Cinzia Di Dio

Cinzia Di Dio
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

72
Publications
23,841
Reads
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1,460
Citations
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April 2014 - September 2016
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (72)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study aimed to evaluate the impact of face masks used for COVID-19 prevention on emotion recognition in facial expressions. Seventy-two (72) adult participants (48 females, 24 males) attempted to correctly identify different emotions displayed by a female and a male actor's facial expressions. Simulated emotions included neutrality, happiness,...
Data
Section A -> Study protocol additional details. Section B -> Study results: secondary outcomes. Section C -> In-depth analysis and further discussion of our study findings.
Article
Full-text available
This study aims at evaluating the psychometric properties of a new scale to measure experienced happiness—the Measure of Happiness (MH)—in a nonclinical sample composed of Italian adults from the general population. The MH was developed not only to provide a global measure of happiness, but also and more importantly to identify the specific areas o...
Article
Full-text available
The psychology of art has had an enormous development since the middle of the last century; however, no much work has been done in association with religious and sacred art. This paper aims to provide a brief history of the use of images in the three great monotheistic religions, i.e., Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.All three religions have been...
Article
Aesthetic perception plays a significant role in social behavior. The ability to recognize and perceive beauty is important for social situations in that it can create different expectations about human behavior. It has been hypothesized that the aesthetic experience is characterized by emotional and hedonic responses to the stimuli. People with sc...
Article
Full-text available
The effectiveness of social robots has been widely recognized in different contexts of humans’ daily life, but still little is known about the brain areas activated by observing or interacting with a robot. Research combining neuroscience, cognitive science and robotics can provide new insights into both the functioning of our brain and the impleme...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between humans and robots is increasingly becoming focus of interest for many fields of research. The studies investigating the dynamics underpinning the human–robot interaction have, up to date, mainly analysed adults’ behaviour when interacting with artificial agents. In this study, we present results associated with the human–ro...
Article
Full-text available
Recent technological developments in robotics has driven the design and production of different humanoid robots. Several studies have highlighted that the presence of human- like physical features could lead both adults and children to anthropomorphize the robots. In the present study we aimed to compare the attribution of mental states to two huma...
Chapter
Full-text available
Robots are among us in several contexts. This chapter deals with the state of the art of the use of Socially Assistive Robots (SARs) for development and clinical purposes, considering all the main phases of the life cycle. The reflection on this type of “artificial assistants” is accompanied by some considerations on the use of the “Relational Agen...
Article
Full-text available
Importance At the beginning of a public health crisis, such as the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, it is important to collect information about people’s knowledge, worries, and behaviors to examine their influence on quality of life and to understand individual characteristics associated with these reactions. Such information could he...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have shown that the human gaze, but not the robot gaze, has significant effects on infant social cognition and facilitate social engagement. The present study investigates early understanding of the referential nature of gaze by comparing-through the eye-tracking technique-infants' response to human and robot's gaze. Data were acqui...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The capacity to evaluate beauty plays a crucial role in social behaviour and social relationships. It is known that some characteristics of beauty are important social cues that can induce stereotypes or promote different behavioural expectations. Another crucial capacity for success in social interactions is empathy, i.e. the ability...
Article
The relationship between cognitive and affective Theory of Mind (ToM), clinical variables, and brain tissue injury is still a subject of debate in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). By adopting a ToM Networks model, we investigated ToM performance, and brain imaging correlates in relapsing-remitting (RR) and progressive (Pr) MS. 16RR, 19Pr, and 21 healthy co...
Article
Full-text available
Studying trust in the context of human–robot interaction is of great importance given the increasing relevance and presence of robotic agents in the social sphere, including educational and clinical. We investigated the acquisition, loss, and restoration of trust when preschool and school-age children played with either a human or a humanoid robot...
Conference Paper
Several empirical and theoretical studies have examined the role of robots in child-robot interaction, and they have shown that robotic agents can be perceived as social partners. Nonetheless, studies on moral development in pre-schoolers classically involve a human subject as a violator of moral norms. No studies have ever analysed the situation i...
Article
L’inclusione di agenti artificiali in ambienti in cui essi sono pro- grammati per diventare partner relazionali suggerisce un cambiamento nel nostro paradigma sociale incentrato sull’uomo (Belpaeme, Kennedy, Ramachandran, Scassellati e Tanaka, 2018). In quest’ottica, è essenziale studiare come si costruiscono le relazioni quando queste coinvolgono...
Article
Relations between mothers' mind-mindedness (appropri-ate attunement to their infants' internal states) at 6 and 12 months and infants' early symbolic play during infant-mother pretense at 12 and 18 months were investigated in a sample of 43 mothers and infants. Mothers' appropriate mind-related comments were associated with average level, length, c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Studying trust within human-robot interaction is of great importance given the social relevance of robotic agents in a variety of contexts. We investigated the acquisition, loss and restoration of trust when preschool and school-age children played with either a human or a humanoid robot in-vivo. The relationship between trust and the quality of at...
