Cinzia Casu

Cinzia Casu
Independent Researcher

Doctor of Dental Surgery

About

131
Publications
36,182
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68
Citations
Introduction
I'm interested in oral pathology, oral medicine and oral health. Currently my research is directed towards the study of non-invasive systems such as laser, photodynamics, ozone therapy for the treatment of oral pathologies.

Publications

Publications (131)
Article
Purpose: To describe a case of an infective vitreitis with an exudative retinal detachment in a 56-year-old lady who was previously affected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Observations: A broad workup for infections including the main viruses and bacteria was performed. Salivary droplets, tear film and vitreous...
Article
(1) Background: Trismus clinically manifests as a reduction of the buccal opening and restricted mouth opening due to different etiologies, but it is often associated with traumatic phenomena. Several treatments have been proposed such as physiotherapy exercises, cryotherapy, laser therapy, hyaluronic acid and platelet-rich fibrin infiltration, but...
Article
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In recent years, within the extensive research regarding human microbiota and chronic diseases, new medical and laboratory technologies have played a crucial role in understanding more complex biological pathways between human cells and microbes. On the other hand, molecular and cellular diversity and their involvement in health responses to changi...
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The tongue is able to quickly reflect the state of health or disease of the human body. Tongue inspection is an important diagnostic approach. It is a unique method that allows to explore the pathogenesis of diseases based on the guiding principles of the holistic concept that involves the observation of changes in the lining of the tongue in order...
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Alcune condizioni sistemiche possono correlarsi alla salute orale rendendo necessaria un’adeguata gestione del paziente al fine di consentire una diagnosi precoce, intercettare l’insorgenza e migliorare il decorso di alcune patologie organiche. L’importanza di questi temi è dimostrata da una recente dichiarazione della WHO, nella quale viene ricono...
Book
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Abstract In the oral cavity, the most frequent gum diseases are those of the mucous type, but also those that are less often correctly diagnosed. In fact, many of them appear in a completely similar way and are morphologically difficult to distinguish, even when they are determined by various factors, different in etiology and pathogenesis. We pres...
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Abstract – Objective: Oral metastases are relatively rare. In women, the most common oral metastases originate from breast cancer, most diagnosed malignancy and the second leading cause of death. The aim of this study was to review the literature regarding oral metastases from breast cancer with the help of a case report, with a focus on clinical a...
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Abstract Skeletal complications caused by osteoporosis or bone metastases are associated with considerable pain, increased mortality and reduced quality of life. Agents that prevent bone resorption, such as bisphosphonates or denosumab, can reduce the risk of fractures and are widely used in patients with osteoporosis or bone cancer metastases. Dru...
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The color of the teeth is considered an important aspect for having a beautiful smile and improving the aesthetic appearance. Quick teeth whitening has become one of the most requested dental procedures in our society. The laser has been considered the most valuable energy for teeth whitening. The main advantage of laser whitening is that it can be...
Article
Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO) is an essential food in the Mediterranean diet. Since the last century, it was customary for people in southern Italy to use it to treat various diseases: burns, trauma, cheilitis and inflammatory processes of various kinds. Over time, this practice, the result of ancient knowledge handed down from generation by genera...
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Objective: The aim of this article is to summarize the main radiological evidences induced by multiple myeloma at the jaws level. Materials and Methods: The analysis examines the main case reports and reviews on the matter. All relevant publications were searched through the PubMed search engine, using the following keywords: "Multiple Myeloma" an...
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AA 70-year-old patient with positive anamnesis of hypertension and arthritis, went to our observation for an asymptomatic localized lesion on the hard palate. The lesion has been present for about seven years and initially appeared as a slight swelling at the midline of the hard palate. He reported a slow and constant expansion, but remained asympt...
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The aim of this multidisciplinary study, which involved a team of archaeologists, odontologists, biologists, is to examine a set of dental health indicators, including caries, tooth wear, and enamel hypoplasia of a III millennium BC sample from the burial site of Scaba 'e Arriu (Siddi, South Sardinia), in order to evaluate the dental health status...
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Introduction: Biological wound healing consists of a cascade of cellular and molecular events. Healing processes can be influenced by a variety of factors, both local and systemic. Cutaneous and oral wounds can be either accidental or surgical. Biochemical components contained in animal or plant origin substances may promote the repair of the integ...
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Introduction: Among the oral diseases we have those caused by electromagnetic radiation: in our article we considered solar radiation, artificial ultraviolet radiation and X-ray. Materials and Methods: This review takes in exam the articles published on PubMed in which the link between different type of radiation and oral pathologies is analyzed. T...
