Christos Lionis

Christos Lionis
University of Crete | UOC · Clinic of Social and Family Medicine (CSFM)

Professor

About

706
Publications
214,218
Reads
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18,354
Citations
Citations since 2016
254 Research Items
12177 Citations
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Introduction
Christos Lionis graduated from the University of Athens Medical School and is certified in both Internal Medicine and Social Medicine (Public Health). He also holds a PhD from the University of Crete. Since 1995 Christos Lionis has worked at the University of Crete Medical School, where he is Professor and Director of the Clinic of Social and Family Medicine. Christos is actively involved in the development of Primary Care and General Practice on Crete, particularly in rural areas.
Additional affiliations
September 2011 - present
University of Crete
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Undergraduate course: Compassionate care
September 2011 - present
University of Crete
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Undergraduate course: Introduction to evidence based medicine and analysis of clinical decision
September 2008 - present
University of Crete
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Undergraduate course: Doctor-Patient Relationship
Education
September 1986 - May 1991
University of Crete
Field of study
  • Medicine
September 1973 - May 1979
Ethnikon kai Kapodistriakon Panepistimion Athinon
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (706)
Conference Paper
Σκοπός: Ο σκοπός της μελέτης ήταν ενήλικες ασθενείς με υπέρταση να συζητήσουν τις εμπειρίες και τα εμπόδια που αντιμετωπίζουν στη διαχείριση της υπέρτασης και να δώσουν προτάσεις για τη βελτίωση της παροχής υγειονομικής περίθαλψης. Υλικά – Μέθοδοι: Σε αυτή την ποιοτική μελέτη χρησιμοποιήθηκαν ομάδες εστιασμένης συζήτησης (focus groups). Συνολικά σ...
Conference Paper
Σκοπός: Ο μη επαρκής έλεγχος της αρτηριακής πίεσης αποτελεί πρόκληση για τη δημόσια υγεία στην Ελλάδα. Αυτή η εκπαιδευτική παρέμβαση επιχειρεί να βελτιώσει την Εγγραμματοσύνη της Υγείας (ΕΥ) και την Εγγραμματοσύνη της Διατροφής (ΕΔ) σε ασθενείς της Πρωτοβάθμιας Φροντίδας Υγείας (ΠΦΥ) με υπέρταση. Υλικό‐Μέθοδοι: Πρόκειται για μια εκπαιδευτική παρέμ...
Article
Purpose: The aim of the study was to have adults discuss experiences and barriers to managing hypertension and to provide suggestions to improve healthcare delivery. Methodology: Focus group discussions were employed in this qualitative study. A total of 14 hypertensive participants were recruited from 1st Local Health Unit of Nea Philadelphia, At...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: Although spatial statistics are often used by cancer epidemiologists, there is not yet an established collection of methods to serve their needs. We aimed to develop an evidence-based cancer-oriented conceptual collection of methods for spatial analysis; (2) Methods: A triangulation of approaches was used; literature review, consens...
Article
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(1) Background: This is the first population-based study in Greece, with the aim to measure the changing trends of lung cancer (LC) and the associated risk factors before and after the economic crisis. Among the main objectives were the identification of LC hot spots and high-risk areas; (2) Methods: The study was conducted in Crete, the biggest is...
Article
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Background Oseltamivir is usually not often prescribed (or reimbursed) for non-high-risk patients consulting for influenza-like-illness (ILI) in primary care in Europe. We aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of adding oseltamivir to usual primary care in adults/adolescents (13 years +) and children with ILI during seasonal influenza epidemics,...
Article
University students' health and well-being is critical, especially in the aftermath of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic; however, a comprehensive and integrated approach in academic institutions remains neglected. In this context, the local experience from a pilot university-based Student Health Center at an urban campus in Greece is presented...
Article
Using exome sequencing, we analyzed 196 participants of the Cretan Aging Cohort (CAC; 95 with Alzheimer's disease [AD], 20 with mild cognitive impairment [MCI], 81 cognitively normal controls). The APOE ε4 allele was more common in AD patients (23.2%) than in controls (7.4%; p<0.01) and the PSEN2 p.Arg29His and p.Cys391Arg variants was found in thr...
Article
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Ethnopharmacology, through the description of the beneficial effects of plants, has provided an early framework for the therapeutic use of natural compounds. Natural products, either in their native form or after crude extraction of their active ingredients, have long been used by different populations and explored as invaluable sources for drug de...
Article
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Background Excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics is the most important driver of antimicrobial resistance. The aim of the HAPPY PATIENT project is to evaluate the adaptation of European Union (EU) recommendations on the prudent use of antimicrobials in human health by evaluating the impact of a multifaceted intervention targeting different...
