Christopher Gordon

Christopher Gordon
University of Ghana | Legon · Institute for Environment and Sanitation Studies

PhD

About

131
Publications
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Publications

Publications (131)
Chapter
Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) agriculture, especially smallholding towards enhanced productivity and sustainability, is needed to address food challenges. The objective of Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is to increase agricultural productivity, reinforce resilience, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with agriculture activ...
Preprint
The UN 2030 Agenda includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals towards improving access to resources and services, reducing environmental degradation and bringing down inequality. However, there is debate on the magnitude of the environmental burden that would arise from meeting the needs of the poorest, especially compared to much larger burdens fro...
Article
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Global freshwater biodiversity is declining dramatically, and meeting the challenges of this crisis requires bold goals and the mobilisation of substantial resources. While the reasons are varied, investments in both research and conservation of freshwater biodiversity lag far behind those in the terrestrial and marine realms. Inspired by a global...
Article
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The cover image is based on the Viewpoint A global agenda for advancing freshwater biodiversity research by Alain Maasri et al., https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13931. Image Credit: Solvin Zankl. image
Article
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Seventeen organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and seven indicator polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) residues in 80 sediment samples from four cage aquaculture farms on the Volta Basin were determined to find out the extent of their contamination as well as their risk to biota in the aquatic ecosystem. The extracted residues of the OCPs and PCBs were an...
Article
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Heavy metals (Pb, Cd, As, Mn, Fe, Zn, Cu, Ni, and Cr) are some of the most toxic elements that can bioaccumulate from sources linked to human activities, such as industry and agriculture. This study quantifies the concentrations of several heavy metals in caged tilapia found in Ghana’s Volta Basin and assesses the associated health risks. The level...
Article
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Contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) are ubiquitous in aquatic environments across all continents and are relatively well known in the developed world. However, few studies have investigated their presence and biological effects in low- and middle-income countries. Here, we provide a first survey of CEC presence in the Volta River, Ghana and exa...
Article
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As human activity threatens to make the planet unsafe for humanity and other life forms, scholars are identifying planetary targets set at a safe distance from biophysical thresholds beyond which critical Earth systems may collapse. Yet despite the profound implications that both meeting and transgressing such targets may have for human wellbeing,...
Article
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Semi-Arid Regions (SARs) of West Africa are considered climate change “hotspots” where strong ecological, economic and social impacts converge to make socio-ecological systems particularly vulnerable. While both climatic and non-climatic drivers interact across scales to influence vulnerability, traditionally, this inter-connectedness has received...
Preprint
This session will explore how to promote action-orientated adaptation research in the Global South at the scale needed. Action-orientated research for adaptation is research that is iterative, transdisciplinary and co-produced, creating enhanced long-term understanding and mutually beneficial knowledge that is usable in practice. In this session, w...
Preprint
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Increased agrochemical based agricultural activities along the Volta Basin and aquacultural practices from the cage farms have raised concerns about the potential ecological risk to the aquatic ecosystem. To assess this, caged tilapia samples were analysed for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticide (OCP).Fish samples in aceto...
Preprint
Full-text available
Freshwater biodiversity is declining dramatically, and the current biodiversity crisis requires defining bold goals and mobilizing substantial resources to meet the challenges. While the reasons are varied, both research and conservation of freshwater biodiversity lag far behind efforts in the terrestrial and marine realms. We identify fifteen pres...
Article
Full-text available
The concentration of seven heavy metals in water samples was analyzed along the southwest coast of Ghana in the wet and dry seasons using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Some physicochemical properties of the water samples were also determined to assess the quality of the water. The ranges of metal concentration in water in the wet season were...
Preprint
Full-text available
Freshwater biodiversity is declining dramatically, and the current biodiversity crisis requires defining bold goals and mobilizing substantial resources to meet the challenges. While the reasons are varied, both research and conservation of freshwater biodiversity lag far behind efforts in the terrestrial and marine realms. We identify fifteen pres...
Article
Full-text available
