-text available
Among the countries of the Mediterranean Basin, Tunisia is located at the crossroad for the immigration of several civilizations over the last two millennia, becoming a strategic place for gene flow, and a secondary center of diversity for olive species. Olive is one of the principal crop species in Tunisia and now it strongly characterizes the rur...
Article
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The production of olive oil is accompanied by the generation of a huge amount of waste and by-products including olive leaves, pomace, and wastewater. The latter represents a relevant environmental issue because they contain certain phytotoxic compounds that may need specific treatments before the expensive disposal. Therefore, reducing waste bioma...
Preprint
Full-text available
Tunisia is one of the world's largest producers of olive oil, and it preserves pools of olive genetic diversity that are still unexplored. A recent prospection and collection program of the National Gene Bank of Tunisia (NGBT) focused on the vast oasis of Degache, in the south west part of Tunisia, where 47 samples were collected and genetically ch...
Article
Full-text available
Tunisia is one of the world's largest producers of olive oil, and it preserves pools of olive genetic diversity that are still unexplored. A recent prospection and collection program of the National Gene Bank of Tunisia (NGBT) focused on the vast Oasis of Degache, in the South West part of Tunisia, where 47 samples were collected and genetically ch...
Article
Full-text available
Tunisia is one of the world's largest producers of olive oil, and it preserves pools of olive genetic diversity that are still unexplored. A recent prospection and collection program of the National Gene Bank of Tunisia (NGBT) focused on the vast oasis of Degache, in the south west part of Tunisia, where 47 samples were collected and genetically ch...
Article
Full-text available
The investigation on the genetic diversity of grapevine germplasm is crucial for a more efficient use of grapevine genetic resources in light of changing environmental conditions. Here, we used simple sequence repeats (SSRs) coupled with single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers to disclose grapevine genetic diversity of a collection of Apulian...
Article
Full-text available
Olive is one of the oldest cultivated species in the Mediterranean Basin, including Tunisia, where it has a wide diversity, with more than 200 cultivars, of both wild and feral forms. Many minor cultivars are still present in marginal areas of Tunisia, where they are maintained by farmers in small local groves, but they are poorly characterized and...
Article
Full-text available
Cultivation of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in Tunisia is largely based on improved varieties of the crop. However, a few farmers continue to produce local cultivars or landraces. The National Gene Bank of Tunisia (NGBT) recently launched a collection project for faba bean landraces, with special focus on the regions of the North West, traditionally d...
Article
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Grafting of commercial tomato varieties and hybrids on the tomato ecotype Manduria resulted in high levels of tolerance to the infection of Sw5 resistance-breaking strains of tomato spotted wilt virus and of severe cucumber mosaic virus strains supporting hypervirulent satellite RNAs that co-determine stunting and necrotic phenotypes in tomato. To...
Article
Full-text available
The olive tree is one of the most important economic, cultural, and environmental resources for Italy, in particular for the Apulian region, where it shows a wide diversity. The increasing attention to the continuous loss of plant genetic diversity due to social, economic and climatic changes, has favored a renewed interest in strategies aimed at t...
Article
Full-text available
A new and optimized protocol, here called 6hDNA (i.e. a genomic DNA obtained by a six-hour extraction method), has been developed based on the traditional Cetyl-TrimethylAmmonium Bromide (CTAB) method. It allows a fast and easy isolation of genomic DNA from plant species, especially from those with high polyphenol and polysaccharide contents. Co-pr...
Preprint
Full-text available
A new and optimized protocol, here called 6h DNA (i.e. a genomic DNA obtained by a six-hour extraction method), has been developed based on the traditional Cetyl-TrimethylAmmonium Bromide (CTAB) method. It allows a fast and easy isolation of genomic DNA from plant species, especially from those with high polyphenol and polysaccharide contents. Co-p...
Article
Full-text available
Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) has elevated commercial value due to its health appeal, desirable characteristics and quantitatively limited production, and thus it has become an object of intentional adulteration. As EVOOs on the market might consist of a blend of olive varieties or sometimes even of a mixture of oils from different botanical specie...
Article
Most of diseases of pomegranate fruit are caused by fungal pathogens, which provoke postharvest yield and economical losses. Aspergillus and Penicillium sensu lato (s.l.) are the main wound pathogens of pomegranate fruit. In the present investigation, the populations of Aspergillus and Penicillium s.l. isolated from pomegranate fruit in Southern It...
Poster
Full-text available
For its health appeal, desirable characteristics and quantitatively limited production, extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) has elevated commercial value and, thus, it has become object of intentional adulteration. As EVOOs on the market frequently consist of a blend of olive varieties or even of a mixture of oils from different botanical species, an arr...
Article
Full-text available
Cultivated lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) is one of the oldest domesticated crops and one of the most important grain legumes worldwide. The Mediterranean Basin holds large part of lentil biodiversity; however, no genetic structure was defined within the Mediterranean gene pool. In this study, we used high-throughput genotyping by sequencing to res...
Article
Full-text available
The olive is a fruit tree species with a century-old history of cultivation in theMediterranean basin. In Apulia (Southern Italy), the olive is of main social, cultural and economicimportance, and represents a hallmark of the rural landscape. However, olive cultivation in thisregion is threatened by the recent spread of the olive quick decline synd...