Article
The study aims to investigate a) the ability of nutritional labels in pictorial and textual form to guide consumption choices applying the dual-coding theory; b) the effectiveness of a new type of pictorial label (i.e. the body label) that appeals to the self-congruence theory and to positive emotional response. The research hypotheses were tested...
Article
Preferring life to death is deeply rooted in our biology. With the present study, we explored two questions: (1) Can this inclination be transposed to aesthetics, so that a living being is valued as more beautiful than a non‐living being? and (2) Are there any differences in the visual exploration of portrayals of a living compared to a dead human?...
Article
Full-text available
The study of social cognition involves the attribution of states of mind to humans, as well as, quite recently, to nonhuman creatures, like God. Some studies support the role of social cognition in religious beliefs, whereas others ascribe religious beliefs to an ontological knowledge bias. The present study compares these distinct approaches in 37...
Article
Methods: The study was a randomized, crossover, controlled trial, with 4 experimental conditions consisting of 3 iso-energetic breakfasts and 1 energy-free control meal. Breakfasts had similar nutritional profiles but differed for glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and perceived healthiness, satiety, palatability, or energy content. Fifteen h...
Article
Full-text available
Theory of Mind (ToM) is the lifespan developing ability to attribute mental states. This ability enables the individual to predict and interpret one’s own and others’ behavior. In this respect, beliefs about one’s own capacity to attribute mental states represent a fundamental component of this construct. The present study aims to compare the unidi...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to experience aesthetics plays a fundamental role in human social interactions, as well as the capacity to feel empathy. Some studies have shown that beauty perception shares part of the neural network underlying emotional and empathic abilities, which are also known to affect sleep quality and duration. In this study, we evaluated for...
Article
Breakfast consumption can entail nutritional advantages positively affecting food choices. This study investigated the effect of minor changes in breakfast composition on the perceived attributes of foods, both at breakfast and at lunchtime. Four breakfasts were defined considering nutritional and perceptual factors. Three breakfasts varied just fo...
Article
Sensitivity to canons of beauty as represented in the human body—and as typically defined in the Western Culture—has been poorly studied in children. Current literature shows that infants as young as about three months are sensitive to the human body structure and its parts. Using a sample of 54 three- to five-year-old children, the present study i...
Article
Full-text available
Background: While financial decision making has been barely explored, no study has previously investigated the neural correlates of individual decisions made by professional traders involved in real stock market negotiations, using their own financial resources. Aim: We sought to detect how different brain areas are modulated by factors like age, e...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we seek to widen our understanding of the developmental processes underlying bargaining behaviour in children addressing the concept of prospective thinking. We argue that the emergence of the capacity to think prospectively about future outcomes or behaviours in response to current actions is a required precedent to strategic decisi...
Article
Full-text available
Imitation learning involves the acquisition of novel motor patterns based on action observation (AO). We used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging to study the imitation learning of spatial sequences and rhythms during AO, motor imagery (MI), and imitative execution in nonmusicians and musicians. While both tasks engaged the fronto-p...
Data
Signal change during (A) vitality task vs. implicit baseline and (B) velocity task vs. implicit baseline (fixation cross). These activations (PFDR < 0.05) are rendered into a Talairach brain template.
Data
Regression graphs. Graphs depict the logarithmic relation between participants’ judgments during the tasks [vitality task (A), velocity task (B)] and action execution time (ms). For each execution time, points indicates participants mean score (very rude/very fast = 5; rude/fast = 4; neutral/medium = 3; gentle/slow = 2; very gentle/very slow = 1)....
Article
Full-text available
Observing how an action is done by others allows the observer to understand the cognitive state of the agent. This information, carried by the kinematics of the observed action, has been defined by Stern “vitality forms”. In the present experiment we presented participants with videos showing hand actions performed with different velocities and ask...
Article
The experience of food can be affected by visual perception and the context in which food is presented. In this study, we investigated the effect of specific emotional contexts on food desirability. To this purpose, we selected a highly familiar Italian food, Pizza Margherita, whose sauce color was digitally manipulated to create different desirabi...
Article
Full-text available
Movement perception and its role in aesthetic experience have been often studied, within empirical aesthetics, in relation to the human body. No such specificity has been defined in neuroimaging studies with respect to contents lacking a human form. The aim of this work was to explore, through functional magnetic imaging (f MRI), how perceived move...
Article
Full-text available
Vitality form is a term that describes the style with which motor actions are performed (e.g., rude, gentle, etc.). They represent one characterizing element of conscious and unconscious bodily communication. Despite their importance in interpersonal behavior, vitality forms have been, until now, virtually neglected in neuroscience. Here, using the...
