Christophe Nicolle

Christophe Nicolle
University of Burgundy | UB · Laboratoire Électronique, Informatique et Image (LE2I)

Professor

About

184
Publications
47,897
Reads
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1,915
Citations
Citations since 2016
46 Research Items
1455 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Additional affiliations
September 1995 - present
University of Burgundy
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (184)
Preprint
AI is now used in many areas of our daily life, however we still have difficulties to make machines interact with our world as we perceive it. Humans mainly use two types of reasoning to grasp reality: inductive and deductive reasoning. In AI, inductive reasoning is possible thanks to the use of machine learning models, while deductive reasoning ca...
Article
With the widespread use of AI, understanding the behavior of intelligent agents and robots is crucial to guarantee successful human-agent collaboration since it is not straightforward for humans to understand an agent's state of mind. Recent empirical studies have confirmed that explaining a system's behavior to human users fosters the latter's acc...
Preprint
Undoubtedly, the steady increase in the number of elderly people is not to be underestimated. These demographic changes call attention to new challenges regarding adequate aging-in-place strategies. Since the majority of the senior population spend up to 90% of their time indoors, appropriate and comfortable housing represents an important foundati...
Chapter
Motivated by the apparent societal need to design complex autonomous systems whose decisions and actions are humanly intelligible, the study of explainable artificial intelligence, and with it, research on explainable autonomous agents has gained increased attention from the research community. One important objective of research on explainable age...
Conference Paper
Motivated by the apparent societal need to design complex autonomous systems whose decisions and actions are humanly intelligible, the study of explainable artificial intelligence, and with it, research on explainable autonomous agents has gained increased attention from the research community. One important objective of research on explainable age...
Chapter
Smart farming is coming with a clear promise to mitigate the myriad of threatens faced by vineyards. In this respect, relying on sensor data, new challenges are rising in order to proactively warn farmers. In this paper, we introduce the SmartVine approach, which extracts knowledge from collected data, converts it into inference rules and integrate...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The communication between robots/agents and humans is a challenge, since humans are typically not capable of understanding the agent's state of mind. To overcome this challenge, this paper relies on recent advances in the domain of eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) to trace the decisions of the agents, increase the human's understandabilit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cet article aborde la possibilité de disposer de la maquette numérique d'un projet de construction sur le lieu même du déroulement des opérations. Le cas d'étude considère des travaux de rénovation sur des fenêtres anciennes dont il convient d'améliorer l'efficacité énergétique.
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, camera networks are part of our every-day life environments, consequently, they represent a massive source of information for monitoring human activities and to propose new services to the building users. To perform human activity monitoring, people must be detected and the analysis has to be done according to the information relative to...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper presents an initial design concept and specification of a civilian Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) management simulation system that focuses on explainability for the human-in-the-loop control of semi-autonomous UAVs. The goal of the system is to facilitate the operator intervention in critical scenarios (e.g. avoid safety issues or financ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the rapid increase of the world's urban population, the infrastructure of the constantly expanding metropolitan areas is undergoing an immense pressure. To meet the growing demands of sustainable urban environments and improve the quality of life for citizens, municipalities will increasingly rely on novel transport solutions. In particular, U...
Article
Full-text available
Dans le cadre d’un projet FUI initié en octobre 2016 (projet winecloud) visant à construire un outil de traçabilité et prédictif du cycle de la vigne et du vin, un travail sur la collecte et la nature des savoirs a été nécessaire de manière à penser un système ontologique qui se rapproche le plus du raisonnement du domaine métier. Le présent articl...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, the civilian applications of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are gaining more interest in several domains. Due to operational costs, safety concerns, and legal regulations, Agent-Based Simulation (ABS) is commonly used to design models and conduct tests. This has resulted in numerous research works addressing ABS in civilian UAV applicati...
Conference Paper
Dans cet article, nous présentons une nouvelle approche basée sur une ontologie des événements afin de permettre une interprétation métier des remontées de capteurs. En particulier, la valorisation des données de capteurs hétérogènes est basée sur une ontologie d’événements, qui sert à explorer ces derniers sous forme d’ontologies enrichies en méta...
Presentation
Full-text available
Dans le cadre de cette intervention, nous présenterons un projet FUI visant à aider au travail de la vigne et de l’organisation de celui-ci. Ce projet a pour finalité de prédire l’état du cycle de la vigne et de la vinification, de prévenir la survenue de risques majeurs (maladies, ravageurs, arrêt de la fermentation, oxydation du vin, etc…) pouvan...
