Christophe Corona

Christophe Corona
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · GEOLAB Clermont-Ferrand

PhD, Habilitation thesis (HDR)

About

187
Publications
33,662
Reads
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3,100
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Introduction
My research interests focus on the understanding of mass movement and aim at improving knowledge on how climatic changes affect their occurrence in terms of frequency, magnitude and extent. The originality of this research resides above all in the multiproxy approach based on tree-rings and historical materials used to derive multicentennial highly-resolved spatio-temporal reconstructions of past mass movement activity.
Additional affiliations
October 2012 - present
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • Researcher
September 2012 - October 2013
Universität Bern
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2010 - December 2012
Aix-Marseille Université

Publications

Publications (187)
Article
The purpose of this paper is to develop an approach to estimate peat accumulation rates (PAR) over recent decades based on the age and burial depths of roots from pine sapling and to use the newly developed approach to estimate spatial variations of PAR. To this end, we sampled 120 pine saplings growing in three plots at Rėkyva peatland in Lithuani...
Article
Full-text available
Paleoclimate reconstructions have identified a period of exceptional summer and winter cooling in the North Atlantic region following the eruption of the tropical volcano Huaynaputina (Peru) in 1600 CE. A previous study based on numerical climate simulations has indicated a potential mechanism for the persistent cooling in a slowdown of the North A...
Preprint
Full-text available
The mid-17th century is characterized by a cluster of explosive volcanic eruptions in the 1630s and 1640s, deteriorating climatic conditions culminating in the Maunder Minimum as well as political instability and famine in regions of Western and Northern Europe as well as China and Japan. This contribution investigates the sources of the eruptions...
Preprint
Full-text available
The 852/3 CE eruption of Mount Churchill, Alaska, was one of the largest first millennium volcanic events, with a magnitude of 6.7 (VEI 6) and a tephra volume of 39.4–61.9 km3 (95 % confidence). The spatial extent of the ash fallout from this event is considerable and the cryptotephra (White River Ash east; WRAe) extends as far as Finland and Polan...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on climate-induced growth changes in relict, low-altitude mountain pines ( Pinus uncinata Mill. ex. Mirb.) from two refugia with cold microclimates located in the Northern French Alps. The P. uncinata stands analyzed grow at the lower bound of their ecological limit and are thus thought to be sensitive indicators of ongoing clima...
Preprint
Full-text available
Past volcanic eruptions and their climatic impacts have been linked increasingly with co-occurring societal crises – like crop failures and famines – in recent research. Yet, as many of the volcanic cooling studies have a supra-regional or hemispheric focus, establishing pathways from climatic effects of an eruption to human repercussions has remai...
Article
Full-text available
Snow is highly sensitive to atmospheric warming. However, because of the lack of sufficiently long snow avalanche time series and statistical techniques capable of accounting for the numerous biases inherent to sparse and incomplete avalanche records, the evolution of process activity in a warming climate remains little known. Filling this gap requ...
Article
The spatial and temporal quantification of rockfall frequency remains a major challenge in mountain environments, especially also in terms of rockfall management. Approaches that have been used traditionally to quantify rockfall frequency include historical records, remote sensing, or in situ monitoring, but have been shown repeatedly to suffer fro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Paleoclimate reconstructions identify a period of exceptional summer and winter cooling in the North Atlantic region following the eruption of the tropical volcano Huaynaputina (Peru) in 1600 CE. Numerical climate simulations indicate a possible eruption-induced mechanism for the persistent cooling in a slowdown of the North Atlantic subpolar gyre...
Article
Full-text available
In the European Alps, air temperature has increased almost twice as much as the global average over the last century and, as a corollary, snow cover duration has decreased substantially. In the Arctic, dendroecological studies have evidenced that shrub growth is highly sensitive to temperature – this phenomenon has often been linked to shrub expans...
Article
Tree-ring chronologies underpin the majority of annually-resolved reconstructions of Common Era climate. However, they are derived using different datasets and techniques, the ramifications of which have hitherto been little explored. Here, we report the results of a double-blind experiment that yielded 15 Northern Hemisphere summer temperature rec...
