Chuansheng Chen

Chuansheng Chen
University of California, Irvine | UCI ·  Department of Psychology and Social Behavior

Doctor of Philosophy

About

386
Publications
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13,513
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Publications

Publications (386)
Article
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One central mission of cognitive neuroscience is to understand the ontology of complex cognitive functions. We addressed this question with a cognitive neurogenetic approach using a large-scale dataset of executive functions (EFs), whole-brain resting-state functional connectivity, and genetic polymorphisms. We found that the bifactor model with co...
Article
Previous research has investigated the brain structure of musicians with absolute pitch (AP); however, pitch identification (PI) ability also exists in nonmusicians. The current study examined the relationship between PI ability and cortical complexity in nonmusicians using fractal dimensionality, a relatively novel way to analyze morphological pat...
Article
Restudying word lists (e.g., dream, awake, and bed) strengthens true memory of the studied words and reduces false memory for unstudied but semantically related lures (e.g., sleep). Yet, the neural mechanisms involved in this repetition effect on false memory remain unclear. Possible mechanisms involve item-specific and semantic neural representati...
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Both forward and backward working memory span tasks have been used in cognitive training, but no study has been conducted to test whether the two types of trainings are equally effective. Based on data from a randomized controlled trial, this study (N = 60 healthy college students) tested the effects of backward span training, forward span training...
Article
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The current study examined the mediating roles of emotion regulation strategies (i.e., cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) and resilience in the relationship between perceived parental support and depressive symptoms among college students during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in China. A large sample of Chinese college stude...
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Background: Identifying deliberate self-harm (DSH) and peer victimization in adolescents is a public health issue. The present study evaluates a three-wave longitudinal model to examine the effect of peer victimization on DSH and the roles of internalizing problems (depression and anxiety) and perceived peer and teacher support climate in this rela...
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High-dimensionality is ubiquitous in various scientific fields such as imaging genetics, where a deluge of functional and structural data on brain-relevant genetic polymorphisms are investigated. It is crucial to identify which genetic variations are consequential in identifying neurological features of brain connectivity compared to merely random...
Article
Using a large dataset from the COVIDiSTRESS Global Survey Consortium spanning 49 countries (N = 102,830), we examined the robustness of Tversky and Kahneman's (1981) framing effect within each country using a variation of the classic Asian Disease Scenario. Results indicated that the framing effect—where respondents are more likely to take the safe...
Article
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Objective: The present study aimed to examine the prevalence of dyscalculia, dyslexia and their comorbidity rates in a large population-based sample of children with idiopathic epilepsy (N = 2282) and a comparison sample of typically developing schoolchildren (N = 2371). Methods: Both groups of children were screened using an arithmetic fluency te...
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Recent studies have revealed that memory performance is better when participants have the opportunity to make a choice regarding the experimental task (choice condition) than when they do not have such a choice (fixed condition). These studies, however, used intentional memory tasks, leaving open the question whether the choice effect also applies...
Article
Previous studies on dual-brain social interaction have shown different patterns of interpersonal neural synchronization (INS) between conflictual and supportive interactions, but the role of emotion in the dual-brain mechanisms of such interactions is not well understood. Furthermore, little is known about how the dual-brain mechanisms are affected...
Article
The adaptation aftereffect plays a critical role in human development and survival. Existing studies have found that, compared with general individuals, individuals with learning disability, autism and dyslexia show a smaller amount of non-affective-based cognitive adaptation aftereffect. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether individuals with depress...
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The crucial role of the parietal cortex in working memory (WM) storage has been identified by fMRI studies. However, it remains unknown whether repeated parietal intermittent theta‐burst stimulation (iTBS) can improve WM. In this within‐subject randomized controlled study, under the guidance of fMRI‐identified parietal activation in the left hemisp...
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Previous studies have shown that the insula is closely related to addiction, and the structure’s role in delay discounting can be measured by a specific task, but the specific role of the insula has been less studied. In this study, we first conducted a lesion study in which we recruited healthy controls (n = 30) and patients with unilateral insula...
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One of the main goals of the new generation of antipsychotics is to improve cognitive functions of schizophrenia patients, which makes it necessary to identify genes related to not only schizophrenia but also its cognitive impairments. Starting with 58 trans-ancestry risk variants found in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Chinese schizophr...
Article
Previous research has distinguished prestigious and dominant facets of social status. Dominance is related to negative traits (e.g., hubristic pride), while prestige is related to positive traits (e.g., authentic pride). This study examined how dominance and prestige were perceived by self and others (friends/colleagues and strangers). 49 groups of...
