Christoph Zangger

Christoph Zangger
Universität Bern | UniBe

PhD

About

40
Publications
4,473
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93
Citations

Publications

Publications (40)
Thesis
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The dissertation consists of 8 articles, each concerned with contextual (and compositional) effects on individual labor market and educational outcomes throughout the life course
Conference Paper
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While there is an ever-growing body of research on neighborhood effects on life chances, the suggested social mechanisms still refer to rather ambiguous theoretical concepts. Furthermore, past research generally fails to adequately model the suggested social interdependence at the individual level and instead largely relies on contextual regression...
Article
Full-text available
Despite much research on potential benefits of educational expansion, demographic and socio-economic consequences are still largely under-researched for these countries. As women have particularly benefited from educational expansion in Germany and Switzerland, we ask 1) whether the growing source of female human capital has increased marital sorti...
Article
Despite an impressive amount of research and policy intervention no robust pattern of neighborhood effects on educational attainment has previously been identified. Adequate theoretical modeling and the sensitivity of the results to the method of the study are the major challenges in this area of research. This paper elaborates the social mechanism...
Article
Full-text available
Past research indicates neighborhood effects upon children's and adolescents' educational achievement as well as on other outcomes of life chances. However, these effects differ considerably not only in magnitude but also in sign, stressing the importance of heterogeneous effects in distinct contexts. While these differences in the existing evidenc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung: In der vorliegenden Studie wurden die Zusammenhänge zwischen Leseverständnis und Wortschatzkompetenzen sowie deren Entwicklung bei Schul-beginn untersucht. In einem längsschnittlichen Design wurden dieselben Grundschul-kinder (N = 313) in der ersten Klasse (t1) und in der zweiten Klasse (t2) auf verstehen-des Lesen von Wort, Satz u...
Article
Residential preferences are often treated as exogenous and fixed. Challenging this assumption, this article elaborates how residential preferences are shaped by experienced neighbourhood conditions. In doing so, we acknowledge the mutual dependence of the neighbourhood context, residential preferences, and segregation patterns. Applying multilevel...
Chapter
Full-text available
Im Artikel „Lesen im 1. Schuljahr: Die Bedeutung von phonologischer Bewusstheit, Benennungsgeschwindigkeit und Wortschatz“ steht die Frage im Zentrum, welchen Einfluss Wortschatzkompetenzen auf den frühen Leseerwerb (1. Schuljahr) haben. Während Einigkeit darüber herrscht, dass Wortschatzkompetenzen eine zentrale Voraussetzung für hierarchiehöhere...
Article
Full-text available
As a policy tool aimed at raising parental labor supply, childcare subsidies come with high expectations. Using data from a factorial survey conducted in the City of Bern, Switzerland, we examine whether childcare subsidies reach their goal. Because of the simultaneity of the decision to take up a job and arranging childcare, we experimentally alte...
Article
Full-text available
Gegenstand dieses Beitrags sind die Definitionskompetenzen von Kindern im ersten und zweiten Schuljahr sowie von jungen Erwachsenen. Auf der Grundlage eines aus der internationalen Forschungsliteratur abgeleiteten Kategorienrasters wird untersucht, welche sprachliche Form Kinder in der ersten Klasse für Definitionen von konkreten und abstrakten Nom...
Preprint
Neighborhoods and neighbors are important sources for people's life chances and well-being. Their importance is highlighted in times of crisis, such as the COVID-19 pandemic: Neighbors helped vulnerable and at-risk groups by providing small services and a sense of community. Using panel data from Switzerland, this study investigated how and for who...
Preprint
Patterns of nonresponse are often geographically correlated. Existing research has recognized this spatial dependence, using tools to map nonresponse or by means of nonresponse adjustments that draw on geographically aggregated auxiliary information to predict people's participation in surveys. Against this background, this contribution asks whethe...
Poster
Full-text available
Wie unterscheiden sich Bildungs-, Arbeitsmarkt-und Partizipationschancen zwischen verschiedenen Regionen, Gemeinden und Wohnquartieren in der Schweiz? Diese Frage steht beim durch den Schweizerischen Nationalfonds (SNF) geförderten Projekt «The Geography of Opportunity of Contemporary Switzerland» im Vordergrund.
Preprint
It has often been suggested that reference group effects in education work through the self-concept of pupils.At the same time, it has been shown that teachers compare students with their peers when making evaluations.This observation gives rise to an alternative explanation of reference group effects on educational attainment: When deciding whethe...
Preprint
Residential preferences are often treated as exogenous causes of social and ethnic segregation. In this paper, this assumption is challenged. Instead, this contribution proposes and evaluates how residential preferences are shaped by the conditions of one's neighbourhood. This approach acknowledges the mutual dependence of experienced neighbourhood...
Preprint
Full-text available
As a policy tool aimed at raising parental labor supply, childcare subsidies come with high expectations. Using data from a factorial survey, we examine whether childcare subsidies reach their goal. Because of the simultaneity of the decision to take up a job and arranging childcare, we experimentally alter hypothetical income (e.g., gross earnings...
Chapter
We critically examine how experimental designs are used to address causal questions in the sociology of education. Starting with some general thoughts about causality, causal inference and the underlying counterfactual approach, we review different applications of experimental testing in the lab and field as well as survey and natural experiments t...