Article
Full-text available
Tree-ring chronologies underpin the majority of annually-resolved reconstructions of Common Era climate. However, they are derived using different datasets and techniques, the ramifications of which have hitherto been little explored. Here, we report the results of a double-blind experiment that yielded 15 Northern Hemisphere summer temperature rec...
Article
Full-text available
To overcome the lack of historical archives at active rockfall environments, dendrogeomorphic techniques have been used extensively on forested slopes since the early 2000s and several approaches developed to extract rockfall signals from tree-ring records. Given the unpredictable nature of rockfall, these reconstructions are, in principle, of grea...
Article
In mountain environments, precise rockfall risk evaluation is crucial to reduce death tolls and costs. However, to date, existing rockfall risk assessment procedures remain scarce, as they focus only on existing elements at risk and with the damage expectation as sole risk measure. Here, we propose an approach to evaluate the distribution of damage...
Article
In mountain environments, precise rockfall risk evaluation is crucial to reduce death tolls and costs. However, to date, existing rockfall risk assessment procedures remain scarce, as they focus only on existing elements at risk and with the damage expectation as sole risk measure. Here, we propose an approach to evaluate the distribution of damage...
Article
Les chutes de blocs représentent un aléa majeur dans les zones montagneuses, menaçant infrastructures collectives, zones urbanisée et vies humaines. Les conséquences de ces événements peuvent être importantes pour les collectivités locales ainsi que les pouvoirs publics, qui restent démunis en matière de méthode de diagnostic et d'analyse du risque...
Article
Full-text available
Newly developed millennial δ13C larch tree-ring chronology from Siberia allows reconstruction of summer (July) vapor pressure deficit (VPD) changes in a temperature-limited environment. VPD increased recently, but does not yet exceed the maximum values reconstructed during the Medieval Warm Anomaly. The most humid conditions in the Siberian North w...
Preprint
Full-text available
Volcanic eruptions are a key source of climatic variability and reconstructing their past impact can improve our understanding of the operation of the climate system and increase the accuracy of future climate projections. Two annually resolved and independently dated palaeoarchives – tree rings and polar ice cores – can be used in tandem to assess...
Article
Full-text available
Recently revised ice core chronologies for Greenland have newly identified one of the largest sulfate deposition signals of the last millennium as occurring between 1108 and 1113 CE. Long considered the product of the 1104 CE Hekla (Iceland) eruption, this event can now be associated with substantial deposition seen in Antarctica under a similarly...
Article
Full-text available
Premise: Mountain ecosystems are particularly sensitive to climate change. However, only a very small number of studies exist so far using annually resolved records of alpine plant growth spanning the past century. Here we aimed to identify the effects of heat waves and drought, driven by global warming, on annual radial growth of Rhododendron fer...
Article
Dendrogeomorphic analyses provide long and continuous chronologies of mass movements that are useful for the detection of trends related to climate change. Socio-environmental changes can, however, induce non-stationarities. This study addresses the following questions: (1) How does the evolution of forest cover induce non-stationarities in tree-ri...
Article
Rockfall release is a rather unpredictable process. As a result, the occurrence of rockfall often threatens humans and (infra)structures. The assessment of potential drivers of rockfall activity therefore remains a major challenge, even if the relative influence of rainfall, snowmelt, or freeze–thaw cycles have long been identified in short‐term mo...
Article
Full-text available
Stratospheric volcanic eruptions have had significant impacts on the radiation budget, atmospheric and surface temperatures, precipitation and regional weather patterns, resulting in global climatic changes. The changes associated with such eruptions most commonly result in cooling during several years after events. This study aimed to reveal eco-p...
Article
Full-text available
The systematic killing of trees is usually aimed at eradicating pests or alien plant species susceptible to harm existing natural ecosystems. In some cases, trees may become the subject of dispute between neighbors, which sometimes ends in tree death after months or years of dispute. In this paper, we analyze a case of clandestine tree killing and...
Article
Due to the scarcity of reliable palaeoecological and climatic proxy records from the Eastern Baltic covering the Holocene, there has been increased interest for multi-proxy studies in the region to detect local to regional environmental changes. The Čepkeliai wetland complex, SE Lithuania, provides an uninterrupted Holocene sediment sequence, which...
