Cinzia Gravili

Cinzia Gravili
Università del Salento | Unisalento · Department of Biotechnology and Environmental Science

Biological Sciences degree

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122
Publications
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Publications

Publications (122)
Chapter
The pressure of the anthropic activities (pollution, species introduction, overfishing, coastal development) on the marine ecosystem has intensified in the past decades with effects that include global warming and ocean acidification. Previous detailed studies in the Mediterranean Sea showed that small changes in sea temperature can influence the s...
Research Proposal
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Article
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The aims of the present paper were to review the knowledge about the Mediterranean non-indigenous species of the taxa Cnidaria and Ctenophora (CC NIS), to screen the risk of 98 species for their potential invasiveness in the Mediterranean Sea and their approach to the Italian waters. Of these, 38% are well established in the basin, 4% are known for...
Article
Full-text available
Effects of ocean acidification (OA) on the plant phenology and colonization/settlement pattern of the hydrozoan epibiont community of the leaves of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica have been studied at volcanic CO2 vents off Ischia (Italy). The study was conducted in shallow Posidonia stands (2.5–3.5 m depth), in three stations on the north and thre...
Conference Paper
The pressure of anthropogenic activities on the marine ecosystem has increased in recent decades. Previous studies in the Mediterranean Sea have shown that small changes in temperature can influence the phenology of species and the diversity of marine communities. Complete species inventories are very rare and the assessment of biodiversity is ofte...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, the high introduction rate of alien species (AS) has been mainly due to the increasingly widespread human movements, which often compromise natural barriers, facilitating the invasion of new geographic areas and environments. Being completely new in the recipient habitat, alien invasive species can often have strongly negative im...
Article
The rise in water temperature in the Mediterranean Sea, and associated migrations of temperate marine biota, are occurring in the context of a global warming causing an expansion of the tropical jellyfish range, exacerbating jellyfish outbreaks linked to coastal development, nutrient loading, and overfishing. The gelatinous component of plankton is...
Article
Full-text available
Water temperature directly affects life cycles, reproductive periods, and metabolism of organisms living the oceans, especially in the surface zones. Due to the ocean warming, changes in water stratification and primary productivity are affecting trophic chains in sensitive world areas, such as the Mediterranean Sea. Benthic and pelagic cnidarians...
Article
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Biological systematics provides taxonomic information and expertise for biogeography and biological invasion research and management. However, the systematic classification of most taxa, including some alien and invasive species, relies only on morphology. This applies for example to Sertularella tongensis Stechow, 1919, an alien hydrozoan recently...
Article
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The re-examination of marine alien species or Non-indigenous species (NIS) reported in Italian Seas by December 2018, is here provided, particularly focusing on establishment success, year of first record, origin, potential invasiveness, and likely pathways. Furthermore, their distribution is assessed according to marine subregions outlined by the...
Conference Paper
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The EU regulation on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species (IAS) is based on the core concept of "IAS of EU concern": species to be targeted for action. Besides the existing, and continuously being updated, European list, Italy is developing its own national list. Here we describe the process of deve...
Preprint
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Research Infrastructures (RIs) are facilities, resources and services used by the scientific community to conduct research and foster innovation. LifeWatch ERIC has developed various virtual research environments, which include many virtual laboratories (vLabs) offering high computational capacity and comprehensive collaborative platforms that supp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Research Infrastructures (RIs) are facilities, resources and services used by the scientific community to conduct research and foster innovation. LifeWatch ERIC has developed various virtual research environments, which include many virtual laboratories (vLabs) offering high computational capacity and comprehensive collaborative platforms that supp...
Article
The decline of morphologically based taxonomy is mainly linked to increasing species redundancy, which probably contributed to a worldwide disinterest in taxonomy, and to a reduction of funding for systematic biology and for expertise training. The present trend in the study of biodiversity is integrated taxonomy, which merges morphological and mol...
Article
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Recently, genetic approaches have revealed a surprising bacterial world as well as a growing knowledge of the enormous distribution of animal–bacterial interactions. In the present study, the diversity of the microorganisms associated to the hydroid Aglaophenia octodonta was studied with epifluorescence, optical, and scanning electron microscopy. S...
Article
The project “Biodiversity MARE Tricase” aims to research and promote coastal and marine biodiversity at the MARE Outpost (Avamposto MARE), a marine station established in Tricase (Lecce, Italy) in 2015. From March 2016 to September 2017, the first biodiversity inventory of the Tricase coastal area (Ionian Sea) was realized with the aid of citizen s...