The agricultural sector is the second major source of climate change globally, contributing to anthropogenic Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. In low-to-middle income countries, estimations indicate future increases in agricultural emissions. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) has an express opportunity to transform agriculture across the globe. In Afri...
Chapter
Sustainability science gradually gains recognition as a promising paradigm for addressing developmental issues in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Sustainability science adopts a solutions-oriented and transdisciplinary approach to tackle the interlinked complexities of the environmental, economic and social pillars of sustainable development. Higher Educ...
Article
Throughout the world, biodiversity and nature's contributions to people are under threat, with clear changes evident. Biodiversity and ecosystem services have particular value in Africa– yet they are negatively impacted by a range of drivers, including land use and climate change. In this communication, we show evidence of changing biodiversity and...
Research
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To achieve sustainable development in Ghana, key challenges in urban–rural linkages that must be addressed are inequality and gender gaps, poor infrastructure, food security and livelihoods, partial decentralization, and poor access to financial support. Prioritized solutions consist of  Gender inclusiveness  Investment in basic and economic infr...
Article
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Urban-rural linkages are an integral part of fostering development in both urban and rural communities. However, the focus on development tends to have an urban bias toward Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with an increase in urbanization. Ghana is one of the fastest urbanizing countries in SSA. This paper sought to identify the challenges of urban-rural l...
Article
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Protected areas are widely recognized as an important strategy for biodiversity conservation. Most of the sites are, however, poorly managed as resource exploitation by fringe communities and low government funding, among other things, threaten their management effectiveness. We used the World Commission on Protected Areas framework for designing m...
Article
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p>The social sciences have engaged since the late 1980s in international collaborative programmes to study questions of sustainability and global change. This article offers an in-depth analysis of the largest long-standing social-science network in this field: the Earth System Governance Project. Originating as a core project of the former Interna...
Poster
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Climate change has a heavy impact on resources that are highly sensitive, and agriculture is one sector (Barnett et al, 2007). There is global consensus about the adverse effect of climate change on agriculture and food production (Gatiso, 2015). The contribution of livestock to the economy of Ghana cannot be over emphasized-as its contribution to...
Article
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The Earth System Governance project is a global research alliance that explores novel, effective governance mechanisms to cope with the current transitions in the biogeochemical systems of the planet. A decade after its inception, this article offers an overview of the project's new research framework (which is built upon a review of existing earth...
Article
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In most rural communities, women are the sole managers of water supply and sanitation and determine household water management choices and practices. This study investigated the perceptions and household water management practices among womenfolk within rural communities located in the Central Tongu district and the Ada East districts of Ghana. Dat...
Chapter
The concept of dam re operation is a strategic adaptation to restore hydrological situations to, if possible, pre-dam water flow regimes so as to reverse environmental conditions that support the proliferation of water-related disease vectors. This is expected to cause reduction in prevalence of these diseases in downstream communities. The idea of...
Chapter
Schistosomiasis in endemic communities continues to affect several populations with at least 261 million people requiring preventive treatment in 2013 which is the main means of control. This calls for urgent need to comprehensively control schistosomiasis which involves inclusion of control of intermediate snail hosts in water bodies that comes wi...
Article
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Climate change is already influencing crop production and distribution, and exacerbating the risks associated with farming. Smallholder farmers, especially from developing countries, have been identified as the most vulnerable to climate hazards due to prevalence of low adaptive measures. Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) has therefore been presented...
Chapter
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Africa has rich and varied biological resources forming the continent’s natural wealth on which its social and economic systems are based (well established). Most, if not all, terrestrial ecosystems in Africa have already experienced major biodiversity losses in the past 30 years, which has negative impacts on nature’s contribution to people. The p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Africa has rich and varied biological resources forming the continent’s natural wealth on which its social and economic systems are based (well established). Most, if not all, terrestrial ecosystems in Africa have already experienced major biodiversity losses in the past 30 years, which has negative impacts on nature’s contribution to people. The p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Given the challenges that climate variability and change brings to bear, farmers adopt certain measures to adapt to their environment. Some of these measures include planting certain tree species for livestock feeding and the creation of a fencing material to kraal livestock by planting shady trees. This also provides a micro-climate for the wellbe...