Article
Depuis deux décennies, de nombreuses publications scientifiques ont mis en évidence les impacts du changement climatique sur la fréquence des chutes de pierres dans les parois englacées de haute altitude. À plus basse altitude, les inventaires rares et incomplets existants n’ont pas permis d’identifier un impact significatif de l’augmentation des t...
Article
Les bases de données événementielles recensant les chutes de blocs et leurs conséquences restent peu développées. Dans les Alpes françaises, un territoire pourtant propice et où les enjeux sont nombreux et diversifiés, l’information existante est dispersée et hétérogène. Dans le contexte du Projet National C2ROP, un premier effort de capitalisation...
Presentation
À travers les paysages splendides des montagnes suisses, autrichiennes, françaises et allemandes, ce documentaire accompagne tout au long d’une saison hivernale des sauveteurs, des scientifiques et des chercheurs qui se consacrent aux sommets glacés et à leurs dangers.
Article
In the current context of anthropogenic global warming, one of the purposes of dendrogeomorphic analyses is to provide long and continuous chronologies of mass movements, so as to detect potential trends or shift related to increasing temperatures. However, on documented slopes, the comparison between historical archives and tree-ring records sugge...
Article
The rockfall phenomenon is deined as a rock block that detaches from a vertical or sub-vertical clif and travels down the slope in rapid motions. Every year, some rockfalls reach urbanized areas, causing damage to structures and injuring people. In this context, a precise rockfall risk analysis has become essential for authorities and stakeholders....
Article
Full-text available
Stratospheric volcanic eruptions have far-reaching impacts on global climate and society. Tree rings can provide valuable climatic information on these impacts across different spatial and temporal scales. To detect temperature and hydroclimatic changes after strong stratospheric Common Era (CE) volcanic eruptions for the last 1500 years (535 CE un...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to study what influence different meteorological parameters have on the radial tree growth of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in peat and mineral soils, as well as to make predictions of radial tree growth responses to changing climate based on various future climate projections. Four Lithuanian peatland complexes representing diff...
Article
Due to intense urban sprawl in rockfall-prone areas, a precise rockfall risk assessment has become a crucial issue for public authorities and stakeholders. In this context, quantitative risk analysis (QRA) procedures, accounting for the specificities of the rockfall process, have been developed. For the last few decades, several studies have examin...
Article
Full-text available
En région de montagne, les chutes de blocs représentent un aléa majeur qu’il convient de caractériser par le biais de sa fréquence, de son intensité (énergie) et de sa propagation (distance d’arrêt). Bien que particulièrement complexe, en raison du caractère diffus de cet aléa et des lacunes existant dans les archives historiques, cette caractérisa...
Article
A large amount of well-preserved timbers was found during several archaeological excavations of the Faravel mining site (Southern French Alps, between 1950- and 2150m a.s.l.). 232 of these timbers were sampled for dendrochronological analysis and 67% of them were dated. These 156 larch (Larix decidua Mill.) series, crossdated against existing refer...
Article
A better understanding of the respective role of key climatic variables on tree growth is crucial for an accurate assessment of how ongoing global changes may affect both dynamics and distribution of forest tree species in the future. The aim of this study was (i) to explore growth patterns of European larch (Larix decidua Mill.) through a network...
Book
Full-text available
This book presents the impact of climate change related to many environmental, economic and social issues in southern Alps.
Article
The impact climate and land-use changes have on the hydrological conditions in peat bogs and lakes is often complex, but of great importance for the carbon budget and biodiversity in these ecosystems. Links and feedbacks between raised bog water table depth, lake level, net precipitation, hydrometeorological indices, and radial tree growth have bee...
Article
Full-text available
The medium-high mountain ranges of Western Europe are undergoing rapid socio-environmental changes. The aim of this study is to show that their landscape can be strongly shaped by the actions of avalanche activity, humans and climate. The study area is the Rothenbachkopf-Rainkopf complex, a site representative of avalanche-prone areas of the Vosges...
Article
January 2018 was an unusually warm and wet month across the Western Alps, with widespread landslides at low elevations and massive snowfall higher up. This extreme month yields lessons for how mountain communities can prepare for a warmer future.