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Does the ovulatory cycle play a role in women's allure to and receptivity towards men in a competitive dating scenario? We analyzed speed‐dates (Nobservations = 853 for men's attraction to women; Nobservations = 850 for women's attraction to men) involving 100 normally ovulating women and 132 men. We failed to document a competitive advantage of co...
Article
The hippocampus plays an important role in representing spatial locations and sequences and in transforming representations. How these representational structures and operations support memory for the temporal order of random items is still poorly understood. We addressed this question by leveraging the method of loci, a powerful mnemonic strategy...
Article
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Federal and local government agencies were quick to issue orders for residents to shelter-in-place in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. This study utilized data collected from Unacast Inc., spanning observations of 3,142 counties across 50 states and the District of Columbia (N = 230,846) (n = 131,912) in a 3-level multilevel model to examine the...
Article
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Inter-temporal decision-making is ubiquitous in daily life and has been considered as a critical characteristic associated with an individual's success. Such decisions require us to tradeoff between short-term and long-term benefits. Prior studies have indicated that inter-temporal decision involves various brain regions that tend to occupy the cen...
Article
Musicians with absolute pitch ability show better spatial ability, but little is known about whether non-musicians’ pitch identification (PI) ability is associated with their spatial ability. In the present study, a PI test, two mental rotation (MR) tests (Three-Dimensional Mental Rotation [3DMR] and Spatial Relationship [SR]), and eight executive...
Article
We propose a ridge‐penalized adaptive Mantel test (AdaMant) for evaluating the association of two high‐dimensional sets of features. By introducing a ridge penalty, AdaMant tests the association across many metrics simultaneously. We demonstrate how ridge penalization bridges Euclidean and Mahalanobis distances and their corresponding linear models...
Article
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.563493.].
Preprint
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To improve cognitive functions for schizophrenia patients, it necessary to identify genes related to cognitive impairments. A Chinese population genome-wide association study replicated 58 out of 128 schizophrenia risk single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified by Schizophrenia Working-Group of Psychiatric Genomics Consortium as trans-ancest...
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This study investigated cross-cultural differences in individual pride and collective pride between Chinese and Americans using data from text corpora. We found higher absolute frequencies of pride items in the American corpus than in the Chinese corpus. Cross-cultural differences were found for relative frequencies of different types of pride, and...
Article
Very little research has examined the psychological adjustment of gay men in mixed-orientation marriages (MOMs)—a marital union wherein one spouse is a sexual minority person (e.g., gay/lesbian, bisexual) while the other is heterosexual. Examining gay men’s psychological adjustment in MOMs provides insights into how sexual identity intersects with...
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Numerous studies have examined the neural substrates of intertemporal decision‐making, but few have systematically investigated separate neural representations of the two attributes of future rewards (i.e., the amount of the reward and the delay time). More importantly, no study has used the novel analytical method of representational connectivity...
Article
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This research aimed to validate a Chinese version of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ-C) and develop a short form based on classic test theory and Item Response Theory (IRT). 539 participants were recruited for the study, with 499 of them yielding valid data. The age range of the participants was from 18 to 71 years. Results demonstra...
Preprint
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In the United States, the COVID-19 pandemic became an unconventional vehicle to advance partisan rhetoric and antagonism. Using data available at the individual- (Study 1; N = 4,220), county- (Study 2; n = 3,046), and state-level (n = 49), we found that partisanship and political orientation was a robust and strong correlate of mask use. Political...
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Mutual influences between anxiety and working memory (WM) have been extensively studied, and their curvilinear relationship resembles the classic Yerkes-Dodson law of arousal and performance. Given the genetic bases of both anxiety and WM, it is likely that the individual differences in the Yerkes-Dodson law of anxiety and WM may have genetic corre...
Preprint
Full-text available
We propose a ridge-penalized adaptive Mantel test (AdaMant) for evaluating the association of two high-dimensional sets of features. By introducing a ridge penalty, AdaMant tests the association across many metrics simultaneously. We demonstrate how ridge penalization bridges Euclidean and Mahalanobis distances and their corresponding linear models...
Article
Powerful roles often require individuals to cope with impactful, complicated decisions. The present article reports two experiments investigating the effect of manipulated power mindset on the process of decision-making under different conditions: high vs. low choice conflict (Exp. 1) or high vs. no cognitive load (Exp. 2). Results showed that unde...
