Christopher Lemieux

Christopher Lemieux
Wilfrid Laurier University | WLU · Department of Geography and Environmental Studies

Doctor of Philosophy

About

67
Publications
33,045
Reads
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2,103
Citations
Citations since 2016
31 Research Items
1567 Citations
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Introduction
My research focuses primarily on the following two themes: 1) PROTECTED AREAS POLICY, PLANNING & MANAGEMENT: a) climate change adaptation planning (e.g., organizational readiness assessment, visualization techniques to inform adaptation planning); b) Canada's international conservation commitments; and, c) evidence-based decision-making in conservation organizations. 2) PROTECTED AREAS AND HUMAN HEALTH PROMOTION.
Additional affiliations
July 2013 - present
Wilfrid Laurier University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
Full-text available
Other Effective Area-based Conservation Measures (OECMs) were introduced in the language of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 2011–2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity as a mechanism to formally recognize the contributions that areas beyond traditional protected areas can make to the effective, long-term, in-situ conservat...
Chapter
Since AR5, climate-change impacts have become more frequent, intense and have affected many millions of people from every region and sector across North America (Canada, USA and Mexico). Accelerating climate-change hazards pose significant risks to the well-being of North American populations and the natural, managed and human systems on which they...
Article
Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in North America. Despite this, there is a limited understanding of public perceptions and behaviours associated with tick and Lyme disease risk, especially within a parks and protected areas visitation and visitor experience context. To address this knowledge gap, we report the results of a surv...
Article
The first draft of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) includes an unprecedented call for states that have ratified the treaty (Parties) to implement measures to maintain and enhance ecological connectivity as urgent actions to abate further biodiversity loss and ecosystem declin...
Article
We use a model of psychological commitment to better understand the diverse motivations that enhance behavioural loyalty to parks and protected areas. Psychological commitment reflects the degree to which an individual identifies with, wants to learn about, and chooses freely to engage with a particular phenomenon, and these factors, in turn, lead...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we outline progress and challenges in establishing effective health promotion tied to visitor experiences provided by protected and conserved areas in Canada. Despite an expanding global evidence base, case studies focused on aspects of health and well-being within Canada's protected and conserved areas remain limited. Data pertain...
Article
The health and well-being benefits of nature contact are well known, but inequitably distributed across society. Focusing on the access needs of persons with a disability, the purpose of this study was to systematically examine research on the accessibility of nature-based tourism and recreation spaces outside of urban/community settings. Following...
Article
Full-text available
Parks and other forms of protected areas worldwide face significant threats from rapid climatic and associated ecological change. While the need to adapt to the impacts of climate change on biodiversity is widely acknowledged, and the extant literature has identified numerous adaptation options, much less is known about the institutional preconditi...
Article
Full-text available
Horizon scanning is increasingly used in conservation to systematically explore emerging policy and management issues. We present the results of a horizon scan of issues likely to impact management of Canadian protected and conserved areas over the next 5–10 years. Eighty-eight individuals participated, representing a broad community of academics,...
Article
Full-text available
The health and well-being benefits of nature contact in parks and other forms of protected areas are now well established, but remain beyond the grasp of many due to century-old design legacies and inadequate investment in inclusive visitor services. This paper reports on lessons learned from an interdisciplinary workshop that brought together park...
Article
The conservation of biodiversity requires various forms of evidence to ensure effective outcomes. In this study, we provide an updated assessment of the state of evidence-based decision-making in Canada’s protected areas organizations by examining practitioner perceptions of: (i) the value and use of various forms of evidence, (ii) the availability...
Technical Report
Full-text available
By means of fusing a literature review, case studies, and an organizational capacity and needs assessment survey of connectivity practitioners and stakeholders, this report identifies gaps, barriers, successes, and solutions in the efforts to maintain and restore connectivity in Canada. It is organized as follows: Chapter 1: The Need for a (Re)Con...
Article
Full-text available
Human health and well-being benefits have increasingly been associated with contact with nature. However, limited research has focused on the influence of ecosystem type and quality on these outcomes. This paper reports on the results of an in-situ survey of 467 visitors to an Ontario protected area. Results revealed high overall restorative outcom...
Article
In Canada, the establishment of various forms of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and the reclassification of fishery closures as “other effective area-based conservation measures” (OECMs) from 2017 to 2020 resulted in the largest and most rapid increase in declared protected “area” in the history of the country. In this paper, we critically assess Ca...
Article
National parks in Canada operate under the dual mandate of conservation and visitor use, which involves balancing ecological integrity and nature-based tourism activities. Climate-induced environmental change may increase the existing tension between conservation and visitor use as major tourism resources located in protected areas are projected to...
Article