Article
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Background The global burden of chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) disproportionally affects Roma populations. Health interventions addressing CRD among Roma or other vulnerable groups often fail to be effective, as their implementation strategy misaligns with the local context. To design context-driven strategies, we studied CRD-related beliefs,...
Article
p>Background: there is little evidence about the relationship between aetiology, illness severity, and clinical course of respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in primary care. Understanding these associations would aid in the development of effective management strategies for these infections. Aim: to investigate whether clinical presentation and i...
Article
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Background The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on patients’ and clinicians’ perceptions of healthcare-seeking behaviour and delivery of care is unclear. The pandemic accelerated the use of remote care and understanding its benefits and drawbacks may inform its implementation during this and future healthcare emergencies. Aim To explore patients’ a...
Article
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Background Effectiveness of health programmes can be undermined when the implementation misaligns with local beliefs and behaviours. To design context-driven implementation strategies, we explored beliefs and behaviours regarding chronic respiratory disease (CRD) in diverse low-resource settings. Methods This observational mixed-method study was c...
Article
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Background Between-country differences have been described in antibiotic prescribing for RTI in primary care, but not yet for diagnostic testing procedures and prescribing confidence. Aim To describe between-country differences in RTI management, particularly diagnostic testing and antibiotic prescribing, and investigate which factors relate to an...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is little evidence about the relation between aetiology, illness severity and clinical course of respiratory tract infections (RTI) in primary care. Understanding these associations would aid to develop effective management strategies for these infections. Aim: To investigate whether the clinical presentation and illness course...
Book
Full-text available
The current Opinion explores the concept of solidarity from both theoretical and implementation perspectives with a focus on health emergencies. Focusing on how the principle of solidarity is enshrined in European Union (EU) law, it critically examines relevant implemented and proposed actions of solidarity towards EU Member States and towards...
Article
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Breathing polluted air is a risk to respiratory conditions. During the Greek financial crisis, the use of household fireplaces/wood stoves shifted from mostly decorative to actual domestic heating, resulting in increased indoor smoke production. We aimed to evaluate household air pollution (HAP), fuel use and respiratory symptoms in rural Crete, Gr...
Article
Objective: Mental stress, low Health Literacy (HL) and Nutrition Literacy (NL) are associated with serious negative health outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate HL and NL levels, in relation to levels of perceived stress, in adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban area of the Attica region, in Greece. The...
Article
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Background: Clinical findings do not accurately predict laboratory diagnosis of influenza. Early identification of influenza is considered useful for proper management decisions in primary care. Objective: We evaluated the diagnostic value of the presence and the severity of symptoms for the diagnosis of laboratory-confirmed influenza infection...
Article
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Background: Minimising primary care professionals' (PCPs) risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection is crucial to ensure their safety as well as functioning health care system. PCPs' perspectives on the support they needed in the early stages of a public health crisis can inform future preparedness. Aim: To understand PCPs' experiences of providing care during...
Article
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Therapeutic regimens for the COVID‐19 pandemics remain unmet. In this line, repurposing of existing drugs against known or predicted SARS‐CoV‐2 protein actions have been advanced, while natural products have also been tested. Here, we propose that p‐cymene, a natural monoterpene, can act as a potential novel agent for the treatment of SARS‐CoV‐2‐in...
Article
In line with World Health Organization policy (WHO, 2016; 2019), primary care services need to be adapted to effectively meet the needs of diverse patient populations. Drawing from a European participatory implementation study, we present an Irish case study. In a hybrid participatory space, migrants, general practice staff and service planners (n...
Article
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Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR) is a syndrome characterized by chronic pain and/or stiffness in the neck, shoulders or upper arms and hips. It affects adult patients usually over 50 years old and is treated with low-dose oral corticosteroids. In this case, a 68-year-old female with a history of PMR, diagnosed by a specialist sporadically seen in the p...
Data
Therapeutic regimens for the COVID-19 pandemics remain unmet. In this line, repurposing of existing drugs against known or predicted SARS-CoV-2 protein actions have been advanced, while natural products have also been tested. Here, we propose that p-cymene, a natural monoterpene, can act as a potential novel agent for the treatment of SARS-CoV-2-in...
Book
Η ικανοποιητική ρύθμιση της υπέρτασης είναι μια απαιτητική διαδικασία και προϋποθέτει την κατανόηση της νόσου από τον ασθενή, καθώς επίσης και την ενδυνάμωση του, προκειμένου να κινητοποιηθεί και να εφαρμόσει σωστά τις οδηγίες του θεράποντα ιατρού του και των άλλων επαγγελματιών υγείας, για τη σωστή διαχείριση της νόσου. Οι ασκήσεις που ακολουθούν...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Primary care has a crucial role in responding to the COVID-19 pandemic as the first point of patient care and gatekeeper to secondary care. Qualitative studies exploring the experiences of healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic have mainly focused on secondary care. Aim: To understand the experiences of European PCPs w...