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Obiettivi L’infezione da Herpes simplex 1 (HSV-1) è spesso sottovalutata, nonostante l’elevata sieropreva­lenza globale, presente in circa 3709 milioni di persone. Insieme al tipo 2 (HSV-2) si può riscontrare nelle mucose orali, anche in as­senza di sintomi e lesioni cliniche. Tale patologia può esitare in forme di entità severa e altamente reci­di...
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Introduction: Oral traumas and surgery frequently lead to injuries such as neuromas and hematomas. Materials and Methods: PubMed was searched up using the keywords: "oral traumatic neuroma", "neuroma dental implant" and "oral hematoma". Works about oral surgery were considered. Results: In some of the studies included in this review, traumatic neur...
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Background Oral lichen planus is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory disease that affects the skin and mucous membrane and involves about 1-2% of the population. The management of this pathology aims to control symptoms. Clinically, it can appear as a plaque, in reticular form, or an erythematous/atrophic form. The treatment options include different...
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1) Background: Ozone (O3) proved to oxidize organic and inorganic compounds, and its efficacy against bacteria, viruses and fungi plasma membranes was of interest. Ozone vehicle can be a gaseous form, ozonated water or ozonized oil. The aim of this in-vitro study was to evaluate the efficacy of ozonated olive oil against Streptococcus mutans. (2) M...
Article
A 45-year-old male patient went to our observation for a white lesion in the left lower gum. At the anamnesis he reported previous diagnosis of oral erosive and genital lichen planus (discovered 2 and 12 years before respectively) and the excision of 2 small oral squamous papillomas 2 year ago. A PCR-real time test using a saliva sample was carried...
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Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated enteropathy correlated to the gluten ingestion in genetically predisposed subjects. The current and only therapy is a Gluten Free Diet (GFD). In recent years, new therapies and complementary strategies are being studied, including the modulation of the intestinal microbiome. The gut microbiota is involved i...
Article
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A 45-year-old male patient went to our observation for a white lesion in the left lower gum. At the anamnesis, he reported previous diagnosis of oral erosive and genital lichen planus (discovered 2 and 12 years before respectively) and the excision of 2 small oral squamous papillomas 2 year ago. A PCR-real time test using a saliva sample was carrie...
Article
Health-care systems that develop rapidly and efficiently may increase the lifespan of humans. Nevertheless, the older population is more fragile, and is at an increased risk of disease development. A concurrently growing number of surgeries and transplantations have caused antibiotics to be used much more frequently, and for much longer periods of...
Conference Paper
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Dental paleopathology has become an excellent discipline to reconstruct the oral health of ancient populations and its trend from the past to the present day, especially regarding dietary habits. Our preliminary research aims to perform a comparative analysis on dental health status of two widely chronologically distant samples from Sardinia: the f...
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Omega-6 (n-6) and omega-3 (n-3) Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential fatty acids (EFAs) and they cannot be synthesized by humans or other higher animals. A proportionally higher consumption of PUFAs can protect us against inflammatory diseases, cancer, cardiovascular diseases and other chronic diseases. The aim of this pilot study was...
Conference Paper
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Oral infectious diseases, such as dental caries and periodontal diseases, represent one of the most common infections that severely impact human health. As a result of antibiotics overuse and misuse and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains, probiotic therapy has been gradually applied to prevent and alleviate infectious diseases. Lactobaci...
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In our society, the progress of aesthetic standards has led to increasing demands from patients to have white and healthy teeth as an index of beauty and health. The main advantages of the laser bleaching technique include greater safety and control, as well as the prevention of tissue damage, the reduction of application times and greater patient...
Article
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Background: Patients in orthodontic therapy often have an increase in gingival plaque and also in the periodontal bacterial load. The goal of the present work is to propose a model for the management of the periodontal tissues of these patients. Methods: 1) Patient 1 month after the insertion of the brackets is subjected to a test with molecular bi...
Conference Paper
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Globally, it has been estimated that 3.7 billion people are Herpes simplex 1 (HSV) seropositive. In addition, numerous studies highlight the presence of HSV-1 and 2 (HSV-2) in the oral cavity of asymptomatic patients. The rate of asymptomatic shedding of both HSV-1 and HSV-2, the re-exacerbation following dental treatments and finally the professio...
Article
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Bromelain is an enzyme contained in the pineapple fruit, used previously for its anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrinolytic, anti-edema activities. It also has an antibacterial and anti-metastatic action, and it is successfully used in the medical field. There are few research works on its administration on dentistry. However, it has been shown to be ver...
