Christopher Alan Lewis

Christopher Alan Lewis
Leeds Trinity University · Department of Psychology

BSc, PGCUT, MA, MEd, MSc, MPhil, DPhil

About

313
Publications
107,523
Reads
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6,051
Citations
Citations since 2016
77 Research Items
2508 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Additional affiliations
July 2015 - present
Bashkir State University
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Distinguished Visiting Professor
August 2009 - present
Glyndwr University
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Professor of Psychology
August 1993 - July 2009
Ulster University
Position
  • Reader in Psychology

Publications

Publications (313)
Article
Full-text available
The primary aim was to assess the role of mental and physical health of COVID-19 and its psychological impact in the general population of Pakistan during the first wave of COVID-19. It was hypothesized that there would be a significant predictive association among socio-demographic variables, psychological impact and mental health status resulting...
Article
For some church members the pandemic may have been a challenge to faith, while for others the pandemic may have been an opportunity to re-kindle faith and to trigger spiritual awakening. A sample of 3,673 churchgoers (Anglican and Catholic) completed an online survey during the early months of the lockdown including the Lewis Index of Spiritual Awa...
Article
Full-text available
Preference within the perceiving process (sensing or intuition) is one of the main features within psychological type theory that differentiates clergy serving within different streams of the Christian Church. Previous research has identified a higher proportion of intuitive types among Church of England clergy than among clergy serving within the...
Article
Full-text available
Parenting has been reported to exert significant short-term and long-term impact on the offspring’s personality, behavior, and relationships during their lifespan. The present study aimed to assess the impact of positive parenting on the trait emotional intelligence, prosocial behavior (altruism) and friendship quality of adolescents. The sample of...
Article
The Francis Psychological Type Scales were designed to provide a fresh conceptualisation and operationalisation of the four constructs underpinning psychological type theory (introversion – extraversion, sensing – intuition, thinking – feeling, judging – perceiving) in a way accessible for self-report surveys within church congregations and among r...
Article
The present study draws on data provided by 263 adults attending seven services held in Methodist churches who completed the Francis Psychological Type Scales. The profile of these Methodist churchgoers is then set alongside the profile of 3,302 Anglican churchgoers reported in an earlier study. While the two groups shared preferences for introvers...
Article
John Greer first introduced the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity in 1979 into his programme of research designed to chart the religious trajectory of students attending Protestant and Catholic schools in Northern Ireland. The present study conducted in 2011 builds on earlier studies conducted in 1979, 1984, the early 1990s, and 1998. W...
Article
The present study examines the data collected from two clergy surveys conducted within the Church in Wales a decade apart (mid-1990s and mid-2000s). In both surveys the Payne Index of Ministry Styles was found to be reliable. Although the data appear to be consistent over the 10 years, there are exceptions to this, suggesting two changes in the way...
Article
This study set out to explore levels of religious affect (measured by the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity) and personal affect (measured by the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire) among samples of Catholic students in the Republic of Ireland attending fifth- and sixth-year classes (N = 3015) and Catholic students in Northern Ireland atten...
Article
The present study examined the role of parents’ prejudices and their children’s own religious orientation in the formation of children’s prejudices against the opposite gender and sect. A total of 280 children including 104 (36%) girls were recruited from various schools. Children age range from 12 to 18 years with mean ± SD = 14.60 (1.42) years. P...
Article
Full-text available
For researchers interested in measuring the construct of “Facebook engagement and/or addiction,” there are a number of existing measures including the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale, the Facebook Intensity Scale, and the Addictive Tendencies Scale. Currently, there is limited data on the psychometric properties of these three scales, especially am...
Article
Full-text available
Presently, there is limited research investigating the addictive nature of self-harm, even though non-suicidal self-injury disorder has been included in the DSM-V (American Psychiatric Association 2013) for over 5 years. The aim of the present study was to build on the existing literature by examining self-harm discussions on Internet message board...
Article
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Past decades’ rapid development of technological innovations can ease individual’s everyday lives, but they can also convey a sense of frustration. The aim of the present study was to investigate attitudes toward technologies that are expected to become widespread in the near future. The Technology Readiness Index was administered to a sample of Hu...
Conference Paper
While there is now a well-established international literature on traditional school based bullying, the literature on cyberbullying is showing a steady growth. The aim of this research was to understand the psychological impact of bullying behaviour and the bidirectional relationship between mental health and traditional and cyberbullying. As part...
Article