Conference Paper
West Africa semi-arid areas (SARs) are hotspots of climate change, with strong ecological, economic and social impacts, making socio-ecological systems particularly vulnerable. However, vulnerability in SARs is not driven only by climatic factors. In addition to climate, other biophysical, socioeconomic, institutional and political driving forces,...
Article
Neonicotinoids are the most widely applied class of insecticides in cocoa farming in Ghana. Despite the intensive application of these insecticides, knowledge of their fate in the Ghanaian and sub-Saharan African environment remains low. This study examined the behavior of neonicotinoids in soils from cocoa plantations in Ghana by estimating their...
Article
The Horn of Africa region stands out amongst the planet's territories that are most volatile and vulnerable to armed violence. Conflicts have greatly affected the region over the past 50 years. The conflicts have disrupted the lives of people as well as the environment in ways that are not fully understood. Although armed conflict has generally had...
Chapter
The significance of incorporating adaptation responses within climate and environmental change policies is well acknowledged. The involvement of diverse and relevant stakeholders is essential in the identification, characterization, and implementation of adaptation measures for enhancing resilience and reducing vulnerability. The “Ghana Model” was...
Article
This paper is a commentary on Adeel (Sustain Sci 12, 2017) ‘A renewed focus on water security within the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,’ in this volume. Use of high-level security concerns as an entry point by Adeel (Sustain Sci 12, 2017) to unpack water issues is an innovative and useful approach. However, the issues of water in the upco...
Article
Many communities around the world are directly dependent on rivers. In Ghana the damming of the Volta River for hydroelectric power led to the development of a sandbar at the estuary, which disrupted salt water intrusion. Inadequate salt water intrusion also led to the proliferation of snail vectors of schistosomiasis (bilharzia) and growth of aqua...
Chapter
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http://hdl.handle.net/10568/81313
Article
Crop production choices made by smallholder farmers in Sub-Sharan Africa serve as a way of enhancing food security in the face of biophysical and socio-economic constraints. The forest savanna transition zone of Ghana is traditionally characterized by multiplicity of uncertainties that farmers respond to by the cultivation of diversity of crops inc...
Chapter
Full-text available
The concept of dam reoperation is a strategic adaptation to restore hydrological situations to, if possible, pre-dam water flow regimes so as to reverse environmental conditions that support the proliferation of water-related disease vectors. This is expected to cause reduction in prevalence of these diseases in downstream communities. The idea of...
Article
Full-text available
Climate-Smart (CS) weather practices/strategies have the potential to mitigate climate-induced agriculture impacts. The introduction of CS weather practices in most developing countries has been observed to have a positive yield outcome. In Ghana, efforts have been made by the government and some international organisations to promote the adoption...
Article
The concentrations of pesticide residues in fermented dried cocoa beans were assessed from sixteen (16) selected cocoa farms in the Dormaa West District of the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. The samples were extracted and analysed for 13 organophosphorus and 9 synthetic pyrethroids pesticides using a partially modified multi-residue method for agricu...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, total suspended particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter range between 0.05 and 5 μm) levels in the vicinity of the Diamond Cement (DIACEM) Factory, Aflao, Ghana were measured and analyzed for As, Cr, Ni and Zn using multi-elemental technique of instrumental neutron-Activation analysis. The primary objective of the study was to asses...
Article
With the increasing impacts of climate change in Africa, a relationship between rainfall and yields in semi-arid Ghana has been observed. Drawing insights from three agrarian societies in the semi-arid region of Ghana using qualitative research methods, the study reports how people currently deal with climate variability as insight on how they will...
Article
Full-text available
Background Residual levels of fifteen (15) organochlorine pesticides were determined in 32 cocoa bean samples collected from sixteen (16) selected cocoa farms in the Dormaa West District of Ghana to assess the levels of pesticides contamination. Results The results show that all cocoa bean samples analysed from the study area had one or more organ...
Article
Full-text available
Residues of organochlorine pesticides were determined in soils and drinking water sources in cocoa growing areas in Ghana. Soil samples analysed showed the presence of four organochlorine pesticide residues namely lindane (0.005–0.05 mg/kg), beta-HCH (<0.01–0.05 mg/kg), dieldrin (0.005–0.02 mg/kg), and p,p′-DDT (0.005–0.04 mg/kg), with dieldrin occ...
Article
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Background Pests and diseases are recognised as major factors responsible for the decline in cocoa yield in Ghana. This has resulted in an increased use of pesticides to increase productivity. The regular application and indiscriminate use of chemicals have been associated with unintended environmental and human health consequence. The objective of...