With reference to virtue ethics and ethics of care, this paper discusses ethical challenges of tourism consumption and the last chance tourism marketplace. Survey results and a visitor segmentation of travellers to two climate threatened destinations show that most visitors are not willing to engage in carbon offsetting, and that willingness is rel...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity conservation in formally recognized protected areas is the primary intent of Aichi Target 11. In addition to traditional protected areas, Target 11 recognizes a new mechanism, 'other effective area-based conservation measures' (OECMs). Since its inclusion in the Aichi Target 11 objective, the OECM category has created considerable conf...
Article
Full-text available
Aichi Biodiversity Target 19 calls on Parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to improve, share, transfer, and apply knowledge. In this study, we provide an initial assessment of the state of evidence-based decision-making in Canada’s protected areas organizations by examining (1) the value and use of various forms of...
Article
Rapid environmental change in vulnerable destinations has stimulated a new form of travel termed “last chance tourism” (LCT). Studies have examined the risks of LCT, while leaving potential opportunities within this new tourism market largely underexplored. Results of survey (n = 399) research in Jasper National Park, Canada reveal that a LCT motiv...
Article
As a model of communication and engagement, citizen science has the potential to promote individual and collective climate change action. This article systematically reviewed literature that jointly addressed climate change and nature-based citizen science and identified 23 reported learning outcomes. Overall, evidence related to learning outcomes...
Article
Parks and protected areas are a global ecological, social and health resource visited by over 8 billion people annually. Their use can yield substantial benefits, but only if a balance between ecological integrity and sustainable visitation is struck. This research explores the potential influence of climate-driven environmental change on visitatio...
Article
Full-text available
For more than 100 years, the Fox and Franz Josef Glaciers in Westland Tai Poutini National Park have attracted thousands of tourists annually and have emerged as iconic destinations in New Zealand. However, in recent years, the recession of both glaciers has been increasingly rapid and the impacts on, and implications for, visitor experiences in th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper was prepared for and discussed at the Canadian Parks Summit held in Canmore, Alberta April 11 to 14, 2016. The Summit was an initiative of the Canadian Parks Council (CPC) and the Canadian Parks and Recreation Association (CPRA), as well as non-government stakeholders. Approximately 160 invited policy leaders attended from all government...
Article
The threat that climate change impacts pose to rare and vulnerable destinations has given rise to a phenomenon known as last chance tourism. This travel behaviour involves tourists increasingly travelling to destinations they perceive to be critically threatened, while contributing to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change impacts in these ver...
Article
Leisure in parks and other forms of protected areas are connected to an individual’s health and well-being. In this paper, we report on the results of a multi-year study that surveyed 1,515 visitors to three Provincial Parks and three Kananaskis Country Provincial Recreation Areas in Alberta, Canada. Results revealed several important findings with...
Article
The cruise tourism industry in Arctic Canada has recently grown rapidly with stable numbers now emerging. While there are many socio-economic opportunities associated with growth, climate change, and environmental, technical and cultural risks also present significant management challenges. To enhance understanding of these opportunities and risks,...
Article
Full-text available
This research examined the degree to which commitment to parks and parks-focused motivations are linked to well-being, broadly defined. We draw on psychological theory that suggests that experiences that expand our sense of meaning and identity enhance well-being and act as stress buffers. Similarly, pursuit of social and spiritual motivations have...
Article
Full-text available
A renewed global agenda to address biodiversity loss was sanctioned by adoption of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 and the 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets in 2010 by Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. However, Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 contained a significant policy and reporting challenge, conceding that both protect...
Article
Research consistently documents positive links between human contact with nature and health and well-being. Recent work has explored the role of visitation to parks and protected areas in providing health and well-being benefits. This conceptual paper identifies the state-of-the-art research findings on this issue from an interdisciplinary perspect...
Article
Research consistently documents positive links between human contact with nature and health and well-being. Recent work has explored the role of visitation to parks and protected areas in providing health and well-being benefits. This conceptual paper identifies the state-of-the-art research findings on this issue from an interdisciplinary perspect...
Article
Full-text available
Shani and Arad (2014) claimed that tourism scholars tend to endorse the most pessimistic assessments regarding climate change, and that anthropogenic climate change was a “fashionable” and “highly controversial scientific topic”. This brief rejoinder provides the balance that is missing from such climate change denial and skepticism studies on clim...
Article
Full-text available
This final response to the two climate change denial papers by Shani and Arad further highlights the inaccuracies, misinformation and errors in their commentaries. The obfuscation of scientific research and the consensus on anthropogenic climate change may have significant long-term negative consequences for better understanding the implications of...
Article
Full-text available