Conference Paper
Wine Cloud project is the first "Big Data" platform on the french viticulture value chain. The aim of this platform is to provide a complete traceability of the life cycle of the wine, from the wine-grower to the consumer. In particular, Wine Cloud may qualify as an agricultural decision platform that will be used for vine life cycle management in...
Article
Full-text available
The contextual information in the built environment is highly heterogeneous, it goes from static information (e.g., information about the building structure) to dynamic information (e.g., user’s space-time information, sensors detections and events that occurred). This paper proposes to semantically fuse the building’s contextual information with e...
Chapter
Today, the cloud offers a large array of possibilities for storage, with this flexibility comes also complexity. This complexity stems from the variety of storage mediums, such as, blob storage or NoSQL tables, and also from the different cost tiers within these systems. A strategic thinking to navigate this complex cloud storage landscape is impor...
Preprint
Full-text available
The contextual information in the built environment is highly heterogeneous, it goes from static information (e.g., information about the building structure) to dynamic information (e.g., user's space-time information, sensors detections and events that occurred). This paper proposes to semantically fuse the building's contextual information with e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recently, the applications of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in aerial transportation are gaining more interest. Due to operational costs, safety concerns and legal regulations, agent- based simulation frameworks are preferably used to implement models and conduct tests. With the abundance of such frameworks, this paper introduces a methodology to...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we present a novel approach called IfcView that relies on Semantic Web technologies for creating building views. To do so, we consider an ifcOWL ontology proposed by buildingSMART. The ifcOWL is an Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) based ontology. By combining the ifcOWL ontology with logical rules (expressed in Semantic Web Rule Lan...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we present a novel approach called IfcView that relies on Semantic Web technologies for creating building views. To do so, we consider an ifcOWL ontology proposed by buildingSMART. The ifcOWL is an Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) based ontology. By combining the ifcOWL ontology with logical rules (expressed in Semantic Web Rule Lan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To date, computer vision systems are limited to extract the digital data of what the cameras "see". However, the meaning of what they observe could be greatly enhanced by considering the environment and common-sense knowledge. A new approach to combine computer vision with semantic modeling has been developed. This approach extracts the knowledge f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Il existe de nombreux travaux sur l'analyse numérique d'une image ou vidéo. Ces travaux concernent soit l'amélioration du signal pour améliorer la qualité de l'image, soit la reconnaissance d'éléments contenue dans l'image. Au delà des travaux d'extraction d'information à partir du signal numérique construit par les caméras, nous nous sommes intére...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, the civil applications of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in aerial transportation are gaining more interest. Due to operational costs, safety concerns and legal regulations, agent-based simulation frameworks are preferably used to implement models and conduct tests. With the abundance of such frameworks in the civil applications of UAVs,...
Chapter
With the emergence of mobile devices (Smart Phone, PDA, UMPC, game consoles, etc.), and the growth of offers and needs of a company under formation in motion, multiply the work to identify relevant new learning platforms to improve and facilitate the process of distance learning. The next stage of distance learning is naturally the port of e-learni...
Article
As more and more architectural design and construction data is represented using the Resource Description Framework (RDF) data model, it makes sense to take advantage of the logical basis of RDF and implement a semantic rule checking process as it is currently not available in the architectural design and construction industry. The argument for suc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents an innovative concept for a distributed system that combines a smart camera network with semantic reasoning. The proposed system is context sensitive and combines the information extracted by the smart camera with logic rules and knowledge of what the camera observes, building information and events that may occurred. The propos...
Conference Paper
With the emergence of mobile devices (Smart Phone, PDA, UMPC, game consoles, etc.), and the growth of offers and needs of a company under formation in motion, multiply the work to identify relevant new learning platforms to improve and facilitate the process of distance learning. The next stage of distance learning is naturally the port of e-learni...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the context of Building Information Modelling, ontologies have been identified as interesting in achieving information interoperability. Regarding the construction and facility management domains, several IFC (Industry Foundation Classes) based ontologies have been developed, such as IfcOWL. In the context of ontology modelling, the constraint o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Building Information Modelling (BIM) standards have been recognized by construction and political actors as a highly promising tool for resolving issues of data dematerialization, notably in the field of Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Facility Management. Among worldwide-adopted BIM standards, there is COBie. COBie’s goals are to demat...
