Chun-Mao Lin

Chun-Mao Lin
Taipei Medical University | TMU · School of Medicine

PhD

About

65
Publications
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2,174
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Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Aminopeptidase N (APN/CD13) plays an important role in the growth and metastasis, of tumor, and is a potential biomarker for the post-treatment surveillance of cancer reoccurrence and progression of various malignancies. Thus, we have designed and prepared a convenient and ultrasensitive APN-targeting activity-based ratiometric electrochemical mole...
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Formaldehyde is a reactive carbonyl species (RCS) that is produced naturally in the human body via metabolic and epigenetic biochemical processes, yet in high concentrations is highly toxic to the environment as well as to living organisms. Therefore, we designed two ratiometric electrochemical molecular redox probes, Formaldehyde oxidative latent...
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Life does not sustain without water. For water, there is a natural abundance of stable isotope hydrogen and oxygen. Water molecules get across cell membranes through a plasma membrane protein, named aquaporin. Moreover, the kidney is the main organ to maintain water homeostasis. Here, we study the stable isotopic ratios of hydrogen and oxygen in hu...
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Leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) is an essential proteolytic enzyme and potential biomarker for liver malignancy. Overexpression of LAP is directly linked with some fatal physiological and pathological disorders. In this regard, we have designed an activity based electrochemical substrate leucine-benzyl ferrocene carbamate (Leu-FC) for selective profil...
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Background: Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (BCPAP) has been used in neonates with respiratory distress for decades; however, the optimal setting for BCPAP circuits remains unknown. This study compared the gas exchange efficiency and lung protection efficacy between conventional and high-amplitude BCPAP devices. Methods: We compared g...
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The natural product, rutaecarpine (RUT), is the main effective component of Evodia rutaecarpa which is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine. It has vasodilation, anticoagulation, and anti-inflammatory activities. However, further therapeutic applications are limited by its cytotoxicity. Thus, a derivative of RUT, 10-fluoro-2-methoxyrutaecarpi...
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading cancers worldwide. Surgery is the main therapeutic modality for stage II CRC. However, the implementation of adjuvant chemotherapy remains controversial and is not universally applied so far. In this study, we found that the protein expression of lysosomal acid phosphatase 2 (ACP2) was increased in CRC...
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is inflammation-related. Patients with chronic renal failure who undergo hemodialysis (HD) have some acute adverse effects caused by dialysis-induced oxidative stress, protein adsorption, platelet adhesion, and activation of coagulation and inflammation. Here, resonantly illuminated gold nanoparticles-modified artificia...
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Background: Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is associated with reduced lung function during infancy and perhaps throughout adulthood. The retinoic acid (RA) signaling pathway modulates pre- and postnatal lung development. This study was conducted to test our hypothesis that uteroplacental insufficiency alters the elements of the retinoid pa...
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The dietary flavonoids luteolin and quercetin are reported to inhibit cancer mobility; however, the regulatory effect of luteolin and quercetin on RPS12 is still unclear. Here, we found that A431-III cells expressed a higher level of RPS12 than A431-P cells. The flavonoids luteolin and quercetin reduced RPS12 and c-Myc expressions via Akt/mTOR sign...
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DNA topoisomerase I (TOP1) levels of several human neoplasms are higher than those of normal tissues. TOP1 inhibitors are widely used in treating conventional therapy-resistant ovarian cancers. However, patients may develop resistance to TOP1 inhibitors, hampering chemotherapy success. In this study, we examined the mechanisms associated with the d...
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CFS-1686 (chemical name (E)-N-(2-(diethylamino)ethyl)-4-(2-(2-(5-nitrofuran-2-yl)vinyl)quinolin-4-ylamino)benzamide) inhibits cell proliferation and triggers late apoptosis in prostate cancer cell lines. Comparing the effect of CFS-1686 on cell cycle progression with the topoisomerase 1 inhibitor camptothecin revealed that CFS-1686 and camptothecin...
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Background: Maternal nicotine exposure increases lung collagen in fetal and newborn animals. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) plays a role in hyperoxia-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Objective: To determine whether pre- and postnatal nicotine exposure can augment CTGF expression and postnatal hyperoxia-induced lung fibrosis. Methods: Nicoti...
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Uremic toxins are mainly represented by blood urine nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Crea) whose removal is critically important in hemodialysis (HD) for kidney disease. Patients undergoing HD have a complex illness, resulting from: inadequate removal of organic waste, dialysis-induced oxidative stress and membrane-induced inflammation. Here we repor...
