Chunyan Miao

Chunyan Miao
Nanyang Technological University | ntu

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438
Publications
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Publications

Publications (438)
Chapter
Federated learning (FL) serves as a data privacy-preserved machine learning paradigm, and realizes the collaborative model trained by distributed clients. To accomplish an FL task, the task publisher needs to pay financial incentives to the FL server offloads the task to the contributing FL clients. However, it is challenging to design proper incen...
Article
Computational understanding of humor is an important topic under creative language understanding and modeling. It can play a key role in complex human-AI interactions. The challenge here is that human perception of humorous content is highly subjective. The same joke may receive different funniness ratings from different readers. This makes it high...
Preprint
Full-text available
The physical-virtual world synchronization to develop the Metaverse will require a massive transmission and exchange of data. In this paper, we introduce semantic communication for the development of virtual transportation networks in the Metaverse. Leveraging the perception capabilities of edge devices, virtual service providers (VSPs) can subscri...
Preprint
Semantic communication technologies enable wireless edge devices to communicate effectively by transmitting semantic meaning of data. Edge components, such as vehicles in next-generation intelligent transport systems, use well-trained semantic models to encode and decode semantic information extracted from raw and sensor data. However, the limitati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Generative adversarial networks (GANs) have achieved great success in image translation and manipulation. However, high-fidelity image generation with faithful style control remains a grand challenge in computer vision. This paper presents a versatile image translation and manipulation framework that achieves accurate semantic and style guidance in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Leveraging StyleGAN's expressivity and its disentangled latent codes, existing methods can achieve realistic editing of different visual attributes such as age and gender of facial images. An intriguing yet challenging problem arises: Can generative models achieve counterfactual editing against their learnt priors? Due to the lack of counterfactual...
Conference Paper
The sequential recommendation systems capture users' dynamic behavior patterns to predict their next interaction behaviors. Most existing sequential recommendation methods only exploit the local context information of an individual interaction sequence and learn model parameters solely based on the item prediction loss. Thus, they usually fail to l...
Preprint
Conversational recommendation system (CRS) is emerging as a user-friendly way to capture users' dynamic preferences over candidate items and attributes. Multi-shot CRS is designed to make recommendations multiple times until the user either accepts the recommendation or leaves at the end of their patience. Existing works are trained with reinforcem...
Preprint
Semi-Supervised Learning (SSL) is fundamentally a missing label problem, in which the label Missing Not At Random (MNAR) problem is more realistic and challenging, compared to the widely-adopted yet naive Missing Completely At Random assumption where both labeled and unlabeled data share the same class distribution. Different from existing SSL solu...
Article
Item representation learning is crucial for search and recommendation tasks in e-commerce. In e-commerce, the instances (e.g., items, users) in different domains are always related. Such instance relationship across domains contains useful local information for transfer learning. However, existing transfer learning based approaches did not leverage...
Article
As countries enter the endemic phase of COVID-19, people's risk of exposure to the virus is greater than ever. There is a need to make more informed decisions in our daily lives on avoiding crowded places. Crowd monitoring systems typically require costly infrastructure. We propose a crowd-sourced crowd monitoring platform which leverages user inpu...
Article
Amid data privacy concerns, Federated Learning (FL) has emerged as a promising machine learning paradigm that enables privacy-preserving collaborative model training. However, there exists a need for a platform that matches data owners (supply) with model requesters (demand). In this paper, we present CrowdFL, a platform to facilitate the crowdsour...
Preprint
With the increasing demand for intelligent services, the sixth-generation (6G) wireless networks will shift from a traditional architecture that focuses solely on high transmission rate to a new architecture that is based on the intelligent connection of everything. Semantic communication (SemCom), a revolutionary architecture that integrates user...
Chapter
The performance of the Federated Learning suffers from the failure of communication links and missing nodes, especially when continuous exchanges of model parameters are required. In this chapter, we propose the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) as wireless relays to facilitate the communications between the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) componen...
Chapter
In this chapter, we revisit the key concepts derived from each chapter in the book. Then, we discuss the future research directions and open issues to solve toward deploying Federated Learning at scale.
Chapter
To reduce node failures and device dropouts, the Hierarchical Federated Learning (HFL) framework has been proposed whereby cluster heads are designated to support the data owners through intermediate model aggregation. This decentralized learning approach reduces the reliance on a central controller, e.g., the model owner. However, the issues of re...