Article
Data interoperability represents a great challenge for today’s enterprises. Indeed, they use various information systems, each relying on several different models for data representation. Ontologies and notably ontology matching have been recognized as interesting approaches for solving the data interoperability problem. In this paper, we focus on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the emergence of mobile devices (Smart Phone, PDA, UMPC, game consoles, etc.), learning is changing from electronic learning (e-Learning) to mobile learning (m-learning). In fact, due to the mobility feature, it seems that the m-learning have to be adapted with the change within the context. Several researches addressed this issue and implemen...
Article
Full-text available
With the emergence of real-time distribution of online advertising space (“real-time bidding”), user profiling from web navigation traces becomes crucial. Indeed, it allows online advertisers to target customers without interfering with their activities. Current techniques apply traditional methods as statistics and machine learning, but suffer fro...
Conference Paper
With the emergence of mobile devices (Smart Phone, PDA, UMPC, game consoles, etc.), learning is changing from electronic learning (e-Learning) to mobile learning (m-learning). In fact, due to the mobility feature, it seems that the m-learning have to be adapted with the change within the context. Several researches addressed this issue and implemen...
Conference Paper
The progress of information and communication technologies has greatly increased the quantity of data to process. Thus, managing data heterogeneity is a problem nowadays. In the 1980s, the concept of a Federated Database Architecture (FDBA) was introduced as a collection of components to unite loosely coupled federation. Semantic web technologies m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The progress of information and communication technologies has greatly increased the quantity of data to process. Thus, managing data heterogeneity is a problem nowadays. In the 1980s, the concept of a Federated Database Architecture (FDBA) was introduced as a collection of components to unite loosely coupled federation. Semantic web technologies m...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the democratisation of new technologies, computer forensics investigators have to deal with volumes of data which are becoming increasingly large and heterogeneous. Indeed, in a single machine, hundred of events occur per minute, produced and logged by the operating system and various software. Therefore, the identification of evidence, and...
Article
This survey presents the concept of Big Data. Firstly, a definition and the features of Big Data are given. Secondly, the different steps for Big Data data processing and the main problems encountered in big data management are described. Next, a general overview of an architecture for handling it is depicted. Then, the problem of merging Big Data...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The exponential evolution of the smart camera processing performances is directly linked to the improvements on hardware processing elements. Nowadays, high processing performances can be reached considering hardware targets which enables a high level of task parallelism to be implemented. Highly regular tasks are good candidate for a reconfigurabl...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract. In the field of AEC/FM, BIM has been recognized by industrial and political actors as a powerful tool for resolving data interoperability problems. Coupled with cloud computing and GIS, BIM would allow integrating different information exchange standard into one single digital building model that can be real-time edited by several stakeho...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract. Within the discussion about the analysis methods for Big Data contexts, semantic technologies often get discarded for reasons of efficiency. While machine learning and statistics are known to have shortcomings when handling natural language, their advantages in terms of performance outweigh potential concerns. We argue that even when hand...
Article
Full-text available
The development of technology for handling information on a Big Data-scale is a buzzing topic of current research. Indeed, improved techniques for knowledge discovery are crucial for scientific and economic exploitation of large-scale raw data. In research collaboration with an industrial actor, we explore the applicability of ontology-based knowle...
Conference Paper
Avec la démocratisation des technologies, les enquêtes de criminalistique informatique impliquent des volumes de données toujours plus grands et hétérogènes. Pour faciliter le travail des enquêteurs, nos travaux ont pour objectif de reconstruire automatiquement les évènements liés à un incident numérique, tout en respectant les exigences légales. P...
Article
Facility management (FM) or technical property management is an approach to operate, maintain, improve and adapt buildings and infrastructures of organizations. A FM project requires the cooperation of many actors from different domains so it has to be automated in a constrained collaborative environment. This paper proposes a new approach for onto...
Article
This article presents the research work done in order to reduce the gap of heterogeneity between Geographic Information System and Building Information Models. The goal is to extend a platform dedicated to facility management called ACTIVe3D. We want to enlarge its scope to take into account the management of urban elements contained in the buildin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Personalization is the new magic buzzword of application development. To make the complexity of today's application functionalities and information spaces "digestible", customization has become the new go-to technique. But while those technologies aim to ease the consumption of media for their users, they suffer from the same problematic: in the ag...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To determine the circumstances of an incident, investigators need to reconstruct events that occurred in the past. The large amount of data spread across the crime scene makes this task very tedious and complex. In particular, the analysis of the reconstructed timeline, due to the huge quantity of events that occurred on a digital system, is almost...