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The properties of confined liquid water, or liquid water in contact with hydrophobic surfaces, are significantly different from those of bulk liquid water. However, all of water's commonly described properties are related to inert 'bulk liquid water' which comprises a tetrahedral hydrogen-bonded network. In this work, we report an innovative and fa...
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Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is an oxidative stress-response enzyme which catalyzes the degradation of heme into bilirubin, ferric ion, and carbon monoxide (CO). Induction of HO-1 was reported to have antitumor activity; the inhibitory mechanism, however, is still unclear. In the present study, we found that treatment with [Ru(CO)3Cl2]2 (RuCO), a CO-relea...
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Indomethacin (IN) is a widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. In this study, four photoproducts of IN (IN1–IN4) were produced and isolated from photoirradiated IN. This study investigated the abilities of IN and its photoproducts to scavenge hydroxyl radicals and inhibit xanthine oxidase (XO). The hydroxyl radical-scavenging activity was...
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Colon cancer is one of the most common malignant cancers worldwide but the current therapeutic approaches for advanced colon cancer are less efficient. This study investigated associations between the expression of nuclear transcription factor SOX4 and various clinicopathologic parameters as well as patients' survival. Expression levels of nuclear...
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Rutaecarpine (RUT), the major bioactive ingredient isolated from the Chinese herb Evodia rutaecarpa, possesses a wide spectrum of biological activities, including anti-inflammation and preventing cardiovascular diseases. However, its high cytotoxicity hampers pharmaceutical development. We designed and synthesized a derivative of RUT, bromo-dimetho...
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Background: HuR is an RNA-binding protein that post-transcriptionally modulates the expressions of various target genes implicated in carcinogenesis, such as CCNA2 encoding cyclin A. No prior study attempted to evaluate the significance of HuR expression in a large cohort with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUCs). Methods: In total,...
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Topoisomerase inhibitors have been developed in a variety of clinical applications. We investigated the inhibitory effect of evodiamine on E. coli topoisomerase I, which may lead to an anti-bacterial effect. Evodiamine inhibits the supercoiled plasmid DNA relaxation that is catalyzed by E. coli topoisomerase I, and computer-aided docking has shown...
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Fullerenes can be formed into many new materials and devices. They have a wide range of applications in medicine, electronics, biomaterials, and energy production. An overview of the nanostructure and the physical and chemical characteristics of fullerene-drug derivatives is given. The biological behavior of fullerene derivatives shows their potent...
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Water (H(2)O) is the most abundant and important molecule of life. Natural water contains small amount of heavy isotopes. Previously, few animal model studies have shown that the isotopic composition of body water could play important roles in physiology and pathophysiology. Here we study the stable isotopic ratios of hydrogen (δ(2)H) and oxygen (δ...
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Increased β-oxidation of branched-chain fatty acids provides an additional metabolic advantage for cancer cells thereby enhancing tumour development and progression. Alpha-methylacyl coenzyme A racemase (AMACR) is an enzyme essential for the catabolism of branched-chain fatty acids that allows their subsequent β-oxidation and thus plays an importan...
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The major cell wall constituent of Ganoderma lucidum (G. lucidum) is β-1,3-glucan. This study examined the polysaccharide from the residues of alkaline-extracted fruiting bodies using high-performance anion-exchange chromatography (HPAEC), and it employed nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS) to confirm the structures. We have...
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Deregulated chromatin remodelling often leads to aberrant gene expression in cells, thereby implicating tumour development and progression. As a subunit of remodelling and spacing factor complex, Rsf-1 (HBXAP), a novel nuclear protein with histone chaperon function, mediates ATPase-dependent chromatin remodelling and confers tumour aggressiveness i...
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Oxidative stress associated with nodavirus infection is poorly understood, especially pertaining to infection-mediated brain injury. Indirect evidence indicates that infection increases cellular abundance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) with consequent increase in cellular dityrosine production. The detection of dityrosine in nodavirus-infected gr...
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Inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3 has been implicated in cancer progression. Previously, we showed an abundance of inactive GSK-3 in the human chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell line. CML is a hematopoietic malignancy caused by an oncogenic Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase. In Bcr-Abl signaling, the role of GSK-3 is not well defined. Here, w...
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Oxidative stress, which is an early determinant of Alzheimer's disease (AD), is involved in mediating neuronal apoptosis in Aβ-induced cell death. C 60 fullerenes are known to behave like a "radical sponge" as they can sponge up free radicals and act more effectively than other antioxidants. PEG-C 60-3, a C 60 fullerene derivative, was investigated...