Article
Full-text available
Stratospheric volcanic eruptions have far-reaching impacts on global climate and society. Tree rings can provide valuable climatic information on these impacts across different spatial and temporal scales. Here we explore the suitability of tree-ring width (TRW), maximum latewood density (MXD), cell wall thickness (CWT), and δ¹³C and δ¹⁸O in tree-r...
Article
Expected runout distances and related return periods are the most important parameters needed for zoning in terrain prone to snow avalanching. Hazard mapping procedures usually allocate areas of land to zones with a different degree of danger based on return periods estimated for given snow volumes in the starting zone or with statistical/dynamical...
Article
Sea cliffs represent 80% of the world's coasts and can be found virtually in all types of morphogenetic environments. Most studies on rocky environments focused on the impacts of modern sea level rise on cliff stability derived from sequential surveys, direct measurements or erosional features in anthropogenic structures. In this study, we explore...
Poster
Full-text available
In this study, electronic micro-dendrometers were used to monitor the variations in stem diameter of 11 Rhododendron ferrugineum (Rf) individuals located at 1800, 2100 and 2500m asl in the Taillefer Massif (French Alps) and at 1700m asl at Vicdessos (French Pyrenees). In addition, ground-level temperature was recorded for each individual. The resul...
Article
Full-text available
The Eldgjá lava flood is considered Iceland’s largest volcanic eruption of the Common Era. While it is well established that it occurred after the Settlement of Iceland (circa 874 CE), the date of this great event has remained uncertain. This has hampered investigation of the eruption’s impacts, if any, on climate and society. Here, we use high-tem...
Article
Full-text available
The Eldgjá lava flood is considered Iceland’s largest volcanic eruption of the Common Era. While it is well established that it occurred after the Settlement of Iceland (circa 874 CE), the date of this great event has remained uncertain. This has hampered investigation of the eruption’s impacts, if any, on climate and society. Here, we use high-tem...
Article
To increase our understanding of long-term climate dynamics and its effects on different ecosystems, palaeoclimatic and long-term botanical reconstructions need to be improved, in particular in underutilized geographical regions. In this study, vegetation, (hydro)climate, and land-use changes were documented at two southeast Lithuanian peatland com...
Article
Continuous water-table (WT) measurements from peatlands are scarce and – if existing at all –very short. Consequently, proxy indicators are critically needed to simulate hydrological changes in peatlands over longer time periods. In this study, we demonstrate that tree-ring width (TRW) records of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) growing in the Čepk...
Chapter
The initial employment of tree rings in geomorphic studies was simply as a dating tool and rarely exploited other environmental information and records of damage induced by earth surface processes within the tree. However, these unique, annually resolved, tree-ring records preserve valuable archives of past process activity on timescales of decades...
Article
One of the most important issues of current landslide research is related to the dating of their reactivations, both in spatial and in temporal terms. Landslide chronologies thus play a key role because they provide very essential information on past activity and thereby contribute substantially to hazard assessment, in particular in areas with int...
Presentation
Full-text available
In the European Alps, tree species will be particularly threatened by the current global changes. Larch is one of the most emblematic species of the high altitude forest ecosystems and is particularly suitable for dendrochronological approach. We used a dendroecological approach based on a wide network of sites and a very long climate data set for...
Article
The purpose of dendrogeomorphic analyses is to amplify the signal related to the geomorphic process under investigation, and to minimize the noise induced by other signals in the tree-ring series. Yet, to date, no study accounts specifically for interferences induced by climate conditions or exogenous disturbances and which can, potentially, affect...
Article
Due to the scarcity of reliable palaeoecological and climatic proxy records from the Eastern Baltic covering the Holocene, there has been increased interest for multi-proxy studies in the region to detect local to regional environmental changes. The Čepkeliai wetland complex, SE Lithuania, provides an uninterrupted Holocene sediment sequence, which...
Article
Determination of spatial and temporal patterns of rockfall events remains a serious challenge in most mountain areas and especially when it comes to quantitative hazard assessments, because of the scarcity and incompleteness of long-Term records. his lack of reliable baseline data is particularly problematic in urbanized areas where rockfall risk t...