Article
During his scientific career, largely from 1910–1970, the Danish cnidarian specialist P.L. Kramp authored 94 scientific papers, and more than 30 other kinds of publications, such as reports and popular articles. Kramp was affiliated with the marine department of the Zoological Museum of the University of Copenhagen (now: The Natural History Museum...
Article
During his scientific career, largely from 1910-1970, the Danish cnidarian specialist P.L. Kramp authored 94 scientific papers, and more than 30 other kinds of publications, such as reports and popular articles. Kramp was affiliated with the marine department of the Zoological Museum of the University of Copenhagen (now: The Natural History Museum...
Article
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Aquaculture is increasing rapidly to meet global seafood demand. Some hydroid populations have been linked to mortality and health issues in finfish and shellfish, but their dynamics in and around aquaculture farms remain understudied. In the present work, two experiments, each with 36 panels, tested colonization (factors: depth, season of immersio...
Data
Standardized surface area covered by each hydrozoan species on each panel. (XLSX)
Data
Temperature data for the Gulf of Taranto thoughout the study period. (XLSX)
Preprint
Full-text available
Research Infrastructures (RIs) are facilities, resources and services used by the scientific community to conduct research and foster innovation. LifeWatch ERIC has developed various virtual research environments, which include many virtual laboratories (vLabs) offering high computational capacity and comprehensive collaborative platforms that supp...
Article
Full-text available
Molecular phylogenetics provides objective references for zoological systematics which sometimes are inconsistent with morphological data. This particularly counts for some primitive phyla such as Cnidaria. The marine hydrozoan Symplectoscyphus turgidus (Sertularellidae) is a recent questionable case reported to occupy an unexpected phylogenetic po...
Poster
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Biodiversity is the result of billions years of evolution and it is the most precious good we have on earth. Biodiversity is fundamental to the functioning of ecosystems and it provides us many goods and services. Due to an unsustainable mode of development, we risk to lose this immense heritage. Avamposto MARE, newly inaugurated in Tricase Porto,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Water temperature directly affects life cycles, reproductive periods, and metabolism of organisms living in the upper zone of the oceans. Due to the ocean warming, changes in water stratification and primary productivity are affecting trophic chains in sensitive world areas, such as the Mediterranean Sea. Benthic and pelagic cnidarians exhibit comp...
Chapter
Hydroids, one of the dominant components of the zoobenthic communities, share comparable growth patterns with higher plants because of their modular body organization, high potential of asexual reproduction, and phenotypic plasticity. These features, together with the ability to enter dormancy to overcome unfavorable conditions, make hydroids succe...
Poster
Full-text available
The “Biodiversity MARE Tricase” programme aims to research and promote coastal and marine biodiversity of Tricase Porto, a small village of fishermen of the Salento peninsula. The programme started in November 2015, following the realization of Avamposto MARE, a new Mediterranean outpost for biodiversity research and monitoring, by CIHEAM Bari in p...
Article
The non-indigenous hydrozoan Clytia hummelincki, recorded for the first time in the Mediterranean Sea in 1996, has now become established on barren grounds where conditions of low diversity, high grazing pressure and low levels of competition occur. The mechanisms of persistence of this species, as well as its population dynamics in this habitat an...
Article
The distribution of 130 nominal species of the genus Halecium, based on published records, has been mapped for the first time in a comprehensive set of marine ecoregions, to analyse their distribution. Most Halecium species are found at mid- and high latitudes, with some overlaps in distribution ranges across regions. The species richness of Haleci...
Article
Full-text available
This volume contains the main results of the EC FP7 “The Ocean of Tomorrow” Project CoCoNet, divided in two sections: 1) a set of guidelines to design networks of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean and the Black Seas; 2) a smart wind chart that will allow evaluating the possibility of installing Offshore Wind Farms in both seas. The concep...
Chapter
Hydroids, one of the dominant components of the zoobenthic communities, share comparable growth patterns with higher plants because of their modular body organization, high potential of asexual reproduction, and phenotypic plasticity. These features, together with the ability to enter dormancy to overcome unfavourable conditions, make hydroids succ...
Article
Full-text available
The morphological character of the hydrocladium and gonotheca origin from within the hydrothecal cavity has rarely been applied for generic diagnoses in hydrozoans. Its taxonomic value has been controversial for more than a century. The genus Fraseroscyphus Boero and Bouillon, 1993 (Hydrozoa: Sertulariidae) is a relatively recently debated case and...
