Cihan Bilginsoy

Cihan Bilginsoy
University of Utah | UOU · Department of Economics

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32
Publications
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392
Citations

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
The author estimates the impacts of the local rate of unemployment and the Great Recession on the quit and graduation rates of the U.S. construction trade apprentices over the 2001–2014 period. Trade union participation in training sponsorship had a strong influence on attrition rates. The impacts of the business cycle and the Great Recession on th...
Article
Collecting leftover landmines and UXO to sell them to metal scrap yards is an important source of cash income for many people in former theaters of military conflict. It also exposes the scrappers to bodily harm. While the role of financial incentives is recognized by landmine/UXO action organizations, the impact of economic factors on the prevalen...
Article
Wage gap decomposition shows that declining union power was the principal force behind the shrinking union wage premium in the U.S. construction industry between the 1980s and the 2000s. This decline was largely offset by changes in returns to workforce attributes and workforce compositions. Without these moderating effects, the decline in the wage...
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This paper uses union density variations across state and state-industry cells in 1985, 1995, and 2005 to examine the factors that contributed to the decline in private sector unionization in the U.S. In addition to the conventional variables, it develops two measures to gauge the effects of union-management strife. Estimations indicate that union...
Article
This paper estimates the union effects on the wage gap and dispersion in two pooled samples of construction craftworkers (CPS 1983-88 and 2000-05) using decomposition analysis and kernel density estimation. It shows that despite the decline in the adjusted union wage gap declined over time, the unadjusted union wage premium remained high due to the...
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While conventional farming systems face serious problems of sustainability, organic agriculture is seen as a more environmentally friendly system as it favours renewable resources, recycles nutrients, uses the environment’s own systems for controlling pests and diseases, sustains ecosystems, protects soils, and reduces pollution. At the same time o...
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Purpose This paper aims to evaluate the variations in the entry and exit of women apprentices in the USA, overall and by race/ethnicity, over the 1995‐2003 period. Also aims to examine how women's representation among new apprentices and their attrition and retention rates vary with individual, training program, and occupational characteristics. D...
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Purpose – This paper aims to compare the performance of building trades apprenticeship programs in the USA, sponsored jointly by employers and unions, with those sponsored unilaterally by employers. It reviews enrolment and graduation rates, including participation of women and minorities. The article also looks behind the numbers to examine the op...
Article
Formal apprenticeship programs in the US construction industry are organized under one of three forms: jointly by unions and management in the unionized sector, and unilaterally by a group of employers or by a single employer in the open shop sector. I use parametric survival analysis to compare completion and quit rates of electrical and mechanica...
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This study surveyed PKU patients and their primary caretakers to assess their current management practices, the barriers to effective management, and the potential utility of a home monitor in managing PKU. A survey instrument was mailed to caretakers of all 50 patients with PKU in Utah between the ages of 2 and 18 years in 1997 (response rate 64%)...
Article
This study is a descriptive statistical examination of apprenticeship training in the construction industry, based on the U.S. Department of Labor and California Apprenticeship Agency databases. It specifically addresses the following questions - What were the patterns of enrollment across states and occupations, and over time? How diverse were the...
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Objectives= The analysis was undertaken to investigate the extent to which the frequency of blood tests is associated with control of phenylalanine (Phe) levels among children with phenylketonuria (PKU). Methods= Multivariate and age-stratified regression analyses were run on Phe test results (N=3,015) from sixty-two sample subjects, aged eight yea...
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This paper uses program-level data to compare the relative representation of Blacks and Latinos in the construction industry apprenticeship programs organized with and without trade union participation. Econometric analysis shows that there are significant differences between the Black and Latino experiences. The Black share is higher in union-mana...
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This paper analyzes the impact of the Prevailing Wage Laws (PWL) on the recruitment of apprentices, their completion and cancellation rates, and the minority share in apprenticeship programs. Statistical analysis shows that, controlling for the size of the trade, the supply of apprenticeship is higher in the PWL states. It also rises with the stren...