Article
Full-text available
This fMRI study investigates the effect of melody on aesthetic experience in listeners naïve to formal musical knowledge. Using simple melodic lines, whose syntactic structure was manipulated, we created systematic acoustic dissonance. Two stimulus categories were created: canonical (syntactically “correct,” in the Western culture) and modified (ma...
Article
Full-text available
Adolescence is a peculiar age mainly characterized by physical and psychological changes that may affect the perception of one's own and others' body. This perceptual peculiarity may influence the way in which bottom-up and top-down processes interact and, consequently, the perception and evaluation of art. This study is aimed at investigating, by...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The observation of how an action is done by others allows one to understand the internal state of the agent and, in the case of interpersonal actions, to achieve an appraisal of the relations between the agent and the action recipient. This information, carried by the dynamics and kinematics of the observed action, is defined by Stern “vitality for...
Article
Full-text available
The observation of goal-directed actions performed by another individual allows one to understand what that individual is doing and why he/she is doing it. Important information about others’ behaviour is also carried out by the dynamics of the observed action. Action dynamics characterize the ‘vitality form’ of an action describing the cognitive a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Neuroesthetics is a field within cognitive neuroscience investigating the neural underpinnings of esthetic experience, particularly in visual arts. Neuroscience has investigated this area using brain imaging and neurophysiological techniques. The evidence produced so far, its heterogeneity notwithstanding, shows that esthetic experience of artworks...
Article
The present study aims to analyze the neural mechanisms involved in private label choice by means of fMRI. The purpose is to answer the following main question: is the mental process that leads to the choice of the private label similar to that developed for the industrial brand? The experiment in the otc drugs category showed that the private labe...
Article
In this review, I provide an overall description of the findings obtained from neuroimaging studies aimed at investigating the neural substrates underpinning aesthetic experience when viewing masterpieces of Classical art. In particular, I here argue the idea that aesthetic experience is hallmarked by a hedonic response to the stimuli. This respons...
Chapter
Full-text available
Glossary Esthetic appraisal The subjective evaluation of an object based on an introspective identification of the emotional responses to the object. It is not the expression of high-order cognitive considerations and mechanisms, but rather of association processes between the perceptual object and the beholder's emotional memories. It answers the...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate, using eye-tracking technique, the influence of bottom-up and top-down processes on visual behavior while subjects, naïve to art criticism, were presented with representational paintings. Forty-two subjects viewed color and black and white paintings (Color) categorized as dynamic or static (Dynamism) (bottom...
Data
Preliminary study. Method and procedure for eye-tracking stimuli selection. (DOC)
Data
Dynamic Human Paintings. List of author, title, year and collection. (DOC)
Data
Static Human Paintings. List of author, title, year and collection. (DOC)
Data
Dynamic Nature Paintings. List of author, title, year and collection. (DOC)
Data
Static Nature Paintings. List of author, title, year and collection. (DOC)
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate, using eye-tracking technique, the influence of bottom-up and top-down processes on visual behavior while subjects, na ̈ıve to art criticism, were presented with representational paintings. Forty-two subjects viewed color and black and white paintings (Color) categorized as dynamic or static (Dynamism) (bott...
Article
Full-text available
In a previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, where we investigated the neural correlates of esthetic experience, we found that observing canonical sculptures, relative to sculptures whose proportions had been modified, produced the activation of a network that included the lateral occipital gyrus, precuneus, prefrontal areas, a...
Article
Esiste una base biologica oggettiva nell’esperienza del bello nell’arte? Oppure, l’esperienza estetica è interamente soggettiva? Usando la tecnica della risonanza magnetica funzionale, abbiamo affrontato questa domanda presentando a degli osservatori naïve allo studio dell’arte immagini di capolavori di sculture Classiche e Rinascimentali. Utilizza...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies showed that the understanding of others' basic emotional experiences is based on a "resonant" mechanism, i.e., on the reactivation, in the observer's brain, of the cerebral areas associated with those experiences. The present study aimed to investigate whether the same neural mechanism is activated both when experiencing and attend...
Data
Behavioral results in study 1 (0.03 MB DOC)
Data
Cerebral activations resulting from the direct comparisons IP versus OP conditions in study 1 (0.05 MB DOC)
Data
Cerebral activations in the IP (minus baseline) and OP (minus baseline) conditions in study 1 (0.92 MB TIF)
Data
Cerebral activations in IP condition in study 1 (0.08 MB DOC)
Data
Cerebral activations in OP condition in study 1 (0.06 MB DOC)
Article
Neuroaesthetics is a relatively young field within cognitive neuroscience, concerned with the neural underpinnings of aesthetic experience of beauty, particularly in visual art. Neuroscientific investigations have approached this area using imaging and neurophysiological techniques, such as functional magnetic resonance (fMRI), magnetoencephalograp...