Article
Full-text available
Using longitudinal data on university leaver cohorts in the period from 2006 to 2016, we investigate the impact of the Bologna reform on Swiss graduates' returns to higher education. Drawing on the job market signaling model, we expect lower returns for graduates who enter the labor market with a bachelor's degree. Moreover, we expect that the init...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers interested in neighborhood effects face many methodological challenges, including, among others, the unobserved selection into neighborhoods that might be associated with the outcome under study, the identification of endogenous effects, or the dependence of results on a neighborhood’s spatial scale. However, another issue has received...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Applying multilevel generalized linear latent and mixed models to geocoded survey data and a choice experiment, this contribution assesses the degree to which the often theorized ethnic residential preferences are shaped by currently experienced neighborhood conditions. Doing so, this contribution challenges the view that such preferences can be se...
Poster
Full-text available
While there is considerable evidence for peer and other reference group effects in education, the extent to which such effects can be explained by relative comparison processes of students' educational performance by teachers has yet received only minor attention. Concerned with teacher recommendations for grammar school, this paper examines refere...
Chapter
Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird für die Schweiz und – aus Gründen der Vergleichbarkeit – ausschließlich für die Universitäten untersucht, wie sich im Zuge der „Bologna-Reform“ sowohl der Zugang zum Masterstudium als auch die Renditen der neu geschaffenen Bachelor- und Masterabschlüsse im Vergleich zu den vorherigen Lizentiats- und Diplomabschlüssen ge...
Chapter
Full-text available
Past research on school-to-work transitions have largely neglected the time dependency of this transition process. In this study, we focus on the impact of the level of modernity and the labor market conditions at the time of labor market entry across school-leaver cohorts for the historical period from 1946 to 2002. In order to maintain a distinct...
Article
Full-text available
While there is an ever-growing body of research on neighborhood effects on various forms of life chances, the suggested social mechanisms still refer to rather ambiguous theoretical concepts. Furthermore, previous research seldom adequately models the suggested social interdependence at the individual level. Instead, researchers largely rely on con...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using data from a factorial survey experiment, we examine whether childcare subsidies fulfill their policy goal and raise parental labor supply. In order to do justice to the simultaneity of the decision of taking up a job and arranging childcare, we randomly altered hypothetical income (e.g., gross earnings from a job, income from other sources) a...
Preprint
Full-text available
While there is considerable evidence for peer and other reference group effects in education, the extent to which such effects can be explained by relative comparison processes of students' educational performance by teachers has yet received only minor attention. Concerned with teacher recommendations for grammar school, this paper examines refere...
Article
Full-text available
How is educational expansion associated with increased educational homogamy and income inequality? Using SOEP and SHP panel data, we randomly match couples and compare the resulting income distribution to the observed one. Educational homogamy thereby has had only a marginal impact on earnings-based income inequality between couples, which is large...
Poster
Full-text available
Research questions: 1) What changes of the social composition in HE are observed since 1998? Has social selectivity declined? 2) Is the transition from BA to MA socially selective? If so, in what respect? 3) What are the economic returns in terms of status attainment for graduates with different degrees (BA, licentiate, MA, PhD) one and five years...
Technical Report
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Final report summarizing first (descriptive) results.
Article
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Zusammenfassung Unter Verwendung der Daten der Schweizer Volkszählungen von 1970 bis 2000 wird der Frage nachgegangen, wie sich die Geschlechterdisparitäten beim Erwerb der Studienzulassung (Maturität) wie auch weiterer Abschlüsse in der Schweiz in und mit der Bildungsexpansion verändert haben. Es kann aus einer handlungstheoretischen Perspektive d...
Article
Per 1. Januar 2014 wurden in der Stadt Bern pilotweise Betreuungsgutscheine zum Besuch einer Kindertagesstätte eingeführt. Im Zentrum dieses Arikels steht die Klärung der Frage, was die Umstellung auf eine flächendeckende Subjektfinanzierung der Haushalte für die Förderung und Unterstützung von Kindern im Vorschulbereich bedeutet.. Wir wägen positi...
Article
Wie erklären sich die ungleichen Bildungschancen von Jugendlichen mit und ohne Migrationshintergrund? Der Artikel geht dieser Frage anhand von Daten aus den Städten Bern und Zürich nach. Während Jugendliche aus dem nicht-deutschsprachigen Ausland im Vergleich zu Schweizer Jugendlichen im Nachteil sind, haben Jugendliche aus Deutschland und Österrei...
Article
In this contribution the correlation of educational expansion and social inequality of educational opportunities (IEO) for social classes and gender has been investigated for Switzerland in the twentieth century. The empirical analysis is focused on the thesis of persistent inequalities claimed by Shavit and Blossfeld. For testing this thesis, data...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
In this project, we aim at a complete picture of unequal life chances in Switzerland and how they are shaped by the local and regional infrastructure: from neighbourhoods to districts and cantons. To this end, we designed an interactive online application (www.geographies-of-opportunity.ch) that maps such differences and inequalities for a variety of outcomes, including educational and labor market chances as well as political participation.