Article
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Introduzione L'olio extravergine di oliva (EVOO) è un alimento essenziale della dieta mediterranea (MD) e alcuni paesi dell'area mediterranea come Italia, Spagna e Grecia rappresentano i maggiori e più importanti produttori in tutto il mondo. In un’area geografica del sud Italia e precisamente in tutto l’agro del nord-barese della Puglia, viene p...
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The aim of this case report was to evaluate the efficacy of a new platelet-rich plasma preparation and its regenerative capacity of bone periapical tissue for the treatment of a very compromised endodontic treated tooth, with a periapical lesion of 1.5 cm in diameter, using a pure platelet concentrate. This is made without the use of anticoagulant...
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Halitosis is a very frequent condition characterized by an unpleasant odor related to expired air, and 80-90% of the cases originate in the oral cavity. It is a social problem that affects one-third of the population, causing a negative impact on the quality of life. The measurement of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) at the oral level is very usefu...
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Aim: The aim of this work is to provide an overview of the only most frequent exophytic soft tissue lesions with traumatic etiology found in the daily outpatient clinic. Background: The term oral exophytic lesions represent any pathological growth that projects above the normal contours of the oral surface epithelium. This kind of lesion are often...
Article
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Background: Supernumerary teeth are present in 0,2-3% of the population. Multiple supernumeraries are often associated with syndromes such as cleidocranial dysplasia and Gardner's syndrome. They often hinder the permanent eruption's teeth, causing cavities, periodontal lesions, pulp necrosis, and in some cases follicular cysts. Reactive lesions suc...
Article
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Ozone is aunstable gas, proposed in medicine filed especially for microbial infections. It can be used in the form of oxygen-ozone gas mixture , diluted in aqueous solution and in the form of ozonized oil. Its antimicrobial action is linked to damage to the cytoplasmic membrane, and so it has been proposed in different dentistry fields. The most si...
Article
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86 ildentistamoderno febbraio 2020 87 ildentistamoderno febbraio 2020 RICERCA ORALE L a malattia di Kawasaki, descritta per la prima volta nel 1967 dal dottor Tomisaku Kawasaki, si presenta come una vasculite sistemica acuta, la quale può colpire in modo aggressivo vasi di piccolo e medio calibro, come quelli del distretto oro-faringeo. Questa mala...
Article
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Introduzione La SLA (Sclerosi Laterale Amiotrofica) è una patologia neuro-degenerativa cronica, ad andamento rapidamente progressi-vo, con una sopravvivenza media di 2-5 anni dall'esordio. È caratterizzata dalla degenerazione dei motoneuroni cerebrali e spinali, che causa una progressiva paralisi dell'intera mu-scolatura volontaria. La malattia, ch...
Article
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Psoriasis only affecting the genital area occurs in 2-5% of subjects with psoriasis. This condition is a frequent reason for consultation with a specialist in men's genital mucosa, since it accounts for 24% of the reasons for consultation. The gland of circumcised subjects is usually finely squamous and non-squamous in non-circumcised subjects, bas...
Article
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The aim of our pilot study is to report the microbiological effects of the use of two types of water jet in orthodontic patients. All 15 patients enrolled in the study, were submitted to professional oral hygiene and evaluation of the periodontal microbiological status, using a molecular biology method to find the total bacterial load of 15 pathoge...
Article
Full-text available
Background Supernumerary teeth are present in 0,2-3% of the population. Multiple supernumeraries are often associated with syndromes such as cleidocranial dysplasia and Gardner's syndrome. They often hinder the permanent eruption’s teeth, causing cavities, periodontal lesions, pulp necrosis, and in some cases follicular cysts. Reactive lesions such...
Article
Full-text available
Ulcerative aftosis are peculiar painful lesions widely observed with common histological andpathological aspect with doubtful etiology and fewer predictable treatments [...]
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Detection of labial lesions in one of the more common addictional. [...]
Article
Cryptic tonsils are the manifestation of repeated inflammation of the tonsils. In particular, the term is used to indicate the occupation of the space of the crypts present on the surface of the tonsillar glands, by infectious debris, deposits of calcific material or food residues. Cryptic tonsils are associated with the appearance of whitish plaqu...
Article
Full-text available
Cryptic tonsils are the manifestation of repeated inflammation of the tonsils. In particular, the term is used to indicate the occupation of the space of the crypts present on the surface of the tonsillar glands, by infectious debris, deposits of calcific material or food residues. Cryptic tonsils are associated with the appearance of whitish plaqu...
Poster
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Lips are a complex anatomical structure with a significant functional and aesthetic role which can be affect by numerous pathologies with different etiology. Furthermore, lips often reveal to be the first site of manifestation of important systemic diseases. This emphasizes the role of the dentist in the early detection of these disorders. Aims of...
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Introduction: There are several forms of energy that can cause lesions to the oral cavity. It is important for the dentist to know them in order to evaluate their severity and how to prevent them.