Article
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Background and aims: Since cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) are a frequent cause of death worldwide, preventive strategies are needed. Recruiting adults for a health check could facilitate the identification of individuals at risk for CMD. For successful results, participation is crucial. We aimed to identify factors related to unwillingness to parti...
Article
Background: Health literacy (HL) and nutrition literacy (NL) are important issues to consider, in the provision of health-care to children and the establishment of healthy eating behaviours. Aim: The study investigates the possible role of HL and NL levels of Greek parents, in parental Feeding Practices (PFP). Methods: This is a cross-sectional stu...
Article
The study examines Parental Feeding Practices (PFP) in relation to adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) and children’s weight status. It’s a cross-sectional study of 402 parents (68.4% mothers), with children aged 2-12 years. Parents completed the Comprehensive Parental Feeding Questionnaire and the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for childr...
Article
Full-text available
Background Depression is a frequent and serious disease often undiagnosed in elderly. We aimed to examine (1) the prevalence/correlates associated with depression and (2) the magnitude of depression underdiagnosis/related factors, in a large community-dwelling elderly population in Crete/Greece visiting Primary Health Care (PHC) settings. Methods...
Preprint
Full-text available
The need for therapeutic regimens for the non-critically ill patients of the COVID-19 pandemic remains unmet. In this line, repurposing existing drugs, against known or predicted SARS-CoV-2 protein actions, has been advanced, while natural products have also been tested. Previous work has shown that a Cretan Aromatic Plant (Thymbra capitata (L.) Ca...
Article
Full-text available
Background Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridaemia, low HDL cholesterol, hyperglycaemia and hypertension. Early identification of MetS is important for preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD). MetS has not been systematically explored in Greek primary care. Objectives To examine MetS frequency among pr...
Article
Background: Low Health Literacy (HL) and Nutrition Literacy (NL) are associated with serious negative health outcomes. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate certain lifestyle factors and obesity, in relation to HL and NL. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban area of the Attica region, in Greece. The sample...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cardiometabolic diseases are the most common cause of death worldwide. As part of a collaborative European study, this paper aims to explore the implementation of primary care selective-prevention services in five European countries. We assessed the implementation process of the selective-prevention services, participants’ cardiometabol...
Article
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The importance of herbal extracts on health, which was initially based on ethnopharmacological and traditional knowledge, becomes increasingly well documented by numerous experimental and intervention studies. The daily use of beverages from different aromatic plants which becomes more popular nowadays, has been a tradition in Crete, and a habit th...
Article
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Introduction: Dementia severely affects the quality of life of patients and their caregivers; however, it is often not adequately addressed in the context of a primary care consultation, especially in patients with multi-morbidity. Study Population and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between March-2013 and December-2014 among 3,140 c...
Article
Objectives: This study aimed to assess satisfaction and report on perceptions of General Practice (GP) residents during residency in Greece, through an online questionnaire at a national level. Material and methods: A mixed type method study was shaped. Both quantitative analysis and a quasiqualitative approach were used, while information from an...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 pandemic is a reality. This study extracted information from a case in Italy and a case in South Korea during COVID-19 pandemic. Epidemic threat evolved differently in Italy compared to that in South Korea. Case fatality ratios from Italy and South Korea were consistently diverging over time. It appears that 'epi-epidemic' determinants can...
Article
Full-text available
This review performs a comprehensive assessment of the therapeutic potential of three native herbs of Crete (Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav., Salvia fruticosa Mill. and Origanum dictamnus L.), their phytochemical constituents, health benefits and issues relevant to their safety, within a translational context. Issues discussed comprise: 1) Ethnopharmaco...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Cognitive impairment is known to have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals and their caregivers, yet it is often underdiagnosed. The objective of this study is to assess the extent of cognitive impairment among elders visiting primary healthcare (PHC) practice settings, to explore associated risk factors and discu...
Article
Poor Health Literacy (HL) and Nutrition Literacy (NL) are associated with negative health outcomes and they comprise an emerging field for health policy, practice and research. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sex and age in HL and NL levels in Greece. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban area of the Attica regio...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Multiple behavioral risk factors (MBRFs) related to lifestyle have been associated with non-communicable diseases, but there is limited evidence on their prevalence in undergraduate medical students and their association with academic performance. Methods During 1989–2017, data from 1447 medical students of the University of Crete, Greece...