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Intertemporal choice refers to decisions that need to weigh different rewards at different time points in the future. Decision impulsivity manifests in the tendency of choosing smaller immediate options rather than larger later ones. Previous studies have suggested that decision impulsivity in intertemporal decision-making shares similar cognitive...
Article
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Many studies have revealed that reward-associated features capture attention. Neurophysiological evidence further suggests that this reward-driven attention effect modulates visual processes by enhancing low-level visual salience. However, no behavioral study to date has directly examined whether reward-driven attention changes how people see. Comb...
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In contrast to the traditional “variable-centered” approach, this study used a “person-centered” approach to reveal the distinct profiles of aggressive behavior among 851 Chinese college students, and tested how these profiles were related to two potential protective factors (emotional intelligence and self-esteem) and one outcome (friendship quali...
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Background: Executive function (EF) is vital to human beings. It has been linked to many genes and family environmental factors in separate studies, but few studies have examined the potential interactions between gene(s) and environmental factor(s). The current study explored the whole genome to identify SNPs, genes, and pathways that interacted...
Article
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While writing center scholarship acknowledges tutoring is an emotional endeavor, there has been little attention given to how tutors respond to the stressful facets of their role. In this study, peer writing tutors were surveyed about their engagement in emotional labor and work-related stress in three areas: (a) perceived reasons for emotionally l...
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The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism has been associated with working memory (WM) in many studies, but the results have not been consistent. One plausible explanation is sex-specific effects of this polymorphism as reported in several studies. The current study aimed to explore the sex-specific effects of the COMT Val158Me...
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Angle is an important concept in geometry. Young children have difficulty separating angle size from other dimensions such as the length of angle sides, perhaps due to whole-object bias in word learning. The present study used the pre-test–training–post-test design to investigate the effectiveness of two ways of separating angle from angle size in...
Article
Studies have revealed that rewards promote long-term memory, even in an incidental way. However, most previous studiesusing the incidental paradigm have included two reward levels, and it is still not clear how the reward magnitude influencesmemory. Adopting the incidental paradigm and three reward levels, the current study revealed that the reward...
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How native and non‐native languages are represented in the brain is one of the most important questions in neurolinguistics. Much research has found that the similarity in neural activity of native and non‐native languages are influenced by factors such as age of acquisition, language proficiency, and language exposure in the non‐native language. N...
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Block building is a popular play activity among young children and is also used by psychologists to assess their intelligence. However, little research has attempted to systematically explore the cognitive bases of block-building ability. The current study (N = 66 Chinese preschoolers, 32 boys and 34 girls; mean age = 4.7 years, SD = 0.29, range =...
Preprint
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While the framing effect widely popularized by Tversky and Kahneman (1981) has been replicated numerous times, the robustness of the effect cross-nationally has been limited. Relying on a large dataset spanning 49 countries with ample sample size (N = 102,830), we examine the robustness of the framing effect using a variation of the Asian Disease S...
Preprint
Full-text available
The hippocampus plays an important role in representing spatial locations and sequences and for transforming representations via pattern separation and completion. How these representational structures and operations support memory for the temporal order of random items is still poorly understood. We addressed this question by leveraging the method...
Article
Full-text available
Studies have shown that numerosity‐based arithmetic training can promote arithmetic learning in typically developing children as well as children with developmental dyscalculia (DD), but the cognitive mechanism underlying this training effect remains unclear. The main aim of the current study was to examine the role of visual form perception in ari...
Preprint
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While the United States has struggled to keep the spread of COVID-19 at bay, many other countries have significantly stunted the number of new cases. To examine the cultural values underlying adherence to social distancing, this study used global cultural data as well as data from Google’s COVID-19 Community Mobility Reports from February 15, 2020...
Cover Page
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The cover image is based on the Original Article Short‐term numerosity training promotes symbolic arithmetic in children with developmental dyscalculia: the mediating role of visual form perception. Studies have shown that numerosity‐based arithmetic training can promote arithmetic learning in typically developing children as well as children with...
Article
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The authors tested whether partner idealization was positively associated with relationship quality among 105 intraracially dating Asian American couples (Study 1) and 98 Chinese couples (Study 2) through two methods. The commonly used residual‐based approach found, in both samples, the positive associations between idealizing a partner and relatio...
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Although lexical competition has been ubiquitously observed in spoken word recognition, less has been known about whether the lexical competitors interfere with the recognition of the target and how lexical interference is resolved. The present study examined whether lexical competitors overlapping in output with the target would interfere with its...