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An increasing number of studies show that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation can inhibit apoptosis. To clarify the antitumor mechanism of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) and achieve increased therapeutic efficiency, we investigated the potential roles of AMPK and autophagy in CAPE treatment against C6 glioma cells. The roles of AMPK...
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Starting with inexpensive reagents, a self-directed chemical process with the aid of a single metal triflate was readily achieved to concomitantly construct quinazoline and pyrroloquinoline cores to afford the synthesis of luotonin A and its analogues. Among all compounds prepared, 2c, 2d, and 3b exhibit more potent inhibitory activity than luotoni...
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A novel water-soluble polysaccharide fraction, CME-1, with a molecular mass of 27.6 kDa and containing mannose and galactose in a respective ratio of 4:6, was prepared from Cordyceps sinensis mycelia and identified by NMR and GC-MS. In the current study, we examined whether CME-1 has anti-inflammatory effects in RAW264.7 cells. The ability of CME-1...
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Nitroreductase (NTR) is a flavin-containing enzyme that uses NADH as the electron source to reduce nitroaromatic compounds to the corresponding amines. Previous studies have shown that nitroreductase-targeted latent fluorophores exhibit low solubility in the aqueous media and fluoresce at lower wavelengths upon uncloaking, thus limiting their effec...
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Unlabelled: Many studies have focused on the neuroprotective effects of C(60) fullerene-derived nanomaterials. The peculiar structure of C(60) fullerene, which is capable of "adding" multiple radicals per molecule, serves as a "radical sponge," and it can be an effective antioxidant by reducing cytotoxic effects caused by intracellular oxidative s...
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Salicylate hydroxylase (SHL) catalyzes the production of catechol (plus CO(2) and H(2)O) from salicylate, NADH, and O(2). Coimmobilization of SHL with a NAD(P)(+)-dependent dehydrogenase in front of a Clark-type oxygen electrode has been investigated in the development of a general type of dehydrogenase-based biosensors that can detect various biol...
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The topoisomerase I (TopI) reaction intermediate consists of an enzyme covalently linked to a nicked DNA molecule, known as a TopI-DNA complex, that can be trapped by inhibitors and results in failure of re-ligation. Attempts at new derivative designs for TopI inhibition are enthusiastically being pursued, and TopI inhibitors were developed for a v...
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A series of novel long-wavelength, fluorescent, novel iminocoumarin derived dyes were synthesized by extending the π-conjugation and spatial location of the benzimidazolic and iminochromene rings in a planar structure. Several dyes display a fluorescent maxima ≥600 nm whilst others showed fluorescent maxima in the NIR region.
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The aim of the present study was to further characterize potential clinicopathological predictors for urinary bladder recurrence-free survival (UBRFS) in patients with primary urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract (UUT-UC). The present series included 385 cases of surgically treated primary localized UUT-UC without previous or concurrent...
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Caffeic acid is a xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitor that binds to the molybdopterin region of its active site. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) has higher hydrophobicity and exhibits stronger inhibition potency toward XO. Chlorogenic acid is a quinyl ester of caffeic acid that has increased hydrophilicity and also shows stronger XO inhibitory acti...
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Evodiamine (EVO), an alkaloidal compound isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.), has been reported to affect many physiological functions. Topoisomerase inhibitors have been developed in a variety of clinical applications. In the present study, we report the topoisomerase I (TopI) inhibitory activity of EVO, which may have properties that lead to...
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Research studies in the field of C(60) fullerene derivatives have significantly increased due to the broad range of biological activities that were found for these compounds. We designed and prepared a new C(60) fullerene hybrid bearing thalidomide as a potential double-action anti-inflammatory agent, capable of simultaneous inhibition of LPS-induc...
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Angelica sinensis (AS) was extracted with water or 20% ethanol for different time periods, and the antioxidant activity as well as flavor quality of the extracts were investigated. The AS extracts contained significant amount of phenolic acids, including nicotinic acid, phthalic acid, p-coumaric acid, and ferulic acid. Regardless the water or alcoh...
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The protective effects of alcohol extract from the root of Angelica sinensis (AS) on beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta)-induced toxicity and the mechanism of these effects were investigated. Abeta is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease; it decreased viability of Neuro 2A cells in a concentration-dependent manner with IC(50) of 14.9 microM. AS...
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We employed 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl hydrate (DPPH)- and 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO)-electron spin resonance (ESR) to study the effects of suppression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by eight selected coumarin derivatives under oxidative conditions. Esculetin was the most potent radical scavenger among the eight tested compounds....
