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Christopher D. Buckley

Christopher D. Buckley
Wolfson College, Oxford

Doctor of Philosophy

About

30
Publications
21,453
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Introduction
I study traditional weaving practices around the world, using classical and phylogenetic techniques, in order to study how cultures evolve over time and to reconstruct their histories. A current focus is the evolution of loom designs, which links to questions of how complex technology evolves and is sustained in traditional, oral cultures. I did my PhD in physical chemistry, and there are some 'legacy papers' listed here that relate to this topic.

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
The warp ikat method of making decorated textiles is one of the most geographically widespread in southeast Asia, being used by Austronesian peoples in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines, and Daic peoples on the Asian mainland. In this study a dataset consisting of the decorative characters of 36 of these warp ikat weaving traditions is invest...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate pattern and process in the transmission of traditional weaving cultures in East and Southeast Asia. Our investigation covers a range of scales, from the experiences of individual weavers (‘micro’) to the broad-scale patterns of loom technologies across the region (‘macro’). Using published sources, we build an empirical model of cult...
Book
Full-text available
A World of Looms: Weaving Technology and Textile Arts. Edited by Zhao Feng, Sandra Sardjono and Christopher Buckley In 2018 a ground-breaking exhibition and conference took place at the National Silk Museum in Hangzhou, China. This event brought together scholars, looms and weavers from all over the world. This volume records this event. More than...
Presentation
Full-text available
These three videos discuss cultural transmission, cumulative culture, cultural evolution and the evolution of technology. The context is published quantitative and qualitative work on the weaving traditions of East and Southeast Asia.
Preprint
Full-text available
Craft traditions are some of the most durable of human institutions, preserving and transmitting knowledge and skills related to material culture. Their study has relevance to a range of disciplines, including archaeology, art history, and the history of technology. From an evolutionary perspective they offer the opportunity to study culture at a r...
Article
Full-text available
This article describes a blue-and-white batik found on Sulawesi that dates from the 13th or 14th century. The textile is a 3-meter-long banner in a fragmentary state, with a design of two guardian animals flanking a temple-like structure and large concave-diamond motifs. A reconstruction of the original design reveals a close relationship to double...
Article
Full-text available
A loom in use in Balai Cacang village in the Minangkabau region of Sumatra has an unusual warp suspension system, in which the warp is attached to a cord and tensioned around a pole. We show that this system is similar to that used on traditional Indian pit looms, and that it probably crossed the Indian Ocean to Indonesia. Indian influence on Indon...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this chapter I will examine what a 'tradition' consists of, using concrete examples: the weaving cultures of Southeast Asia, and the various sects of Tibetan Buddhism. Traditions are amalgams of parts, including conservative elements that change very slowly, and aspects that change more quickly: I will illustrate this by teasing apart some of th...
Article
Full-text available
2015) Warren: Floating World Editions. 320pp. $75.00 (Hardcover). ISBN 978-1-891-64063-6. Japanese boatbuilding might seem an unlikely topic for readers of this journal. However, aside from being a delightful book, this is in fact a seminal text on cultural transmission. It documents, with text, photographs , and diagrams, how an aspect of complex...
Chapter
Full-text available
China's southwestern provinces, comprising Guizhou, Guangxi, Yunnan and parts of Hunan and Guangdong, are ethnically diverse and also possess the greatest variety of weaving tools anywhere in East Asia. This chapter describes the variety of looms and explains their probable evolution and spread.
Article
Full-text available
Review of The First Farmers of Europe by Stephen Shennan Cambridge World Archaeology Series, CUP 2018.
Book
Full-text available
The Roots of Asian Weaving The He Haiyan collection of textiles and looms from Southwest China By Eric Boudot and Chris Buckley This ground-breaking book documents the weaving traditions and textiles of one of Asia’s most ethnically diverse areas, placing them in a regional context. Based on more than a decade of first-hand study in the field, th...
Data
Full-text available
Description of coding system used for warp ikat motifs and examples of motifs and primitives. (PDF)
Data
Table of data used in this study. (PDF)
Data
Full-text available
Definitions of taxa (weaving traditions) and characters used in this study. (PDF)
Article
The antique rugs from Ningxia, northwest China, are among the oldest and most respected of the saddle-rugs, and are still used by the horsemen of Kham region situated at the eastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau. The Kham greatly prize the saddle-rugs, which are the centerpiece of the horse's tack, and bring out the best on festivals like the one hel...
Article
The effect of ST−1 coupling on the intensities in the electron spin resonance spectra of spin-polarized radicals is discussed, and demonstrated in spectra with many hyperfine components for the first time. Both hyperfine-dependent and hyperfine-independent contributions to the polarization occur; the latter could easily be mis-assigned to the actio...
Article
Full-text available
Shortly after their formation, transient free radicals trapped in micelles exhibit electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra with “antiphase” lineshapes, i.e. lines with their low-field halves in emission and high-field halves in absorption. It is demonstrated that this hitherto unexplained effect is consistent with the detection of ESR transitions in...
Article
The observation of electron spin polarized spectra from free radicals using flash-photolysis electron spin resonance methods is described. The origins of polarization are summarized and a critical account of their present understanding provided. The phases of the polarized signals carry information on the multiplicity of the radical precursor. Exam...
Article
Application of the CIDEP phenomenon is extended to the identification of the specific triplet energy levels which react to produce radicals in pyrazine and its methyl derivatives. Advantage is taken of the proximity of 3nπ and 3ππ states in which the opposite signs of the zero-field coupling constants cause triplet mechanism polarization of opposit...
Article
The free radicals formed on reaction of the excited states of acridine and phenazine with suitable hydrogen donors are produced in an electron-spin-polarized state. From the phases of their electron spin resonance signals it is concluded that, whilst acridine reacts through an excited singlet state, phenazine reacts through an excited triplet one....
Article
Flash-photolysis electron spin resonance spectra obtained using the time-integration spectroscopy technique usually exhibit electron spin polarization and so have unusual intensities. Here the analysis of the spectra is discussed, as is the recognition of the type of polarization which occurs and the information which can be obtained from the spect...

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