Christopher Wratil

Christopher Wratil
University of Vienna | UniWien · Institut für Staatswissenschaft

Ph.D., LSE

About

21
Publications
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Citations
Introduction
My research interests are in democratic representation, political behavior and public opinion, with a special focus on politics in the European Union. I study how citizens form their political views towards and in response to democratic politics, and if, when, and how political elites adopt these views in their legislative behavior. I am also interested in new advances in quantitative methods in the areas of survey experiments, text analysis, multivariate measurement, and time-series-cross-section analysis.

Publications

Publications (21)
Article
Much of the contemporary literature on populism focuses on its status as a “thin” ideology comprising three key components: people-centrism, anti-elitism, and anti-pluralism. Populist politicians pair this “thin” ideology with extreme positions on policy issues such as immigration or taxation (referred to as “host” or “thick” ideologies). A recent...
Article
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A growing body of work adopts a “thin” ideology conception of populism, which attributes populist parties’ electoral success to anti-elite and people-centric appeals that resonate with voters holding populist attitudes. A second tradition, however, has attributed the success of populist parties to particular “thick” or “host” ideologies, such as an...
Article
What can policy makers do in day‐to‐day decision making to strengthen citizens' belief that the political system is legitimate? Much literature has highlighted that the realization of citizens' personal preferences in policy making is an important driver of legitimacy beliefs. We argue that citizens, in addition, also care about whether a policy re...
Article
The rise of populist forces in Western democracies is often linked to representation failures. However, to date we lack causally identified evidence for the effect of parties’ representation on populist attitudes. We address this lacuna through a survey experiment conducted in 12 European Union countries involving 23,257 subjects. Our experiment ma...
Article
The study of representation is a major research field in quantitative political science. Since the early 2000s, it has been accompanied by a range of important conceptual innovations by political theorists working on the topic. Yet, although many quantitative scholars are familiar with the conceptual literature, even the most complex quantitative s...
Article
Full-text available
Decision-making in the Council of the European Union appears highly consensual at the voting stage. However, we focus on Council deliberations, where we find higher levels of contestation. What drives government opposition in the Council? Using a novel approach of studying the Council through video footage of its public deliberations (DICEU – Debat...
Article
Full-text available
The Council of the European Union is the European Union’s most powerful legislative body. Yet, we still have limited information about Council politics because of the lack of suitable data. This paper validates a new approach to studying Council politics entitled DICEU – Debates in the Council of the European Union. This approach is the first to le...
Article
This article presents an original model of policy making by multiparty coalitions at the international level. Specifically, it analyses how domestic institutions serve parties in enforcing policy compromises onto national ministers negotiating legislation in the European Union (EU). In contrast to existing research on coalition politics, the model...
Article
The analysis of political texts from parliamentary speeches, party manifestos, social media, or press releases forms the basis of major and growing fields in political science, not least since advances in “text-as-data” methods have rendered the analysis of large text corpora straightforward. However, a lot of sources of political speech are not re...
Article
A key feature of federal systems is the representation of subnational units by “territorial representatives” in policymaking at the federal level. How do such arrangements influence the linkage between public opinion and policy outputs? I argue that policymaking under territorial representation should be systematically skewed toward opinion in thos...
Article
Are national governments responsive to citizens’ opinions when negotiating policies in the Council of the European Union? Conceiving of the Council’s policy-making space as encompassing left-right and pro-anti integration issues, I argue that governments apply different ‘modes of responsiveness’ on these issues. As left-right issues are more reliab...
Article
Governments led by nonpartisan, ‘technocratic’ prime ministers are a rare phenomenon in parliamentary democracies, but have become more frequent since the late 1980s. This article focuses on the factors that lead to the formation of such cabinets. It posits that parliamentary parties with the chance to win the prime ministerial post will only relin...
Thesis
The degree to which European Union (EU) policy-making is representative of citizens’ preferences is a central contested issue in the debate over the EU’s ‘democratic deficit’. Previous studies have demonstrated that in many cases political representatives share their voters’ attitudes to the EU. However, this research has rarely considered the subs...
Article
Full-text available
Are governments responsive to public preferences when legislating in international organizations? This paper demonstrates that governments respond to domestic public opinion even when acting at the international level. Specifically, we examine conflict in the European Union’s primary legislative body, the Council of the European Union (EU). We argu...
Article
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Further integration in the European Union (EU) increasingly depends on public legitimacy. The global financial crisis and the subsequent euro area crisis have amplified both the salience and the redistributive consequences of decisions taken in Brussels, raising the question of how this has influenced public support for European integration. In thi...
Article
Governments’ responsiveness to citizens’ preferences is a key assessment criterion of democratic quality. This paper assesses responsiveness to public opinion in European Union politics with the example of governments’ position-taking in the Council of the EU. The analysis demonstrates that governments’ willingness to adopt negotiation positions th...
Article
Deutschland ist ein Land voll Bauchschmerzen. Alleinerziehende Mütter beschweren sich über zu wenig Kinderbetreuung, Nachtarbeiter können am Leben ihrer Familien kaum teilhaben, Lokomotivführer fühlen sich ungerecht entlohnt, die Generation Praktikum — gar nicht. All diese Phänomene werden öffentlich unter anderem unter dem Aspekt der Vereinbarkeit...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The study of representation has been a major research field in quantitative political science, and it has been accompanied by a range of conceptual innovations by political theorists working on the topic. Yet, although many quantitative scholars are familiar with the conceptual literature, even the most complex quantitative studies have tended to rely on a simplistic and unidimensional modelling of representative processes, refusing to operationalize the more sophisticated conceptions of representation theorists have developed. In this project, we develop four remodelled conceptions of representation that are both sensitive to theorists’ conceptual impulses and operationalizable for quantitative scholars. In doing so, we advance a new research agenda on representation that moves significantly beyond the status quo of the field.
Project
DICEU is the first project analyzing politics in the Council of the European Union from videos of negotiations between national ministers. It scales governments' positions on EU legislation from automatic text analyses and human codings of ministers' discussions in Brussels. The analyses provide a novel view on how national ministers resolve conflict in the EU.