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Although there is an emerging literature on online users support groups, limited research has focused on the online users support groups concerned with self-harm. The present study reports the findings of inductive content analysis of self-harm online messages from one self-harm online users group. One hundred messages were examined. Categories wer...
Article
Full-text available
Although there is an emerging literature on online users support groups, limited research has focused on the online users support groups concerned with self-harm. This study reports the findings of inductive content analysis of self-harm online messages from one self-harm online users group. One hundred messages were examined. Categories were deter...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decade, bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide among adolescents has emerged as a global public health problem. A growing body of literature indicates that both bullying and cyberbullying are strong risk factors for suicidal ideation, attempts, and completed suicides in adolescents. Taking this into account, there is a need to extend this...
Article
The term schizotypy is used to describe a diverse range of characteristics symptomatic of schizotypal personality disorder and borderline personality disorder. An emerging body of research is concerned with the relationship between schizotypy and religiosity. Mixed findings suggest a gender-specific, weak positive association between schizotypy and...
Article
Full-text available
Workplace bullying (WPB) has been identified as an insidious aspect of the contemporary work environment (Einarsen, Höel, Zapf, & Cooper, 2003). The present study had three related aims (i) to determine current and prior personal experience of WPB among a sample of 295 adults returning to tertiary education, (ii) to further explore the ‘work enviro...
Article
Full-text available
The short-form Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was completed by 462 female university students between the ages of 18 and 30 in France, together with the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity. The findings are consistent with those from a series of studies employing the same measure of religiosity among school pupils and adults in...
Article
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Comparatively little is known about the nature, incidence and correlates of bully/victim problems in the Northern Ireland school system. The present study examined the prevalence of self-reported experiences of bully/ victim problems (f2f and cyber), and the relationship between such experiences and levels of psychological wellbeing among represent...
Article
Previous research on religious experience has employed the Alister Hardy question: “Have you ever been aware of or influenced by a presence or power, whether you call it God or not, which is different from your everyday self?” The present study had two aims. The first aim was to introduce the Bashkirian and Russian translations of the Alister Hardy...
Article
It has recently been asserted that the Sahin–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Islam is suitable for use in Islamic contexts. The generalisability of this statement is examined in the light of available evidence from previous studies using the Sahin–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Islam and the Sahin–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Islam Revised....
Article
There is growing recognition of the clinical utility of positive psychology. As part of an ongoing initiative to raise awareness of the growing number of scales in the field of positive psychology available to Russian researchers and clinicians, a number of scales have been translated recently from the original English version into Russian. The pre...
Article
At present within the Russian-speaking world, there is much interest among social scientists in positive psychology. Practically for researchers and clinicians interested in positive psychology in the Russian context, there are presently a growing a number of scales available in the Russian language. The present aim was to introduce the Russian tra...
Conference Paper
Recent research in the field of traditional and cyber bullying has explored the coping strategies employed by victims of bullying (Machmutow et al., 2012) in response to hypothetical scenarios. However, the focus of the current research was to extend this research to examine the actual methods utilised by adolescents. Furthermore, the incidence rat...
Chapter
The “Peace Process” in Northern Ireland culminated in the signing of the Good Friday Agreement (GFA) on 10th April 1998. Since that time there has been much academic research undertaken on how the various communities, factions, and groupings in Northern Ireland have adjusted to the changes that occurred following that historic agreement. However, l...
Conference Paper
Objectives/purpose: The aim of the current study was to examine the role of the dark triad of personality in cyber and traditional bullying. Design: This research employed both correlational and cross-sectional designs with a sample of Irish adolescents. Background: Previous research has established a large body of evidence with regard to personali...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present endeavor was to bring to the attention of medical school communities, psychological service providers, and policy makers the idea of cyber bullying; a relatively new form of bullying that has emerged with the growth of modern IT technology and this phenomenon is especially prevalent within medical training institutions. Moreo...
Article
The Astley?Francis Scale of Attitude toward Theistic Faith was designed to access the attitudinal dimension of religion across the major theistic faith traditions. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Astley?Francis Scale of Attitude toward Theistic Faith among a sample of 10,678 13- to 15-year-old students from across the UK, exp...
Article