Preprint
Full-text available
The sequential recommendation systems capture users' dynamic behavior patterns to predict their next interaction behaviors. Most existing sequential recommendation methods only exploit the local context information of an individual interaction sequence and learn model parameters solely based on the item prediction loss. Thus, they usually fail to l...
Chapter
In recent years, mobile devices are equipped with increasingly advanced sensing and computing capabilities. Coupled with advancements in Deep Learning, this opens up countless possibilities for meaningful applications to be developed. Traditional cloud-based Machine Learning approaches require the data to be aggregated in a cloud server or data cen...
Chapter
The wealth of data and enhanced computation capabilities of Internet of Vehicles (IoV) components enable effective Artificial Intelligence (AI) based models to be built. Beyond ground data sources, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) based service providers for data collection and AI model training, i.e., Drones-as-a-Service (DaaS), are becoming increa...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the upcoming 6G era, existing terrestrial networks have evolved toward space-air-ground integrated networks (SAGIN), providing ultra-high data rates, seamless network coverage, and ubiquitous intelligence for communications of applications and services. However, conventional communications in SAGIN still face data confidentiality issues. Fortuna...
Chapter
Recent studies on self-supervised learning with graph-based recommendation models have achieved outstanding performance. They usually introduce auxiliary learning tasks that maximize the mutual information between representations of the original graph and its augmented views. However, most of these models adopt random dropout to construct the addit...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dubbed "the successor to the mobile Internet", the concept of the Metaverse has grown in popularity. While there exist lite versions of the Metaverse today, they are still far from realizing the full vision of an immersive, embodied, and interoperable Metaverse. Without addressing the issues of implementation from the communication and networking,...
Article
Full-text available
Blockchain, as proposed in Bitcoin, focuses on securing financial transactions. However, in recent years, the use of blockchain has expanded to a wide range of networks and application domains. This includes time-sensitive applications which need transactions to be processed fast enough to meet delay requirements. Reducing the transaction waiting t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Metaverse has recently attracted much attention from both academia and industry. Virtual services, ranging from virtual driver training to online route optimization for smart good delivery, are emerging in the Metaverse. To make the human experience of virtual life real, digital twins (DTs), namely digital replications of physical objects in life,...
Article
In online learning scenarios, the learners usually hope to find courses that meet their preferences and the needs for their future developments. Thus, there is a great need to develop effective personalized course recommender systems that can guide the learners to choose suitable courses. In practice, Reinforcement Learning (RL) can be applied to b...
Preprint
Full-text available
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have gained wide research interests due to their technological advancement and high mobility. The UAVs are equipped with increasingly advanced capabilities to run computationally intensive applications enabled by machine learning techniques. However, because of both energy and computation constraints, the UAVs face i...
Article
Recently, coded distributed computing (CDC), with advantages in intensive computation and reduced latency, has attracted a lot of research interest for edge computing, in particular, IoT applications, including IoT data pre-processing and data analytics. Nevertheless, it can be challenging for edge infrastructure providers (EIPs) with limited edge...
Article
The target of product attributes prediction is to complete the characteristics set for defining a particular product. Most of the existing methods treat the product attributes prediction as a Named-Entity Recognition (NER) problem from the products’ affiliated data, such as product title and introduction. However, in a large number of industrial ap...
Article
Metaverse, also known as the Internet of 3D worlds, has recently attracted much attention from both academia and industry. Each virtual sub-world, operated by a virtual service provider (VSP), provides a type of virtual service. Digital twins (DTs), namely digital replicas of physical objects, are key enablers. Generally, a DT belongs to the party...
Article
Full-text available
The metaverse is regarded as a new wave of technological transformation that provides a virtual space for people to interact through digital avatars. To achieve immersive user experiences in the metaverse, real-time rendering is the key technology. However, computing intensive tasks of real-time rendering from metaverse service providers cannot be...
Article
Amid growing concerns on data privacy, Federated Learning (FL) has emerged as a promising privacy preserving distributed machine learning paradigm. Given that the FL network is expected to be implemented at scale, several studies have proposed system architectures towards improving the network scalability and efficiency. Specifically, the Hierarchi...
Article
The development of smart vehicles and rich cloud services have led to the emergence of vehicular edge computing. To perform the distributed computation tasks efficiently, Coded Distributed Computing (CDC) was proposed to reduce communication costs and mitigate the straggler effects through the use of coding techniques. In this paper, we propose a d...
