How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
Citations since 2016
6 Research Items
Reduction of conditioned fear expression by extinction underlies cue exposure therapies that treat anxiety disorders. Extinction is context-specific. Renewal, for example, is the relapse of extinguished fear when subjects are tested in a different context to extinction. This context-specificity is developmentally regulated and sex-dependent, with r...
Extinction is the decrease in emotion to a cue that was previously associated with an emotionally significant event. It involves repeated presentation of the cue without any consequences. In adult animals, extinguished fear to a cue can return if the cue is presented in a different environment/context to where extinction occurred, referred to as re...
Anxiety disorders emerge early, and girls are significantly more likely to develop anxiety compared to boys. However, sex differences in fear during development are poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated juvenile male and female rats in the relapse behaviors following extinction of conditioned fear. In all experiments, 18-d-old rats first re...
We investigated whether juvenile rats do not express renewal following extinction of conditioned fear due to their inability to form a long-term contextual fear memory. In experiment 1, postnatal day (P) 18 and 25 rats received 3 white-noise and footshock pairings, followed by 60 white-noise alone presentations the next day. When tested in a differ...
Adolescents with anxiety disorders attain poorer outcomes following extinction-based treatment compared to adults. Extinction deficit during adolescence has been identified to involve immaturity in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Findings from adult rodents suggest extinction involves dopamine signaling in the mPFC. This system changes dramati...