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Full-text available
Apprenticeship programs in the United States, which provide workers with the broad-based skills required for practicing a trade via on-the-job training, are sponsored either unilaterally by employers or jointly by employers and trade unions. A comparison of the attrition and retention rates in these programs shows that program completion is more li...
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Full-text available
I use program-level data to compare the relative representation of blacks and Latinos in the construction industry apprenticeship programs organized with and without trade union participation. Econometric analysis shows that there are significant differences between the black and Latino experiences. The black share is higher in union-management joi...
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Full-text available
Historically, the ability of incumbent white males to control training for the skilled trades enabled them to exclude ethnic and racial minorities and women from these higher-paying occupations. The legislative changes following the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s broke down some of the obstacles faced by men of color. These groups entered train...
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Trade unions are frequently criticized for excluding women from skilled crafts by denying them training. This article examines this argument by eestimatin the retention and attrition probabilities of men and women in the joint union-management and the unilateral employer-sponsored apprenticeship programs. While men, on average, have higher retentio...
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This paper attempts to inform the ongoing debate over the impact of the prevailing wage laws on school construction costs by using a unique dataset from Canada. Wages including benefits constitute about 30 percent of the total construction cost, excluding land acquisition and architectural costs
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The paper uses data from British Columbia to show that bid dispersion (the difference between the winning and next-lowest bids) in public school construction contract bidding is very compact, and that it varies inversely with the degree of competition. It also examines the impact of the Skill Development and Fair Wage Law (SDFWP), which promulgated...
Article
Province-level census data for 1985 and 1990 from Turkey are used to examine the effect of the economic value of women on the 0–9 cohort population sex ratio. The sex ratio is interpreted as an indicator of the relative life chances of girls, reflecting their relative neglect in the household. We test two hypotheses: women’s labor force participati...
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This paper analyzes the impact British Columbia 1992 Skill Development and Fair Wage Policy (SDFWP) on bid price determination. Econometric analysis of the public school projects tendered between 1989 and 1995 shows that prior to the SDFWP, the common values auction model applied, and bidders facing higher competition surcharged cost estimates in o...
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A two-sector model of terms of trade (TOT) determination is developed and tested using time-series data for Turkey. Empirical results support the structuralist 'flex-price agriculture fix-price industry' models. TOT is found to be sensitive to changes in nominal demand and the exchange rate. Rising nominal demand turns the TOT in favour of the agri...
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We test the structuralist hypothesis that industrialization is growth enhancing due to inherent dynamic efficiences of externalities. We used four data sets ranging over different country samples and in all cases found industry’s contribution to economic growth significantly exceeded its share in GDP. Furthermore, we found our estimates to be robus...
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Full-text available
Francois Quesney's Tableau is reformulated as a two-sector linear system. Stationary state interclass exchanges are described by a sequential accounting Tableau of real and monetary holdings of each class at each step of the circulation process. A diagrammatic framework is also set up to illustrate the Physiocratic equilibrium. These tools are used...
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Feder's model (Journal of Development Economics, 1982, 12, 59–73) has been used extensively to measure the externality and productivity enhancing effects of one sector on the whole economy. We argue that the model is misspecified, make three modifications, estimate it for the export vs. non-export sectors, and compare our results with Feder's.
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The authors formulate and estimate a two-sector model to assess the quantitative importance of cross-sector industry externalities. Econometric evidence indicates that significant externalities conferred by industry and manufacturing on the rest of the economy and, hence, underscores the importance of industrialization. Sensitivity tests demonstrat...
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This paper argues that in economies heavily dependent on imported inputs, the responsiveness of price and output to cost and demand factors are altered by foreign exchange bottlenecks if the government resorts to non-market allocation of import licenses. A model of price and output determination which captures this stipulation is presented. Estimat...

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