Article
Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) is one of the oldest cultivated plants, with wide genetic diversification and phenotypic plasticity that remains largely under-explored. Since ancient times, Apulia has served as a central hub for commercial exchanges that have resulted in a rich heritage of grape genetic resources adapted to the pedoclimate conditions...
Article
Full-text available
The wine sector is one of the most active and profitable in Italy; Italy is the largest wine producer in the world, followed by Spain and France. For this reason, it is subject to extensive legislative discipline. Calabria ranks sixteenth among Italian regions for wine production; however, in recent years, much effort has been made to promote the w...
Article
Full-text available
The Tunisian durum wheat germplasm includes modern cultivars and traditional varieties that are still cultivated in areas where elite cultivars or intensive cultivation systems are not suitable. Within the frame of a collection program of the National Gene Bank of Tunisia (NGBT), durum wheat germplasm was collected from different Tunisian agro-ecol...
Article
Full-text available
The morphology of olive flowers allows either self- or cross-pollination that could partially explain the existence of both reproductive features in this species. However, a high degree of self-incompatibility is reported for many olive genotypes, that could be an important reproductive barrier influencing olive yield. Due to the strong environment...
Article
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Algeria has several genetic resources on olive trees, mainly made up of small indigenous cultivars, and a very important wild heritage. We characterized 20 olive samples including eight cultivars and twelve wild trees from the province of Bejaia (Algeria), by combining molecular data (13 SSRs), fruit and pit morphological traits, fatty acids compos...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Information on the distribution of genetic variation is essential to preserve olive germplasm from erosion and to recover alleles lost through selective breeding. In addition, knowledge on population structure and genotype–phenotype associations is crucial to support modern olive breeding programs that must respond to new environmental con...
Article
Full-text available
Background The olive tree is a typical crop of the Mediterranean basin where it shows a wide diversity, accounting for more than 2,600 cultivars. The ability to discriminate olive cultivars and determine their genetic variability is pivotal for an optimal exploitation of olive genetic resources. Methods We investigated the genetic diversity within...
Data
Table S1. List of the 11 microsatellite markers (SSR) tested on olive accessions. For each SSR, the identification code (SSR ID), bibliographic reference, repeat motif, primer sequence and annealing temperature (Ta) is reported.
Data
Table S2. Genetic diversity parameters at SSR loci estimated in the three groups identified following population structure analysis. For each cluster, the observed heterozygosity (Ho), the expected heterozygosity (He), and the fixation index (F) are reported. Cluster I (Algerian accessions), Cluster II (Syrian accessions), Cluster III (Italian acce...
Article
Full-text available
In tomato, resistance to Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) is conferred by the dominant gene, designated Sw-5. Virulent Sw-5 resistance breaking (SRB) mutants of TSWV have been reported on Sw-5 tomato cultivars. Two different PCR-based allelic discrimination techniques, namely Custom TaqMan™ SNP Genotyping and high-resolution melting (HRM) assays, w...
Data
Details on the plant samples used in this work. Information on isolate name, site of sampling with geographic coordinates, plant species, resistance to TSWV, genotype and seed company is given. (DOCX)
Data
Map of four sites in the Foggia province (Southern Italy) where TSWV isolates used in this study were collected. (DOCX)
Article
In contrast to other fruit crops, olive (Olea europaea) production is based mainly on traditional, locally selected cultivars. The world olive germplasm contains more than 2600 different cultivars, but olive genetic resources are poorly exploited and studied. Increasing our knowledge on olive tree genetics is a crucial step for breeding purposes an...
Article
As part of the Rural Development Programme for 2007-2013, the importance of protecting, characterizing and identifying the autochthonous olive germplasm of the Apulia Region was examined through the subaction "Integrated projects for biodiversity". The main objective of the Re.Ger.O.P. (Recupero del germoplasma olivicolo pugliese) project was to ef...
Article
Wilma Sabetta, Cinzia Montemurro and Monica Marilena Miazzi, (2018). Variation of Phomopsis viticola isolates in the interaction with grapevine germplasm. Journal of Phytopathology. Early View article online. doi: 10.1111/jph.12699 The above article from Journal of Phytophathology, published as an Early View article online on 08 March 2018 in Wiley...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Alternaria brown spot is one of the most important diseases of tangerines and their hybrids worldwide. To set up effective control strategy, the accurate detection and identification of the species responsible of the diseases is crucial. However, the characterization based on morphology and/or multilocus genetic approaches is time cons...
Article
Full-text available
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) is the pathogen causing tristeza diseases in several Rutaceae species and leading to significant economic damage to citrus worldwide. The Ctv locus provides broad spectrum resistance to CTV in Poncirus trifoliata L. Raf. This locus is present also in tolerant and susceptible species, so an epigenetic mechanism of Ctv exp...
Article
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The accurate description of plant biodiversity is of utmost importance to efficiently address efforts in conservation genetics and breeding. Herein, we report the successful application of a geno-typing-by-sequencing (GBS) approach in chickpea (Cicer arieti-num L.), resulting in the characterization of a cultivated germplasm collection with 3187 hi...