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We designed and prepared the new C60 fullerene hybrids bearing a xanthine moiety as potential double-action anti-inflammatory agents, capable of simultaneous inhibition of LPS-induced NO and TNF-alpha production. The 10 microM of fulleropyrrolidine-xanthine dyad 2a and b were effective in suppressing LPS-induced NO production by 55.1+/-2.1% and 58....
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We employed the techniques of DNA relaxation, DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl hydrate), and DMPO (5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide)-electron spin resonance (ESR), to study the effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) suppression by 11 selected C6-C3 phenylpropanoid derivatives under oxidative conditions. We also investigated the effects of the...
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Mammalian sperm gain the ability to fertilize an egg successfully by the capacitation process. An unregulated capacitation process causes sperm to undergo a spontaneous acrosome reaction (AR) and resulting in loss of their fertilization activity. Thus, functional sperm activation is tightly regulated by a capacitation and suppression (decapacitatio...
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Increased fatty acid synthase (FAS) protein expression is coordinated with cancer development. FAS inhibitors become a focus of anticancer drug development. Lovastatin, one of the active ingredients in red yeast rice, is a product of Monascus purpureus. Lovastatin has been shown to inhibit proliferation and to induce apoptosis in a variety of tumor...
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A series of coumarin derivatives were synthesized in two steps from phloroglucinol. The anti-inflammatory activities of these derivatives were evaluated by means of inhibiting NO production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. Derivatives 3, 8, 10, 11, and 13 exhibited low micromolar levels of anti-inflammatory activities, and these derivatives also pro...
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder disease. Ten percent of the ALS patients are congenital (familial ALS), and the other 90% are sporadic ALS (SALS). It has been shown that mutations found in the Cu,Zn-SOD cause 20% of the familial ALS due to its low enzyme activity. We hypothesized that heavy metals may...
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Isovitexin exhibits potent antioxidant activities. In this study, the activity of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW264.7 macrophages after incubation with isovitexin was investigated. Isovitexin was able to reduce the production of hydrogen peroxide induced by LPS in mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells. The cells in...
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We investigated whether H2O2, superoxide, and ERK participate in nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced signaling cascades and whether antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) regulates these NGF-induced responses. PC12 cells were cultured in medium containing NGF or vehicle with or without NAC pretreatment, and the intracellular H2O2 and superoxide levels an...
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Anoectochilus formosanus (AF) is a popular folk medicine in Taiwan whose pharmacological effects have been characterized. In this work we investigated the antioxidant properties of an aqueous extract prepared from AF. The AF extract was capable of scavenging H2O2 in a dose-dependent manner. We induced oxidative stress in HL-60 cells, either by the...
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Isovitexin, isolated from rice hull of Oryza sativa, has been characterized as a potent antioxidant. Its antioxidant activity, determined on the basis of inhibition of lipid peroxidation by the Fenton reaction, was comparable with that of alpha-tocopherol, a well-established antioxidant. Isovitexin was able to reduce the amount of hydrogen peroxide...
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Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is induced as a beneficial and adaptive response in cells and tissues exposed to oxidative stress. Herein we examined how various eicosanoids affect the induction of HO-1, and the possible mechanism underlying 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)- prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2))-induced HO-1 expression. PGH(2), PGD(2) and its metabolites o...
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A series of bis-aziridinylnaphthoquinone derivatives has been prepared. The cytotoxic activities and DNA alkylation abilities of these synthetic bis-aziridinylnaphthoquinone derivatives were investigated. They displayed significant cytotoxicity against human carcinomna cell lines and weak cytotoxic activities against HL60 and skin fibroblast (SF)....
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The inhibition of xanthine oxidase activity by various flavonoids was assessed. All of the tested flavonoids were competitive inhibitors, and from the kinetic analysis suggested that flavonoids bind to the reactive site. To further understand the stereochemistry between these flavonoids and xanthine oxidase, structure-based molecular modeling was p...
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The antioxidant properties of isovitexin and related flavonoids were studied. Isovitexin inhibited xanthine oxidase with an IC50 value of = 15.2 microM. The flavonoid analogues, apigenin, kaempferol, quercetin, myricetin, and genistein also inhibited xanthine oxidase with IC50 values of 0.58, 2.18, 1.09, 9.90, and 4.83 microM, respectively. Isovite...
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Human ovarian carcinoma A2780 cells resistant to VM-26, a topoisomerase II-targeting drug, were cloned. Cross-resistance test showed that the resistant cells were 300 fold more tolerant toward VM-26 than were parental cells, whereas tolerance towards other drugs increased only 3 to 10 fold. VM-26 triggered apoptosis in a variety of cells including...