Christopher Bone

Christopher Bone
University of Victoria | UVIC · Department of Geography

Associate Professor in Geography

About

31
Publications
2,206
Reads
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284
Citations
Introduction

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
Full-text available
Forest management practices can increase climate change mitigation potential through applications focused on carbon budgets. One such application involves utilizing non-merchantable material (i.e., logging residues typically piled and burned) for bio-energy. However, limited remote sensing data is available for estimating wood residues until after...
Article
Public land management agencies, such as the US Forest Service (USFS), confront challenges in leveraging limited administrative capacity to effectively manage landscape-scale, cross-boundary disturbances. Using case study methods, we investigated the ~1996–2016 outbreak of mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) in the Black Hills, a...
Article
There is a vital need to understand wildlife movement and space-use patterns to inform conservation efforts given current rates of anthropogenic environmental change. Grizzly bears (Ursus arctos), among other large predators, are especially vulnerable to landscape change given their need to travel across large areas in search of seasonally availabl...
Article
Full-text available
Forest fertilization is common in coastal British Columbia as a means to increase wood production and potentially enhance carbon sequestration. Generally, the effects of fertilization are determined by measuring sample plots pre- and post-treatment, resulting in fertilization effects being determined for a limited portion of the treatment area. App...
Article
Understanding environmental variables responsible for the spatial distribution of Lyme disease is essential for determining disease risk and directing control and prevention efforts. This study provides a novel application of geographically weighted regression to explore how the relationship between Lyme disease and land cover varies across the Mid...
Article
Full-text available
In contrast to traditional structures of state-centric bureaucratic administration, hybrid networks of state and non-state actors are believed to possess the advantages of greater adaptability in the face of environmental change as well as greater legitimacy in contested socio-political settings. Between 1998 and 2016, pine forests throughout the w...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change has resulted in the need for adaptation tools to provide stakeholders with the ability to respond to a broad range of potential impacts. Geovisualizations serve as powerful engagement tools due to their capacity in communicating complex climate data to various audiences. Studies have also shown a preference towards conveying climate...
Article
In the U.S. and around the world, governmental and non-governmental actors are piloting network governance approaches to fill gaps in governance resources (management capacity, local legitimacy) that cannot be met by a single entity alone. Such resources are needed to respond adaptively to changing conditions, such as those posed by severe disturba...
Article
Full-text available
The Songgukri culture (c. 2900–2400 cal. BP) in the Geum River basin is often regarded as one of the earliest complex societies in the Korean peninsula, based on some evidence for an intensified agrarian economy and social differentiation. This study focuses on landscape visibility as a method of detecting settlement relationships of the Songgukri...
Article
Full-text available
Global climate change has led to an increase in large-scale bark beetle outbreaks in forests around the world, resulting in significant impacts to forest ecosystems, timber economies, and forest-dependent communities. As such, prediction models that utilize temperature for estimating future bark beetle locations and consequential tree mortality are...
Article
We apply content analysis on government documents containing ecological information relevant to a significant ecological disturbance - mountain pine beetle (MPB) outbreaks in the United States. The intent is to demonstrate a semi-automated approach that applies topic modeling to investigate policy responses to ecological disturbances, using latent...
Article
As the need for fire suppression has grown, private contractors have become increasingly important in providing equipment and services to support agency wildfire suppression. Understanding the capacity and regional variation of contracted resources for federal agency fire suppression needs across the western United States is critical for efficient...
Article
Understanding how institutions respond in the face of environmental or social shocks is a central concern in the study of the adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. This study attempted to determine whether and how the US Congress responded to epidemics of the native mountain pine beetle (MPB, Dendroctonus ponderosae) in the federal land...
Article
The native Mountain Pine Beetle infests numerous native pine species in North America and can cause extensive mortality when populations enter an epidemic state. We used an agent based cellular model of coupled beetle and host tree populations to investigate the effects on long-term population dynamics of modifying three model components, represent...
Article
The relationship between windthrow disturbance and outbreaks of European spruce bark beetle Ips typographus L. in European Norway spruce forests has been the focus of recent studies. However, the nature in which the spatial characteristics of windthrow events influence bark beetle population dynamics is rarely examined. This represents a significan...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape-scale forest disturbance events have become increasingly common worldwide under the combined influences of climate change and ecosystem modification. The mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) epidemic that swept through North American forests from the late 1990s through the early 2010s was one of the largest such disturbance even...