Article
Introduction Recent austerity experiences in Greece suggest a plausible link between extensive use of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines and socio-economic peculiarities of life. Commentary During the economic crisis in Greece, accessibility to healthcare services has been impacted, particularly for people with low income. However, this fact has not...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Very Brief Advice on smoking (VBA) is an evidence-based intervention designed to increase quit attempts among patients who smoke. VBA has been widely disseminated in general practice settings in the United Kingdom, however its transferability to Southern European settings is not well established. This study sought to document the persp...
Article
Objectives To assess the data quality, reliability, and construct validity of the Greek EUROPEP and to examine the instrument’s robustness in terms of its psychometric properties in a pre- and post-economic crisis period. Methods Taking into account the two key factors that affect the accuracy and quality of survey data, that is the representative...
Article
The vast majority of patients with chronic respiratory disease live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Paradoxically, relevant interventions often fail to be effective particularly in these settings, as LMICs lack solid evidence on how to implement interventions successfully. Therefore, we aimed to identify factors critical to the impleme...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Cardio-metabolic diseases are the most common cause of death worldwide. Implementing selective prevention strategies has proven a substantial challenge, especially in primary care. Objectives As part of a collaborative European study, this paper aims to assess the implementation of primary care selective prevention interventions in the...
Article
Background European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) V in primary care was carried out by the European Society of Cardiology EURObservational Research Programme in 2016–2018. The main objective was to determine whether the 2016 Joint European Societies’ guidelines on cardiovascular disease pre...
Article
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Purpose This study aimed to examine the association of blood hypertension and certain behavioral risk factors with cognitive decline in elderly individuals. Methods A subsample of 92 elderly people aged ≥ 75 years was taken from 411 people (aged 65+ years) living in a rural area of Crete, Greece. Detailed medical and family/social history data wer...
Article
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Objective: This study aimed to explore whether positive impacts were sustained and unanticipated ripple effects had occurred four years after the implementation of interventions to improve cross-cultural communication in primary care. Background: Sustaining the implementation of change using complex interventions is challenging. The EU-funded "R...
Article
Objectives: Vaccination coverage of general practitioners (GPs) is important for their own and for their colleagues' and patients' protection and has been associated with the coverage of the general population. Our study aims to evaluate the vaccination practices of GPs in Crete, Greece. Study design: Cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey....
Article
Full-text available
Background: Chronic pain constitutes one of the most common reasons for seeking health care services and may even lead to disability. Chronic pain has been associated with depression and deterioration of the quality of life. The aim of our study is to outline the burden of chronic pain in the context of a primary health care (PHC) setting in Greec...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Low-resource settings are disproportionally burdened by chronic lung disease due to early childhood disadvantages and indoor/outdoor air pollution. However, data on the socioeconomic impact of respiratory diseases in these settings are largely lacking. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the chronic lung disease-related socioeconomic burde...
Article
Background: Antivirals are infrequently prescribed in European primary care for influenza-like illness, mostly because of perceived ineffectiveness in real world primary care and because individuals who will especially benefit have not been identified in independent trials. We aimed to determine whether adding antiviral treatment to usual primary...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Parental feeding practices (PFP) are specific behaviours or strategies that parents use to influence what, when and how much their children eat. There is evidence that PFP can affect children’s eating behaviour and diet quality1. Greek children seem to have poor diet quality and high rates of obesity. Recent evidence suggests that heal...
Article
Full-text available
Background Respiratory disease and, specifically, pneumonia, is the major cause of mortality and morbidity in young children. Diagnosis of both pneumonia and asthma in primary care rests principally on clinical signs, history taking, and bronchodilator responsiveness. This study aimed to describe clinical practices in diverse global primary care se...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In Greece, both Primary Health Care (PHC) system and National Health System (NHS) in general, were plagued by several inefficiencies even prior to the financial crisis; the imposed austerity measures dramatically worsened the level of health provision and access, especially for vulnerable social groups, resulting in an exacerbation of...
Article
Full-text available
Reducing the burden of chronic disease is an important public health priority. Chronic disease patients have usually lower health literacy (HL) than healthy people. Inadequate nutrition literacy (NL) impedes healthy eating, which negatively affects the prevention and management of chronic diseases. The study investigates the role of chronic disease...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeDyslipidemia and impaired glucose metabolism are the main health issues of growing prevalence and significant high healthcare cost, requiring novel prevention and/or therapeutic approaches. Epidemiological and animal studies revealed that olive oil is an important dietary constituent, inducing normolipidemia. However, no studies have specifi...
Article
Full-text available
Cardio-metabolic diseases (CMD; cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, chronic kidney disease) represent a global public health problem. Worldwide, nearly half a billion people are currently diagnosed with diabetes, and cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death. Most of these diseases can be assuaged/prevented through behavior change....