Christoph Nusshold

Christoph Nusshold
Medical University of Graz · Institute of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry

PhD

About

25
Publications
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472
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Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Full-text available
Chronic hepatitis C virus infection is characterized by multiple extra-hepatic manifestations. Innate immune dysfunction and hemolysis are symptoms which might be associated with each other. We investigated the impact of direct acting antivirals on neutrophil function and its connection to hemolysis. In this prospective study, 85 patients with or w...
Article
Full-text available
Background Ethyl pyruvate (EP) exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. The aim of our study was to investigate whether EP is capable of inhibiting the oxidation of LDL, a crucial step in atherogenesis. Additionally, we examined whether EP attenuates the cytotoxic effects of highly oxidized LDL in the human vascular endothelial cell...
Data
Effects of increasing amounts of EP on nLDL oxidation induced by AAPH in vitro. nLDL (1.5 mg/mL) was preincubated in the absence or presence of EP (500 and 1000 μg/mL) and then oxidized by addition of 10 mmol/L AAPH till LPO levels exceeded 100 nmol/mg LDL protein. (A) Representative microscopic images of EA.hy926 cells treated with highly or mildl...
Data
Cytotoxic effects of highly AAPH-oxidized LDL on EA.hy926 cells in the presence of increasing medium concentrations of EP. nLDL (1.5 mg/mL) was oxidized by addition of 10 mmol/L AAPH in the absence of EP in order to obtain highly cytotoxic form of oxLDL. EP added to the culture media concentration-dependently attenuated the cytotoxic effect of this...
Article
Full-text available
Peripheral leukocytes induce blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction through the release of cytotoxic mediators. These include hypochlorous acid (HOCl) that is formed via the myeloperoxidase-H2O2-chloride system of activated phagocytes. HOCl targets the endogenous pool of ether phospholipids (plasmalogens) generating chlorinated inflammatory mediator...
Article
Full-text available
Albumin is the most abundant plasma protein. Critical illness is often associated with altered, predominately decreased, serum albumin levels. This hypoalbuminaemia is usually corrected by administration of exogenous albumin. This study aimed to track the concentration-dependent influence of albumin on blood coagulation in vitro. Whole blood (WB) s...
Data
Quantitative summary of the research data presented in Tables 1–5. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Peripheral leukocytes aggravate brain damage by releasing cytotoxic mediators that compromise blood-brain barrier function. One of the oxidants released by activated leukocytes is hypochlorous acid (HOCl) that is formed via the myeloperoxidase-H2O2-chloride system. The reaction of HOCl with the endogenous plasmalogen pool of brain endothelial cells...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor, which, despite combined radio- and chemotherapy, recurs and is invariably fatal for affected patients. Members of the sphingolipid (SL) family are potent effectors of glioma cell proliferation. In particular sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and the corresponding G protein-coupled S1P receptors tra...
Article
Full-text available
Hypochlorous acid added as reagent or generated by the myeloperoxidase (MPO)-H2O2-Cl− system oxidatively modifies brain ether-phospholipids (plasmalogens). This reaction generates a sn1-lysophospholipid and chlorinated fatty aldehydes. 2-Chlorohexadecanal (2-ClHDA), a prototypic member of chlorinated long-chain fatty aldehydes, has potent neurotoxi...
Article
Full-text available
Neuronal sphingolipids (SL) play important roles during axonal extension, neurotrophic receptor signaling and neurotransmitter release. Many of these signaling pathways depend on the presence of specialized membrane microdomains termed lipid rafts. Sphingomyelin (SM), one of the main raft constituents, can be formed de novo or supplied from exogeno...
Article
Full-text available
Peripheral leukocytes can exacerbate brain damage by release of cytotoxic mediators that disrupt blood-brain barrier (BBB) function. One of the oxidants released by activated leukocytes is hypochlorous acid (HOCl) formed via the myeloperoxidase (MPO)-H2O2-Cl(-) system. In the present study we examined the role of leukocyte activation, leukocyte-der...
Article
ScopeXanthohumol (XN), a prenylated antioxidative and anti-inflammatory chalcone from hops, exhibits positive effects on lipid and glucose metabolism. Based on its favorable biological properties, we investigated whether XN attenuates atherosclerosis in western-type diet-fed apolipoprotein-E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice. Methods and resultsXN supplem...
Article
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Aberrant oxysterol biosynthesis is implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. During the present study we have investigated the effects of exogenously added 25-hydroxycholesterol (25-HC) on transcription of cholesterol biosynthetic genes, sterol-regulatory element binding protein (SREBP) processing and cholesterol biosynthesis in...
Article
Full-text available
2-Chlorohexadecanal (2-ClHDA), a chlorinated fatty aldehyde, is formed via attack on ether-phospholipids by hypochlorous acid (HOCl) that is generated by the myeloperoxidase-hydrogen peroxide-chloride system of activated leukocytes. 2-ClHDA levels are elevated in atherosclerotic lesions, myocardial infarction, and neuroinflammation. Neuroinflammato...
Article
Full-text available
This study reevaluates the putative advantages of microwave-assisted tryptic digests compared to conventionally heated protocols performed at the same temperature. An initial investigation of enzyme stability in a temperature range of 37-80°C demonstrated that trypsin activity declines sharply at temperatures above 60°C, regardless if microwave die...
Article
Plasmalogens, 1-O-alk-1'-enyl-2-acyl-sn-glycerophospholipids, are significant constituents of cellular membranes and are essential for normal brain development. Plasmalogens, which contain a vinyl ether bond at the sn-1 position, are preferential targets for hypochlorous acid (HOCl), generated by myeloperoxidase (MPO) from H(2)O(2) and chloride ion...
Article
Recent observations link myeloperoxidase (MPO) activation to neurodegeneration. In multiple sclerosis MPO is present in areas of active demyelination where the potent oxidant hypochlorous acid (HOCl), formed by MPO from H(2)O(2) and chloride ions, could oxidatively damage myelin-associated lipids. The purpose of this study was (i) to characterize r...
Article
Microglia, the immunocompetent cells of the CNS, are rapidly activated in response to injury and microglia migration towards and homing at damaged tissue plays a key role in CNS regeneration. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is involved in signaling events evoking microglia responses through cognate G protein-coupled receptors. Here we show that human i...

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