Shani and Arad (2014) claimed that tourism scholars tend to endorse the most pessimistic assessments regarding climate change, and that anthropogenic climate change was a “fashionable” and “highly controversial scientific topic”. This brief rejoinder provides the balance that is missing from such climate change denial and skepticism studies on clim...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report details the results of an empirical study that examined perceived health and well-being motives and benefits among visitors to a sample of Alberta’s parks and protected areas. The study revealed several major findings with important policy and management implications. First, the human health and well-being benefits that the visitors exp...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report details the results of an empirical study that examined perceived health and well-being motives and benefits among visitors to a sample of Alberta’s parks and protected areas. The study revealed several major findings with important policy and management implications. First, the human health and well-being benefits that the visitors exp...
Article
The sustainability “problem” is a product of the human mind, born out of a unique ability to ask “why?,” to envision and pursue an aspirational future and manipulate the natural world (Schooneveldt 2010). The human capacity for “doing” is a defining legacy, currently characterized by unsustainable living strategies designed constantly and increasin...
Article
It has been argued that regional collaboration can facilitate adaptation to climate change impacts through integrated planning and management. In an attempt to understand the underlying institutional factors that either support or contest this assumption, this paper explores the institutional factors influencing adaptation to climate change at the...
Article
The contributions of the social sciences to the advancement of protected areas and climate change adaptation discourses and deliberations have remained relatively marginal and under-recognized. Given the slow response by protected area agencies in terms of the development and implementation of adaption strategies and site-level management actions,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Government of Ontario is committed to managing natural resources to account for the projected effects of climate change through both mitigation and adaptation. The mitigation strategy seeks to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by mid-century relative to 1990 levels, while adaptation planning and management will help Ontarians cope with the...
Article
This paper reports the results of a study from two protected areas that identifies visitors’ perceived health and well-being motives and benefits associated with visitation to, and experiences provided by, protected areas. First, the expected human health benefits received from visits, and in particular the anticipated improvements associated with...
Article
Full-text available
Global environmental change is altering natural and built systems in many regions of the world and such changes play a significant role in an emerging travel trend that has been labelled ‘last chance tourism’ (LCT). In LCT, tourism demand is based on the desire to see these vulnerable places and features before they disappear or are essentially and...
Article
Given the known and potential impacts of climate change on ecosystem composition, structure, and function, some recent studies question the efficacy and relevancy of current protected area policies and management objectives. For example, in a rapidly changing climate is it practical to continue to identify and protect ‘representative’ samples of th...
Article
Recent suggestions by the World Commission on Protected Areas that conservation actions are likely to fail unless they are adjusted to take account of climate change, emphasize the need for protected areas agencies to begin mainstreaming climate change into policy, planning, and management. This article presents the results of a University of Water...
Article
Climate change will pose increasingly significant challenges to managers of parks and other forms of protected areas around the world. Over the past two decades, numerous scientific publications have identified potential adaptations, but their suitability from legal, policy, financial, internal capacity, and other management perspectives has not be...
Article
Full-text available
Tourism is one of the largest global economic sectors, is a vital contributor to the economy of many nations, and is highly promoted as an important means of future development and poverty reduction in developing countries. The interface between climate and tourism is multifaceted and complex, with broad significance for tourist decision-making and...
Article
Climate change will pose increasingly significant challenges to managers of parks and other forms of protected areas around the world. Over the past two decades , numerous scientific publications have identified potential adaptations, but their suitability from legal, policy , financial, internal capacity, and other management perspectives has not...
Article
Full-text available
The tourism sector is one of the largest and fastest growing global industries and is a significant contributor to national and local economies around the world. The interface between climate and tourism is multifaceted and complex, as climate represents both a vital resource to be exploited and an important limiting factor that poses risks to be m...
Article
For over a decade, the international scientific community and protected areas professionals have recognized that climate change will have critical implications for protected areas policy, planning and management. However, only a limited literature to date has focused on the implications of climate change for specific protected areas jurisdictions (...
Article
For more than a decade, climate change has been identified as an important emerging issue for protected areas. Utilising outputs from two equilibrium global vegetation models (GVMs) forced with six climate-change scenarios, this study assessed potential terrestrial biome-type change in Canada's protected area network (2,979 national parks, national...
Article
Full-text available
Protected areas are the most common and most important strategy for biodiversity conservation and are called for under the United Nations' Convention on Biological Diversity. However, most protected areas have been designed to represent (and in theory protect for perpetuity) specific natural features, species and ecological communities in-situ, and...
Article
Aim The study examined the potential for change in biome representation within Canada's national park system under multiple climate change scenarios and subsequent potential vulnerabilities in Parks Canada policy and planning frameworks.Location The study was conducted for Canada's 39 national parks.Methods The vegetation change scenarios were base...

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