Preprint
The metaverse is regarded as a new wave of technological transformation that provides a virtual space for people to interact with each other through digital avatars. To achieve immersive user experiences in the metaverse, real-time rendering is the key technology. However, computing intensive tasks of real-time graphic and audio rendering from meta...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Metaverse is regarded as the next-generation Internet paradigm that allows humans to play, work, and socialize in an alternative virtual world with immersive experience, for instance, via head-mounted display for Virtual Reality (VR) rendering. With the help of ubiquitous wireless connections and powerful edge computing technologies, VR users i...
Article
The advent of neural network (NN) based deep learning, especially the recent development of the automatic design of networks, has brought unprecedented performance gains at heavy computational cost. On the other hand, in order to generate a new consensus block, Proof of Work (PoW) based blockchain systems routinely perform a huge amount of computat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dubbed as the next-generation Internet, the metaverse is a virtual world that allows users to interact with each other or objects in real-time using their avatars. The metaverse is envisioned to support novel ecosystems of service provision in an immersive environment brought about by an intersection of the virtual and physical worlds. The native A...
Article
As demand for electricity grows in China, the existing power grid is coming under increasing pressure. Expansion of power generation and delivery capacities across the country requires years of planning and construction. In the meantime, to ensure safe operation of the power grid, it is important to coordinate and optimize the demand side usage. In...
Article
Learning to rank (LTR) is an important artificial intelligence (AI) approach supporting the operation of many search engines. In large-scale search systems, the ranking results are continually improved with the introduction of more factors to be considered by LTR. However, the more factors being considered, the more computation resources required,...
Article
Federated Learning (FL) is a promising privacy-preserving distributed machine learning paradigm. However, communication inefficiency remains the key bottleneck that impedes its large-scale implementation. Recently, hierarchical FL (HFL) has been proposed in which data owners, i.e., workers, can first transmit their updated model parameters to edge...
Article
Search engines can quickly respond to a hyperlink list according to query keywords. However, when a query is complex, developers need to repeatedly refine search keywords and open a large number of web pages to find and summarize answers. Many research works of question and answering (Q&A) system attempt to assist search engines by providing simple...
Preprint
The semantic communication system enables wireless devices to communicate effectively with the semantic meaning of the data. Wireless powered Internet of Things (IoT) that adopts the semantic communication system relies on harvested energy to transmit semantic information. However, the issue of energy constraint in the semantic communication system...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recently, coded distributed computing (CDC), with advantages in intensive computation and reduced latency, has attracted a lot of research interest for edge computing, in particular, IoT applications, including IoT data pre-processing and data analytics. Nevertheless, it can be challenging for edge infrastructure providers (EIPs) with limited edge...
Article
Artificial Intelligence (AI) based models are increasingly deployed in the Internet of Things (IoT), paving the evolution of the IoT into the AI of things (AIoT). Currently, the predominant approach for AI model training is cloud-centric and involves the sharing of data with external parties. To preserve privacy while enabling collaborative model t...
Chapter
Goals provide a high-level abstraction of an agent’s objectives and guide its behavior in complex environments. As agents become more intelligent, it is necessary to ensure that the agent’s goals are aligned with the goals of the agent designers to avoid unexpected or unwanted agent behavior. In this work, we propose using Goal Net, a goal-oriented...
Preprint
Full-text available
Federated learning (FL) serves as a data privacy-preserved machine learning paradigm, and realizes the collaborative model trained by distributed clients. To accomplish an FL task, the task publisher needs to pay financial incentives to the FL server and FL server offloads the task to the contributing FL clients. It is challenging to design proper...
Preprint
Full-text available
Noisy labels are commonly found in real-world data, which cause performance degradation of deep neural networks. Cleaning data manually is labour-intensive and time-consuming. Previous research mostly focuses on enhancing classification models against noisy labels, while the robustness of deep metric learning (DML) against noisy labels remains less...
Conference Paper
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the lives of millions across the globe. In Singapore, promoting safe distancing by managing crowds in public areas have been the cornerstone of containing the community spread of the virus. One of the most important solutions to maintain social distancing is to monitor the crowdedness of indoor and outdoor points...
Preprint
Full-text available
Image inpainting aims to complete the missing or corrupted regions of images with realistic contents. The prevalent approaches adopt a hybrid objective of reconstruction and perceptual quality by using generative adversarial networks. However, the reconstruction loss and adversarial loss focus on synthesizing contents of different frequencies and s...
Article
One of the enabling technologies of Edge Intelligence is the privacy preserving machine learning paradigm known as Federated Learning (FL), which allows data owners to conduct model training without having to transmit their raw data to third-party servers. However, the FL network is envisioned to involve thousands of heterogeneous distributed devic...