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Updating old memories with new, more current information is critical for human survival, yet the neural mechanisms for memory updating in general and the effect of retrieval practice in particular are poorly understood. Using a three-day A-B/A-C memory updating paradigm, we found that compared to restudy, retrieval practice could strengthen new A-C...
Article
Full-text available
Updating old memories with new, more current information is critical for human survival, yet the neural mechanisms for memory updating in general and the effect of retrieval practice in particular are poorly understood. Using a three-day A-B/A-C memory updating paradigm, we found that compared to restudy, retrieval practice could strengthen new A-C...
Article
Full-text available
Updating old memories with new, more current information is critical for human survival, yet the neural mechanisms for memory updating in general and the effect of retrieval practice in particular are poorly understood. Using a three-day A-B/A-C memory updating paradigm, we found that compared to restudy, retrieval practice could strengthen new A-C...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study sought to examine the relation of cultural practices and values with favoritism and nepotism/cronyism. Additionally, this study's purpose was also to examine how trust mediates the relation between culture and favoritism. Design/methodology/approach Correlations were used for exploratory investigation into the bivariate relation...
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Although human memories seem unique to each individual, they are shared to a great extent across individuals. Previous studies have examined, separately, subject-specific and cross-subject shared representations during memory encoding and retrieval, but how shared memories are formed from individually encoded representations is not clearly understo...
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ZNF804A has now been recognized as a schizophrenia risk gene by multiple genome-wide association studies with its intronic polymorphism rs1344706 being reported as the first genome-wide significant risk variant for schizophrenia. Although the functional impact of this gene is still unknown, rs1344706’s contribution to the functional coupling betwee...
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Resting‐state functional connectivity profiles have been increasingly shown to be important endophenotypes that are tightly linked to human cognitive functions and psychiatric diseases, yet the genetic architecture of this multidimensional trait is barely understood. Using a unique sample of 1,704 unrelated, young and healthy Chinese Han individual...
Article
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Background The Arsenic ( +3 oxidation state ) methyltransferase ( AS3MT ) gene has been identified as a top risk gene for schizophrenia in several large-scale genome-wide association studies. A variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) of this gene is the most significant expression quantitative trait locus, but its role in brain activity in vivo is sti...
Preprint
With the exponential spread of COVID-19 across the United States, federal and local government agencies have issued orders for residents to shelter-in-place. This study utilizes data collected from Unacast Inc. spanning observations of 3,142 counties across 50 states and the District of Columbia (N = 230,846) from March 8, 2020 to April 13, 2020 (n...
Article
Young children tend to follow others’ food preferences. Whether this conformity applies to actual food/beverage consumption, however, is understudied. The present study tested whether sixty-three 3- to 6-year-old preschoolers conformed to remote peers’ beverage taste preferences. Participants indicated taste preference between two beverage options...
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This study recruited kindergarteners and first graders to investigate gender and grade differences in semantic and spatial processing of number magnitude. Results based on the Bayesian statistics showed that (1) there was extreme evidence in favour of grade differences in both semantic processing and spatial processing; (2) there were no gender dif...
Article
Studies have shown that performance‐dependent monetary rewards facilitate visual perception. However, no study has examined whether such a positive effect is limited to the rewarded task or may be generalized to other tasks. In the current study, two groups of people were asked to perform two visual perception tasks, one being a reward‐relevant tas...
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Human adults are faster to respond to small/large numerals with their left/right hand when they judge the parity of numerals, which is known as the SNARC (spatial-numerical association of response codes) effect. It has been proposed that the size of the SNARC effect depends on response latencies. The current study introduced a perceptual orientatio...
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Behavioral synchronization has been found to facilitate social bonding and prosociality but the neural mechanisms underlying such effects are not well understood. In the current study, 60 dyads were hyperscanned using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) while they performed either a synchronous key-pressing task or a control task. After t...
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Background: Genetic factors have been suggested to affect the efficacy of working memory training. However, few studies have attempted to identify the relevant genes. Methods: In this study, we first performed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to identify brain regions that were specifically affected by working memory training. Sixty undergrad...
Article
Previous studies have identified the ventral and dorsal brain regions that respectively support semantic and non-semantic phonological access. Nevertheless, the specific role of the left occipitotemporal cortex (lOTC) in the two pathways of phonological access is ambiguous. To address that question, the present study compared word reading in Chines...