Chapter
The Hydrozoa, an inconspicuous taxon of invertebrates, contributes significantly to the bulk of biodiversity but, usually, is noticed only by specialised taxonomists. The taxon Hydrozoa of the phylum Cnidaria comprises about 3800 nominal species, about which knowledge has greatly progressed in recent decades due to the scientific research of some s...
Article
In spite of considerable research effort on the “immortal jellyfish” Turritopsis dohrnii (Weismann, 1883), a comprehensive account including the ontogenetic stages throughout its normal life cycle is still missing. Here, we report the development of the medusa morph, with description of four consecutive stages distinguished by the morphology of the...
Article
Full-text available
The present note reports a new record of Rosalinda incrustans (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) since its last reliable record in the Mediterranean Sea in 1958. Several colonies were recorded on the spider crab Anamathia rissoana off the Balearic Islands. The taxonomic history of R. incrustans, considered a putatively extinct species in a recent paper, is revie...
Article
Full-text available
1. Spread of alien species (AS) is a serious threat to marine habitats and analysis of principal descriptors of their occurrence is pivotal to set reliable conservation strategies. 2. In order to assess the susceptibility of marine habitats to biological invasions, a dataset was gathered of the occurrence of 3899 species from 29 phyla, taken from 9...
Article
Full-text available
The marine benthic fauna in Arctic shallow-water is reported to be a relatively young assemblage by species of either Pacific or Atlantic affinity. Whether current deep-sea Pacific species are included in the affinity or not is unknown. Combining morphological comparisons and genetic analyses, a new deep-sea hydroid to science, Sertularia xuelongi...
Article
Full-text available
Cassiopea polyps that appeared in culture vessels of Turritopsis sp. polyps at the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, Kyoto University in 2014 were experimentally amputated their stalks from the calyxes. On the cutting plane, planuloid buds were exclusively produced and stalks were never regenerated. Planuloids became polyps but some of them were n...
Research
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2015. Presentation at The 8th workshop of the Hydrozoan Society. Ischia (Italy)
Article
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Hydrozoa of the Mediterranean Sea are well known and a recent monograph covers 457 species. Mediterranean non-Siphonophoran Hydrozoa comprises 398 species, an increasing number due to continuous updates, representing about 10 % of the 3,702 currently valid species reported in a recent world assessment of hydrozoan diversity. Many new records are no...
Article
Full-text available
Erratum to: Biodivers Conserv DOI 10.1007/s10531-015-0859-yUnfortunately, in the original publication of the article, Table 1 was published incorrectly. The correct version of Table 1 is provided in this erratum.
Article
The majority of Hydrozoa is represented by not readily noticeable, small species. In recent decades, however, taxonomic knowledge of the group has increased worldwide, with a significant number of investigations focused on the Mediterranean Sea. Over more than two decades, 115 species of hydrozoans were recorded from coastal waters along nearly 300...
Article
Full-text available
Porpita porpita widely occurs in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific Oceans, and the Mediterranean Sea. In spite of its presence in the north-western Indian Ocean with records from the eastern Arabian Sea (Indian coast), its distribution in the North Arabian Sea, at the Pakistan coast has been found lacking in the literature. The present report deals wit...
Article
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In the Mediterranean Sea, as well as in other parts of the word, intense bottom trawling threatens deep and mesophotic assemblages, compromising mainly the survivorship of erect organisms and of the habitat complexity they shape. Protection of species able to affect their habitats, by increasing spatial complexity and enhancing interspecific intera...
Article
The Mediterranean hydrozoan fauna (Siphonophora excluded) comprises 400 species; most (68%) occur in the Atlantic Ocean, 20% are endemic to the Mediterranean, 8% are of Indo-Pacific origin, and 4% are non-classifiable. There are 69 nonindigenous (NIS) species in the basin: 44% of these are casual (recorded just one or very few times), 28% establish...
Article
Full-text available
Aequorea pensilis was recorded for the first time in massive quantities on 17 August 2013 at Damb, Sonmiani; however, only a few stranded specimens were collected from Clifton on 2 December 2012. Both these localities are on the Pakistan coast. These findings suggest that, A. pensilis has been established in this region. This report also provides t...
Article
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More than 60 marine non-indigenous species (NIS) have been removed from previous lists and 84 species have been added, bringing the total to 986 alien species in the Mediterranean [(775 in the eastern Mediterranean (EMED), 249 in the central Medi-terranean (CMED), 190 in the Adriatic Sea (ADRIA) and 308 in the western Mediterranean (WMED)]. There w...
Data
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