As part of an ongoing initiative that has sought to refine the Sahin?Francis Scale of Attitude toward Islam for use when measuring attitude to Islam in different cultural contexts, the Sahin?Francis Scale of Attitude toward Islam Revised has recently been developed. To facilitate further research with this new scale, the present study provides an U...
Conference Paper
Objective: Previous research has established a body of knowledge with regard to traditional bullying behaviour, with this knowledge recently expanding to understand and incorporate cyberbullying. However, associated variables such as the darker traits of personality, specifically Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy, have been relatively n...
Conference Paper
Objective: Previous research has established a body of knowledge with regard to traditional bullying behaviour, with this knowledge recently expanding to understand and incorporate cyberbullying. However, associated variables such as the darker traits of personality, specifically Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy, have been relatively n...
Article
Within the psychology of religion, there is growing interest in the theoretical and empirical contributions of psychological type theory. For example, a series of studies has explored the psychological type profile of religious professionals. The present study examined the psychological type profile of Anglican clergymen serving within the Church i...
Article
Full-text available
While the beneficial effects on mental health of spirituality and creativity as separate entities have been well documented, little attention has been given to the interactive effect of the two constructs in coping. Recently, the theory of transformative coping and associated Transformative Coping Model have been developed and examined from both th...
Article
The term schizotypy is used to describe a diverse range of characteristics symptomatic of schizotypal personality disorder and borderline personality disorder. An emerging body of research is concerned with the relationship between schizotypy and religiosity. Mixed findings suggest a gender-specific, weak positive association between schizotypy and...
Article
Dissociation can be conceptualized as a disruption in integrated processing of psychological information, due to alterations in consciousness. An emerging body of research has examined the relationship between dissociation and religiosity. Mixed findings suggest a weak positive association between these two constructs. The present aim was to invest...
Article
Dissociation can be conceptualized as a disruption in integrated processing of psychological information, due to alterations in consciousness. An emerging body of research has examined the relationship between dissociation and religiosity. Mixed findings suggest a weak positive association between these two constructs. The present aim was to invest...
Article
Full-text available
To date, quality indicators that have been developed for nursing tend to focus on acute, secondary care settings. It remains unclear whether such quality indicators are applicable to community settings, particularly in rural environments. This research aims to identify the consensus view among specialist nurses regarding their unique nursing contri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objective: Previous research has set the scene for understanding cyber bullying and its connections to traditional bullying. It also has examined the relationship between traditional bullying and the typical assessment of personality. However, examination of the dark triad of personality, namely narcissism, machiavellianism, and psychopathy, with t...
Article
Full-text available
There is growing interest in examining the use of mobile technology among children. The present study extended this literature among a sample of 9-11 year olds in Wales, UK in three ways. First, to examine the level of mobile phone ownership; second, to consider how mobile phones are used, investigate timescales, and expectations when communicating...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Examined children's awareness of sport sponsorship in Ireland, focussing on the 2008 European Rugby Cup win by Munster Rugby. Methods: Following the Munster Rugby win in 2008, a cross-sectional sample of 1,175 children (7-13 years) in 11 National Schools in Ireland were asked which company sponsored "the cup that Munster won" and wer...
Article
Full-text available
The present aim was to develop an Urdu translation of the Sahin–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Islam as a first step toward establishing a coherent research programme examining the mental health correlates of religiosity within an Islamic cultural setting, that of Pakistan. Matters raised during the translation process into Urdu are described, re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the social scientific study of religion, there has been a significant amount of research on spirituality, especially in the area of health and well-being. Despite this, the term spirituality remains poorly defined and understood. There have been only a small number of studies that have examined the semantics of spirituality. The aim of the p...
Article
Full-text available
This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in the Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health [24 April, 2014], available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/896854. The aim of this paper was to introduce the theory of transformative coping, which proposes that the inherent human capacities of creativity and spirituality form a co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recent research in the field of traditional and cyber bullying has explored the coping strategies employed by victims of bullying (Machmutow et al., 2012) in response to hypothetical scenarios. The focus of the current research is to further examine those methods recommended and utilised by adolescents along with exploring those strategies that wer...