Article
As demand for wildfire response resources grows across the globe, a central challenge is developing new and flexible systems and capacity to ensure that resources needed for fire response arrive when and where they are needed. Private contractors have become increasingly important in providing equipment and services to support agency wildfire suppr...
Article
Full-text available
Native bark beetles and wildfire are among the most prominent natural disturbances in the conifer forests of western North America. Using multiple approaches and scales, researchers have sought to understand how each disturbance may, or may not, influence the subsequent likelihood or severity of the other disturbance. Our objectives were to complem...
Article
The world's forests have historically been managed as systems in which environmental health is compromised for the sake of economic efficiency and growth. China's forest policy framework has generally followed this paradigm as large-scale deforestation over the 20th century led to landscapes that, while economically productive, were made vulnerable...
Article
Natural resource agencies are responsible for managing specific aspects of the environment through the development and implementation of policies. Computational advances have emerged in recent years that provide opportunities for simulating the influence that agency structure has on policy outcomes, particularly those stemming from the area of netw...
Article
Due to the ever-increasing pressure of environmental crises stemming from natural disasters, it is worthwhile to analyze the new paradigm of sustainable challenges in the context of green growth policies and green IT strategies in the Northeast Asian region, based on performance-oriented governance. The primary aim of this special issue is to study...
Article
The objective of this paper on Chagas disease is to determine the availability and spatial resolution of existing data that can be used to address Chagas disease transmission risk in South America. A literature review was conducted to determine prominent variables that models utilize to assist with efforts to mitigate Chagas disease. Next, a Web se...
Article
The live plant nursery trade is a potential vector for pests and pathogens, which can spread to natural and developed environments with unintended ecosystem consequences. Simulated, approximately scale-free, tiered horticultural trade networks consisting of growers, wholesalers, and retailers were used to study the efficacy of quarantine inspection...
Article
The volume of publically available geospatial data on the web is rapidly increasing due to advances in server-based technologies and the ease at which data can now be created. However, challenges remain with connecting individuals searching for geospatial data with servers and websites where such data exist. The objective of this paper is to presen...
Article
The processing and evaluation of digital airborne imagery for detection, monitoring and modeling of mountain pine beetle (MPB) infestations is evaluated. The most efficient and reliable remote sensing strategy for identification and mapping of infestation stages ("current" to "red" to "grey" attack) of MPB in lodgepole pine forests is determined fo...
Article
The use of fuzzy set theory has become common in remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) applications to deal with issues surrounding the uncertainty of geospatial datasets. The objective of this study is to develop a model that integrates the concept of fuzzy set theory with remote sensing and GIS in order to produce susceptibilit...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Automatic Identification System (AIS) is used to understand vessel movement, intensity and potential impact of vessel operations, primarily shipping and fishing, and in relation to wildlife and marine environments for informing conservation policy and marine spatial planning. However, there are no known studies using AIS data to understand whale watching vessel activities. Working in partnership with the whale watching industry, regulators and exactEarth, in British Columbia and the Strait of Gibraltar, we aim to (1) to increase the understanding of whale watching vessel activities in general using AIS, and (2) to determine the feasibility of utilizing AIS data as a tool for informing whale watching operations as well as conservation policy and regulations in particular. Through the research we hope to empower individual vessel operators to collect data that are valuable to them, and that could contribute to the management of whale watching industry and to marine conservation processes.
Archived project
The purpose of this project is to explore the effects of administration of Forest Service fire suppression contracting on the contracting markets and business capacity, including; (1) how administrative practices influence the contracting market structure, and (2) what business models suppression contractors use to develop and maintain their businesses and meet wildfire suppression needs. See http://ewp.uoregon.edu/managingthemarket
Project
I am currently collaborating with the Foothills Research Institute (fRI) to develop a simulation model for grizzly bear movement behavior in the western slopes of central Alberta. Previous research using telemetry data collected in this area has shown that various factors including topography, food distribution and availability, and human activity affect land use patterns of grizzly bears. However, no studies have explicitly incorporated the temporal dynamics related to grizzly bear movement. Agent-based modelling (ABM) provides an alternative approach by simulating how individuals migrate through landscapes as they react to changing conditions in the landscape. Models created using ABM also allow for the testing of what-if scenarios where landscape variables are set to mimic future conditions and changes in movement behavior can be assessed. Once completed, this model will allow users to study the effect of development or changes in landscape or land-use policies on grizzly bear movement patterns.